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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0058 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 3 December 1735 n.s.
Dated 3 Decem. 1735. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.

Vir Doctissime

Tres Literae vestrae cum Characteribus et titulis ijs apponendis ac Florae Lapponicae mihi tempore suo traditae sunt. Quid ad eas responderem, dubius haesi, et fere haereo, praesertim quum antequam emittatur quidquam in praelum, a me desideres, ut correctionem in me suscipiam, ut textum vestrum quod Latinitatem attinet, corrigam, ne aliquid mutem quoad sensum et contra voluntatem vestram, ut libera Tibi sit praefatio et Dedicatio.

Ad haec omnia per particulas respondere animus non est, neque tempus permittit. Expertus sum quantum temporis et laboris tres tabulae mihi constiterint, et nunc coactus ad alia applicare animum, plane ab Impressione Characterum et Florae Lapponicae desisto ac Tibi totum relinquo. Si tamen hic Lugduni Batavorum imprimantur, libenter correctionem Tui gratia in me suscipiam, verum neutiquam praefationes vel dedicationes, quas vel Ipsi vel aliis corrigendas dare poteris.

Primam partem Regni Animalis jam e praelo accepi, qua impressa Methodum vestram demonstrandi corrigemus secundum schema quod transmisisti. Doleo (me ad alia agenda coacto) Dom[inum] LawsonumLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ac fratrem meum[1] tantum tempus in illud insumpsisse, ut modo intelligibile reddi posset.

Gratias Tibi ago maximas pro transmissis tribus Tabulis Florae Lapponicae Editioni inservientibus, et sane elegantissimis, quas cum Systemate in Angliam mittam, ex qua miror nondum delatas epistolas.

Iam diligenter pervolvi m[anuscriptu]m vestrum juxta quod Systema Sexuale est impressum, neque ullibi Oxys occurrit, sine dubio in describendo calamo excidit quod in tam vasto opere facile potest contingere.[2]

Quum cum Dom[ino] CliffortioClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
13 hujus mensis hanc urbem repetis,[3] adferat servus omnes chartas quae ad Systema Naturae pertinent, ut deficientes addere possim. Et interim perpendas quot exemplaria Tibi habere velis. Sexaginta Exemplaria in usum Vestrum consentiente D[omino] Lawsono parata habeo, et si plura requiras quaeso indices. Plura scribere negotia privata prohibent.

Vale et Tuis annumera

Joh[annem] Fred[ericum] Gronovium

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum] 3 Decemb[ris] 1735

Amicorum visitationibus et alijs negotiis hanc usque in hoc tempus mecum retinui. Hodie mane Vestras accepi, et inclusas Dom[ino] SolbergioSohlberg, Claes (1711-1773).
Swedish. Physician, studied natural
history and medicine at Uppsala
1723-1734. Accompanied Linnaeus on his
tour in Dalecarlia in 1734 and on his
Dutch journey. Doctor of medicine at
Leiden in 1735.
tradendas curavi. Gaudeo historiam Systematis novellis menstruis insertam Tibi placuisse.[4] Systema Naturae jam absolutum est. Restat modo Methodus vestra demonstrandi, quae adhuc eodem se habet modo, quo in exemplari impresso vidisti. Poteris mutare prout velis, verum Tota die Solis[5] sum occupatus neque domi vacare nequeo.

Scire quoque debes Regem Galliarum elegisse duos viros doctos, qui Regiis Sumptibus Lapponiam petent et Observationes mathematicas & physiologicas colligant.[6] Brevi expectantur Amstelodami. Proin dubito an non necessarium sit ut Iter Vestrum Lapponicum sit impressum antequam illi redeant.[7] Frater meus libenter operas suas conferet quoad Latinitatem.[8]

Die Martis[9] aliquot exemplaria Systematis Naturae Tibi parata habebo. Quaeso moneas Dom[inum] Cliffort ut secum adferat omnes tabulas ad Systema Naturae pertinentes ut eas quae deficiunt addere possim.

Vale.

9 Decemb[ris] 1735.

upSUMMARY

Johan Frederik Gronovius has received the three letters Linnaeus has sent together with the Genera plantarum and the Flora Lapponica. In response to his request, he informs him that he does not want to have the responsibility for the printing of these works, as he is forced to concentrate on other matters and has experienced how much time and effort it took to have the Systema naturae printed. If, however, the Genera plantarum and Flora Lapponica were printed in Leiden, then Gronovius would be willing to correct the works for Linnaeus’s sake, except for the prefaces or dedications which are entirely left to himself.

