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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0270 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 11 January 1739 n.s.
Dated XI Januar. 1739. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo Carolo Linnaeo
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
A[lbertus] Haller.

Carissimae fuerunt Tuae, quae de amore Tuo luculentum testimonium continent, si quidem me gaudiorum Tuorum participem voluisti. Vive cum Tua felix & beatus! De Horto eadem mihi sententia est. Ego quidem paucis annis forte hic versabor neque unquam tradere potero digniori. Hamburgum adeundi forte nascetur occasio. Latet ibi KerkringiiKerckring, Theodor (1640-1693).
German. Physician, Hamburg.
Thesaurus.[1] Is, si venalis est, redimetur in usus publicos nostrae Academiae. Suavissimum esset amicitiam nostram, quam, uti Daemones sola intelligentia colimus, hominum instar firmare conplexibus. Fac, precor, ut cognoscam unum nomen mercatoris Hamburgi aut Lubeccae, et[a][a] : MS1 [added above the line] subito habebis mea omnia, quae sunt de Veronicis,[2] de Pedicularibus,[3] Iter Hercynicum 1738,[4] Iter Alpinum 1739[5] et Synopsis, sed haec imperfecta adhuc.[6] 13 tamen tabulae sculptae sunt. BoerhaaviiBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
tomus I et II, ille secundo &[b][b] : MS1 [added above the line] auctior editus.[7]

HuberiHuber, Johannes Jacobus
(1707-1778). German. Anatomist,
botanist. Professor at Kassel. Albrecht
von Haller’s assistant.
iter prodibit, si potero sumtibus prospicere ad nundinas autumnales.[8] Invenit certe multas et raras stirpes ad 400 uno itinere, novam nullam.

CliffortiusClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
hortum[9] misit, quem Tibi debeo. Non necesse est, ut pulcherrimo libro careas, quem amicis Tuis melius dabis. Van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
floram misit.[10] Tota Tua est. Virginicam[11] nondum vidi. SiegesbeckiusSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
dimissus est. AmmaniAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
plantae rarae sunt et commode descriptae atque depictae.[12] Nonnullae nostris satis adfines videntur. BreyniumBreyne, Jacob (1637-1697).
German. Merchant and naturalist at
Danzig. Father of Johann Philip Breyne.
[13] nondum vidi neque posthuma PlumeriiPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
.[14] DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
scribit se editurum sylvam muscorum & tabulas 36 jam parasse.[15] Ita subito prospectum erit nostris ea in re dubiis. TargioniusTargioni-Tozzetti, Giovanni
(1712-1783). Italian. Naturalist and
physician, associate of Pietro Antonio
Micheli. Father of Ottaviano
Targioni-Tozzetti.Uncle of Antonio
Targioni-Tozzetti.
semper minitatur Michelianorum tomum secundum.[16] Nummos eam in rem habet bene multos. Multa certe MicheliiMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
cryptogames.
merita sunt. Multa etiam vana & varietates maxime in fungis in primis, quorum nunc 300 et ultra tabulas habeo. Sed crescent, opinor, perpetuo Incredibili voluptate. Fung-Agaricum vidi, qui Tuae observationi convenit, durae substantiae et vere agaricinae, caeterum similem Fungis, deinde etiam alium ad ligna nascentem dubium. StaehelinusStähelin, Benedikt
(1695-1750). Swiss. Botanist. Studied
under Sébastien Vaillant and
Albrecht von Haller, professor of
physics in Basle.
subinde invenit aliquid novi. Ego hyeme botanicen excolere non possum ob Anatomen. Olim feci in patria,[17] ubi hyemes saepe admodum[c][c] : MS1 admodum <clem-> clementes[d][d] : MS1 [added above the line] sunt. Musci certe januario & februario, Marsileae martio & aprili, Pezizae decembri M[ense] vigent. Musci Tui & omnia Tua semper me reddent beatiorem.

Vale & porro,
ut soles,
me ama!

Gottingae die XI Januar[ii] 1739.

In Anglia prodit 1739[e][e] : MS1 [added above the line] feminae nomine BlakwalBlackwell, Elizabeth
(1700?-1758). Scottish. Botanist, wife
of Alexander Blackwell.
herbarium 500 tabulis aeneis, quibus plantae fere vulgares novis iconibus exhibentur.[18]

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Charles Linnaeus / Docteur en Medecine de l’Academie Imperiale / Medecine de la Flotte / A Stokholm / på Apothequet Swanen.

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller will probably remain in Göttingen only for a few years. He considers Linnaeus a worthy successor. Haller might go to Hamburg, where Theodor Kerckring’s collections are. They might be bought for the Academy. Haller would like to have the name of a merchant in Hamburg or Lübeck, to whom he can send his publications De Veronicis, De Pedicularibus, Ex itinere in Sylvam Hercyniam, Iter Helveticum 1739 and “Synopsis”. The latter is still unfinished but thirteen plates are engraved. Herman Boerhaave’s first and second volumes have been published (of vol. II there is a second, enlarged edition).

Johannes Jacobus Huber’s account of his tour will be published, if enough money can be raised. During one journey Huber has found about 400 rare plants but no new ones. George Clifford has sent Linnaeus’s Hortus Cliffortianus and Adriaan van Royen his Florae Leydensis Prodromus. Haller has not yet seen Flora Virginica. Johann Georg Siegesbeck’s book has been sent. Johann Amman’s plants are rare, well described and illustrated. Haller has not come upon the works of Jacob Breyne nor the posthumous publications of Charles Plumier. Johann Jakob Dillenius will publish his Sylva muscorum, for which 36 plates are ready. Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti threatens to publish Pietro Antonio Micheli’s second volume. Micheli has many merits but there are many trifles in his work. Haller has observed an Agaric with hard substance, truly agaric-like and similar to a Fungus. Benedikt Stähelin has made some new discoveries. The mosses flourish in January and February, the Marsileae in March and April and the Pezizae in December.

P.S. In England Elizabeth Blackwell has published a herbarium consisting of 500 copper plates, with new illustrations for common plants.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 171). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. Orbis eruditi judicium (1740)
2. "[12 Letters from Albrecht von Haller]" (1792), p. 110 .
3. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 338-340   p.338  p.339  p.340.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [added above the line]
b.
MS1 [added above the line]
c.
MS1 admodum <clem->
d.
MS1 [added above the line]
e.
MS1 [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
Haller, De Veronicis quibusdam alpinis observationum botanicarum spec.Haller, Albrecht von De
Veronicis quibusdam alpinis
observationum botanicarum spec.

(Göttingen 1737).
.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Haller writes about Johannes Jacobus Huber in his Bibliotheca botanicaHaller, Albrecht von
Bibliotheca botanica. Qua scripta ad
rem herbariam facientia a rerum initiis
recensentur
, I-II (Z&uuml;rich
1771-1772).
, II, 270. Huber did not edit the dissertation on the Rhaetian journey, but left the manuscript to Haller, who used it for his Enumeratio methodica stirpium Helvetiae indigenarumHaller, Albrecht von
Enumeratio methodica stirpium
Helvetiae indigenarum. Qua omnium brevis
descriptio et synonymia compendium
virium medicarum dubiarum declaratio
novarum et rariorum uberior historia et
icones continentur
, I-II
(Göttingen 1742).
. See Haller to Linnaeus, 19 September 1740 n.s.Letter L0399.
9.
Haller returned to Switzerland in 1753.