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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0214 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 13 October 1737 n.s.
Dated 13 oct. 1737. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] Carolo Linnaeo,
Botanico Primario,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
Alb[ertus] Haller.

Amicitiam nostram cave existimes laesam ullo modo inprovidis voculis, quae aut Tibi aut mihi exciderunt. Amo Te ut natum augendae Rei herbariae. Amo Te ut in me beneficum, ut mei amantem. Deleta sit omnis diversarum sententiarum memoria. Fac, Te brevi incolumem Gottingae videam, et hospitio meo, qualecumque est, utere liberrime.[1] Stirpes meas simul explorare et de multis convenire poterimus, quae non nisi praesentium Plantarum examine confici possunt.

Diapensia Tua a meis Androsacis diversa videtur. Quae autem misi vera est Androsace in Alpibus et Jura M[onte] frequens, suavis odoris, &c.

CaesalpinoCesalpino, Andrea (1519-1603).
Italian. Botanist, professor of medicine
and botany in Pisa and Rome and
physician of Clement VIII. Best known
for his De plantis libri xvi
(1583).
[2] noli mea causa carere, nisi certissimus sis aliunde Te id detrimentum posse resarcire. Possidet eum StaehelinusStähelin, Benedikt
(1695-1750). Swiss. Botanist. Studied
under Sébastien Vaillant and
Albrecht von Haller, professor of
physics in Basle.
meus et facilis erit in ejus concedendo usu. Ejus nunc fungorum icones Lichenesque & Muscos hic habeo et cum meis his diebus cumque Tuis contuli.

Gratus ero pro omnibus, quae mihi misisti. Stirpes Tibi, non Cliffortiano, destinaveram. Praesens, quae ad manus erunt, Tua fac. Idem de mineris & lapidibus dictum volo, quas paucas sed pulchras satis habeo, quae & Tibi & CliffortioClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
paratae sunt.

Plantae Laponicae & nunc et olim erunt gratissimae.

Quae SiegesbeckiiSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
& GerberiGerber, Traugott (1710-1743).
German. Medical doctor, botanist,
director of the oldest botanical garden
in Moscow..
scripta vocas non vidi, sed Siegesbeckii Primitias,[3] opus equidem valde Neologicum. Linnaeam Tuam Obolariam vocat, Andromedam Ledoides, &c.

Bona nova sunt, quae de GronovioGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, BartschioBartsch, Johann (1708-1738).
German. Naturalist, travelled to
Surinam. Assisted Linnaeus with the
publication of Flora Lapponica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, BurmannoBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, RoyenoRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
narras. Audio P[atris] CharlevoixCharlevoix, Pierre François
Xavier de
(1682-1761). French.
Jesuit and author, travelled in North
America and the Caribbean.
historiam Japoniae plantas continere,[4] sed nondum vidi. Caeterum novi mihi nihil subpetit. Hortum nunc profundis sulcis exarari curo, quem vere proximo conseram. Ad id fac, precor, semina quaedam a Royenio, Burmanno, Cliffortio conficias. Erunt longe gratissima.

Plurimus fui in fungis neque infelix. Spero me quasdam eo spectantes Familias per Characteres determinaturum ut Lichen-Agaricum, Fungoidastrum, cujus plurimas species habeo, &c. Eas dissertationum specie edere constitui, uti Pediculares[5] nunc edidi. Quas uti neque Veronicas meas[6] Tibi mittere nolui et malui praesenti servare. Videbis in iis meam rationem tradendi historias stirpium, synonymias evolvendi, &c. Ex eo majori opere, quod fere paratum est, excerpam synopsis[7] methodicam eamque anno proximo edam. Peroptarem vero, ut ordinem aliquem Naturali adfinem sive per adfinitates invenire possem saltem pro his paucis familiis. Methodi artificiales discentibus forte utiliores, sed in floris minus conveniunt, in quibus Adfines juxta se positae se mutuo illustrant & definiunt, uti de gramineis, bulbosis, &c. verum est. Adparet vero eas stirpes haud multum infra 3 000 fore. Excessuras eum numerum, si varietates non expungerem, exque fungis omnes, quos non repetito visos certissime sejunctos esse novi.

MoehringiusMoehring, Paul Heinrich Gerhard
(1710-1792). German. East Frisian
ornithologist, practising physician at
Jever (Oldenburg). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
neque nunc Tua vidit, ut ex nuperis ejus[a][a] : MS1 <Tuis> ejus literis intellexi. Germani Tua a Bibliopolis enormi pretio (flora[b][b] : MS1 [added above the line] [8] 2 R[eichs]th[aler] 8, 99 C[reutzer]) estimata vix adeo emunt in vulgus, neque se patiuntur abduci a receptis nominibus. In iis pace Tua color corollae merito saepe locum habet. In pedicularibus sine eo[c][c] : MS1 [sc.] colore multa essent obscuriora. Potest autem cura adhiberi, ut aut constans tantum color nomen subeat aut addantur Varietates.