The first part of the “Animal kingdom” is in the press. When it has been printed, Gronovius will proceed to correct the Methodus following the scheme sent by Linnaeus; unfortunately, his brother Abraham and Isaac Lawson have spent a lot of time rendering the Methodus at least intelligible.

Gronovius thanks Linnaeus for the three tables of the Flora Lapponica transmitted to him. He will send them to England together with the Methodus.

Although Gronovius has carefully read through Linnaeus’s manuscript of the “Vegetable kingdom” which has been used for printing, he has not come across the plant name oxys. No doubt, it must have escaped the author while making a copy of his manuscript.

When Linnaeus and Clifford will pay Gronovius a visit in Leiden on 13 december, they should bring along all the sheets pertaining to the Systema naturae, so that missing sheets can be supplied. In the meantime, Linnaeus is asked to consider how many copies he wants to have. With Lawson’s consent, Gronovius has put aside 60 copies for him; if, however, he needs more, he should let him know.

In a postscript Gronovius explains why he has kept his letter with him for six days. Having received another letter from Linnaeus, Gronovius is glad to hear that his friend is pleased with the account of the Systema naturae. which has appeared in the Novellae menstruae [?]. The Systema naturae has completely been finished now. Consequently, only the Methodus remains to be done. Gronovius informs Linnaeus that Louis XV, King of France, has elected two learned men to travel to Lapland and collect mathematical as well as physiological observations at his expense. As a result, Linnaeus should have his Iter Lapponicum printed before the French explorers return from Lapland. His brother Abraham will be happy to correct the Latin language used by Linnaeus.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 380-381). [1] [2] [3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
Linnaeus seems to have observed that oxys was lacking in the printed version of the “Vegetable kingdom”. Gronovius replies that the name must have escaped Linnaeus’s attention when he was making the copy that would subsequently be used for printing.
3.
Linnaeus is invited to come to Leiden together with George Clifford on 13 December on the occasion of the promotio cum cappa. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 24 October 1735 n.s..
4.
This is a reference to Hamburgische BerichteKohl, Johann Peter
Hamburgische Berichte von den
neuesten Gelehrten Sachen

(1732-1759).
edited by Johann Peter KohlKohl, Johann Peter (1698-1778).
German. Professor of ecclesiastical
history at St Petersburg. Later author
and journalist in Hamburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
. See the letter sent by Gronovius and Isaac Lawson to Kohl on 24 October. Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 39 only refers to a review of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
in Nova acta eruditorum Nova acta eruditorum anno
1732(-1776) publicata
(Leipzig
1732-1782).
(Leipzig 1737), p. 64-71.
5.
Sunday 11 December; the letter was sent on Friday 9 December.
6.
In 1735 the French crown sponsored an expedition to Lapland under the leadership of Pierre Louis Moreau de MaupertuisMaupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de
(1698-1759). French. Astronomer
and geodesist. Leader of the French
expedition to Lapland in 1736-1737 to
determine the shape of the earth.
President of the Prussian Academy of
Sciences.
. He was accompanied by, among others, the French scientist Alexis-Claude ClairautClairaut, Alexis Claude
(1713-1756). French. Mathematician.
Member of the French expedition to
Lapland in 1736-1737 to determine the
shape of the earth.
and the Swede Anders CelsiusCelsius, Anders (1701-1744).
Swedish. Professor of astronomy,
Uppsala. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. The mission was to determine the true shape of the earth once and for all. The voyage began on 2 May 1736 and lasted over a year. Maupertuis reached Paris on 20 August 1737. See Glass, “Maupertuis, Pierre Louis de” , 186; Tobé, Fransysk visit ; Widmalm, Mellan kartan och verkligheten .
7.
The idea to have the itinerary of Linnaeus’s Lapland journey published was discussed by Gronovius in his correspondence with Linnaeus as early as 3 November 1735 n.s.Letter L0055.
8.
As an editor of classical Latin and Greek texts, Abraham Gronovius was qualified to correct Linnaeus’s Latin.
9.
Tuesday 14 December.