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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0067 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 3 January 1736 n.s.
Dated 3 Jan. 1736.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Vir Doctissime

Observationes quas in primam paginam notandas desiderasti, maxime laudo, easque non modo >non[a][a] : <imp>[non supra lineam
add. Gronovius
]
< necessarias censeo sed et maxime utiles.
Hinc vides Numeros in margine majori nunc exprimi charactere
Nomen genericum quoque majoribus litteris
Synonyma ubivis eodem characteris genere expressa
Citationes Auctorum eadem quoque forma.
Fateor tamen partes fructificationis parum sordide exprimi. Sed cum his literis idem continget quod evenit secunda tabula Regni Mineralis; ista enim tabula tempore correctionis Domino LawsonoLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
mihique valde displicebat, correcta tamen cum erat literis bene elotis non amplius displicebat. Transmitto itaque hanc chartulam, ut amplius examines cum Nobiliss[imo] Dom[ino] CliffortioClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, neque dubito quin ipsi maxime placebit, Cujus[b][b] : <imp>[Cujus ex cujus
corr. Gronovius]
et Tuum Judicium quam primum mihi patefacias desidero, quippe tum juxta hanc normam strenue et diligenter opus prosequar.

Quod ad citationes RiviniRivinus, August Quirinus
(1652-1723). German. Professor of
medicine and botany at Leipzig.
Constructed a plant classification
system based on petals.
attinet, dubito an omnes adscripseris, hinc capita duabus primis philyris comprehensa ad verbum hic descripta vides.

Phillyrea *[1] Tournef.Tournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
367. Vaill.Vaillant, Sébastien
(1669-1722). French. Botanist and
surgeon. Professor at the Jardin des
plantes. His theory on plant sexuality
influenced Linnaeus who regarded
Vaillant as one of the most important
botanists.
A.G. 1722    4
Olea * Tournef. 370. Vaill. A.G. 1722    5
Ligustrum * Tournef. 367    6
Jasminum * Tournef. 368    7
Syringa * Lilac. Tournef. 372    8
Circaea * Tournef. 155    9
Veronica * Tournef. 60    10
Paederota. Bonarota Mich. 15    11
Iusticia. Houst.Houston, William (1695-1733).
British. Surgeon. Studied at Leiden
under Boerhaave. Went with the South Sea
Company to Central America and the West
Indies.
A.B. [sic][c][c] : <imp>Immo A[cta]
[Societatis] A[nglicanae]
Adhatoda Tournef. 79. Ecbolium Riv.    12
Lathraea.[2] Clandestina Tourn. 424    13
Pinguicula * Tournef. 74    14
Utricularia * Lentibularia Riv. I.114 [?] Vaill. A.G. 1719. Dill. gen. 6.    15
Salvia * Tournef. 83. Horminum Tournef. 82. Sclarea Tournef. 82.    16
Monarda *    17
Rosmarinus * Tournef. 92    18
Lycopus * Tournef. 89    19
Morina Tournef. 480. Diotheca[3] Vaill. A.G. 1722    20
Valeriana * Tournef. 52. Vaill. A.G. 1>7<22. Valerianella Tournef. Vaill. Valerianoides. Vaill.    21
Boerhavia[4] † Vaill. Serm. Antanisophyllum Vaill. A.G. 1722    22[5]

Scire quoque desideras ultimos numeros; ecce decem ultimi hi sunt.

181 Nerium. 182 Cynanchum. 183 Stapelia. 184 Asclepias. 185 Periploca. 186 Ceropegia. 187 Apocynum. 188 Plumeria. 189 Cameraria. 190 Tabernaemontana.[6]

Quaeso dicas mihi: Melones petrificati, de quibus Thomas de BruynBruyn, Cornelis de (1652-1726
or 1727). Dutch. Painter and traveller.
Author of Voyage au Levant
(1700).
, Voyage au Levant, p. 312, ad quam classem pertinent et quale est Animal Gerbo dictum, ibid. pag. 406, tab. 209, et tab. 55, p. 161 mirum animal mures devorans repraesentat.

Avis Diomedea qualis est Avis, ad quam classem in Systemate tuo pertinet? [7]

In Ordine Anserum ore dentato-serrato[d][d] : <imp>[dentato-serrato
scripsi; dentato serratum
scripsit Gronovius]
finem claudit Genus Lari, ubi inter species Ejus ponis Sternam. Me multum devincires, si velles communicare an haec sit Hirundo marina vel alia avis et ubinam descripta.[8]

Haec heri scripta nescio quo fato non ad Te transmissa, interim hodie accepi Epistolam Vestram, valde gavisus exemplaria ad Te missa bene delata et Tibi non ingrata. Jucundissime Lawsonus et Ego audimus conquerentes de nimio pretio, atque omnes putant quod postea viliori pretio quam 50 stuferis sibi poterunt comparare, verum Lawsonus et Ego nullum exemplar viliori pretio unquam dimittemus; lucrum enim inde nolumus, sed si (quod sine dubio per tempus fiet) inde redeat, ad Te remittere in animo habemus.

