Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0268 • Johann Georg Seeger to Carl Linnaeus, 20 January 1739 n.s.
Dated 20. Jan. 1739. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo
Domino
Carolo Linnaeo, Med[icinae] D[octor]
Academ[iae] Paris[iensis] et Noriberg[ensis]
Socio Pereximio etc. etc.
Fautori et Amico suo
Summe venerando
S[alutem] P[lurimam] D[icit]
J[ohann] G[eorg] Seeger, M[edicinae] D[octor]

Tuae in me voluntatis collata testimonia heic recensere grati animi officium foret. Cum vero singularis cuiusvis capitis delineatio excederet omnem metam epistolicam, hinc sufficiet declarasse, quod suavissima Tua consuetudine usus fuerim et Leidae et Parisiis per tempus bene longum, de quo omnes uno ore mihi gratulabuntur, qui vel literis vel colloquiis fructus, ex Tuo consortio hauriendos perspexere.

Binas ad DilleniumDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
et HampeHampe, . mihi commissas epistolas utrique ipse tradens, dulcius ac si his caruissem, susceptus fui. Oxonii primum appuli simul cum amicis EnsioEns, Abram (?-1770). Dutch.
Doctor of medicine at Leiden and
Utrecht, later in Russia.
et LawsanoLawson, (?-?). British.
Brother of Isaac Lawson.
juniori, itineris mei sociis, quos in urbe insperato offenderam. Profess[orem] Dillenium audivimus docentem aeque ac confabulantem. In Tuis scriptis, uti decet, multum operae et eruditionis collaudavit, carpsit autem methodi prolatam infallibilitatem, tam per exempla, quae in medium attulit, quam per notas innumeras, Tuae methodo sexuali adscriptas, fugitivo oculo tantum a me conspectas. Explicabo me breviter: Datur non solum facilis ad objectiones responsio ratione consueti et inconsueti naturae ordinis, haec enim per totam physicam et medicinam ab ordinario nexu subinde deflectit. Sed et, quod de aliis in hac doctrina inclytissimis viris sermo dedit, in multis passibus culpatum audivi. Hortum quoad exoticas plantas esse locupletissimum inter Europas tam facile persuadere mihi non potui, priusquam de rei veritate oculis convictus fuero. Vidi ficus in copia. Rogavi, quot species aleret hic campus. Numerum audivi inferiorem illo, quem Parisienses in lectionibus publicis exponebant sigillatim. Exceptioni meae negatio sola data fuit. Judico tamen, quod numero omnium plantarum collective sumto, H[ortus] Oxoniensis adaequet Paris[iensem] aliosque. Praestantior tamen est Londinensis H[ortus] PhysicusThe Chelsea Physic Garden,
British. Founded in 1673 by the Society
of Apothecaries.
, ubi rariorum plant[arum] exot[icarum] vix ullibi reperiundarum stirpites laete excrescunt, et in copia. D[ominus] Hampe musaeum minerale cum maximo oblectamento meo demonstravit, amice mecum tractavit, et ter me longo consortio suo dignatus fuit. Nobilis SloaneusSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
ipse oculis meis exposuit pretiosa musaei sui, quo alios Angliae generosiores et viros et feminas simul compellavit. Reliqua ab eius secretario D[omino] StackStack, ? (?-?). British.
Secretary of Hans Sloane.
pariter ac Musaeum SocietatisRoyal Society, London,
British. The Royal Society was founded
in Oxford in 1645 and sanctioned as a
royal society in 1662.
benevolentissime explicata fuere.

