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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0076 • Lorenz Heister to Carl Linnaeus, 31 March 1736 n.s.
Dated prid. Kalend. April. MDCCXXXVI. Sent from Helmstädt (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro clarissimo doctissimoque,
D[omino] D[octori] Carolo Linnaeo,
Botanico praestantissimo,
S[alutem] P[lurimam] D[icit]
Laurentius Heisterus.

Non solum litterae Tuae,[1] verum et Musa Clifortiana[2] acceptissimae atque gratissimae mihi fuerunt. Egregie hocce tuum scriptum mihi placuit atque propterea reliqua tua scripta tam hactenus edita quam proxime adhuc edenda exspecto. Nondum haec adhuc vidi. Nam nondum ad nostras bibliopolas pervenerunt, verum solum de iis in Novis litterariis[3] aliquid legi. Filius meus,[4] qui iam absolutis hybernis laboribus anatomicis et chirurgicis Berolinensibus per Germaniam eiusque praecipuas Academias et urbes iter faciet, multa quoque iam collegit pro Historia botanica aliquando conscribenda, verum, quia Tu eum praevenisti,[5] ad alios labores animum applicabit.[6] Flora Tua Lapponica[7] et characteres Tui naturales plantarum mihi admodum grati erunt. De Horto Clifortiano[8] antea nihil adhuc ad me pervenit optoque, ut eius descriptionem brevi feliciter absolvas. Si nonnulla semina vel in posterum etiam plantas mecum communicare velles praesertim ex desideratis hic adiectis,[9] gratissimum mihi officium praestares eaque per d[omi]n[um] WaesbergiumWaesberge, (?-?). Dutch. ad me mittere posses. Ego quam lubentissime rursus ea Tecum communicare vellem, quorum copia nobis suppetit, si modo nonnulla Tibi grata fore intellexero. Catalogum mearum plantarum[10] haud pridem d[omi]n[o] Waesbergio transmisi.

Vale!

Dab[am] Helmstadii Saxonum prid[ie] Kalend[as] April[is] MDCCXXXVI.

upSUMMARY

Lorenz Heister is grateful for Linnaeus’s Musa Cliffortiana. Heister’s son, Elias Friedrich, has finished his studies in anatomy and surgery in Berlin and will now visit the German academies and cities. Heister has done some research towards an “Historia botanica”. But Linnaeus has preceded him. Heister would be grateful for Linnaeus’s Flora Lapponica and hopes that Hortus Cliffortianus will soon be finished. He would like some seeds and plants, which can be sent through Waesberg, to whom his catalogue has been sent.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 451). [1] [2] [3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
The correspondence had obviously been going on for some time. This is, however, the first letter by Lorenz Heister which has come down to us. There are no letters from Linnaeus to Heister. When Linnaeus first published his ideas about his sexual system in Systema naturae (1735)Linnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
and refined these ideas in Fundamenta botanica (1736)Linnaeus, Carl Fundamenta
botanica, quae majorum operum prodromi
instar theoriam scientiae botanices per
breves aphorismos tradunt
(Amsterdam
1736). Soulsby no. 253.
, Genera plantarum (1737)Linnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum eorumque characteres naturales
secundum numerum, figuram, situm &
proportionem omnium fructificationis
partium
(Leiden 1737). Soulsby no.
284.
and Critica botanica (1737)Linnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, he was severely criticised by Christian Gottlieb LudwigLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Johann Georg SiegesbeckSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
(see these letters) and Lorenz Heister, of whom Heister was the most important. The botanical systems used at this time were those of Joseph Pitton de TournefortTournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
, John RayRay, John (1627-1705).
British. Naturalist and clergyman. One
of the most influential botanists before
Linnaeus.
and August Quirinus RivinusRivinus, August Quirinus
(1652-1723). German. Professor of
medicine and botany at Leipzig.
Constructed a plant classification
system based on petals.
. See Krook, “Lorenz Heister och Linné”Krook, H. “Lorenz Heister och
Linné. Från sexualsystemets
genombrottstid”, SLÅ 31
(1948), 57-72.
.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
This list has not come down to us.