Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0146 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 5 February 1737 n.s.
Dated 5 febr. 1737.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Hartecamp (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Celeberrimo atque Doctissimo D[omino] Car[olo] Linnaeo M[edicinae] D[octori] S[alutem] p[lurimam] J[oannes] F[redericus] Gronovius.

Literae Tuae ac Chartae gratissimae fuerunt, maxime quod eae tam taediosi silentij abstulerint causas. Maxime vero gaudeo, quod salvus sis, et iterum Tibi in rure sis redditus, ubi ut omnia Tibi prospera atque ex voto succedant, precor.

Interim perlegi omnia, quae sane sunt doctissima non modo, sed et lectu gratissima. Fiet cum iis prout dixi, cum ultimo una eramus, neque dubito quin intra 14 dies ad opus progredi possit [sic].[1]

Ab eo tempore quo vilem et tenuem domum meam reliquisti, ubicunque in Societatibus honestiorum de Te est sermo, neque vix domum excurro quin qui mihi occurrunt, honestissime de Te et operibus Tuis inquirant, et quidem praecipue de Itinere vestro Lapponico. Postquam enim ea relatione vestra Rever[endissimum] illum Theologum WesseliumWesselius, Johannes
(1671-1745). Dutch. Professor of
theology, Leiden.
persuasisti, Lappones non ex mera magia uti tympanis suis, id Ipsi adeo placuit, ut maluerit plurimis rebus carere quam non interfuisse consortio vestro, ac sic deinceps de utilitate itineris Vestri agere solet, adeo ut in hac urbe non facile Tui oblivisci possint.

Fuit quoque apud me D[ominus] MeyerMeyer, Swiss. , Tigurensis, de Te inquirens, quando Tecum colloqui posset nomine D[omini] ScheuchzeriScheuchzer, Johann Jacob
(1672-1733). Swiss. Naturalist,
physician, historian, mathematician,
founder of palaeontology. Brother of
Johann Scheuchzer.
, qui largas ad eum scripsit epistolas de Systemate vestro. Ut percipio in ea epistola maxime miratur et laudat methodum vestram in disponendis plantis. Dispositio in regno lapideo ipsi quoque maxime placet, verum in eo movet quasdam difficultates, de quibus D[ominum] Meyerum desiderat ut Tecum colloquatur.

Spero quod nunc temporis strenue procedas cum Horti Cliffortiani catalogo, verum desidero ut cures sanitatem simul.

A Dom[ino] SchwalbeSchwalbe, Christian George
(?-?). German.
et BrucmannoBrückmann, Franciscus Ernst
(1697-1753). German. Naturalist and
collector. Physician at Helmstädt,
later at Brunswick and
Wolffenbüttel. Father-in-law of
Friedrich Boerner. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
accepi curiosa quaedam petrefacta et mineralia.

Typographus WishoffWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
Chartas Characterum deficientes D[omin]o van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
supplevit, ejusque recommendationem desideravit, quam promisit: simul Ipsi obtulit exemplar Characterum ligatura Gallica ornatum. hinc D[ominus] van Royen die Solis[2] me convenit, desiderans ut ad Te scribens se Tibi plurimum devinctum testarer.

Heri vesperi advolavit D[ominus] AndrewAndrew, John (1710-1772).
British. Student and Linnaeus’s friend
in Leiden, doctor of medicine at Oxford,
physician at Exeter. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, nomine SloaniiSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
desiderans exemplar Disputationis Vestrae:[3] regerebam ei plurima Te mihi dedisse exemplaria, sed quae inter amicos nunc erant distributa, adeo ut modo duo mihi superessent, quorum alterum sancte mihi servare studebam, alterum vero libenter ipsi offerre vellem, quod cum fecissem, “hah! hah!” dicebat, “hoc exemplar cum venia Tua mihi retinebo.”