Si Verba Tournef. in num. 2 et verba Juss.Jussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Dill.Dillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Dill. in[e][e] : <imp>[in ex litteris
illegibilibus corr. Gronovius
]
num. 2[f][f] : <imp>[Immo 3] cursive sint posita ut Vaill. in num. s[equenti], puto hanc primam paginam se bene habere, et ad quam reliqua debent dirigi. Expecto itaque responsum Vestrum, ac Domino Cliffortio inclusam chartulam demonstres, Ipsique dicas quod cum nitide sit impressa omnes literae se melius sint proditurae.

Vale et Tibi addictissimum scias

Joan[nem] Fred[ericum] Gronovium

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum] 3 Jan[uarii] 1736.

[address] Mijn Heer / Mijn Heer Carolus Linnaeus Med[icinae] Doct[or] ten huyse de Wele[del]geb[oren] H[ee]r en M[ijnhee]r George Cliffort te Amsterdam.

upSUMMARY

The present letter is primarily devoted to a discussion of various problems related to the publication of the Genera plantarum, the first part of which (containing nos. 1-190) Linnaeus has sent to Johan Frederik Gronovius in manuscript form. Following the suggestions previously made by the author, Gronovius proposes the specific lettertypes that should be used for the different categories of each lemma or genus (marginal number, generic name, synonyms, authors cited, the partes fructificationis). Together with the letter, Gronovius sends Linnaeus a sheet which contains the first page of Genera plantarum printed according to the proposed lay-out. Linnaeus and George Clifford are kindly asked to examine the sheet and express their opinion about it.

Furthermore, Gronovius gives a list of genera 4 to 22, as they have been described by Linnaeus. He asks his friend to check whether the references to August Quirinus Rivinus in the list are exhaustive. Upon Linnaeus’s request, Gronovius enumerates the last ten genera which he has received. Next, he asks him to identify a plant (namely melones petrificati) and some animals (gerbo, diomedea, sterna).

Gronovius informs Linnaeus that he has written the letter the day before but failed to send it to him. In the meantime, he has received a letter from Linnaeus in which he expresses his gratitude for the copies of Systema naturae sent to him by Gronovius and informs him that people in Amsterdam are making complaints about the high price of the book, which costs no less than 50 stivers. Both Gronovius and Lawson are delighted to hear that and readily confirm that they will not allow any price reduction in the future. Any profit that will be made by selling copies of the book will go to Linnaeus. To conclude with, Gronovius asks his friend once again to show Clifford the sheet enclosed; in his opinion, it is neatly printed and can serve as a model for the next pages to be printed.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 386-387).

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp>[non supra lineam add. Gronovius]
b.
<imp>[Cujus ex cujus corr. Gronovius]
c.
<imp>Immo A[cta] [Societatis] A[nglicanae]
d.
<imp>[dentato-serrato scripsi; dentato serratum scripsit Gronovius]
e.
<imp>[in ex litteris illegibilibus corr. Gronovius]
f.
<imp>[Immo 3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
In the printed version of 1737, the asterisk * has been replaced by the crux †. See “Ratio operis”, no. 24: “Asteriscum * adposui ubi plantas vivas examinare licuit: Crucem † ubi siccas solum habere potui; Et am notam, ubi nil vidi; sed Authoribus fisus, eorumque, quantum videre licuit, claris iconibus.“
2.
The printed version contains the asterisk *, indicating that Linnaeus has examined a living plant. See supra no. 1.
3.
The printed version has Diototheca.
4.
The printed version has Boerhaavia.
5.
Gronovius’s doubts as to the exhaustiveness of Linnaeus’s references to Rivinus proved to be justified. In the printed version of Genera plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum eorumque characteres naturales
secundum numerum, figuram, situm &
proportionem omnium fructificationis
partium
(Leiden 1737). Soulsby no.
284.
, the following references were added: Veronica * Tournef. 60. Riv. I.137-149. Beccabunga Riv. I.150 (no. 10); Justicia. Houst. A.A. Adhatoda Tournef. 79. Ecbolium Riv. I.129 (no. 12); Utricularia * Lentibularia Riv. I.114. Vaill. A.G. 1719. Dill. gen. 6 (no. 15); Monarda * Origanum spurium Riv. I.89 (no. 17); Rosmarinus * Tournef. 92. Riv. I.53 (no. 18); Lycopus * Tournef. 89. Pseudo-Marrubium Riv. I.30 (no. 19).
6.
Gronovius seems to enumerate the ten last genera which he has received from Linnaeus in order to enable him to continue his work in the correct numerical order.
7.
In the hand-written notes to the sixth edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
(Stockholm 1748), Linnaeus added a description of the bird diomedea, which he defined as a kind of pelecanus and identified with the albitros described by Grew, MusaeumGrew, Nehemiah Musaeum
regalis societatis: or, a catalogue and
description of the natural and
artificial rarities belonging to the
Royal Society and preserved at Gresham
College: whereunto is subjoyned the
comparative anatomy of stomachs and
guts
(London 1681).
, 6, f. 1. As such the bird diomedea belonged to the order of the anseres.
8.
In the description of Anseres in the sixth edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
(Stockholm 1748), sterna is distinguished from larus as a separate genus in its own right (p. 24, nos. 53 and 54). The hirundo marina appears to be one of the species belonging to the genus sterna.