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Link: • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 11 November 1738 n.s.
Dated 11 Nov. 1738.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro Doctissimo D[omino] Carolo Linnaeo S[alutem] J[ohannes] F[redericus] Gronovius.

Summo me affecere gaudio Epistolae Vestrae 11 Oct[obris] ad me datae, quibus me de reditu in patriam et contracto matrimonio certiorem facis.[1] Gratulor haec Tibi, faustaque o[mn]ia precor. Ab eo tempore quo Tibi Amstelodami valedixi, usque in Octobrem, variis itineribus per provincias unitas tempus consumsi. Hinc nihil actum quoad studia. LawsonusLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ante 2 menses ex Germania redeuns Londinium petiit, ibique praxin exercet. Interim summus BoerhaviusBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
supremum vidit diem, ante octiduum D[ominus] SchultensSchultens, Albert (?-?).
Dutch. Professor, Leiden. Close friend
of Salomon Schouten.
cognatus Boerhavij orationem funebrem habuit, quam tibi prima nave Stokholmiam petente mittam, ut & Catalogum Librorum quam primum sit editus.[2] Suspicantur autem omnes auctionem non ante Iunium habendam mensem. Ante 3 hebdomadas D[ominus] CliffortClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
mihi dedit exemplar Horti sui, et alterum pro CollinsonoCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, CatesbaeoCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, ClaytonoClayton, John (1685-1773).
British/American. Physician and
botanist. Born i England, moved to
Virginia in North America in 1715. His
herbarium collected in Virginia was
published by Johan Frederik Gronovius
and Linnaeus in Flora Virginica
(1739, 1743). Correspondent of Linnaeus.
; ut publice vendat persuasi, an vero respondere votis meis in animo habeat, incertus haereo.[3]

BurmannusBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
quatuor edidit decades,[4] et interim se accingit ad edendum opus RumphijRumpf, Georg Eberhard
(1628-1702). Dutch. Naturalist and
merchant in the service of the Dutch
East India Company. Governor of the
Dutch colony Ambon. He published two
works on the flora of the isle of Ambon.
.[5] De Flora Virginica modo 2 philyrae sunt impressae.[6] Ex Virginia nihil accepi, mense tamen Septembri inde discessit navis quae procul dubio plantas & semina adferet. In Horto ingens numerus plantarum Virginicarum florent, quarum specimina tibi offeram; interim ex seminibus plurimae enascuntur plantae quae proximae aestatis deliciae sunt futurae. Tristissimum est fatum illud BartschijBartsch, Johann (1708-1738).
German. Naturalist, travelled to
Surinam. Assisted Linnaeus with the
publication of Flora Lapponica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, qui in Surinama paucis[a][a] : <imp> [paucis ex
paucos corr. Gronovius]
diebus antequam navis cum nummis accederet, obiit, sic ut nunc omnia cum Eo perierunt.

Hasce raptim ad Te conscribere volui, ut persuasum te esse voluerim, me ut semper[b][b] : <imp> [semper ex
antea correctum ante semper
del. Gronovius]
fore Tuum. Ante horam enim vestrae mihi traditae sunt, neque tabellarius duas permittit. Nunc colligam quaedam quae proxima navi advehentur. Interim Lapides promissos colligas. Dirigantur ad Dom[inos] FransVelde, Frans van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
et Daniel Van de VeldenVelde, Daniel van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
Merchands op de Buytekant te Amsterdam. Sed semper per tabellarium me moneas quod tali navi et nomine Capitanei sint missa. Quod et ego observavi. WishofWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
libenter vult aliquod imprimere si quid habeas.[7]

Vale cum Uxori et amicis.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 11 Nov[embris] 1738.

[address] Mons[ieu]r / Mons[ieu]r Charle Linnaeus Docteur en Medecine / à / Stockholm. / fr. br. [?]


In his letter of 11 October 1738, Linnaeus informed Johan Frederik Gronovius about his safe return to Sweden and the marriage he contracted. In his reply, Gronovius congratulates his friend upon both events and wishes him good luck. Next, he informs Linnaeus about his own state of affairs, as well as those of his friends and colleagues. Various travels through the United Provinces have prevented Gronovius from doing any serious scientific work. Two months ago, Isaac Lawson left for London, where he started a medical practice. Herman Boerhaave has passed away. Gronovius will send Linnaeus the funeral oration that was held a week ago by Albert Schultens, a relative of Boerhaave’s, as well as the catalogue of Boerhaave’s books that will be published for the auction which is not expected to take place until June 1739. Three weeks ago, George Clifford offered Gronovius copies of the Hortus Cliffortianus for himself, Peter Collinson, Mark Catesby and John Clayton. Gronovius tried to persuade Clifford to sell the book in public, but is not sure whether his advice will really be followed. Johannes Burman has published four decades of the Thesaurus Zeylanicus and sets out to edit Georg Eberhard Rumpf’s Herbarium Amboinense. Only two sheets of Gronovius’s Flora Virginica have been printed. He expects some more plants and seeds from Virginia. In the meantime, a large number of plants from Virginia are blooming in his garden, while many other plants have sprung from the seeds which he received more recently and which will be blooming next summer. Finally, Gronovius recalls the pitiful lot of Johann Bartsch who died in Surinam shortly before the ship that was about to bring him money harboured. Gronovius apologizes for his hastily written letter. The postman who delivered Linnaeus’s letter an hour ago did not grant him more time to answer. Gronovius will collect some material which will be sent to Linnaeus by the next ship that leaves for Stockholm. Linnaeus, for his part, is asked to collect the minerals which he promised Gronovius to send. They should be directed to the Amsterdam merchants Frans and Daniel van de Velde. In doing so, Linnaeus should send Gronovius by regular mail service a letter indicating the name of the ship that is carrying the minerals as well as the name of the captain — a procedure that is observed by Gronovius himself. Last but not least, Gronovius informs his friend that Conrad Wishoff wishes to print whatever Linnaeus has ready for publication.


a. original holograph (LS, V, 443). [1] [2]


<imp> [paucis ex paucos corr. Gronovius]
<imp> [semper ex antea correctum ante semper del. Gronovius]


Linnaeus would not marry Sara Lisa Moraea until 26 June 1739. See Fries, Linné. Lefnadsteckning , 1, 261-262; Eriksson, “(von) Linné, Carl” .
Boerhaave passed away on 23 September 1738. The memorial oration was delivered by his intimate friend Albert Schultens on 4 November 1738. It was published under the title Oratio . The Bibliotheca Boerhaaviana, for which a separate catalogue was printed, was sold publicly in the office of the publisher Samuel Luchtmans from 8 until 16 June 1739. See Lindeboom, Boerhaave , 216, 219-221 and 232-233.
From Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 12 July 1739Letter L0291, it can be inferred that Clifford eventually took the decision to have the work sold in public.
Conrad WishoffWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
was first and foremost interested in publishing Linnaeus’s Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
. See Gronovius’s letters to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0278 and 12 July 1739 n.s.Letter L0291. However, Linnaeus’s Philosophia botanica was first published in 1751 at Stockholm by Godofried KiesewetterKiesewetter, Gottfried (?-?).
?. Academy bookseller 1735-1757,
publisher of Linnaeus’s Philosophia
. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
(London 1933).
, no. 437.