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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0278 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 17 March 1739 n.s.
Dated 17 Martij 1739. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.

Doctissime Linnaee

Ad Te nunc est scribendum, carissime Linnaee, quem bene valere et literas meas in quibus respondi ad primam Tuam ex Suecia acceptam Epistolam, accepisse spero. Restabant adhuc LawsonoLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
& mihi ducenta exemplaria Systematis Naturae, quae omnia a Nobis coemere tentabat Bibliopola HaakHaak, Theodoor (?-1768).
Dutch. Bookseller, Leiden.
et justo quidem pretio. Assentiebamur precibus Haackij, ea conditione ut si Bibliopola WishofWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
ista exemplaria eadem vellet desiderare lege, ipsi traderentur. Verum id Wishof negavit, ut proinde nunc omnia D[omin]o Haak sint tradita, qui pauca ista exemplaria facile distribuet. Hinc in mentem Tibi revocare lubet Novam Systematis editionem, auctam, mutatam, et ita quidem ut nihil in damnum prioris editionis agatur. Non dubito quin adhuc Tibi satis in memoria haereat, quod quum aliquot folia impresserimus, a Dom[ino] Lawsono veniam impetraverim, quod in reliquis imprimendis tabulis aliquot centum exemplaria possim meis sumptibus imprimere, quod factum est et cum mille ferme exemplaribus adhuc sudo, hinc mihi beneficium praestares, ut in iis paginis quae adhuc non sunt impressae aliquid novum adduceres, reliquae vero quae impressae penes me sunt, manerent intactae, ita tamen ut si velles ibi aliquid addere, possemus in nova pagina addenda quaedam jungere. Hoc ut melius intelligas, scire debes de Regno[a][a] : <imp> [T-, post R
scripsit Gronovius] Gronovius
first intended to write ‘Tabula
Mineralis’.
Minerali nihil esse impressum, nec de observatione in tria regna naturae, nec de observatione in regnum Lapideum, nec de observatione in regnum vegetabile[b][b] : <imp> [lapideum ante
vegetabile del. Gronovius]
, nec de prima parte regni Vegetabilis, adeo ut in his mutare et addere posses quaecunque velis; secunda tabula regni vegetabilis est impressa ut et omnia quae pertinent ad regnum animale.[1]

Quid nunc agitur[c][c] : <imp> [agitur ex verbo
illegibili corr. Gronovius
]
de itinerario tuo ut & Philosophia Botanica.[2] Utinam modo singula hebdomade philyram per Tabellarios transmitteres; typographi facile ferent sumtus pro transmittendis Literis, et ego lubentissime curam impressionis in me suscipiam, ac simul ut tot exemplaria quot ipse desideres, tibi offerantur, praesertim de Itinerario tuo, cujus ad minimum 200 exemplaria posses comparare. Lawson avide investigavit apud me qua via Literas ad Te dirigere posset, quam cum Ipso communicavi. Praesens fuit in Societate quum Hortus Cliffortianus a Te conscriptus Societatis membris conspiciendus offerebatur, qui Liber ab omnibus aestimabatur. Dolendum tamen est quod quaedam irrepserunt, quae minus bene se habent, et necessario corrigi deberent, ad quae precor in proxima Epistola respondeas.[3]

In pagina prima qua explicas genera foliorum scribis “Angulus differt a sinu quod sit pars folij prominens fig. 20. e.a.e. Sinus pars folij denta fig. 20. a.e.b. Latera fig. 20 a.b.g. fig. 58 a.b.g.” Nulla harum Literarum datur in Tabula.
Idem error committitur pag. 111 ubi 83 fig. 73 citas literas aa.bb.gg.dd.
Tab. 4. Hic est error in explicatione, quae debet esse a. ramulus, b. flos lente visus etc.
Tab. 10. in Tabula dantur Literae a b c d quae non dantur in explicatione.
Tab. 12. Helxine. Ex pessima figura. Floruit hoc anno in Horto meo, ubi longe aliam praebuit faciem, ut videbis ex speciminibus quae prima navi Stokholmiam petente ad Te mittam.
Tab. 24. est Error cum literis i et h. Idem error in iisdem literis conspicitur tab. 29.
Tab. 31. Explicatio nequaquam respondit Literis in Icone datis.
Tab. 36. Hic omnia perversa.
Pag. 444. Croton 2. scribis vide Tabulam, quae nunquam est confecta. Hinc omnis credet in Exemplari tuo eam deficere.

Est sane dolendum quod Is qui [?] Te absente & in Gallias profecto tam negligenter tabulas et explicationes curaverit.[4] Itinerarium ShawijShaw, Thomas (1692-1751).
British. Explorer, professor of Greek at
Oxford. Collector of natural history
objects. Travelled in the Middle East
and in Africa.
jam prodiit, in quo plura curiosa Historiam naturalem spectantia. Phytographia ejus separatim Londini comparari potest.[5] In Botanicis nihil actum. BoerhavijBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Libri Majo vel Iunio publice vendentur ut & res lapideae ac insecta, quae in ambulacro Horti conspexisti.[6] Curatores desideraverant a RoyenoRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ut Collegium daret in Praxin Boerhavij, et a D[omino] GaubioGaub, Hieronymus David
(1705-1780). German. Physician,
professor of chemistry and medicine at
Leiden.
ut Theoriam Boerhavij doceret. Angli semel audito van Royen aufugerunt, et coegerunt Gaubium, ut Collegium practicum traderet, quod bene procedit. Germani hinc omnes ad eum confugiunt.[7] Hac aestate plurimae curiosae plantae in Horto meo floruere, quarum specimina prima occasione mittam. A CatesbaeoCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Literas accepi de novis plantis ex Virginia acceptis, quas singulo momento expecto. In Flore Virginica procedo, missurus proxime impressas phyliras. Quaeso, mi Linnaee, ne aegre feras quod nomina specifica quarundam plantarum a Te desiderem, quae hactenus sola fuerunt in suo genere, et abhinc per Floram meam habebant sociam plantam. Humillime igitur peto ut des mihi nomen specificum Gratiolae hort. Cliff. In Flora Virginica datur Gratiola foliis lanceolatis obtusis vix dentatis. Item Saniculae Hort. Cliff. p. 88. In Flora Virginica datur Sanicula flosculis masculinis pedunculatis, hermaphroditis sessilibus. Item Tini Hort. Cliff. p. 109. In fl[ora] Virginica datur Tinus foliis ovatis in petiolos terminatis integerrimis. Item Viburni ibid. In flor[a] Virg[inica] datur Viburnum foliis subrotundis serratis glabris. Item Uvulariae p. 121. In flora Virginica datur Uvularia caule perfoliato. Item Coreopsis Hort. Cliff. p. 420. In flora Virginica datur Coreopsis foliis ovatis, inferioribus ternatis et Coreopsis foliis verticillatis linearibus multifidis.