Sum nunc totus in Anatomicis, quae tribus de die horis praelego. Interruptis tamen horulis elaboro meas Siliquosas tetrap[etalas] (Tetradynamias),[d][d] : MS1 <Bidynamias>
Tetradynamias
in quibus multa est & in generibus & in speciebus confusio. Quasdam ego vulgatissimas ut sinapi rapi folio, &c. vix agnosco, cum inprimis culinares nondum collegerim. Inde ad Papilionaceas transeo, unde foliorum considerationem expungam. Om[nes][e][e] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] enim Lotus & Coronilla, deinde hedysara unifolia, trifolia, multifolia, sunt vicinissima. Sed Trifolii enorme enascitur mihi genus, inprimis si trifoliastra[f][f] : MS1 trifolia- [added above the
line
]
non[g][g] : MS1 [added above the line] expungam. Est certe in synonymia & in determinandis speciebus enormis labor; in vulgatis aeque imo major quam in rarioribus, ut in Orchid[i]b[us], Salicibus (in quibus multa a Te spero), caricibus, &c. Is hucusque me detinuit, ut in concinnandis generibus minus ausus fuerim, licet & defectus horti instructi meos conatus subpresserit. Sed absoluta historia Indigenarum & parato horto Tua retractabo adcuratissima certe & quae dissentientibus etiam de summa methodo utilitates praestare possint maximas. Fateor a[utem] me hucusque de[h][h] : MS1 <in> de Lapide eo Philosophorum, methodo naturali, non adeo desperare, ut aliquam artificialem sequi velim.

Sed Tu cito adeas ad nos & interim
Vale & fave!

Gottingiae die 13 oct[obris] 1737.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus Docteur en / Medecine et Botaniste trez fameux / recommandé a Monsieur George / Cliffort, / Docteur en Droit, / A Amsterdam

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller hopes to see Linnaeus in Göttingen.

Linnaeus’s Diapensia appears different from the Androsaces of Haller. What Haller sent was an Androsace with sweet smell, frequent on the Alps and on Mount Jura. Haller is comparing Benedikt Stähelin’s illustrations of the Fungi, Lichenes and mosses with his own and those of Linnaeus. He would like to have Lapland plants.

In Primitiae florae Petropolitanae Johann Georg Siegesbeck calls Linnaea by the name of Obularia and Andromeda by that of Ledoides.

Haller has not seen Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix’s Histoire et description generale du Japon.

Haller has studied the Fungi closely and can determine some by characters, such as the Lichen-agaricus and Fungoidastrum. When Linnaeus arrives he will get De Pedicularibus and De Veronicis. Linnaeus will then see how the history of plants, synonyms, etc. are treated. Next year he will also publish a systematic “synopsis” of his larger work. He wants a natural order. Artificial methods are useful to learners but less suitable for local floras, in which plants that are akin illustrate and define each other, as is the case with grasses, bulbous plants, etc. Haller’s Swiss plants will number almost 3,000. If varieties had not been excluded, there would have been even more.

Paul Heinrich Gerhard Moehring has not seen Linnaeus’s works, which are terribly expensive in Germany. The Germans do not like the change of (botanical) names. The colour of the corolla is very important to them. Among the Pediculares this character distinguishes many species.

Haller is very busy teaching anatomy, having to lecture for three hours every day. In his spare time he works on Siliquosae tetrapetalae or Tetradynamiae, in which there is a great confusion of genera and species. From here he will proceed to the Papilionaceae. All the species of Lotus, Coronilla and Hedysara unifolia, trifolia or multifolia are very close to each other. He would like Linnaeus to help determine the species of Orchides, Salices and Carices.

Haller hopes to find a natural method to replace the artificial one.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 159-160). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. "[12 Letters from Albrecht von Haller]" (1792), p. 107-108 .
2. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 301-305   p.301  p.302  p.303  p.304  p.305.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <Tuis> ejus
b.
MS1 [added above the line]
c.
MS1 [sc.] colore
d.
MS1 <Bidynamias> Tetradynamias
e.
MS1 [manuscript damaged]
f.
MS1 trifolia- [added above the line]
g.
MS1 [added above the line]
h.
MS1 <in> de

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Linnaeus intended to visit Albrecht von Haller in Göttingen on his way back to Sweden in 1738, but he was delayed in Paris.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Haller, De Veronicis quibusdam alpinis observationum botanicarum spec.Haller, Albrecht von De
Veronicis quibusdam alpinis
observationum botanicarum spec.

(Göttingen 1737).
.
7.
8.