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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0199 • Franciscus Ernst Brückmann to Carl Linnaeus, 18 September 1737 n.s.
Dated 18 Septemb: 1737. Sent from Wolfenbüttel (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro Nobilissimo, clarissimo atque doctissimo
Carolo Linnaeo
Med[icinae] Doct[ori] et Soc[io] Acad[emiae] Imp[erialis] N[aturae] C[uriosorum]
Praestantissimo
Resalut[ationem] et off[icia] mutua dicit
Brückmannus. D[ominus].

Plurima cum submissione, certe superflua, Tuas, Vir Nob[ilissime], ad me datas literas recte accepi.[1] Non sum tam superbus, ut vel minimam honoris mihi immerito tributi et gloriae titillantis partem arrogem, cum in rebus physicis et medicis inscitiam meam optime cognoscam. Interim Tecum literas commutandi occasionem ambabus exosculor. Gratiam certe praestare mihi poteris maximam in transmittendis vegetabilibus rarioribus (quae non minoris, quam mineralia et animalia, aestimo) praecipue, seminibus consideratu dignis, fructibus exoticis corticibus, lignis et radicibus, reliquisque plantarum partibus veteris et novi orbis. Haec vegetabilia magni facio, et eorum quoque perplura, spatio XXX. annorum, collegi. In specie vero a me desiderantur theca Orleanae cum inclusis seminibus, fructus Ahovai venerati, Nuces Areck cum Betel, phaseoli varii, impr[imis] majores marini dicti, ex quibus Japanenses pro [symbol][a][a] : Symbol for powder. e Tabacino nasali capsulas parant; Arundo saccharifera, ejusque fructus et semen; Nux s[ive] Strobilus Cedri; theca granorum paradisi s[ive] Cardamomi m[ixti]; Nuces pistaceorum; conus pinearum c[um] nucibus; glandes exoticae cum cupulis, in specie Bethlehemitica et Ligni suberis; plantae marinae retiformes et coralloideae, Alga saccharifera Islandica Bartholini; pennae marinae, quas numquam in natura vidi, figuras vero istarum admiratione dignas consideravi apud BarrelieriumBarrelier, Jacques (1606-1673).
French. Botanist, dominican.
in Hist[oria] Plantarum Galliae,[2] sub finem libri. Fructus Theae maturus, phaseolus Divi Thomae; Coral arboris fructus, it[em] argyrodendr [symbol][b][b] : Unidentified symbol. conus scolymum referens; phaseolus in theca s[ive] capsula lanuginosa deurente, Mucuna; fructus Tamarindorum siccus; Papyrus Nilotica; Lazaroli; lobus echinatus clusii; muscus catarcticus Islandicus; Rad[ix] Acori veri palustris seu Saulax Sinensis; Placenta Catagamber integra; rad[ix] Salap; cortex Cascali, Jubaba, et plura alia; ex marinis quaero Echinos, stellas, quarum copiam mare Batavorum apud Te porrigit.

Catalogum meorum editorum vide, si placet, in Magnalium Dei[3] in locis subterraneis Tom[i] I et II. statim ab initio, in duobus peculiaribus additis foliis; it[em] in Dom[ini] GoettensGoetten, Gabriel Wilhelm
(1708-1781). German. Theologian,
Hannover.
Europae eruditae[4] Part[e] 1. quae bibliotheca ClifortianaClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
ex ibi allegatis et inventis speciminibus desiderabit, ex nostra regione cum ista perlibenter et ad nutum prompte communicare potero, habebit me ad omnia officia debita praestanda vigilantissimum.

Musam Clifortianam,[5] quam anxie exspecto, et pro qua debitas Tibi, Vir praestant[issime] offero grates, dubio procul proxime cum aliis rarioribus a celeberrimo GronovioGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, communi nostro amico, ut gratissimum munusculum accipiam.

