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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0261 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 24 November 1738 n.s.
Dated XXIV Nov. 1738. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Clarissimo Viro,
Magno Botanico, Carolo Linnaeo,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
A[lbertus] Haller.

Rothomago[1] datas Tuas accepi. Exspectavi diu, an alias Holmia acciperem. Exspectatio autem vana fuit. Quare, ne mihi deessem, hasce literas incertus de earum fato nolui tamen retinere diutius, quibus[a][a] : MS1 <atque> quibus [added
above the line
]
de communibus studiis confabulari constitueram. Ab eo tempore ego Hercyniam sylvam adii ejusque itineris dedidi descriptionem,[2] in quo sisymbrii genus[3] pene novum depingi curavi. Deinde Gymnomonospermarum historiam perfeci, ut desint de universa Synopsi[4] Gramina, Arbores, Gymnodispermae, Gymnotetra, Gymnopolyspermae & Monoangiae, quas omnes aestate 1739 ad prelum parabo. Sculptae sunt icones decem. Erunt autem quinquaginta nativa magnitudine. In quarta forma prodibit hic apud VandenboekiumVandenhoeck, Abraham
(1701-1750). ?. Albrecht von Haller’s
printer at Göttingen.
, siquidem WischoffiusWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
moras nectit neque respondet. Saepius jam sollicitatus fungos acerrime persecutus sum. Depictos habeo vivis coloribus 300 multo labore posito in delendis spuriis speciebus, quae ab aetatibus & morbis ortae sunt. Inveni Agaricos plurimos fungosae plane et tenerae fabricae. Sed vellem ita disponere, ut Agarico-fungi cum fungis, Agarico-suilli cum suillis, Agarico-polypori cum Polyporis, Agarici a[utem] plani cum fungoidastro & fungoide conjungerentur. Nunc & Anatomicis incumbo & edendo commentario BOERHAAVIANO[5] in Institutiones Medicas,[6] in quem laborem praeceps me dedi dudum poenitens, quando ejus molem proprius adspicio in homine aliunde non ocioso pene insuperabilem. Tota enim Anatome passim reformanda est, adspergendi loci scriptorum, quos vage citavit. Ipsi codices sancte tamen servata mente Auctoris habitu mundiore ornandi.

Caeterum HuberusHuber, Johannes Jacobus
(1707-1778). German. Anatomist,
botanist. Professor at Kassel. Albrecht
von Haller’s assistant.
noster multus est in perficienda diss[ertatione], qua iter Rhaeticum nostro communi sumtu factum describit. In eo multae eximiae plantae, quas vel nunquam videram vel indigenas esse non noveram, describentur, depingentur; sunt pene CD. Accingit se ad iter multo amplius, de quo pene certa spes est. Interim ego hortum ornabo, conseram.

CliffortioClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
lapides misi. Scripsi me missurum alios. Hortum[7] non accepi, quod me male habet. Dicitur enim non alia ratione haberi posse nisi dono editoris.[8] BurmannusBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
interim, cujus Stirpes Africanas[9] recensui in Diario[10] nostro, excitat dudum paginas libri. Van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
muscos accepit ultra centum neque respondit, cum ab eo enixe peterem id, quo abundat, stirpes siccas quascunque et omnium maxime maritimas, indigenas Bataviae. Sed Ill[ustrissimus] Hugo Hercynicas plantas & gramina Malabarica dedit. Ego vero instante ae[s]tate Valesiam Alpesque Penninas favente Deo adibo, ut demum finem imponam diuturno labori. Regio calidissima est, necdum satis pervestigata, nisi a BurseroBurser, Joachim (1583-1639).
Danish. Professor of medicine and
botany, Sorö, 1625-1639.
& me. Sed facile video multa superesse legenda.

Orchis muscam referens certo diversa est a fuciflora, sed hujus varietas ambitu labelli rotundo non est diversa ab altera, cui[b][b] : MS1 <ubi> cui ex labello medium acumen prodit.

Valeo, mi Linnaee, et optime valeo, cupidus Botanices & ad subeundos labores omnes paratissimus, nisi me mea studia & justi labores in diversum distraherent. Semper tamen animus ad florae delicias revocat. Huic meum ocium, meum senium destino measque fortunas parandis Iconibus, plantis, libris. Tu etiam, a quo Flora sperat plura[c][c] : MS1 <plus> plura quam ab omni alio Botanico, utere, quaeso, felicibus fatis & aliquando ad mitiora climata redi! Si unquam me Patria repetit, sed spero repetituram, Te quidem, si tunc[d][d] : MS1 [added above the line] placuerit conditio, destinavi horti heredem & qualiscunque honoris et eam in sententiam coram eis locutus sum, in quorum manu sunt omnia.[11] Quam primum de Te audivero, mittam mea nova & ad amata commercia redibo.

Vale & me ama!

