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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0208 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 2 September 1737 n.s.
Dated 2 Sept. 1737. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Doctissimo mihique Charissimo D[omin]o Carolo Linnaeo Med[icinae] Doct[ori]
S[alutem] P[lurimam] Joh[annes] Fred[ericus] Gronovius.

Laetissime hanc Tibi conscribo Epistolam, quippe quae me nunc plane spontis meae esse significat, quum primum per aliquot dies me summopere exhilararem in Lectione scripti Tui, quo Domino CliffortioClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
et Tibimet ipsi gloriam comparasti Immortalem.[1] Interim ego in gratiam Dom[ini] Cliffortij de indice non modo cogitavi, sed et eum plane perfeci,[2] valde dolens paginas istas quae deficiebant, ad me non missas, quarum indiculum ad finem hujus epistolae adponam, desiderans ut in tempore ad me mittantur, ne accessu aliarum plantarum quas hinc inde expecto, interpeller ad alia agenda, quod si accideret, volens nolens reliquas paginas indici committere non possem. Cum quoque nunc hucusque perduxerim, plurima mihi occurrunt, quae negotium facescunt [sic] et de quibus cum Cliffortio poteris mentem exercere, et excogitare quid melius foret. Scire itaque licet primo libellum meum quem ad conscribendum indicem adhibui, in duplo majorem molem excrevisse, sic ut videatur chaos nominum, et hinc facile tecum excogitare poteris, non ad amussim omnia se recte ordine alphabetico habere. Hinc saepe cogitavi, numne necesse foret ut iste index hic loci imprimeretur, ut parceretur tempori & sphalmata evitarentur; multo enim esset dedecori, quod operi tam docto, tam nitide & accurate impresso index postponeretur qui vitiis urgeret[a][a] : <imp> [Imo scateret
?]
, quod evitari nequit, praecipue cum verba mea parum distincte communiter scribantur, et numeri quandoque mihi familiari modo exprimantur. Dein quum iste index in tam immensam molem excreverit, restitantibus adhuc iis quae ante octiduum sunt impressa & quae adhuc imprimi debent, suaderem Dom[ino] Cliffortio ut singula pagina tres columnas haberet.

Tertio; Nonne necessum foret ut ante Indicem nominum genericorum & synonymorum, vel ante primam paginam libri adesset index qui contineret nomina Virorum Doctorum generibus inscripta,[3] praecipue cum nullus ab orbe condito extiterit liber qui tam magnam congeriem Botanicorum uno intuitu repraesentare potest quam Tuus, sic ut non errem si dixerim in horto Cliffortiano occurrere omnes Botanicos qui ab Orbe condito in hunc usque diem aliquid boni praestiterint, excepto bono Salomone,[4] cujus meminisse poteris cum hyssopifolias PlukenetiiPlukenet, Leonard (1642-1706).
British. Botanist and physician.
Botanist to Mary II (wife of William
III). Superintendent of Hampton Court.
comparaveris.[5] Haec sunt Vir Doctissime quae desidero ut cum D[omin]o Cliffortio perpendas, non ut statim concludas, sed ut cogitando et iterum iterumque consulendo, in tempore possis cum Viro Nobilissimo statuere, quid agendum sit. Damnum enim foret irreparabile si liber iste tanta doctrina compositus et tam accurate impressus in indice deficeret, quod sane quoque detraheret[b][b] : <imp> [detraheret ex
deficeret corr. Gronovius]
nomini Cliffortiano.

Haec scribenti tot afferuntur Epistolae ut crumena mea in paupertatem sit redacta. Inter has est una ad Te a DillenioDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
pro qua solvi 12 stuferos.

A CatesbaeoCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
accepi literas, qui literas a ClaytonioClayton, John (1685-1773).
British/American. Physician and
botanist. Born i England, moved to
Virginia in North America in 1715. His
herbarium collected in Virginia was
published by Johan Frederik Gronovius
and Linnaeus in Flora Virginica
(1739, 1743). Correspondent of Linnaeus.
habuit, quae significant ipsum plurima missurum prima navi, quae intra paucos dies Londinum expectatur, sic ut spes sit brevi me potiturum nova specimina, quae si acceperim, nulla hora alijs potero vacare, unde desidero ut mittas folia horti Cliffortiani quam primum.

<table rules="none" border="0" frame="void"> <colgroup><col width="225"><col width="225"></colgroup> <tr valign="TOP"><td width="225" colspan="1" rowspan="1" valign="TOP">Desunt folia

Ultimam paginam, quam habeo, claudit pagina 452.

Simul et per WishoviumWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
accepi chartas vestras de Methodo Sexuali, quas multo cum ardore & gaudio perlegi, sed videris mihi per festinationem errorem commisisse in diandria monogynia quam dividis in eas quae sunt corollis nullis, corollis aequalibus et corollis inaequalibus. Corollis nullis est piper, tunc sequuntur ut scripsisse videris corollis inaequalibus, sed delevisti propositionem in hoc modo -in-aequalibus. sub hoc signo scribis militare Nycthantem, jasminum, ligustr. phyllyream, oleam, Brunsfelt., Syringam. Tunc iterum scribis corollis aequalibus Circaea &c. Unum vel alterum debet esse inaequalibus.[6] Quaeso de hoc quam primum moneas.