Quae ad me mittere lubet, v. g. genera plantarum[6] et Floram Lapponicam[7] a Te in literis benevole oblata, haud gravatim, sub involucro ad me, vel Dom[ino] Gronovio traduntur, vel, data occasione, Osnabrugam Westphaliae ad Dom[inum] Doct[orem] MenschenMencken, Friedrich Otto
(1708-1754). German. Succeeded his
father Johann Burckhard Mencken as
professor of history, Leipzig.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, qui omnia cito ad me curat, mittuntur. Pro omnibus et singulis nullo non tempore gratissimus ero debitor, et, si mineralium familia nec non lapidum figuratorum quantitas harum et aliarum Germanicarum terrarum aliqualem Tibi dare poterunt satisfactionem, plurimarum minerarum Te participem reddere jussus curabo.

Bibliotheca Tua Botanica,[8] in ephemeridibus eruditorum cum encomiis laudata, quam perlibenter perlustrassem (cum et ipse catalogum scriptorum Botanicorum[9] , continentem ad minimum numerum 2000 scriptorum: inclusive istorum, qui peculiares plantas pro cathedra in dissertationibus ventilarunt, v. g. WedeliiWedel, G. W. (1645-1721).
German. Professor of surgery, botany,
theoretical and practical medicine, and
chemistry, Jena.
de Cuscuta[10] , Hyoscyamo[11] , Plantagine[12] , Polypodio[13] & Slevogtii de Acmella Ceylanica[14] , Thea Romana, Hungarica[15] & Hoffm[anni]Hoffmann, Friedrich
(1660-1742). German. Professor of
medicine at Halle.
de Millefolio[16] , China[17] & Vateri de Coralliis[18] , Richteri de planta, in qua Coccionella[19] ; Spies de Vainiglia[20] & jam a duodecim et aliquot retro annis compilaverim) nondum apud nos in tabernis librariis venalis prostat; si perplacet unum s[ive] alterum istius exemplar ad me mittere, pretium Tibi debitum cum gratiarum actione sine mora et prompte restituam.

Dom[inus] ConR[ektor] FrischFrisch, Johann Leonhard
(1666-1743). German. High school rector
in Berlin.
, qui de insectis indigenis aliquot orbi literato tradidit specimina,[21] aura adhuc Berolini in Marchia fruitur vitali.

Borussi mihi noti, qui historiam naturalem in deliciis habent, sunt Dom[inus] Rappolt, Prof[essor] Regiomont[anus] qui binis abhinc annis oolithum[22] ; Doct[or] Med[icinae] Breynius, Gedanensis qui conchas polythalamias[23] ; Dom[inus] KleiniusKlein, Jacob Theodor
(1685-1759). German. Naturalist,
Dresden and Danzig. Director of the
Danziger Naturforscher-Gesellschaft. One
of Linnaeus’s opponents. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, secret[arius] ejusd[em] loci, qui tubulos marinos[24] , nunc terrestres, Gothlandicos, illustrarunt; Pat[er] Soc[ietas] Jesu RazinskyRzazynski, Gabryel Portuguese.
, qui Histor[iam] natural[em] Poloniae eddit[25] ; sunt forsan plures, sed me latent.

Bibliothecae meae numismaticae[26] supplementum secundum sub prelo est, quo derelicto, statim Tecum inter primos unum et alterum gratis communicabo exemplar. Meditor quoque continuationem primam bibliothecae metallicae,[27] nec non epistolarum itinerariarum,[28] quarum LX. cum mult[is] fig[uris] apud bibliopolas prostant.

Vale reliquum, Vir nobiliss[ime] atque Doctiss[ime] et commercium litterarum nuper inchoatum, quod mihi valde expeto, quam primum res Tuae id permittent, cum responsoriis, nullo non temporis momento mihi dilectissimis, ad me propelle.

Dabam Wolfenbuttelae d[ie] 18. Septemb[ris] 1737.

