Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0188 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 5 June 1737 n.s.
Dated 5 junij 1737. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Hartecamp (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Charissimo suo Linnaeo Joh[annes] Fr[edericus] Gronovius.

Tandem rem eo deduxi, ut quatuor modo restent paginae corrigendae, quae iam iam perfectae fuissent, nisi ultimae vestrae chartae nos valde torquissent, tot enim et tanta debuerunt mutari, ut vix tam multa in prioribus chartis. Non dubito tamen quin cum LawsonoLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
mentem vestram[a][a] : <imp> [perlegeris
post vestram del.
Gronovius
]
perceperim. Quod si factum, premium laboris sat magnum reportabo.

Interim tamen quaedam errata typographica a me neglecta sunt, quorum catalogum quaeso quam primum ad me mittas cum iis quae Lawsonus a te desideravit. in § 292 loco annesis posuimus Antonomasia, sed errore a me praeterviso Antomasia. Quod precor mihi ignoscas.[1]

Vellem quoque ut diligenter percurreres omnes[b][b] : <imp> [tabulas ante
omnes del. Gronovius]
paginas et indicem conficeres omnium abbreviationum,[2] sed quaeso hoc curiose facias, non festinanter percurrendo paginas.

Indicem iam habeo paratissimum, sed haereo qualem titulum debeat habere; mihi videtur sufficere Index Nominum.[3]

Doleo quod tam brevis tibi fuerit memoria, ut ea per AmmannoAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
[sic] et me plane oblitus sis, neque ultra tres dies expectare potero.

Utinam posses mihi dicere ex quibus generibus desumptae sunt icones in tabula[c][c] : <imp> [tabula ex
tabulis corr. Gronovius]
ista quam curavi confici, imo & forte ipsissimam speciem posses dicere. Si tibi id in memoria haereat non dubito quin mecum sis communicaturus.[4]

Vellem quoque mecum communicares systema tuum de calycibus, quod tam saepe mihi promisisti.

Quaeso quoque scribas quomodo in Characteribus num. 157 cum locis allegatis debeat scribi, itemque de num. 169 desidero.[5] Scripsi de his ad Te alias, atque etiam responsum dedisti sed ex iis mentem tuam non percipio, quo circa veniam peto, quod iterum hisce te interpellam.

Doctiss[imus] DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
promisit se brevi litteras daturum ad Te.

Quaenam sunt illae Lychnidum species quae pertinent ad § 379, 380, 381.[6]

Cum haec scriberem veniunt in manus meas humanissimae vestrae Literae, simul et praefatio vestra in novum de nominibus tractatum, quae mihi valde placet, eamque cum Lawsono perpolire non desinam, ita ut voto vestro plane respondeat.[7]

Indicem quoque Typographo[8] tradidi, deletis virorum nominibus, ita ut solummodo continent nomina plantarum. Sane multum laboris mihi fuit indicem virorum in aliam chartam conscribere, et dein ea in indice typographo tradendo delere.

De dedicatione quam Dillenio offerre scribis, cum Lawsono egi, qui absolute mecum conclusit, hoc opus nulli dedicari debere.[9]

Pro Halleri libro[d][d] : <imp> [libro ex
dedicatione corr. Gronovius]
gratias ago; nondum mihi tempus fuit eam [sic] perlegere.[10]

Dillenius misit quosdam flores Celtidis, ut eos ad te curarem, in parvula hac chartula eos inclusos videbis.

Tandem hodie correxi ultimum folium Generum, sed per nundinas non impriment Typographi. Quaeso scribas ad Bibliopolam,[11] ut quando ultimum folium sit impressum, mittat ad te istas phyliras quas nondum habes.

Filices potes inspicere quando velis, modo accedas.

Interim spero quod diligenter perlegas phyliras istas quae Tibi ad manus sint, ut et annotes vitia typographica, & corrigas ea loca, quae Lawsonus mecum mutavit sed non ad mentem vestram tradita, dein ut conficias Elenchum Auctorum, qui post praefationem sequi debere videtur, vitia autem & errata post indicem. titulus quoque desiderabitur.

Utinam & hoc modo Philosophiam vestram Botanicam, Floramque, & Iter tuum Dalecarlicum haberemus.[12]

Quomodo procedit Hortus Cliffortianus. Mereretur iste Liber bonis indicibus locupletari s[cilicet] omnium generum, dein rerum contentarum. Sed ultimus ille cum debet esse exactissimus, esset immensi laboris. Si ego viverem Amstelodami, vel CliffortiusClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
hic, facile illud opus in me sumerem.[13]

Conterraneus Vester heri mihi valedixit.[14]

Vale

Joh[annes] Fred[ericus] Gronovius.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum] 5 junij 1737

Si die Solis vel Lunae vel Martis[15] nulla esset societas in Hartecamp, cum Lawsono accederem.

Quaeso dicas mihi quid intelligas per consimile.

[address] Mijn Heer / De Heer Carolus Linnaeus Med[icinae] D[octor] / op de Hartecamp. / Met de schuyt van elf uur den sesden Junij. / Franco.

upSUMMARY

Four pages of Critica botanica remain to be corrected. The work would have been finished by now, if the last sheets sent by Linnaeus had not posed so many difficulties. Johan Frederik Gronovius is convinced, however, that in making the necessary corrections to the text, Isaac Lawson and himself have succeeded in grasping Linnaeus’s thought.

Unfortunately, some printing errors have slipped into the text which Gronovius has overlooked. Linnaeus is asked to draw up a list of errata and answer the questions posed by Lawson as soon as possible.

Gronovius wants Linnaeus to make an index of all abreviations used, a work which he should carry out with utmost care.

Gronovius has completed the general index, but is still pondering on the appropriate title. Perhaps “Index nominum” will do.