Tandem in manus meas venit cista a CollinsonioCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
diu promissa, ampla satis, verum non referta plurimis plantarum speciebus, sed larga copia Agarici varii coloris squamosi Tournef.Tournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
ejusque varietatibus ac Auriculis Judae scatens. Sunt tamen inter Semina Castanea pumila virg[ata] fructu racemato parvo &c. CatesbyCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
tab. 12. Frutex foliis oblongis acuminatis etc. Catesby tab. 71.[4] Magnolia. Cassina. Morus alba & Apocynum, ut et putem Medeola nomine Ipocacuannae transmissa. Verum de ultima hac valde pauca semina.[5]

Haec sunt quibus Te Vir Doctissime volui [certiorem facere]. Octavo hujus mensis VitriariusVitriarius, Johannes Jacob
(?-1745). Dutch?. Professor of law,
Leiden. Rector magnificus of the
University of Leiden from 1737 onwards.
novus Rector creabitur post quem diem recensio studiosorum inchoatur. Salutat te D[ominus] LawsonLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
qui mecum sperat ut proxime nos doctissimis tuis monitis sis exhilaraturus.

Vale mi Linnaee, & cura Sanitatem.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum] 5 febr[uarij] 1737.

Si die Veneris[6] cum oratio publica habebitur, huc venire velis, mensa et cubiculum Tibi erunt paratissima.

[address] Mijn Heer / Mijn Heer / Carolus Linnaeus Med[icinae] Doct[or] / op de Hartecamp. / Met de Schuyt van half een / den 5 febr[uari].

upSUMMARY

Johan Frederik Gronovius is grateful to have received Linnaeus’s latest letter which broke the silence and made it clear that he had safely returned to the countryside. In the meantime, Gronovius has carefully read the manuscript delivered by Linnaeus which pleases him very much. He is quite sure that the printing of the work can start within two weeks’ time.

Ever since Linnaeus left Leiden, his name is on the lips of all learned people when they meet each other. As soon as Gronovius leaves his house, he is asked to give information about his friend and his works, especially about the Iter Lapponicum. The account which Linnaeus gave of the Laps at Gronovius’s place was crucial in this respect. Linnaeus succeeded in demonstrating that the drums used by the Laps did not have magical purposes solely. As a result, the Reverend theologian Johannes Wesselius is convinced of the importance of Linnaeus’s travel and does not want to miss any opportunity to enjoy Linnaeus’s company.

Gronovius was recently visited by the Swiss botanist Meyer who wanted to talk to Linnaeus on Johann Scheuchzer’s behalf. He showed Gronovius a letter sent to him by Scheuchzer in which the latter assessed Linnaeus’s Systema naturae. Scheuchzer highly praised the method used by Linnaeus in the disposition of plants but raised some problems regarding the “Mineral kingdom”.

Gronovius hopes Linnaeus is making progress with the Hortus Cliffortianus, while at the same time taking care of his health.

Gronovius received some curious fossils and minerals from Christian George Schwalbe and Franciscus Ernst Brückmann.

The printer Conrad Wishoff has supplemented the sheets of the Genera plantarum that were lacking in Adriaan van Royen’s copy. Furthermore, he handed down to him a second copy adorned with a ligatura Gallica [?]. Hence, Van Royen explicitly asked Gronovius to thank Linnaeus for his generosity.

Yesterday evening, John Andrew paid a visit to Gronovius. On Johann Jacob Dillenius’s behalf, he asked a copy of Linnaeus’s disputation. As Gronovius had two copies left, he was glad to offer Dillenius one copy. However, Andrew decided to keep it for himself.

The box sent by Peter Collinson has arrived at last. It contains a large amount of Agaricus and furthermore several seeds which he identifies in his letter.

Finally, Gronovius informs his friend that Johannes Jacob Vitriarius will be installed as the new Vice-Chancellor of the University on Friday 8 February. After that day, the immatriculation of students will begin.

In a postscript, Gronovius informs Linnaeus that he will be able to offer him dinner and a bed if he wants to attend the public oration that will be held on Friday 8 February.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 414-415). [1] [2] [3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
Sunday 3 February; the letter was written and sent on Tuesday 5 February.
3.
This is a reference to the dissertation which Linnaeus defended on 23 June 1735 in order to earn his doctoral degree at the University of Harderwijk. It was entitled De febrium intermittentium causaLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
medica inauguralis in qua exhibetur
hypothesis nova de febrium
intermittentium causa
(Harderwijk
1735).
, and was printed by the heirs of Johannes Rampen in Harderwijk.
4.
5.
For the seeds sent by Collinson, see also Gronovius’s letter of 20 January 1737 n.s.Letter L0133.
6.
Friday 8 February 1737. From Gronovius’s letter of Friday 8 February 1737 n.s.Letter L0144, it can be inferred that Linnaeus did not pay him a visit that day.