Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0251 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 7 April 1738 n.s.
Dated 7 Apr. 1738. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Leiden (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo,
Carolo Linnaeo D[octori],
Summo Botanico,
s[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
Haller.

Gratus fuit nuncius, quo significasti febrem, quae Te aliquamdiu detinuit, recedere paulatim. Eam vereor nimius Tuus in pulcerrimum studium ardor adcersivit. Parce, quaeso, Tibi. Fructus, etsi paulo seriores, dulciores erunt.

Iter Parisinum felix adprecor.[1] Quod ibi efficias pro me, vix possum his paginis conprehendere. Innumera certe sunt, de quibus consultas vellem TournefortiiTournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
schedas, neque facile ex eo cumulo aliqua excerpere licet.[2] Tu, dum in Tuas Laponicas inquiris, in meas[a][a] : MS1 <meam> meas simul inquires. Tuis observatis, dum hic moraberis, fiam ditior.

Semina reddita sunt literaeque a RoyenoRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, quem amicum Tu mihi conciliasti. SiegesbekiumSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, qui et contra LudwigiumLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
dicitur scripsisse, quid Tu vero curaveris? An defuerunt unquam aut deerunt obtrectatores omnibus illis, qui novum aliquid & masculum moliuntur? An desunt Tibi, qui justiores sint in Tua merita? An omnibus ipsis etiam Siegesbekiis Te placiturum unquam sperasti? Tu vero perge audacter et studia,[b][b] : MS1 <ad> studia in quibus verae gloriae plurimum meruisti, perge ornare.

Uva Ursi C[aspari] B[auhini]Bauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhin’s Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
& mea habet puncta confertissima per omne folium non solas rugas, sed ea conponemus praesentes. Nunquam pro HernandezHernandez, Francisco
(1514-1578). Spanish. Physician and
naturalist. Explorer of South America.
,[3] sed pro ColumnaColonna, Fabio (1567-1650).
Italian. Botanist, painter and engraver.
50 fl[orenos] obtuli. CaesalpinumCesalpino, Andrea (1519-1603).
Italian. Botanist, professor of medicine
and botany in Pisa and Rome and
physician of Clement VIII. Best known
for his De plantis libri xvi
(1583).
[4] mecum habeo & Turrium,[5] quem Tu dixisti rariss[imum] esse, spissum in folio volumen vili pretio redemtum.

Si Parisiis libros aliquos detegas, mone [c][c] : MS1 [added above the line] de loco, ubi haberi possunt,[c][c] : MS1 [added above the line] precor, Ludov[igium] Phil[ippum] Guerin[um]Guerin, Louis Philippe (?-?).
French. Librarian.
Librarium. Is ad D[omi]num GachetGachet, (17??-17??). Swiss.
Bookseller, Berne.
Bernensem poterit mittere. Schedam librorum, quos quaero, dudum habet.

Expectatiss[imus] erit hortus Clifforti[6] & in eo recensendo Tibi magnoque Tuo Maecenati[7] aequus ero. BoerhaaviiBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
morbus tristis nuncius est. Meruit certe non eruditione sed suavissimo animo Vir iste, ut non[d][d] : MS1 <omnes> non discipuli tantum, sed mortales omnes ejus commodis laetentur, ejus infortunia plangant.

Icones ad nutum WischoffiiWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
parabo. StaeheliniusStähelin, Benedikt
(1695-1750). Swiss. Botanist. Studied
under Sébastien Vaillant and
Albrecht von Haller, professor of
physics in Basle.
pulcherrimas habet icones Trifolii capite folioso, Lenticulae aquaticae quadrifoliae cum omni vegetatione, &c. Ego vero novas pediculares, Astragalos, &c. depingi curabo, ad siccas equidem, sed ita ut characteres HuberusHuber, Johannes Jacobus
(1707-1778). German. Anatomist,
botanist. Professor at Kassel. Albrecht
von Haller’s assistant.
in Alpibus, quas adit, delineet addendos tabulis.

Ego sum in filicibus. Paucas habeo et ex Helveticis aliquae desunt, Ramosa mollior, non ramosa mollior. Quid omnes illae Dryopterides, filiculae fontanae? Vereor, ne plurimae vanae sint diversitates. Deinde in Orchidibus ero.