Gronovius regrets that Linnaeus has forgotten about Johann Amman and himself. Gronovius can wait no longer than three days.

Gronovius asks Linnaeus to indicate the genera and, if possible, the species of plants from which the pictures of Systema sexualis are derived. At the same time, he would like him to explain his system of cups (calyces).

Gronovius asks Linnaeus for clarification regarding nos. 157 and 169 of Genera plantarum. Linnaeus has already answered these questions, but Gronovius failed to understand his reply.

Johann Jacob Dillenius promised to write Linnaeus a letter soon.

Gronovius asks Linnaeus to name the species of the lychnides that are listed in nos. 379-381 of Genera plantarum.

While writing this letter, Gronovius received Linnaeus’s letter together with the preface he wrote to Critica botanica. Gronovius approves of it and will correct it together with Lawson.

In the meantime, Gronovius has handed down the index to the work to the printer. However, he has removed all personal names from the list; in other words, the index only offers a list of plant names.

Contrary to Linnaeus’s intention to dedicate the work to Dillenius, both Lawson and Gronovius are of the opinion that the work should not be dedicated to anyone at all.

Gronovius thanks Linnaeus for having sent a copy of Albrecht von Haller’s book. However, he has not yet found the time to read it.

Gronovius sends Linnaeus some flowers of the celtis which Dillenius has destined for him.

Gronovius has finally corrected the last folio of Genera plantarum, but the printers will not work during the weekend. Linnaeus should ask the bookseller to send him all the sheets he has not yet received.

Linnaeus is free to examine Gronovius’s ferns when he comes to Leiden.

Once again, Gronovius asks Linnaeus very carefully to read the sheets of Critica botanica he has received in order to draw up a list of errata. The list should contain all the printing errors as well as the mistakes made by Lawson and himself while correcting Linnaeus’s text. Apart from that, Linnaeus should draw up an “Elenchus auctorum” and devise an appropriate title for the work.

Gronovius wishes Linnaeus’s Philosophia botanica, Flora Lapponica and Iter Dalecarlicum were already available in print in the same way as his Critica botanica.

Gronovius asks Linnaeus how the Hortus Cliffortianus is proceeding. The book deserves to be complemented with good indices, i.e. an index of genera and of contents. If Gronovius were to live in Amsterdam or Cliffort in Leiden, then Gronovius would have taken the vast work upon himself.

Gronovius informs Linnaeus that his Swedish compatriot took leave of him the day before.

In a first postscript, Gronovius proposes to pay Linnaeus a visit on the Hartecamp together with Lawson, unless some meeting has been planned. In a second postscript, he asks his friend to explain what he means by “consimile”.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 431-432). [1] [2] [3]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> [perlegeris post vestram del. Gronovius]
b.
<imp> [tabulas ante omnes del. Gronovius]
c.
<imp> [tabula ex tabulis corr. Gronovius]
d.
<imp> [libro ex dedicatione corr. Gronovius]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
3.
4.
This seems to be a reference to Linnaeus’s Methodus sexualis which was printed in Leiden in september 1737. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 16 September 1737Letter L0200. The Methodus sexualis was published both separately and together with the Corollarium Generum plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Corollarium
Generum Plantarum, exhibens genera
plantarum sexaginta, addenda prioribus
characteribus, expositis in Generibus
Plantarum. Accedit methodus sexualis

(Leiden 1737). Soulsby no. 285.
.
5.
Reference to Genera plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum eorumque characteres naturales
secundum numerum, figuram, situm &
proportionem omnium fructificationis
partium
(Leiden 1737). Soulsby no.
284.
, p. 55, no. 157: “Chomelia. vide HM. II:23” and p. 59, no. 169: “Rondeletia. Plum. 12 videtur? HM. II:23”.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Probably a reference to Haller, De methodico studio botanices absque praeceptoreHaller, Albrecht von De
methodico studio botanices absque
praeceptore
(Göttingen 1736).
.
The Flora LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Lapponica exhibens plantas per Lapponiam
crescentes, secundum systema sexuale
collectas in itinere [...] Additis
synonymis, & locis natalibus omnium,
descriptionibus & figuris rariorum,
viribus medicatis & oeconomicis
plurimarum
(Amsterdam, 1737).
Soulsby no. 279.
was issued by Salomon SchoutenSchouten, Salomon (1689?-1750).
Dutch. Bookseller and publisher,
Amsterdam. Linnaeus’s publisher. Father
of Petrus Schouten.
at Amsterdam in 1737. Linnaeus’s Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
etc.
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
437.
would not be published until 1751. His “Iter Dalekarlicum”Linnaeus, Carl “Iter
Dalekarlicum [...] per Dalekarliam
Sveciae provinciam quoad orientalem,
alpinam et occidentalem partem
observationibus constans geographicis,
physicis, mineralogicis, botanicis,
zoologicis, domesticis et oeconomicis
quotidie collectis a mense Julii die 3
ad Augusti d. 17 anni 1734” (manuscript;
L.S.)
was not published during his lifetime (see Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 184).
From Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 2 September 1737Letter L0208 it can be inferred that Gronovius eventually decided to make the indices to the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
, however much work this required.
Possibly a reference to Claes SohlbergSohlberg, Claes (1711-1773).
Swedish. Physician, studied natural
history and medicine at Uppsala
1723-1734. Accompanied Linnaeus on his
tour in Dalecarlia in 1734 and on his
Dutch journey. Doctor of medicine at
Leiden in 1735.
who accompanied Linnaeus to Holland. According to Blunt, The compleat naturalist , p. 98, it is not known at what time Sohlberg went back to Sweden.
9-11 June; the letter is dated on Wednesday 5 June.