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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0108 • Carl Linnaeus to Georg Dionysius Ehret, 29 November 1736 n.s.
Dated 29 Novemb. 1736. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to Chelsea (Great Britain). Written in Latin.

Viro Curiosissimo
D[omi]no Georgio Dionysio Ehretio
Ichniographo [sic] summo
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Carolus Linnaeus
Medic[inae] Doctor et
Soc[ius] Nat[urae] curiosor[um]:

Literas Tuas die 3 octobris Anni currentis dudum habui,[1] ad quas mox respondissem, nisi tot incommoda mihi retardassent. Gratias quas possum summas habeo pro communicatis istis raris observationibus circa novi generis flores, quas [sic] manu tua incomparabili ad vivum usque delineatas misisti.[2] Ad primam quod attinet, quam Tragiam aliam scandentem cum SloaneSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
vocasti, est ista me judice genuina Ricinoidis species, stamina licet quinque tantum pinxisti, tamen in descriptione decem agnovisti ut in Ricinoide communiter fit. Doleo quod non observasti flores faemininos, quos vellem scire num egent in eadem planta, ut communiter, vel in distincto sexu ut in Ricinoidis ista specie quae HoustonioHouston, William (1695-1733).
British. Surgeon. Studied at Leiden
under Boerhaave. Went with the South Sea
Company to Central America and the West
Indies.
Bernhardia dicta fuit. Nec dubito quin fructus sit tricoccos ut in congeneribus. Ad alteram quod spectet [sic] est ista mihi omnino ignota et absque omni haesitatione novi generis. Ex Embryone seu germine, quatuor licet expectare semina nuda, adeoque ad Didynamiam Angiospermam omnino spectat, in tota tamen ista phalange, in toto isto ordine nullum unquam vidi florem non bilabiatum; in hoc autem quantum ex figura concludere licuit florem irregularem, fructum autem ut in reliquis, stamina clara, stylus ordinarius, duo autem labia petali e[ru]ere[a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
inserted readings have been taken from
ED1
]
satis difficile videtur. Utinam succederent vota, atque novum orbem adire tibi licitum foret, qui polles viribus corporis, sanitate optima, ingenio curioso et expedito, manu sine pari, sane non dubitarem quin publicum et totus orbis Botanicus per Te longe plura proficeret, quam facile alio. Me apud Curiosissimum Doctissimumque D[ominum] MillerumMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
cujus amicitiam prae reliquorum omniu[m][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
inserted readings have been taken from
ED1
]
magni facio, quod intime commendes est quod maxime peto, meque ad vota ejus omnia paratissimum promitto. Nuper vel ante mensem cum dimidio a Societate Caesarea L[eopoldino-C[arolina] Natur[ae] CuriosorumLeopoldinisch-Carolinische Akademie
der Naturforscher,
German. The
Leopoldine-Caroline Academy of
naturalists was founded in 1652 in
Schweinfurt, Germany. From 1670 it
published the Miscellanea curiosa
medico-physica Academiae naturae
curiosorum sive Ephemerides
Germanicae
, often just called
Ephemerides, the first medical
and natural history periodical.
literas habui, quodque electus eram ejusdem Societatis Membrum nomine Dioscoridis Secundi, ubi Praeses[3] in literis privatis scribit quod Doct[or] WidmanWidmann, Johann Wilhelm
(1690-1743). German. Physician.
Director of the Academia Caesarea
Leopoldino-Carolina Naturae Curiosorum
in 1735.
Norinbergae primus fuit qui me vocavit, quique tanti me fecerit &c.[4] Tu qui novisti omnes Norinbergae, ubi ego nullum umquam habui notum, quaeso dicas mihi qualis iste D[ominus] Widman sit? Sassafras nobis periit, mox florebunt in hybernaculo Planta quaedam nomine Ruellia ac D[omi]no Millero data, licet haec non sit ulla ex DillenianisDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Triumfetta, Coriotragomatodendros [Pluk.][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
inserted readings have been taken from
ED1
]
et duae mihi omnino plane ignotae arbusculae Africanae. In horto Cliffortiano[5] qui jam ad paginam 310 est absolutus videbis quo honore excipiam Dignissimum D[ominum] Millerum. Quam primum potero genera mea[6] transmittam. Quaeso inquiras per D[ominu]m Millerum num D[ominus] GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ad aliquem etiam mittat exemplaria Generum meorum et scias, si hoc fecerit, eum ista exemplaria methodo honesto viro indigno [sic] sibi comparasse. Rauvolfiam quam transmisisti erat egregia, ut et Dalea D[omi]ni Milleri in generibus meis. Queaso cum scribas ad [Stock]hufvudStockhofen, (?-?). Hungarian
or Greek. Literary agent.
[b][b] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] pete ab eo ut det D[omi]no CliffortioClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
Rationem tabularum quas depinxisti, nec pecunias habuisti, fuere enim Browallia, Rauwolfia et Dalea, et ego curabo ut pecunias mox habebis.[7] Ante iter in Americam quaeso ad me scribas.

