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Link: • Olof Celsius to Carl Linnaeus, 25 January 1737 n.s.
Dated 14 Jan 1737.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Swedish.


Recently Olof CelsiusCelsius, Olof (1670-1756).
Swedish. Orientalist and theologian,
professor at Uppsala. Botanist and plant
collector, benefactor of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
received Linnaeus’s undated letter [the letter is presumably written November-December 1736Letter L0110]. It is good to know that Linnaeus got on well with Johann Jacob DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in London. Celsius has not heard from him for a year, nor has he written himself. In October Celsius received the books Linnaeus sent him [Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
and the Musa CliffortianaLinnaeus, Carl Musa
Cliffortiana florens Hartecampi 1736
prope Harlemum
(Leiden 1736).
], forwarded by Johan Brovall[ius] Browallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. Gustaf SamzeliusSamzelius, Gustaf (1710-1739).
Swedish. Student of medicine. Gardener
of the Uppsala University Botanical
is now academic gardener and has been entrusted with Celsius’s Calmuckian plants that are probably trees. Celsius has been informed about their barbaric names, e.g. “syigda”. Celsius is grateful for Linnaeus’s “promise of the genera” and for the Uva Ursina and the Cirsio. What does Dillenius mean by Lycopodium sabinae facie? Celsius only knows three species of Lycopodia, but he has heard that there are four in Skåne. He will ask Kilian StobaeusStobaeus, Kilian (1690-1742).
Swedish. Physician and naturalist.
Professor of philosophy, physics and
natural history, from 1732 of history,
at Lund. Linnaeus’s teacher.
to provide them. Anders CelsiusCelsius, Anders (1701-1744).
Swedish. Professor of astronomy,
Uppsala. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is still in Torne together with his French astronomer colleagues [these were: Pierre-Louis Moreau de MaupertuisMaupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de
(1698-1759). French. Astronomer
and geodesist. Leader of the French
expedition to Lapland in 1736-1737 to
determine the shape of the earth.
President of the Prussian Academy of
, Charles Etienne Louis CamusCamus, Charles Etienne Louis
(1699-1768). French. Astronomer and
mathematician. Member of the French
expedition to Lapland in 1736-1737 to
determine the shape of the earth.
, Alexis Claude ClairautACClairaut, Alexis Claude
(1713-1756). French. Mathematician.
Member of the French expedition to
Lapland in 1736-1737 to determine the
shape of the earth.
and Pierre-Charles Le MonnierLe Monnier, Pierre-Charles
(1715-1799). French. Astronomer. Member
of the French expedition to Lapland in
1736-1737 to determine the shape of the
] making observations by gauging. Celsius quotes in Latin: “They defy winter, cold and snows by means of generous amounts of spirits”. They are well wrapped up with only their mouths and eyes visible and are carried by reindeer. Seeds of Betula nana are hard to get at. Celsius has contacted a relative in Gestrikland who will help. As soon as the seeds arrive, they will be forwarded to Linnaeus. When Hortus ElthamensisDillenius, Johann Jacob
Hortus Elthamensis (London 1732).
appears, it will be taken well care of. Magnus von Bromell’sBromell, Magnus von
(1679-1731). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, geologist. Head of the
Laboratorium Chymicum in Stockholm from
1724. Natural history collector.
library has been sold by auction. Fine botanic books could be bought quite cheap, but no books reached the public library. Celsius could acquire Tobia Aldinus’sAldinus, Tobia . Physician,
director of Hortus Farnesianus.
,“Hortus Farnesianus” [Celsius refers to Pietro Castelli’s and Aldinus’s, Exactissima descriptio rariorum quarundam plantarum [...] in Horto FarnesianoCastelli, Pietro & Tobia Aldinus
Exactissima descriptio rariorum
quarundam plantarum quae continentur
Romae in Horto Farnesiano: T. Aldino
[...] auctore
(Rome, 1625).
] from a person who had become insolvent and did not know its value. Celsius’s ideas about Cedrus Biblica is to be published in the transactions of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
], Acta literaria et scientiarum Sueciae, 1739 [Celsius’s article was not published until 1740, "Beroth. Berosch"Celsius, Olof "Beroth.
Berosch", Acta literaria et
scientiarum Sueciae
([1736], 1740),
]. He treats it as a species of Pinus. If it is not a Pinus, at least it is not a Cedrus conifera ex Monte Libano. Celsius asks of Linnaeus not to lay down the Flora LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Lapponica exhibens plantas per Lapponiam
crescentes, secundum systema sexuale
collectas in itinere [...] Additis
synonymis, & locis natalibus omnium,
descriptionibus & figuris rariorum,
viribus medicatis & oeconomicis
(Amsterdam, 1737).
Soulsby no. 279.
project and entreats him to see to it that the plants in are illustrated by copperplate engravings; in Linnaeus’s entourage there are many good artists.


a. original holograph (LS, III, 28-29). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 260-262   p.260  p.261  p.262.