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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0170 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 24 May 1737 n.s.
Dated 24 maj. 1737. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] Carolo Linnaeo,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
Alb[ertus] Haller.

Recte mihi Tuae redditae sunt. Chatelain[1] sine dubio Tibi Programmata[2] dedit. Non globulariae solum duas species atque aphyllanthis exemplar qualecunque, sed duas, opinor, stirpium Alpinarum centurias mittam Francofurtum, unde eas repetere poteris. Tua autem juxta ultimos nuncios non pervenerunt Francofurtum. Possesne Bibliopolam persuadere, ut aliqua commutationis aequa lege centum circiter Programmatis exemplaria adquireret? Sic et notiora fient et ego abundo.

Diangiarum forte hac aestate edam historiam synopseos specimen aut saltem pedicularis vel saxifragiae [sic] solius.

Gratissima erunt Tua omnia. Salices difficile est expedire, inprimis vulgares. In herbario vivo C[aspari] B[auhini]Bauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhin’s Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
nullas vidi; perierunt. Alpinae multae sunt, sed faciles. De Muscis parum subpetit. In Clathroide MichelianoMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
cryptogames.
vidi elegantem structuram. Capsula est ut in muscis operculata. Delabitur operculum, prodit spirale filamentum purpureum, flavum, &c. spargens massulas spermaticas, purpureas, anulo similes perforato; similis structura Muscorum quorumdam. Sed flores mihi non satis cogniti sunt, cum Pinax omne fere mihi ocium auferat.

Semina Marchantiae, Hepaticae, Lunulariae, Marsilearum, Muscoidum pluries et certo vidi. Videntur harum plantarum flores mere apicibus constare innumeris minimis. In equiseto pulchre vidi spermatis particulas quadrierum motu spontaneo, elastico agitatas. Sed quid Tu de equiseti seminibus?

Pro horto meo CliffortiiClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
liberalitatem gratus admitto Tibique me devinctum adgnosco. Consevi aliquot Heisterianas plantas in horto alieno.

De plantis Alpinis nihil edidi nisi descriptionem itineris Alpini 1731[3] suscepti in quodam periodico opere Tempe Helvetica[4] dicto, Tom. 1, sect. IV.

De BurmannoBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[5] gratum est, quod curas. Delector autem maxime operibus ad Synopsin meam[6] spectantibus. Si quaedam deficientium parare posses, faceres eximie. Nummos curabo. Reddat D[ominus] ReussReuss, (17??-17??). ?.
Merchant.
, Soceri mei, ut vocant, correspondens. Deficit v[erbi] g[ratia] ColumnaColonna, Fabio (1567-1650).
Italian. Botanist, painter and engraver.
,[7] quem vel 40 fl[orenis] redimam. Deficit flora Batava utraque,[8] CaesalpinusCesalpino, Andrea (1519-1603).
Italian. Botanist, professor of medicine
and botany in Pisa and Rome and
physician of Clement VIII. Best known
for his De plantis libri xvi
(1583).
,[9] etc. Quae de institutis RoyeniRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Burmanni, RandiiRand, Isaac (?-1743). British.
Botanist.
, MilleriMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, MartyniiMartyn, John (1699-1768).
British. Physician, professor of botany
at Cambridge.
mones non placent. Id si egerint omnes, peribit Botanica. Tu vero macte virtute neque inimicos cura! Quodcunque in nobis erit virium, id in adjuvando Tuo laudabili instituto consumemus. Instat iter Hercynicum. Ibi et Mineralia Tibi legam. Intelligo Papaveris, &c. adfinitatem. Sunt tetrapetalae fere, polystemones flore & calyce caduco. Mirabilis et seq[uentes] pentastemones, monopetalae, &c.

Non placent Bacciferae. Puto eas me expuncturum uti expunxi Unisiliquas. Ain Tu? Probasne apud Vaill[antium]Vaillant, Sébastien
(1669-1722). French. Botanist and
surgeon. Professor at the Jardin des
plantes. His theory on plant sexuality
influenced Linnaeus who regarded
Vaillant as one of the most important
botanists.
differentias generum filaginis ab Elichryzo, hieracij ab hieracioide, Rhapontici, Rhaponticoidis, jaceae, classis cinarocephalarum, a Discoideis?[a][a] : MS1 <Planipetalis>
Discoideis

Cur adeo displicent -oides? Cur Rapunculum Diangium, lychnidem triangiam non licuerit dicere Rapunculoides, Lychnoidea?

