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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0241 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 11 February 1738 n.s.
Dated XI febr. 1738. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Leiden (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Maximo Botanico,
Carolo Linnaeo,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
A[lbertus] Haller.

Cum Tabulam aeneam WischoffioWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
mitterem, nefas duxi absque Xenio eam mittere. Addidi ergo dissertationes meas aliquas tradendas, ubi iis usus fueris, Clar[issimo] RoyenoRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.[a][a] : MS1 <[illegible]>
Royeno [added above the line]
Tibi plures praesens dabo. Ex iis hactenus instituti mei ratio patebit, minus equidem quam decet exculti. Ocium enim meum fere nullum est. Decem Cadavera secui. Urgeor ad edendas quasdam scholas Anatomicas[1] Monstrique descriptionem.[2] In Synopsi stirpium[3] perveni ad Papilionaceas, inter quas genus unum difficile trifoliorum, alterum Viciae.

Tu equidem rides SiegesbekiumSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ejusque similes. Verum dedecet eruditos pugnax sermonum genus. Scriptum est ad HeisterumHeister, Lorenz (1683-1758).
German. Anatomist and surgeon,
considered the father of German surgery.
Professor of anatomy and surgery in
1720, of theoretical medicine and botany
at Helmstädt in 1730. He rejected
Linnaeus’s sexual system. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
. Sed est ille Tibi paulum iniquior, quod eum {img-L0241-a.gif+greek}[4] pronunciaveris. Inter Pediculares Tua, quam misisti, proxima est meae flore rostrato albae,[5] sed diversa foliis, habitu, &c., ut ex exemplo vidi, quod Tibi debeo. Quid de mea objectione sentis Uvam ursi dici a C[asparo] B[auhino]Bauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhin’s Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
foliis carnosis punctatis, inde potius ad Vaccinii speciem pertinere quam ad plantam foliis minime punctatis, quam Tu Uvam Ursi dicis?

Muscos habeo paucos et labat omne Systema in Generibus, deinde in speciebus, inprimis Hypnis. Brya etiam DILL[ENIUS]Dillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
multo plura habet. Abundo Polytrichis. Quae tibi commoda erunt auferes.

Adjeci recensionem Tuorum Characterum scriptam M[ense] Julio sed in tertium fasciculum rejectam a Directore operis, hinc sero prodeuntem.[6] Ex eo mentem meam cernes. Sermonem Germanicum nauseoso labore ad res nunquam ita dictas debui adcommodare.

Nova Botanica et Litteraria grata sunt. Si quid poteris mihi corradere, non nummos rependam solum, sed plurimum debebo Tibi. CaesalpinusCesalpino, Andrea (1519-1603).
Italian. Botanist, professor of medicine
and botany in Pisa and Rome and
physician of Clement VIII. Best known
for his De plantis libri xvi
(1583).
mihi emtus est ex MicheliiMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
cryptogames.
Bibliotheca. Non omitte BoerhaaviiBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
sermonem, quo curam horti deposuit, quo careo. Stimula Wischoffium, ut curet missum catalogum.[7] HernandezHernandez, Francisco
(1514-1578). Spanish. Physician and
naturalist. Explorer of South America.
placet ob scripta ColumnaeColonna, Fabio (1567-1650).
Italian. Botanist, painter and engraver.
.[8] Supra Columnam in votis nihil est. Prostabat apud Vander AaAa, Petrus Boudewyn van der
(?-?). Dutch. Publisher and bookseller
in Leiden, 1700-1750.
50 flor[enis]. Hos egregie certe solverem.

Noli inportunus esse mei in gratiam BurmannoBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. Dudum habeo Thesaurum Ceylanicum.[9] Scopo meo equidem non maxime necessarium.

Nos toti a Musarum strepitu remoti sumus, earum Musarum, quas Tu curas.

Nihil habeo, quod scribam. Vale. Adesto citius! Gratissimus futurus hospes. Saluta Royenum GaubiumqueGaub, Hieronymus David
(1705-1780). German. Physician,
professor of chemistry and medicine at
Leiden.
!

Gottingae die XI febr[uarii] 1738.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus Docteur / en Medecine tres celebre / A Leyde

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller sends some dissertations that are to be sent to Adriaan van Royen. In his “Synopsis” he has now come to the Papilionaceae, among which Trifolium and Vicia are difficult genera.

Linnaeus laughs at Johann Georg Siegesbeck. Lorenz Heister is angry with Linnaeus; Linnaeus said Heister was not a systematic scholar. Among the Pediculares, which Linnaeus has sent, one is very similar to Haller’s white one with a beaked flower, but it differs in the leaves, habit, etc. He wonders what Linnaeus thinks of his objections that Caspar Bauhin describes Uva ursi as having fleshy dotted leaves. However, this character suits the species of Vaccinium rather than a plant with no dotted leaves.

Haller only has a few mosses, but all the systems are deficient in genera and species, particularly among the Hypna. Johann Jakob Dillenius has many more species of Bryum than Haller. Haller has plenty of Polytricha. He sends his review written last July on Linnaeus’s characters. Writing the review in German was difficult.

Andrea Cesalpino has been purchased from Pietro Antonio Micheli’s library. Haller wants Linnaeus to buy him Herman Boerhaave’s oration on resigning the charge of the garden. Haller values Francisco Hernandez because of Fabio Colonna’s notes. Haller is very eager to get hold of Colonna’s book, sold by Petrus Boudewyn van der Aa for 50 florins.

Haller is now in possession of Johannes Burman’s Thesaurus Zeylanicus.

He sends his regards to Adriaan van Royen and Hieronymus Davides Gaub.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 164). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 316-318   p.316  p.317  p.318.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <[illegible]> Royeno [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
3.
4.
Greek for “an unsystematic scholar”. In his first edition of Systema naturae (1735)Linnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
, “Observationes”, mom. 4, Linnaeus gives an account of all the botanists who have used fructification as the basis of their systems and ends by saying that this cannot be denied by any “metodicus”, except perhaps by Lorenz Heister alone. In Bibliotheca botanica (1736)Linnaeus, Carl Bibliotheca
botanica recensens libros plus mille de
plantis huc usque editos, secundum
systema auctorum naturale in classes,
ordines, genera & species
dispositos, additis editionis loco,
tempore, forma, lingua etc. cum
explicatione Fundamentorum botanicorum
pars prima
(Amsterdam 1736).
, §4 “Institutores”, p. 123, Linnaeus calls Heister’s Programma de studio rei herbariae emendandoHeister, Lorenz Programma de
studio rei herbariae emendando

(Helmstädt 1732).
a “schediasma”, i.e. a draft. In the following table of systematics, p. 124, Heister is mentioned among the “heterodoxi”.
5.
6.
There is a review of Linnaeus’s characters of plants in Abriss vom dem Neuesten Zustande der Gelehrsamkeit Abriss vom dem Neuesten
Zustande der Gelehrsamkeit

(Göttingen 1737-1743).
, 3.
7.
This list has not come down to us.
8.
9.