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Link: • Olof Celsius to Carl Linnaeus, 24 January 1736 n.s.
Dated 13 jan. 1736. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to ? (). Written in Swedish.


Olof CelsiusCelsius, Olof (1670-1756).
Swedish. Orientalist and theologian,
professor at Uppsala. Botanist and plant
collector, benefactor of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
congratulates Linnaeus on his newly won doctor’s degree in Hardewik [Harderwijk]. He thanks Linnaeus for his letter, presumably written in 1736, although it is dated 1735 [this letter has not come down to us]. Obviously there is an opportunity to publish what one has done in Holland. Celsius has now finished his work on the runes of Helsingland [Celsius refers presumably to a revision of his De runis HelsingicisCelsius, Olof De runis
Helsingicis, ad [...] Antonium
Magliabechium, S. M. D. Hetruriae
bibliothecarium toto orbe celeberriumum,
(Rome, 1698).
, announced in the transactions of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
, Acta literaria Sueciae in 1724, but not published until 1773 in "De runis Helsingicis observationes"Celsius, Olof "De runis
Helsingicis observationes quaedam, sive
ad Oreadas Helsingicas B. Professoris
Magni Celsii, supplementum",
Nova acta societatis regiæ
scientiarum Upsaliensis
]; if Celsius knew anyone in Holland who were interested in this work, he would give this person a copy. Copper plates will cost Celsius a lot, but as the treatise is something like a booklet, it will not be expensive. If Linnaeus can recommend his friends to read the Journal of Sçavans [Journal des Savants], 1708, September, p. 506, the Dutch edition, they will find interesting information about these runes.

Last spring Celsius published an extract of “Flora Uplandica” in the transactions of the Royal Society of Sciences [Celsius refers to “Plantarum circa Upsaliam sponte nascentium catalogus”Celsius, Olof “Plantarum circa
Upsaliam sponte nascentium catalogus”,
ALSS, 2 (1732), 9-44 [1735].
]. The extract is enclosed. Linnaeus’s Florula LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl “Florula
Lapponica, quae continet brevem
catalogum plantarum, quas per provincias
Lapponicas Westrobotnienses, Umensem
puta, Pithoënsem, Lulensem &
Tornensem observavit in itinerere
Lapponico, quod Societatis Reg. Lit.
Scient. stipendio munitus, peregit
1732”, ALSS 3 (1732), 46-58
[1738]; 4 (1735), 12-23 [1742].
was printed there too, the first page is enclosed. The Uppsala University Botanical garden is now in the care of a student named Gustaf SamzeliusSamzelius, Gustaf (1710-1739).
Swedish. Student of medicine. Gardener
of the Uppsala University Botanical
. Celsius got a letter from Johann Jacob DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who intimated that he is expecting Linnaeus in London, but he had to go Oxford to taka care of things. As Celsius already had mentioned to Dillenius that Linnaeus was familiar with mining, Dillenius also wanted Celsius to put Linnaeus into contact with Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. He can give all information about the English mines in America. A rumour has it that Linnaeus is planning a trip there, although Celsius knows it does not befit him.

Last summer French seeds yielded many beautiful plants, among others a strange species of “gistina” [presumably Genista], two species of Mimosa now kept in the county governor’s [Lars BraunerBrauner, Johan (1668-1743).
Swedish. Governor of the province of
Uppland from 1729 to 1743.
] greenhouse, Molucca etc. Of the plants in “Flora Uplandica”, Celsius has found Apium petraeum or montanum album [Libanotis Montana All.], there is a reference to John RayRay, John (1627-1705).
British. Naturalist and clergyman. One
of the most influential botanists before
, Synopsis methodica stirpium BritannicarumRay, John Synopsis methodica
stirpium Britannicarum, in qua tum notae
generum characteristicae traduntur, tum
species singulae breviter describuntur:
ducentae quinquaginta plus minus novae
species partim suis locis inseruntur,
partim in appendice seorsim exhibentur.
Cum indice & virium epitome
I-III (London 1690-1724).
]. No fungi are mentioned in “Flora Uplandica”, a lack that must be attended to in the next edition. Flora LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Lapponica exhibens plantas per Lapponiam
crescentes, secundum systema sexuale
collectas in itinere [...] Additis
synonymis, & locis natalibus omnium,
descriptionibus & figuris rariorum,
viribus medicatis & oeconomicis
(Amsterdam, 1737).
Soulsby no. 279.
will be one of Linnaeus’s most curious works. Celsius will have it at any cost. He has considered selling his books about botany, but now he has second thoughts. Georg WallinWallin the Younger, Georg
(1686-1760). Swedish. Bishop and
antiquarian. Went on a tour to Germany,
Holland and England in 1708-1710 and to
France in 1720-1723. University
librarian at Uppsala, professor of
theology 1726, superintendent at Visby
in 1735, in 1744bishop of Gothenburg.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is now superintendent in Gothland. Anders NorreliusNorrelius, Andreas (1679-1749).
Swedish. Librarian of the University of
Uppsala. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has taken his post as librarian.

Celsius will mention “horto Malabarino” [Celsius means Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede van DraakesteinRheede van Draakestein, Hendrik
Adriaan van
(1637-1691). Dutch.
Governor of the Dutch colony on the
Coast of Malabar in 1669-1676, author of
Hortus malabaricus (1686-1703).
Horti Malabarici pars prima [-duodecima & ultima]Rheede van Draakestein, Hendrik
Adriaan van
Horti Malabarici
pars prima [-duodecima & ultima]
[...] Latinis, Malabaricis, Arabicis,
Brachmanum characteribus nominibusque
expressis, adjecta florum, fructuum,
seminumque nativae magnitudinis vera
delineatione, colorum viriumque accurata
descriptione, adornata per [...]
Henricum van Rhede tot Draakestein [...]
et Theodorum Janson. ab Almeloveen, M.D.
Notis adauxit, & commentariis
illustravit Joannes Commelinus
I-XII (Amsterdam 1686 [i.e. 1678]-1703).
] to him and also Pietro Antonio Micheli’sMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
Nova plantarum genera iuxta Tournefortii methodumMicheli, Pietro Antonio Nova
plantarum genera iuxta Tournefortii
methodum disposita quibus plantae MDCCCC
recensentur, scilicet fere MCCCC nondum
observatae, reliquae suis sedibus
restitutae; quarum vero figuram exhibere
visum fuit, eae ad DL aeneis tabulis
CVIII graphice expressae sunt;
adnotationibus, atque observationibus,
praecipue fungorum, mucorum, affiniumque
plantarum sationem, ortum &
incrementum spectantibus, interdum
, I (Florence 1729).
. Celsius would wish that Alpinus’s [Prospero AlpiniAlpini, Prosper (1553-1617).
Italian. Botanist and physician.
], De plantis Aegypti liberAlpini, Prosper De Plantis
Aegypti liber
(Venice, 1592).
and De plantis exoticis libri duoAlpini, Prosper De plantis
exoticis libri duo
(Venice, 1629).
could be printed in Holland.

P.S.1. When Secretary Johan IhreIhre, Johan (1707-1780).
Swedish. Philologist. Professor of Latin
and later of eloquence and political
science at Uppsala.
returns, Celsius will send a list of the names of the honorary and ordinary members of the Royal Society of Sciences.

P.S. 2. If Linnaeus actually makes the trip to America, Dillenius is eager to keep a regular correspondence with him.


a. original holograph (LS, III, 22-23). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 249-252   p.249  p.250  p.251  p.252.