Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0232 • Carl Linnaeus to Albrecht von Haller, 23 January 1738 n.s.
Dated 1738, die 23 Januar.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Göttingen (Germany). Written in Latin.

Tot experimenta summi Tui, Vir illustris, in me favoris jam dedisti, ut plura Amico vel Maecenati nulli me debere novi. O utinam unquam possem experimento declarare, qui in favorem summum feror animo! Lapis essem vel mola, si Tuis summis in me amicitiae documentis non moverer. Paternus plane est Tuus in me ignotum animus; filialis et meus erit, spondeo sancte.

Litteras habui a D[omino] D[octore] LudwigioLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, cujus animus per Te solum pacari potuit. Amicum se fore promisit. Cum Cl[arissimo] Heistero Heister, Lorenz (1683-1758).
German. Anatomist and surgeon,
considered the father of German surgery.
Professor of anatomy and surgery in
1720, of theoretical medicine and botany
at Helmstädt in 1730. He rejected
Linnaeus’s sexual system. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, quaeso, ne agas, ne Tuam prostituas famam, dum indignum et idiotam defendis. Sera dein nimis medicina paratur. Typis commissa dudum est Clarissimi SiegesbeckiiSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Dissertatio. Respondebo, cum accepero, sed absque ulla animi commotione; nec malevolum verbum a me reportabit, licet millena ille effunderet in caput meum maledicta.

Salivam movent ambo Tui Tractatus, praesertim de Pedicularibus, quas species ego nunquam capere potui.[1] Expecto ea quam avidissime. Tamen potius non mittantur, ne sero nimis accedant et sic pereant. Gratissimae erunt, si ex Tuis manibus propriis eas accipere liceat. Utinam mea praesentia non Tibi ingrata evaderet! Amo muscos nosse. Amo videre tantum virum, quique me paterne adeo amavit.

ShawiiShaw, Thomas (1692-1751).
British. Explorer, professor of Greek at
Oxford. Collector of natural history
objects. Travelled in the Middle East
and in Africa.
Specimen plantarum Africanarum per Barbariam, Aegyptum et Arabiam, impressum ante aliquot dies in folio, paginis 12, in quibus brevis catalogus plantarum 667 vegetabilium,[2] forte manu DilleniiDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
conscriptum, sed nimis compendiose, unico solo nomine citato, vidi, sed adhuc non accepi.

Dominus BurmannusBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
edit jam plantas Africanas per Decades.[3] Tabulas primae partis vidi, sed doleo, nullas novas habet, tantum figurae male depictae sunt, quas delineare curavit (nescio, a quo in Africa depictae) et a PlukenetioPlukenet, Leonard (1642-1706).
British. Botanist and physician.
Botanist to Mary II (wife of William
III). Superintendent of Hampton Court.
et PetiverioPetiver, James (c.1663-1718).
British. Apothecary. Collector of
natural history specimens. His herbarium
contained more than 5000 items.
antea datae.

Accepi tandem Londino Polygalae, istius Americanae specimen, pro quo empyricus aliquis habuit a Societate Americana Anglorum mille libras Anglicanas, quod radicem tanquam specificum summum, (nescio sane, in quo morbo) detexerat. Habet haec planta multa communia cum Penaea PlumieriPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
. D[ominus] GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
sine dubio eam inter suas plantas Virginianas describit. [4] Utinam non tam diu haesitaret edere librum (nimis timidus est)! Non crederes, quam multae plantae in Virginia cum nostris Europaeis communes sunt. In Noveboraco Americae sunt Alpes, cum nix ibi in montibus per totam aestatem perennet. Instruo hic Medicinae studiosum, qui ibi natus est, et post annum redibit in suam patriam, qui istos montes adibit. Vellem scire, num et ibi reperirentur plantae Alpinae cum nostris Europaeis communes.

Accepi ultimis a D[omino] IussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, quod eius frater, quem periisse dudum crediderat, in salvo esset. Si redierit, bene multa ab eo habebimus. Accessit ante mensem BartschiusBartsch, Johann (1708-1738).
German. Naturalist, travelled to
Surinam. Assisted Linnaeus with the
publication of Flora Lapponica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Surinamam, qui mihi debet et officium suum, et quae novit in Botanicis, vir, si quis alius, diligentissimus; exspecto ab eo multa, natione Germanus est.

Tuam Halleriam habent et D[ominus] van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
et Burmannus vivis coloribus delineatam. Si Burmannus istam non mox ediderit, edat Royenus. In Horto Lugduno - Batavo duae species Halleriae describuntur.

Nil aliud novi habeo. Te plurimum valere jubent Dominus Royenus et D[ominus] GaubiusGaub, Hieronymus David
(1705-1780). German. Physician,
professor of chemistry and medicine at
Leiden.
.

Dabam Lugduni Batavorum, 1738, die 23 Januar[ii].

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus feels that he is deeply indebted to Albrecht von Haller and promises that he will regard his paternal disposition with filial affection.

Christian Gottlieb Ludwig wrote to Linnaeus and promised to be friendly. Linnaeus does not want Haller to bother about Lorenz Heister, anyway it is too late, since Johann Georg Siegesbeck’s dissertation has been sent to the press. Linnaeus will answer when he receives it, but he will not produce a malevolent word.

He is eager to see Haller’s two dissertations, especially De Pedicularibus.

Linnaeus has seen, but not yet received Thomas Shaw’s Specimen of plants in Barbary, Egypt and Arabia, printed a few days ago in folio, 12 pages. It includes a short catalogue of 667 plants probably written by Johann Jakob Dillenius.

Johannes Burman is now editing African plants in decades. Linnaeus has seen the plates of the first part, but is sorry that the figures are drawn badly and already published by Leonard Plukenet and James Petiver.

Linnaeus received a specimen of the American Polygala from London. This plant has a lot in common with Penaea Plumieri. Johan Frederik Gronovius describes it among his Virginian plants. One would not believe how many Virginian plants are the same as European plants. In Noveboraco in America there are Alps, since the snow remains there all summer. Linnaeus is instructing a medical student, who was born there and will return after a year. He would like to know if the Alpine plants there are the same as in Europe.

Linnaeus received a letter from Bernard de Jussieu, who told him that his brother will bring many good things, if he returns. Johann Bartsch went to Surinam a month ago and Linnaeus expects much from him.

Both Adriaan van Royen and Burman have coloured drawings of Halleria. If Burman does not publish it soon, Royen will.

Royen and Gaub send their regards.

upEDITIONS

1. Epistolarum ab eruditis viris ad Alb. Hallerum scriptarum I-VI (1773), vol. 1
2. Collectio epistolarum (1792), p. 33-35 .
3. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 313-316   p.313  p.314  p.315  p.316.
4. Vie de Linné (1832), vol. 2, p. 92- .