upSUMMARY

Franciscus Ernst Brückmann has received a letter from Linnaeus. He cannot claim to possess even the smallest part of the high esteem, which has been bestowed upon him not worthy of it. He is well aware of his lack of knowledge in natural science and medicine, but he is fond of having the opportunity to exchange letters with Linnaeus. Brückmann will be most grateful if Linnaeus can send some rare plants (which Brückmann does not consider inferior to minerals and animals), in particular seeds deserving consideration, exotic fruits with peel, stones and roots and other parts of plants from the old and the new world. Those plants are held in great esteem by Brückmann and he has been collecting some of them for 30 years. He wants a capsule of Orleana with seeds, the fruit of Ahova, Areca and Betelnuts, Phaseoli of different kinds, especially the bigger ones called Phaseoli marini, Arundo saccharifera (sugar-cane), fruit and seed, the nut or the cone of cedar, paradise or cardamom grains, pistachio nuts, pine cones with nuts, exotic nuts with stalks, Bethlehemitica and cork-oak, marine plants, net-shaped and coraloid, Alga saccharifera Islandica Bartholini, sea-bird feathers, which he had admired in Jacques Barreliers’s Plantae per Galliam but never seen in the nature, ripe fruit of the tea plant, Phaseolus divi Thomae, friut from the Coral sea tree and Argyrodendron, a Scolymus cone, Phaseolus in a downy, withered capsule, Mucuna, dry fruit of Tamarind, Papyrus Nilotica, Lazaroli, a prickly husk of Clusia, muscus catarcticus Islandicus, radix Acori or Saulax sinensis, Placenta catagamber, radix Salap, cortex of Cascali, Jubaba and many others. From the sea he wants sea urchins and starfishes, which the Dutch Sea where Linnaeus lives offers in abundance.

For making a list of Brückmann’s publications Linnaeus is advised to look in Magnalia Dei and in part 1 of Gabriel Wilhelm Goetten’s Das jetzt-lebende gelehrte Europa. What is missing in George Clifford’s library Bruckmann is very willing to send over from his region, and he will be most ready to help.

Bruckmann is anxiously waiting for the Musa Cliffortiana, he expresses his gratitude having no doubt that he will soon get a copy from their common friend Johan Frederik Gronovius.

Other books which Brückmann would like to have, and which Linnaeus has offered him in a letter, e. g. Genera plantarum and Flora Lapponica could be sent to him or to Gronovius or to Friedrich Otto Mencken in Osnabruck, who quickly will send it on. Brückmann would be most grateful, and if Linnaeus wants minerals from this or other parts of Germany Brückmann will procure that for him.

Linnaeus’s Bibliotheca botanica is not yet for sale in German bookshops, and Brückmann asks Linnaeus to send one or two copies of it, which Brückmann at once gratefully will send money for. Brückmann himself has for more than 12 years been busy compiling a catalogue of more than 2 000 botanical works including dissertations on peculiar plants, e. g. those of Georg Wolfgang Wedel, De cuscuta, De hyoscamo, De plantagine and De polypodio; Johann Hadrian Slevogt, De acmella, De thea Romana; Friedrich Hoffmann, De millefolio, De recto corticis Chinae usu in febribus; Christian Vater, De Coralliorum natura; Christopher Friedrich Richter, De Cochinilla; and Johann Carl Spies, De siliquis Convolvuli americani vulgo vanigliis.

Johann Leonhard Frisch who wrote about indigenous insects (Beschreibung von allerley Insecten in Teutschland) is alive and well in Berlin.

Prussians who are fond of natural history are Karl Heinrich Rappolt, professor in Königsberg, who published the dissertation, De Oolitho, Johann Philip Breyne in Danzig, De polythalamiis, Jacob Theodor Klein, Descriptiones tubulorum marinorum and Gabryel Rzazynski who published, Historia naturalis curiosa regni Poloniae, and perhaps others unknown to Brückmann.

The second supplement of Brückmann’s numismatic library, Brückmanns [...] Bibliothecae numismaticae, is being printed, and when it is ready he will send one or two copies free to Linnaeus. Brückmann is also thinking of a first continuation of the Prodromus bibliothecae metallicae and the Epistolae itinerariea, 60 of which with many illustrations are on sale in the bookshops.

Brückmann wishes that Linnaeus would continue the correspondence, which started not long ago as soon as possible and his answers are most welcome.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, II, 218-219). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 362-65 .

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
Symbol for powder.
b.
Unidentified symbol.

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
This letter has not come down to us.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Unknown to us.
Brückmann’s, Epistolae itinerariaaBrückmann, Franciscus Ernst
Epistolae itinerariae
(Wolfenbüttel & Brunsweig
1735-1756).
, were published from 1735-1756.