Valetudo mea labilis est. Puer ex meis graviter etiam laborat.[8] Sic res meae ad studia non nimis conpositae sunt. Melius spero se habitaturas, quando nobiscum eris. Tuncque plantarum mearum dimidia fere pars disposita erit, ut brevissime eas possis perspicere. Icones etiam fungor ad 200, quae ubi omnes erunt ultra CD. Hortus nondum muro cinctus neque ad usum paratus est. In eo Domus mihi exstruitur, ut in mediis plantis habitans quod superest vitae solari queam innocentissimo hoc studio. Methodus mea nulla est.[9] Laboro tantum in determinandis stirpibus singulis. Characteres[e][e] : MS1 <ad> Characteres nimis multae exoticae &[f][f] : MS1 & <centum exoti-> centenae[g][g] : MS1 centenae <centuriae> observationum requiruntur. Herbarium ScheuchzeriScheuchzer, Johann (1684-1738).
Swiss. Botanist, professor of physics
at Zürich. Brother of Johann Jacob
Scheuchzer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
,[10] quod coemi jussi post mortem Joh[annis] ScheuchzeriScheuchzer, Johann (1684-1738).
Swiss. Botanist, professor of physics
at Zürich. Brother of Johann Jacob
Scheuchzer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, quae nuper accidit, non parum ornabit meam synopsin. Multa ipse vidit; multa habuit a discipulis. Gramina frater collegit innumera. Utinam instaret illud J[ohannis] B[auhini]Bauhin, Johann (1541-1612).
Swiss. Caspar Bauhin’s brother. Botanist
and physician.
[11] aut illo C[aspari] B[auhini],Bauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhin’s Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
[12] potuissem majori cum ocio frui! Adibit etiam Huberus Alpes Rhaeticas & Vallem Tellinam,[13] ubi ditio Helvetica est, coelum Italum, et inde magnum adcedet augmentum catalogo.

Haec corpore et animo aeger breviter.

Tu vero vale & citius adesto exoptatus hospes!

Ex Georgia Augusta die 7 Apr[ilis] 1738.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus recommande à / Monsieur Van Royen Professeur / en Botanique de l’Université / de Leyde / A Leyde.

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller wishes Linnaeus, who has recovered from his fever, a prosperous journey to Paris. Haller would like Linnaeus to consult Joseph Pitton de Tournefort’s herbarium labels on many points.

Haller has now got seeds and a letter from Adriaan van Royen. Linnaeus should not worry about Johann Georg Siegesbeck.

The Uva ursi of Caspar Bauhin, like Haller’s, has crowded points, not just wrinkles on every leaf. Haller never offered 50 florins for Francisco Hernandez, but for Fabio Colonna. He has Andrea Cesalpino as well as Joannes à Turre.

If Linnaeus discovers some books in Paris, he should tell Louis Philip Guerin where they can be bought. Guerin can send them on to Gachet at Berne, who has a list of the books Haller wants.

Regarding Hortus Cliffortianus he will do justice to Linnaeus as well as to George Clifford. Herman Boerhaave’s illness is sad news. Haller will prepare some illustrations for Conrad Wishoff.

Benedikt Stähelin has very fine illustrations of Trifolium capite folioso and Lenticula aquatica quadrifolia. Haller will have illustrations made of the new species of Pedicularis, Astragalus, etc.

Haller is now working on ferns. He would like to have Ramosa mollior and non ramosa mollior. He wonders what all the Dryopterides and Filiculae Fontanae are; he fears that they are only vain distinctions. After these he will proceed to the Orchides.

Haller’s health is weak. He has illustrations of about 200 plants, which will eventually increase to more than 400. He has however no method. He has had Johann Jacob Scheuchzer’s herbarium bought after the death of Johann Scheuchzer, which will enrich his “Synopsis”. He wishes that he had Johann Bauhin’s herbarium or that of Caspar Bauhin. Johannes Jacobus Huber will go to the Rhaetian Alps and the Valteline to augment Haller’s catalogue.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 167-168). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Orbis eruditi judicium (1740)
2. "[12 Letters from Albrecht von Haller]" (1792), p. 109 .
3. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 323-326   p.323  p.324  p.325  p.326.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <meam> meas
b.
MS1 <ad> studia
c.
MS1 [added above the line]
d.
MS1 <omnes> non
e.
MS1 <ad> Characteres
f.
MS1 & <centum exoti->
g.
MS1 centenae <centuriae>

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
Joseph Pitton de Tournefort left his herbarium to the French state for the use of the “Messieurs de l’Académie Royale des Sciences”Académie royale des sciences,
Paris,
French. The French
Académie des sciences was founded
in 1666 and became a royal academy in
1699. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and it was kept at the Jardin du roiJardin des plantes, Paris,
French. The Jardin des plantes was
founded in 1597 to produce flower models
for the manufacturing of tapestry in
Paris. In 1626 it became a garden for
medical and pharmaceutical plants. In
1739 it was again transformed to le
Jardin du roi, where also a natural
history museum was built. Later in the
eigteenth century a zoological garden
and a library were added.
. See Stafleu & Cowan, Taxonomic literatureCowan, R. S. Taxonomic
literature
(Utrecht 1976).
, VI, 412.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Haller hopes to find a natural method to replace the artificial one, see his letter to Linnaeus, 13 October 1737 n.s.Letter L0214.
I.e. the Valteline.