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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0244 • Carl Linnaeus to Bernard de Jussieu, 28 March 1738 n.s.
Dated die 28. marct. 1738. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to Paris (France). Written in Latin.

Viro Illustri,
D[OMINO] D[OCTORI] BERNH[ARDO] JUSSIEU,
Professori regio Parisino,
Botanico consummatissimo,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Literas et libros quas, Vir Illustris, ad me misisti cum Entio, ut et Delacroixii Systema morborum, per D[ominum] Royenum rite accepi; pro omnibus devota mente grates reddo maximas. Utinam locus umquam concederetur mihi ad mutua praestanda officia!

Tua, Vir illustris, fratrisque tui Maximi facilitas, Tuus in exteros favor, in plantas amor, in Botanophilos generositas non a paucis mihi demonstrata sunt et impressa adeo, ut non possim non, quin Parisiis [sic] adeam sub initio mensis Maji. Felix ego si Tuum obtinuero favorem, Felix si mihi concedas videre Tuas Tournefortianasque collectiones plantarum. Felix si per Te profectus quosdam facere possim in studio, cujus insatiabili inflammatus sum desiderio. Suam mihi concessere gratiam quotquot adivi antea Botanicos, nec Te his difficiliorem fore spero, sed longe benigniorem persuasus iter ingredior.

Laetus dudum cognovi Fratris tui, junioris natu, vigorem et profectus in ultimo Peru; de ejus successu ad innumera detegenda rara nuper exempla et documenta vidi apud amic[um] D[ominum] v[an] Royen, ubi tot semina plantarum rariorum praesertim Plumerianarum, quot nunquam vidi antea.

Nova nulla referam. Reservabo in tempus, quo coram loqui licet. Litteria hic nulla ullius momenti. D[omini] Jac[quini] Sherardii obitus forte innotuit, qui nullum legatum D[omino] Dillenio fecit, quod miror maxime. D[ominus] Amman edit plantas rariores Siberiae et Tartariae, nec non (sed in Actis Petropolit[anis]) Tr[actatum] de filicibus, quarum species duplicia folia gerunt, alia sterilia alia fructifera. Siegesbeckii Botanosophia verior nuper edita sat stulta et mendax est, uti omnia Ejus. Vateri Hortus Wittenbergensis nuper editus nec non Ludwigii canones Botanici non visi sunt etiamnum a me.

Halleri ambae Dissertationes de Veronicis alpinis et Pedicularibus pro more Viri doctissime conscriptae et elaboratae sunt. Breynius edat patris sui plantas nomine modo recensitas in fasciculis, cum descriptionibus et figuris ac vita auctoris.

Gronovius propediem edat Floram Virginensem, Burmannus vero plantas rariores Africae per decurias; tabulas pro prima centuria incisas vidi. Post occiduum Lugduni prodibunt meae Classes plantarum, ubi exposui omnes methodos a fructificatione desumtas uti Caesalpini, Morisoni, Raii, Knauti patris, Hermanni, Boerhaavii, dein Rivini, Ruppii, Ludwigii, Knauti, tum Tournefortii, Pontederae, demum Magnoli, novamque aliam e calice, tandem sexualem et methodi na[tur]alis fragmenta, ultimo partiales uti Vaillantii et Pontederae in Compositis; Morisoni et Artedi in Umbellatis; Raj[i] et Scheuzeri de Graminibus, Dillenii et Michelii de Muscis et fungis, &c., addito synonimo generico.

Prodiit et Artedi Ichtyologia, ubi prima in parte Bibliotheca ichtyologica. 2o Philosophia Ichtyologica. 3o Genera, eorum Characteres et species cum suis differentiis. 4o Pinax omnium nominum, uti Bauhini in Botanicis, hic in Ichtyologicis. 5to Descriptiones. Omnes qui videre hoc opus fassi sunt, quod in ista parte non visum fuerit. Vita authoris et editio cum variis aliis a me descripta et peracta sunt.

Vale, Vir illustris et fave peregrino!

Dabam die 28 Mart[ii] 1738. Amstelaedami.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus had received letters [9 October 1737Letter L0203, the other letter or letters have not come down to us] and books, François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Nouvelles classes de maladiesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
Nouvelles classes de
maladies, qui dans un ordre semblable
à celui des botanistes,
comprennent les genres & les
espèces de toutes les maladies,
avec leurs signes & leurs
indications
(Avignon [1731]).
from Bernard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
through Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and expresses his thanks for them. He wishes he could answer by similar offices in return.

The widespread rumours of the excellence of the Jussieu brothers [the other brother being Antoine de JussieuJussieu, Antoine de
(1686-1758). French. Botanist,
professor of botany, Paris. Brother of
Bernard and Joseph de Jussieu. Joseph
Pitton de Tournefort’s successor. Uncle
of Antoine Laurent de Jussieu.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] had made it inevitable for Linnaeus to go to Paris, and he will start his journey there in early May. Linnaeus really hopes he will get opportunities to meet them and to see their collections and those of Joseph Pitton de TournefortTournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
.

Linnaeus had heard of Joseph de Jussieu’sJussieu, Joseph de (1704-1779).
French. Botanist, mathematician,
explorer. Member of the French
expedition in South America 1735.
Brother of Antoine and Bernard de
Jussieu. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu.
progress in Peru and had even seen examples and documents of that with Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, especially of rare plants quite new to Linnaeus.