Redii ex Anglia medio augusti anni superioris in Hollandiam. Academiam Lugduno- Bat[avanam] magni BoerhaaviiBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
mellifluo ore destitutam omnes dolebant, optima tamen sperantes, fatum eius expectabant.[1] Tunc quidem nemini accessus ab morbi gravitatem apud istum virum patebat. Ipse ego munus lit[t]erarium a Domino ShapShap, (?-?). . offerendum habui, sed amicis illius, quos de meis commissis informaram, transmisi. Tertio abhinc mense plane nobis subreptus fuit. Maesto huic funeri adstiti cum aliis huius Athenaei membris. Mens mihi fuit, sub eius directione doctoralia capessendi. Eo quoque nervos intendi tam diu, ac ibi degebam, ut in themate meo explicando quaedam expiscarer hactenus occulta aut abstrusa. Eousque tandem perveni spatio 4. Mensium tam propriis, quam aliorum adminiculo suffultis experimentis, ut, quantum vires permisere, mihi satisfactum, specimen hoc sub forma dissertationis inaugur[alis] prout statuta academica requirunt, imprimendum darem.[2] Tradidi autem exemplar unum generoso Lawsono juniori, qui medicinae operam navat Lugduni. Is data occasione per amicum, simul cum schemate societatis Londinensis, quod a me olim petieras, Tibi transferendum curabit. Frater eius Isaacus LawsonusLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
nuperrime e Germania redux, salutavit Lugdunum, et post biduum in Angliam reversus est. In hac Academia hactenus nullum sentitur decrementum in numero philiatrorum plures adsunt Angli, Sueci et Germani, ac vix antea fuere. Horum seniores, Domini Ens, Carl Nicolaus LangLang, Carl Nicolaus
(1670-1741). Swiss.
, LieberkuhnLieberkühn, Johann Natanael
(1711-1756). German. Physician,
Berlin.
hoc anno gradum in Medicina capient. Salutem et officia sua Tibi quoque deferunt. Prof[essor] GaubiusGaub, Hieronymus David
(1705-1780). German. Physician,
professor of chemistry and medicine at
Leiden.
et Theoriam et Praxin Boerhaavianam docet. Prima a Curatoribus ipsis in eum collata fuit sparta. Alteram vero D[omino] van Royen antea commissam, ex voluntate quorundam Anglorum ad Gaubium postea transtulere. Brevi auctio fiet librorum Boerh[aaviorum]. Musaeum et manuscripta sua, dum viveret, dono dedit cognatis suis van Kau.[3] Reversurus in patriam, ibidem expectabo avide Tuarum rerum mentionem. Et cum regio nostra in rebus naturae curiosis haud parum luminis tribuat, idcirco me internuncium Tuum, si capacem me censeas, in hac Germaniae parte, constituere poteris. Ad omnia et singula me paratissimum invenies. Stuttgardiae aut ego, aut meus parens semper erimus praesentes. Vale atque iterum vale.

Dabam Lugduni Batavorum 20. Jan[uarii] 1739.

upSUMMARY

Johann Georg Seeger would like to express his gratitude for Linnaeus’s benevolence, but there is not room enough in a letter to mention everything. So he confines himself to the pleasant company for a long time in Leiden and Paris.

Seeger had personally handed over two letters to Johann Jacob Dillenius and Hampe. He was first in Oxford together with Abram Ens and Lawson the Younger, his companions on the journey, who he unexpectedly had met in the city. He had listened to Dillenius teaching and conversation. Dillenius had praised Linnaeus’s works but also criticized his method for not being infallible, giving examples and making a lot of remarks about the sexual system. Seeger is convinced that the Oxford botanical garden is the richest in exotic plants in Europe. He had seen figs in abundance. He had asked how many species this place grew. The number was a little less than that of Paris, but he thinks, taking the total number of plants into consideration, the Oxford Garden will be equal to that of Jardin du Roi in Paris and others. Outstanding is the Chelsea physic Garden of London, where the rare and exotic plants grow luxuriantly in abundance. Hampe showed the mineral museum and was kind enough to let Seeger enjoy his companionship three times. Hans Sloane showed him personally the most valuable things in his museum of natural history, the rest and the museum of the Royal Society was explained by his secretary Stack.

In the middle of August the year before Seeger had returned from England to Holland. Everybody mourned the loss of Herman Boerhaave at the Leiden university. Due to the illness no one could visit him. Seeger had a gift from Shap to hand over. It had to be given to some friends of Boerhaave instead. Two months later Boerhaave was dead and Seeger was present at the funeral together with other members of the university. Seeger had a doctor’s degree under Boerhaave in mind. He had had a specimen in accordance with the rules for a doctoral dissertation ready to be printed and he had given Lawson junior a copy of it. It would be handed over to Linnaeus together with a schedule of the Royal Society which Linnaeus had asked for. His brother Isaac Lawson, who had returned from Germany, visited Leiden and after two days he went back to England. There has been no decrease in members of the Leiden university so far. There are more Englishmen, Swedes and Germans than hardly ever before. The seniors, Ens, Lang and Johann Nathanael Lieberkühn will graduate in medicine this year. They send their regards to Linnaeus and will be at his service. Hieronymus David Gaub has been charged to teach Boerhaave’s theory and practice. It was at first entrusted to van Royen, but was later transferred to Gaub at the request of some Englishmen. In a short time there will be an auction of Boerhaave’s books. He had already during his lifetime given his collections and his manuscripts to his relatives Abraham and Herman Kauu Boerhaave. Seeger will return home and he eagerly expects to hear something about Linnaeus. Seeger is ready to be Linnaeus’s messenger, if he finds him capable, in his part of Germany.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, XIV, 37-38). [1] [2] [3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Herman Boerhaave died 23 September 1738 n.s.
2.
Johann Georg Seeger published his doctoral dissertation later the same year, De ortu et progressu bilis cysticaeSeeger, Johann Georg
Dissertatio inauguralis de ortu et
progressu bilis cysticae
(Lugduni
Batavorum 1739).
(1739).
3.