Gottingae die XXIV Nov[embris] 1738.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus Docteur en / Medecine et Correspondent de l’Academie Royale des sciences / de Paris / a Stockholm / en Suéde

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller has received Linnaeus’s letter from Rouen but none from Stockholm. He has visited the Hercynian forest and given a narrative of his journey with a description of an almost new genus of Sisymbrium.

The history of the Gymnospermae is completed. The “Synopsis” lacks only the grasses, trees, Gymnodispermae, Gymnotetraspermae, Gymnopolyspermae and Monangiae. These will be ready for the press in the summer of 1739. The work will be published by Abram Vandenhoeck, since there are problems with Conrad Wishoff. The Fungi are very difficult, but Haller has 300 illustrated in colour. Moreover, he has many Agarici truly fungous and with a tender substance, which he wants to arrange so that the Agarico-fungi will be referred to the Fungi, the Agarico-suilli to the Suilli, the Agarico-polypori to the Polypori, but the Agarici plani to the Fungoidastrum and Fungoides. He is busy with anatomy.

Haller will publish a commentary on Herman Boerhaave’s Institutiones medicae. This work needs corrections and proper references.

Johannes Jacobus Huber is finishing his dissertation on his Rhaetian journey, in which almost 400 plants are described and delineated. Huber is planning another, much longer journey.

Haller has sent some fossils to George Clifford. He has not received Linnaeus’s Hortus Cliffortianus.

Johannes Burman has improved the original stirpes Africanae, which Haller reviewed in Göttingische Zeitungen von Gelehrten Sachen. He has sent Adriaan van Royen more than a hundred mosses, but he has not received anything in return. But August Ludwig von Hugo has sent Haller Hercynian plants and Malabar grasses. Haller hopes next summer to go to Valais and the Pennine Alps. Orchis muscam referens is distinct from fuciflora.

If Haller should return to Switzerland, he wants Linnaeus to succeed him.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 169-170). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Orbis eruditi judicium (1740)
2. "[12 Letters from Albrecht von Haller]" (1792), p. 109 .
3. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 328-331   p.328  p.329  p.330  p.331.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <atque> quibus [added above the line]
b.
MS1 <ubi> cui
c.
MS1 <plus> plura
d.
MS1 [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
See Linnaeus to Albrecht von Haller, Rouen 22 June 1738 n.s..
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Burman, Rariorum Africanarum plantarum, ad vivum delineatarum, iconibus ac descriptionibus illustratarum decas prima-[decima]Burman, Johannes Rariorum
Africanarum plantarum, ad vivum
delineatarum, iconibus ac
descriptionibus illustratarum decas
prima-[decima]
(Amsterdam
1738-1739).
.
The periodical started by Haller was Göttingische Zeitungen von Gelehrten Sachen Göttingische Zeitungen
von Gelehrten Sachen
(Göttingen
1739-1752).
(Göttingen 1739-1752). In earlier years Linnaeus used to read it but when seeing himself severely attacked by Haller he lost interest in it. There is a review in Göttingische Zeitungen von Gelehrten Sachen Göttingische Zeitungen
von Gelehrten Sachen
(Göttingen
1739-1752).
(12 Januar 1739, 4. Stück, p. 31-32), but it cannot be verified that Haller is the author. Another review of Johannes Burman is published in Abriss vom dem Neuesten Zustande der Gelehrsamkeit Abriss vom dem Neuesten
Zustande der Gelehrsamkeit

(Göttingen 1737-1743).
, 7.
Haller returned to Switzerland in 1753. Linnaeus was delighted with Haller’s offer to succeed him at Göttingen, see his letter to Haller, 12 September 1739 o.s., 23 September 1739 n.s.. In a letter to Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, 15 October 1754 n.s., Linnaeus says that Otto von MünchhausenMünchhausen, Otto von
(1716-1774). German. Chancellor of
Göttingen University. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, Chancellor of the University, has asked him to succeed Haller. Münchhausen says that Haller is not content with his situation and continually makes new demands, but Münchhausen fears that the Swedish king will not let Linnaeus leave: “Hallerus sortem infelicem eorum, qui numquam contenti semper plura cupiunt, jam expertus est, et redire desiderat, sed noluimus hactenus de novo cum illo tractare, quia semper nimis intolerabilis contra socios fuit. Professiones ejus adhuc ad interim a Professoribus ZinnZinn, Johann Gottfried
(1727-1759). German. Physician and
botanist, director of the botanical
garden of Göttingen (1753).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, VogelVogel, Rudolph Augustin
(1724-1775). German. Physician, and
botanist. Professor of medicine at
Göttingen.
et RödererRoederer, Johann Georg
(1726-1763). French. Obstetrician,
professor of medicine at Göttingen.
observantur. Optarem Te, V[ir] I[llustrissime], provinciam nostram praesentia tua ornare et in locum Halleri succedere velles. Sed quid juvat optare? Rex benignissimus & compensator meritorum ornamentum patriae numquam permitteret. Interim rescribe!”