Linnaeus saves most of the news for the time when they will meet. However, the letter continues with brief news of publications and persons: James SherardSherard, James (1666-1738).
British. Physician and botanist, brother
of William Sherard.
has died, which Jussieu may already know; Linnaeus is surprised that Johann Jacob DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
was not made an heir in any respect. Johann AmmanAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
is publishing rare plants from Siberia [Stirpium rariorum in imperio Rutheno sponte provenientium icones et descriptiones collectaeAmman, Johann Stirpium
rariorum in imperio Rutheno sponte
provenientium icones et descriptiones
collectae [...] Instar supplementi ad
Commentar. acad. scient. imper.
Petropol
(St Petersburg 1739).
] and a treatise on ferns, to appear in Acta Petropolitana [Linnaeus refers to the Commentarii academiae scientiarum imperialis Petropolitanae and Ammans article “De filicastro”Amman, Johann “De filicastro,
novo plantarum genere”,Novi
commentarii academiae scientiarum
imperialis Petropolitanae
(1747) 10,
278-302.
]. Johann Georg Siegesbeck’sSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Botanosophiae verioris brevis sciagraphiaSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
Botanosophiae verioris brevis
sciagraphia in usum discentium adornata.
Accedit ob argumenti analogiam,
Epicrisis in clar. Linnaei nuperrime
evulgatum systema plantarum sexuale, et
huic superstructam methodum
botanicam
(St Petersburg 1737).
, recently published, is a rather stupid and untruthful work, as all works by that man. Abraham Vater’sVater, Abraham (1684-1751).
German. Professor of anatomy, botany,
pathology at Wittenberg.
Catalogus plantarum inprimis exoticarum horti academici WittenbergensisVater, Abraham Catalogus
plantarum inprimis exoticarum horti
academici Wittenbergensis

(Wittenberg 1722).
and Christian Gottlieb Ludwig’sLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Canones Botanici have not reached Linnaeus.

Albrecht von Haller’sHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
two dissertations, the De Veronicis quibusdam alpinis observationum botanicarum specHaller, Albrecht von De
Veronicis quibusdam alpinis
observationum botanicarum spec.

(Göttingen 1737).
and the Dissertationem botanicam de PedicularibusHaller, Albrecht von
Dissertationem botanicam de
Pedicularibus quae specimen est
historiae stirpium in Helvetia sponte
nascentium [...] subiicit D. Albertus
Haller
(Göttingen 1737).
, are elaborated in a very scholarly way, as that man generally does. Johann Philip BreyneBreyne, Johann Philip
(1680-1764). German/Polish. Zoologist
and physician in Danzig. Son of Jacob
Breyne. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will publish his father’s [Jacob BreyneBreyne, Jacob (1637-1697).
German. Merchant and naturalist at
Danzig. Father of Johann Philip Breyne.
] plants, formerly just listed in fascicles [Linnaeus refers to the Prodromi fasciculi rariorum plantarumBreyne, Johann Philip
Prodromi fasciculi rariorum plantarum
primus et secundus, quondam separatim,
nunc nova hac editione multum desiderata
coniunctim editi, notulisque illustrati.
Accedunt icones rariorum et exoticarum
plantarum aeri incisae, fasciculo olim
promisso destinatae: adiectis nominibus
et succinctis descriptionibus. Quibus
praemittuntur vita et effigies auctoris.
Cura et studio Johannis Philippi
Breynii
(Danzig 1739).
], with descriptions, pictures and a biography of his father.

Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will soon publish Flora VirginicaGronovius, Johan Frederik
Flora Virginica, exhibens plantas
quas v.c. Johannes Clayton in Virginia
observavit atque collegit. Easdem
methodo sexuali disposuit, ad genera
propria retulit, nominibus specificis
insignavit, & minus cognitas
descripsit J. F. Gronovius
, I-II
(Leiden 1739-1743).
and Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
rare plants from Africa [Linnaeus refers to the Rariorum Africanarum plantarum, ad vivum delineatarum, iconibus ac descriptionibus illustratarum decas prima-[decima]Burman, Johannes Rariorum
Africanarum plantarum, ad vivum
delineatarum, iconibus ac
descriptionibus illustratarum decas
prima-[decima]
(Amsterdam
1738-1739).
]. This work will be published in sets of ten and Linnaeus had seen the first plates already engraved. For his own part, Linnaeus reports that his Classes plantarum seu systemata plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Classes
plantarum seu systemata plantarum. Omnia
a fructificatione desumta, quorum XVI
universalia & XIII partialia,
compendiose proposita secundum classes,
ordines et nomina generica cum clave
cujusvis methodi et synonymis genericis.
Fundamentorum botanicorum pars II

(Leiden 1738).
will appear in Leiden “after sunset”, and he tells Jussieu the names of several scholars, whose works have been his sources in that work.

Petrus Artedi’sArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
Linnaeus.
Ichthyologia sive opera omnia de piscibusArtedi, Peter Ichthyologia
sive opera omnia de piscibus, scilicet:
Bibliotheca ichthyologica. Philosophia
ichthyologica. Genera piscium. Synonymia
specierum. Descriptiones specierum.
Omnia in hoc genere perfectiora, quam
antea ulla. Posthuma vindicavit,
recognovit, coaptavit & edidit
Carolus Linnaeus
(Leiden 1738).
has been published, in five parts, and Linnaeus relates some criticism on the reliability of the work. e

upMANUSCRIPTS

b. old copy (ASP, Dossier biographique Linné). a. original holograph (Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Paris, Ms CRY 504/1049 ). [1] [2] [3]