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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0165 • Johann Georg Siegesbeck to Carl Linnaeus, 23 April 1737 n.s.
Dated 12 April. st. nov. 1737. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro Clarissimo et Experientissimo,
D[omi]n[o] D[octo]r[i] Carolo Linnaeo,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
Jo[hannes] G[eorgius] Siegesbeck.

Pro transmissis seminibus, quae iam die 18 Febr[uarii] st[yli] v[eteris] obtinui, tam Nobiliss[imo] Dom[ino] D[octo]r[i] CliffortioClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
quam Tibi summas persolvo gratias. Utque desiderio Clar[issimi] Cliffortii satisfiat, remitto iam surculos quosdam Mali Moscuensis fructibus, diaphanis Nativa Ruthenice dictis (et quidem binas species, n[em]p[e] tam pomis pellucidis viridibus quam flavescentibus), quo adhuc verno tempore inseri queant aliis Malis arboribus, quum per insitionem longe celerius acquirantur tales fructus quam ex seminum satione. Adjeci simul semina quaedam rariora, pauca quidem, sed selecta et recentissima, n[em]p[e] Pistacium Officinarum, Terebinthum Indicam vulgo dictam e Persia missam, Pinum sativam Sibericam foliis viridibus longioribus ab uno exortu quinis nuculis minoribus, quam vulgo Cedri speciem hic credunt (suntque Nuces Pineae minores Officinarum dapibus inservientes), et denique semen Anonymum ad fluvium Tanain praeterita aestate collectum, quod Cachryos speciem fore suspicor. Plura alia vice inter quae etiam, ni fallor, erit Trigonella DilleniiDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. Namque ante menses aliquot accepimus Tobolskoa exemplar siccum una cum paucis seminum granis plantae cuiusdam, quae multum ad notas Trigonellae characteristicas a Te consignatas accedit. Prodiit nunc etiam Rigae Catalogus Horti nostri Medici,[1] cuius exemplaria prima nave, quae cursum diriget Amstelodamum, una cum diffusiore ad reliqua epistolae Tuae contenta responsione obtinebis. An non Catalogus Plantarum Omnium Horti celeberrimi Cliffortiani[2] haberi potest vel impressus vel saltem manuscriptus? Et nonne Bibliopola quidam Amstelodamensis vel etiam Lugdunensis certum numerum exemplarium de nostris scriptis Botanicis iam impressis vel imposterum adhuc imprimendis suscipere velit et nobis reddere exemplaria quaedam Paulli HermanniHermann, Paul (1646-1695).
German. Botanist, physician at Batavia,
professor of botany at Leiden.
Musaei Zeylanici[3] a BurmannoBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
nuper editi, ut et ex Tuis scriptis Botanicis? Dolendum sane, quod hic quidem notitiam Scriptorum Botanicorum recens editorum habere queamus ex Novellis literariis, ipsis vero Operibus penitus destituamur. Caeterum excuses, quaeso, quod paullo serius ad literas Tuas ultimas responsionem iam dem, quum tam Febris Catarrhalis, qua per 2 hebdom[as] adfectus fui, quam plurimae intervenientes occupationes Medicae et Botanicae caussae fuerint dilationis.

Vale interim!

Saluta D[omi]n[um] D[octo]r[em] Cliffortium

ac fave!

Dabam festinanter Petropoli ex Horto Medico ad diem 12 April[is] st[yli] nov[i] 1737.[4]

P.S. Ramuli, si forte aridiores videantur, ante insitionem per unam vel alteram horam prius in aquam collocandi.[5]

upSUMMARY

Johann Georg Siegesbeck thanks Linnaeus and George Clifford for seeds that he had received on 18 February 1737 o.s. In return he sends twigs from an apple tree from Moscow. He also sends rare seeds from Pistacium officinarum (Terebinthus indica from Persia) and Pinus sativa siberica, believed to belong to the species of Cedrus, and finally an unknown seed, which he believes to belong to the species of Cachrys and was collected at the river Don. He will send seeds from Trigonella (Dillenius). Siegesbeck has received a dry specimen from Tobolsk, which has many characteristics in common with Trigonella.