In corollario[7] curavi omnia ad nutum tuum. Pro pictore[8] gratias refero multas, moneat modo me per epistolam quando res sunt absolutae.

Vale et cura Sanitatem.

P[ost]s[criptum]. Octava pars operis Catesbeji iam prodiit quam in dies expecto.[9]

Leydae, 2 Sept[embris] 1737

[address] To / D[octor] Linnaeus at M[iste]r Cliffort / at Amsterdam.

upSUMMARY

Johan Frederik Gronovius has thoroughly enjoyed reading the Hortus Cliffortianus, a work which will bring George Clifford and Linnaeus eternal fame. In the meantime, Gronovius has drawn up the index that is to be added to the work. Unfortunately, he was not able to finish it off as he did not receive all the pages of the work. Therefore, he asks Linnaeus to send him the lacking pages in due time.

Next, Gronovius makes three suggestions regarding the index and asks Linnaeus to discuss them with Clifford. First of all, he suggests to have the index printed in Leiden rather than in Amsterdam in order to save time and prevent mistakes. If the index is printed in Amsterdam, errors will be made, as Gronovius’s manuscript contains a chaos of plant names and numbers which are noted down in a handwriting that is likely to puzzle other readers. Secondly, he proposes to have the extremely voluminous index printed in three columns. Thirdly, he suggests to add an index of personal names, as the Hortus Cliffortianus contains the names of all botanists who have made important contributions ever since the creation of the world.

Gronovius informs Linnaeus that he has received a letter from Johann Jacob Dillenius which is destined for him.

Gronovius has received a letter from Mark Catesby, containing a letter from John Clayton. The latter informs him that he has sent many materials that are due to arrive in London shortly. When Gronovius has received the new specimens of plants, he will not have any time left to work on the index of Hortus Cliffortianus. Therefore, he asks Linnaeus once again to send him the pages that are lacking.

Conrad Wishoff has sent Gronovius the sheets of Linnaeus’s Methodus sexualis, which he has read with passion and joy. Unfortunately, an error has slipped into the text which Linnaeus is asked to correct. The “diandria monogynia” are divided in those plants which have no corollae, equal corollae or unequal corollae. There is, however, some confusion as to the use of “equal” and “unequal”.

Gronovius has painstakingly carried out Linnaeus’s orders regarding the Corollarium generum plantarum. He thanks his friend for the painting which Martin Hoffman is executing. The painter should let him know when he has finished his work.

In a postscript, Gronovius informs Linnaeus that the eighth part of Mark Catesby’s Natural History has appeared.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 437-438). [1] [2] [3]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> [Imo scateret ?]
b.
<imp> [detraheret ex deficeret corr. Gronovius]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
A reference to the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
.
2.
See above Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 5 June 1737 n.s.Letter L0188.
3.
Following Gronovius’s suggestion, Linnaeus added an impressive “Bibliotheca botanica Cliffortiana” to his work, containing no less than 295 botanists consulted by the author. The list was inserted after the letter of dedication to George Clifford and the preface to the reader.
4.
“bonus Salomon” Quis ?
5.
The hyssopifolia is listed in the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
, p. 178 under the Dodecandria monogynia with reference to Caspar Bauhinus’s Pinax theatri botaniciBauhin, Caspar Pinax theatri
botanici Caspari Bauhini [...] sive
index in Theophrasti, Dioscoridis,
Plinii et botanicorum qui a seculo
scripserunt opera; plantarum circiter
sex millium ab ipsis exhibitarum nomina
cum earundem synonymiis &
differentiis methodice secundum earum
& genera & species proponens.
Opus XL annorum hactenus non editum
summopere expetitum & ad auctores
intelligendos plurimum faciens

(Basle 1623).
, 218.
6.
See Methodus sexualis.
7.
A reference to Linnaeus’s Corollarium Generum plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Corollarium
Generum Plantarum, exhibens genera
plantarum sexaginta, addenda prioribus
characteribus, expositis in Generibus
Plantarum. Accedit methodus sexualis

(Leiden 1737). Soulsby no. 285.
.
8.
Martin HoffmanHoffman, Martin (?-?). German.
Painted the famous portrait of Linnaeus
in Lapp costume.
, who in 1737 painted the famous portrait of Linnaeus in Lapland dress entitled “C. Linnaeus e Lapponia redux”. Several copies of this painting were executed, one of which was apparently purchased by Gronovius. See further Tullberg, LinnéporträttTullberg, Tycho
Linnéporträtt : vid
Uppsala universitets minnesfest på
tvåhundraårsdagen af Carl
von Linnés födelse

(Stockholm, 1907). Soulsby no. 3321.
, 91-93, no. 2; Blunt, The compleat naturalistTullberg, Tycho , 118.
9.
A reference to Catesby, The Natural history of CarolinaCatesby, Mark The Natural
history of Carolina, Florida and the
Bahama Islands: containing the figures
of birds, beasts, fishes, serpents,
insects and plants: particularly the
forest-trees, shrubs, and other plants,
not hitherto described, or very
incorrectly figured by authors. Together
with their descriptions in English and
French. To which are added observations
on the air, soil, and wate: with remarks
upon agriculture, grain, pulse, roots,
&c. To the whole is prefixed a new
and correct map of the countries treated
of
, I-II (London 1731-1743).
. The first part of the book had appeared in London in 1731, but it would not be completed until 1743.