Vale vir amicissime.

Dabam Amstel[odami], 29 Novemb[ris] 1736.

[address] à Monsieur / Georgio Dionysi / Ehret / Chaelse

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus acknowledges receipt of letter from Georg Dionysius Ehret dated 3 October (14 October n.s.) and regrets the delay in answering. He expresses his deep gratitude for a series of pictures and observations of hitherto unknown plants sent to him by Ehret. Ehret has labelled a plant Tragia scandens, Linnaeus calls a species of Ricinoides. Ehret has depicted only five stamina, instead of ten, the usual number of Ricinoides. In his written description however, Ehret states that the number is ten. The other plant is completely unknown to Linnaeus and is no doubt a new genus. Linnaeus tentatively suggests that it might be related to Didynamia Angiospermia. Linnaeus sincerely hopes that Ehret will be able to visit America. Philip Miller is mentioned with affection, and Linnaeus declares himself ready to fulfill all his wishes. Linnaeus intimates that he has recently become a member of Academia Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolina Naturae Curiosorum and received the honorary name of Dioscorides II. In a letter the President of this Academy, Andreas Elias Büchner, has revealed that the initiative in nominating him was taken by Doctor Johann Wilhelm Widmann in Nuremburg. Linnaeus asks Ehret for information about Widmann, as he himself does not know anybody in Nuremburg. Linnaeus mentions that Hortus Cliffortianus has been completed as far as page 310; he points out that he has endeavoured to honour Miller in this work. He promises to send his Genera plantarum as soon as possible and asks Ehret to inquire, with the help of Miller, if Johann Friedrich Gronovius is distributing copies of it. If Gronovius does this, it is an act certainly not worthy of a gentleman. Ehret has made some pictures without being paid for them. Linnaeus advises Ehret to contact Stockhofen and ask him to present a list of these pictures to George Clifford. This done, Linnaeus promises that the money will be paid. The last sentence of the letter contains a request that Ehret contact him before leaving for America.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, B. Linnaeus. Ms. Letters to D. Ehret, I.B=Supplements.). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. “Short memoir of George Dionysius Ehret” (1886), p. 45-46 .

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [manuscript damaged; inserted readings have been taken from ED1]
b.
MS1 [manuscript damaged]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
See Georg Dionysios Ehret to Linnaeus, 3 October 1736 o.s., 14 October 1736 n.s.Letter L0106. – This letter was sent via another letter to Philip Miller: see Linnaeus to Philip Miller, 20 January 1737 n.s.Letter L0133
2.
See the information given in the letter from Ehret to Linnaeus, 3 October 1736 o.s., 14 October 1736 n.s.Letter L0106 and Ehret to Linnaeus, 3 April 1737 o.s., 14 April 1737 n.s.Letter L0167
3.
4.
See Andreas Elias Büchner to Linnaeus, 1 October 1736 n.s.Letter L0107. – On this election, see Schmied & Freund, “Linné und Academia Naturae Curiosorum”Schmid, Günther & H. Freund
“Linné und Academia Naturae
Curiosorum”, SLÅ 13 (1930),
124-152.
.
5.
6.
7.