<td width="225" colspan="1" rowspan="1" valign="TOP"> Excludantur
<tr valign="TOP"><td width="225" colspan="1" rowspan="1" valign="TOP"> Cortusa Matth. a ejusdem nominis
<td width="225" colspan="1" rowspan="1" valign="TOP"> Pl. Thalia *

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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0164 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 12 April 1737 n.s.
Dated die Mercurij 1737 April.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Hartecamp (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

In ultimis chartis ad paragraphum 241 in fine Scribis te duplicem Elenchum mittere a Graecorum, b Latinorum.[2] Haec bene se habent.

Sed in fine § 242 scribis “Schema sisto antiquorum nominum, metamorphosin quae admiserunt; ex quo, quot modis hunc sonum conservare adgressus sum, cuique constabit. Singulo antiquo nomini numerum addidi ex Fundamentis Botanicis desumtum, qui collatus cum consimili paragrapho, tradit rationem cur exclusum fuerit antiquum.”[3]

Dein addis chartulam discissam quae inscribitur pejora — meliora, continensque literas a, b, g, d, e, z, h.[4] Nullam autem chartam reperio cum numeris ex Fundamentis tuis Botanicis.
An quid deficiat vel non, ignoro.[5]

Dein ad paragraphum 244 pertinet Charta quae tenet a |Nova Efficta| haecque inchoant cum Anthospermum et desinunt cum uniola. Sed tamen ita scribis quod non intelligo, sc[ilicet]
Theobroma.
Trigonella.
Tubipora.
uniola.
et a Viris dicta § 237
et 238.
Quid sibi volunt hae duae ultimae regulae.[6]

Quod autem in num[ero] 238 scribis detruncanda esse nomina nimis longa ne sesquipedalia evadant, ut Gundelsheimeria in Gundelia, bene est.[7] Non tamen hoc procedit in Richardsonia, nam Richardson est longe alius vir quam Richard, et sunt adhuc familiae quae vocantur Richardson et aliae quae Richard.[8]

Ibidem scribis assumenda eorum nomina &c; ubi in exemplis tam intricate scribis ut vix possim legere, e[xempli] g[ratia]

<table rules="none" border="0" frame="void"> <colgroup><col width="225"><col width="225"></colgroup> <tr valign="TOP"><td width="225" colspan="1" rowspan="1" valign="TOP"> Persistant

Quaeso dicas quid sibi velit illud quod debet stare inter Matth. et ejusdem.[9]

Unde constat quod Camellius [sic] sit Anglus.[10]
..... quod ab Hugone insignia artis sint speranda ornamenta.[11] A te et Tuis verbis.[a][a] : <imp> The colour of the ink
proves that the sentence “a Te et Tuis
verbis” was later added tot the letter
by Gronovius.

Quaeso cogites de Epistola ScheuchzeriScheuchzer, Johann (1684-1738).
Swiss. Botanist, professor of physics
at Zürich. Brother of Johann Jacob
Scheuchzer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[12] , ac de praecipitatione mineralium.[13]
Respondeas quaeso quam primum.

Vale

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum] die Mercurij 1737 April[is].

Joh[annes] Fred[ericus] Gronovius.

[address] Mijn Heer / Mijn Heer Carolus Linnaeus Med[icinae] D[octor] / op de Hartecamp / Met de schuyt van half een.

upSUMMARY

The present letter is almost entirely devoted to a discussion of the problems Johan Frederik Gronovius was confronted with while perusing Linnaeus’s manuscript of Critica botanica.

1. In § 242, Linnaeus gives a list of old plant names which he proposes to rename. Linnaeus says he will indicate in each case the paragraph in Fundamenta botanica in which he explains why he wants to change the old name. However, the author omits to do so.

2. List of new plant names in § 242. Gronovius does not understand the meaning of the lines he quotes (“et a Viris dicta § 237 et 238”).

3. In § 238, Linnaeus proposes to shorten plant names that prove to be too long. According to Gronovius, this does not apply to the plant name Richardsonia, as it is derived from Richardson and not from Richard.

4. Illegible passage in the same paragraph.

5. In § 238, Linnaeus states that Camellius is an Englishman and that important contributions are to be expected from Hugo. Gronovius asks Linnaeus to corroborate his statements.

Gronovius reminds Linnaeus of his reply to Johann Scheuchzer’s letter and the precipitation of minerals. Gronovius asks his friend to answer his letter as soon as possible.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 423-424). [1] [2] [3]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> The colour of the ink proves that the sentence “a Te et Tuis verbis” was later added tot the letter by Gronovius.

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
The letter has previously been dated on 12 April 1737 for reasons that are not altogether clear. In fact, the letter does not contain any specific date. It is only stated in the letter that it was written on a Wednesday (die Mercurij). However, in the year 1737, 12 April was a Friday rather than a Wednesday. This dating is based on the fact that in 1737 Easter (always a Sunday) was celebrated on 21 April. See Strubbe & Voet, Chronologie , 134.
2.
Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, p. 100-111.
3.
Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, p. 113.
4.
Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, p. 113-114.
5.
In the printed version of Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
no separate numbers were added to the ancient nomina generica that were changed by Linnaeus.
6.
Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, p. 118-119. The printed text is identical to the hand-written notes sent to Gronovius by Linnaeus.
7.
Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, p. 88, no. 5. The printed version reads Gundelsheimera rather than Gundelsheimeria.
8.
In the printed version of Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, Richardsonia is no longer given as a typical example of a nomen genericum that should be replaced by a shorter one. Linnaeus followed Gronovius’s suggestion in this particular case.
9.
The printed version of Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
(p. 89, no. 8) reads as follows: “Cortusa Matth. al. ejusdem nominis.”
10.
Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, § 238, lit. a, p. 91-96 (Memoria clarorum botanicorum), p. 92: “Camellus Joh. Anglus, inclaruit 1731.”
11.
See Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, § 238, lit. b, p. 95: “Viventium, e quibus insignia artis ornamenta maxime speranda. [...] Hugonia.”
12.
See Gronovius’s lettter to Linnaeus of 5 February 1737 n.s.Letter L0146.
13.
Linnaeus answered Gronovius’s question about the precipitation of minerals in his next letter, as can be inferred from Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 15 April 1737 n.s.Letter L0162.