ZanichellumZannichelli, Jacopo
(1695-1759). Italian. Botanist.
de hypocastano habeo, Venet[iis], 4, 1733, pl[agulis] 2, sc[alptura] 1.[10]

De herbariis vivis egit Simon PauliPaulli, Simon (1603-1680).
German. Botanist and physician,
professor of medicine at Copenhagen.
, KniphofKniphof, Johann(es) Hieronymus
(1704-1763). German. Professor of
botany at Erfurt.
proprio scripto, EhrhardEhrhart, Balthazar (1700-1756).
German. Physician of Memmingen.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Memmingensis proprio scriptulo, GeyerGeier, Johann Daniel
(1660-1735). German?. Physician and
writer.
in Thargelo Apollini sacro.[11] Myriophyllum pelagicum mihi ignotum est. Planta est Clusiana. Zanichellium habeo minime dignum opus suo nitore. Continet icones novas, sed haud probas, descriptiones malas, nova nulla, nisi forte Ketmiae palustris speciem, stirpes in universum paucas, Lichenes V, Fungos tres, &c. Adduntur vires medicae ex aliis.

Vale et fave!

Nihil enim habeo novi aut egregii.

Die 24 maj[i] 1737.

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller will send two species of Globularia, a specimen of Aphyllanthes and two hundred Alpine plants. He wants Linnaeus to persuade his bookseller to take on about 100 copies of De methodico studio botanices absque praeceptore, so that the work will become more known.

This summer Haller might publish a history of the Diangiae, as a specimen of his “Synopsis”, or at least the history of Pedicularis or Saxifraga.

Haller finds the Salices difficult to deal with. Those in Caspar Bauhin’s herbarium have all perished. The Alpine ones are numerous but easy. Bauhin is not useful for mosses. In Clathroides Michelianus Haller has examined the elegant structure.

Haller has seen the seeds of Marchantia, Hepatica, Lunularia, Marsilea and Muscoides. Their flowers seem to consist of innumerable minute apices. In Equisetum he has seen four-legged spermatic bodies agitated by a spontaneous, elastic motion.

Haller has described his journey to the Alps in 1731, in Tempe Helvetica l, sect. 4.

Haller is grateful for Johannes Burman’s book. He is missing Fabio Colonna, the two Floras of Holland and Andrea Cesalpino. Haller will soon undertake his Hercynian journey. He is aware of the affinity of Papaver. These are almost Tetrapetalae but are Polystemones as regards flower and the deciduos calyx. Mirabilis and the following ones are Pentastemones, Monopetalae, etc.

Haller is not content with the Bacciferae and thinks of striking them, as he did with the Unisiliquae. He wonders if Linnaeus approves of Sébastien Vaillant’s distinction of genera between Filago and Elichryzum, between Hieracium and Hieracioides, Rhaponticum, Rhaponticoides and Jacea and between the class of the Cinarocephalae and Discoideae.

Haller wonders why the names in -oides displease Linnaeus. Why cannot a Lychnis triangia be called Lychnoidea?

Haller has got Giovanni Giacobbe Zannichelli, De Hyppocastano, Venice 1733, consisting of two leaves and one plate.

The authors who treat the herbarium are Simon Paulli, Johann Hieronymus Kniphof, Johann Balthasar Erhard, Johann Daniel Geier in Thargelus, Apollini sacer. Haller is not acquainted with Myriophyllum pelagicum (Lecluse). Zannichelli contains some new illustrations, but not faithful ones. The descriptions are bad. There is nothing new except a species of Ketmia palustris, etc.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 151-152). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 248-252   p.248  p.249  p.250  p.251  p.252.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <Planipetalis> Discoideis

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
This passage is not quite clear. Albrecht von Haller’s inaugural address in Göttingen was De methodico studio botanices absque praeceptoreHaller, Albrecht von De
methodico studio botanices absque
praeceptore
(Göttingen 1736).
. There are, however, four other Programmata given by Haller during the years 1736-1737.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
It is not clear which work is intended. Fabio Colonna wrote several works on plants.
8.
9.
Zannichelli, All’ illustrissimo Signor G. Pontadera [...] lettera [...] intorno alle facoltà dell’ IppocastanoZannichelli, Giovanni Girolamo
All’ illustrissimo Signor G.
Pontadera [...] lettera [...] intorno
alle facoltà dell’
Ippocastano
(Venice 1733).
.