Siegesbeck’s Primitiae florae Petropolitanae has now been printed in Riga and will be sent with the first ship to Amsterdam. He would like to know if he can get a catalogue of all the plants in Clifford’s Garden (printed or at least in manuscript). He also wonders whether there is not a bookseller in Amsterdam or Leiden who would like to receive a certain number of his botanical works that have been printed or will be printed and in return send some copies of Paul Hermann’s Musaeum Zeylanicum.

He sends his regards to Clifford.

P.S. The cuttings were to be put in water one or two hours before they are engrafted.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, XIV, 83-84). [1] [2]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
3.
4.
The correspondence with Linnaeus ended when Siegesbeck published his Epicrisis (added to Botanosophiae verioris brevis sciagraphiaSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
Botanosophiae verioris brevis
sciagraphia in usum discentium adornata.
Accedit ob argumenti analogiam,
Epicrisis in clar. Linnaei nuperrime
evulgatum systema plantarum sexuale, et
huic superstructam methodum
botanicam
(St Petersburg 1737).
), in which he tried to refute Linnaeus’s sexual system by saying that God would never have allowed such abominable unchastity among his innocent plants. Linnaeus was surprised by this sudden attack (see Linnaeus to Albrecht von HallerHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, March 1738). In 1739 Linnaeus’s friend Johan BrowalliusBrowallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
refuted Siegesbeck’s criticism in Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Cl. LinnaeiBrowallius, Johan Examen
epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale
Cl. Linnaei, Anno 1737 Petropoli
evulgatae, auctore Jo. Georgio
Siegesbeckio [...] jussu amicorum
institutum
(Åbo 1739).
. In this work he asserted that Linnaeus could be criticised for bringing together widely different plants. But this could be said of every artificial system and could not be avoided until a real natural system was discovered. Johann Gottlieb GleditschGleditsch, Johann Gottlieb
(1714-1786). German. Botanist and
sylviculturist in Berlin, disciple of
Anton Wilhelm Platz and Johann Ernst
Hebenstreit, supervisor of Caspar Bose’s
garden 1731-1735, professor at the
Collegium Medico-Chirurgicum in 1746.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
defended Linnaeus in Consideratio epicriseos SiegesbeckianaeGleditsch, Johann Gottlieb
Consideratio epicriseos
Siegesbeckianae in Linnaei systema
plantarum sexuale et methodum botanicam
huic superstructam, viro celeberrimo
cujuscumque scientiarum promotori,
communicata
(Berlin 1740).
(see the letters from Gleditsch to Linnaeus). As an answer to the last work Siegesbeck published Vaniloquentiae botanicae specimenSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
Vaniloquentiae botanicae specimen, a
M. Io. Gottlieb Gleditsch in
consideratione Epicriseos
Siegesbeckianae in scripta botanica
Linnaei, pro rite obtinendo sexualistae
titulo, nuper evulgatum, jure vero
retorsionis refutatum et elusum a Io.
Georgio Siegesbeck
(St Petersburg
1741).
. The dispute between Linnaeus and Siegesbeck was renewed in the early 1740s. When Linnaeus found a casket with some fruits of Siegesbeckia orientalis in the Uppsala University Botanical Garden he labelled it cuculus ingratus (“the ungrateful cuckoo”). It would not have caused such an embarrassment if Siegesbeck had not come accross this casket in 1744, when Sten Carl BielkeBielke, Sten Carl (1709-1753).
Swedish. Baron, government official,
patron of science, and naturalist. One
of the founders of the Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences. Private pupil of
Linnaeus. Close friend of Pehr Kalm,
whose voyage to America he supported
financially. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
together with Linnaeus’s disciple Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
made a journey to Russia and traded it for Russian seeds. However, Linnaeus could not be persuaded to apologise. See Jönsson, “Odium botanicorum. The polemics between Carl Linnaeus and Johann Georg Siegesbeck”Jönsson, A.-M. Odium
botanicorum
. The polemics between
Carl Linnaeus and Johann Georg
Siegesbeck”, Språkets
speglingar. Festskrift till Birger
Bergh
, ed. A. Jönsson & A.
Piltz (Lund 2000), 555-566.
.
5.
The letter is accompanied by a list of plants.