In Pensilvania detecta est Ninzi Chinense, in omnibus respondens Speciminibus quae SloaneSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
ex China accepit.

Propositum illud de instituendo Horto in urbe Astracana, Selinginskoy &c. plane cecidit.

In Italia TozziusTozzi, Bruno (1656-1743).
Italian. Botanist and mycologist.
Abbas Vallumbrosanus, qui 80 agit annum, Fungorum promittit Historiam.[8] Joh[annes] TargioniusTargioni-Tozzetti, Giovanni
(1712-1783). Italian. Naturalist and
physician, associate of Pietro Antonio
Micheli. Father of Ottaviano
Targioni-Tozzetti.Uncle of Antonio
Targioni-Tozzetti.
Florentius qui MicheliiMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
cryptogames.
musaeum et scripta sibi comparavit, tomum alterum a Michelio promissum, parat & supplet.[9]

Johan[nes] Franc[iscus] SeguieriusSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
Botanicum Veronense conscribit juxta RajiRay, John (1627-1705).
British. Naturalist and clergyman. One
of the most influential botanists before
Linnaeus.
Synopsin, methodo tamen TournefortianaTournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
emendatam; accedet in calce Plantarum rariorum Horti Cavazzanii catalogus.[10] Ejusdem Auctoris Bibliotheca Botanica Hagae Comitis imprimitur.[11] Vidi SiegesbeckijSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Epicrisin in Scripta tua, quae nihili digna est, videturque mihi longe alius Stylus quam Botanosophiae.[12] D[ominus] van SwietenSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
parat Collegium practicum Boerhavii, quod brevi praelum subibit.[13] HallerusHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
idem cogitat cum Theoria Boerhavij. Haec sunt omnia quae Tecum communicanda Habeo.[14]

Vale cum Uxore Tua & Amicis.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 26 Januar[ii] 1739.

Hanc cum Tabellario ad Te transmittere in animo volvebam, verum ecce Bonus CollinsonusCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
mittit ad me duos tractatus a LoganoLogan, James (1674-1751).
American. Governor of
Pennsylvania.William Penn´s
secretary. Amateur naturalist and
scientist. Published works on astronomy,
botany and optics. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
conscriptos, itidem et epistolam, desiderans ut tractatus istos typis mandarem,[ 15] et eorum exemplar cum literis Tibi transmitterem, ad quod perficiendum alia accedit res, quippe quam diu ex Virginia desideraveram cistula advenit plantarum parvam copiam adducens, quippe Claytonus persuasus est nullas alias spatio 400 milliarium restare, saltem se nullas potuisse reperire. Mitto horum specimina, si forte possint placere, quorum specifica nomina et characteres a te desidero[d][d] : <imp> [quorum - desidero
post quae eisdem numeris
insignitum et nominibus Claytonianis
cancellatum supra lineam scripsit
Gronovius
]
sed ne negligas eosdem servare numeros. Semina fere nulla misit, conquaerens de pluvioso autumno, qui ipsi eorum collectionem prohibuit.

Iam solvo tibi fidem, nugasque offero teterrimas, viz. [sic] Florae Virginicae chartas impressas.[16] Van Royen scripsit ad Te per Tabellarios ante mensem secundum directionem quam in priore Tua Epistola communicaveras. Ego praeter primam Tuam nullas a te vidi literas.

Has decem priores paginas octiduum ante exaravaram, cum ecce! visitet me D[ominus] van Royen cum Literis Vestris mihi pergratissimis 5 Februarij inscriptis. CramerusKramer, Johann Andreas
(1710-1777). German. Chemist and
physician, member of the scientific club
in Leiden of which Linnaeus was
president.
duo dat collegia de die. Antiquum obtinet, parsque prima docimasiae [sic] nondum est impressa.[17] Gaudebo videre lapides quos mihi paratos habes. Boerhavij Catalogum [18] et Specimina Virginica lubentissime tibi offero. Plurimae hoc tempore e terra proveniunt plantae, quae ante 3 et 4 satae fuerunt, quorum specimina Tibi promitto. Gaudeo quod praxin exerceas, quae increscat[19] . Itidem gaudeo quod Lapides & plantas doceas[20] . Si Philosophiam Botanicam et responsum ad Sigesbeckium paratum habeas, sis persuasus quod lubentissime editionem in me sim suscepturus.[21] Catalogus animalium Sueciae erit mihi gratissimus.[22] De Halleri Synopsi plantarum nihil novi.[23] LudwigijLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
aphorismos[24] nondum vidi. Scribam tamen Amstelodamum, si possim comparare, habebis. Lubentissime vellem apud CliffortiumClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
pro D[omino] DillenioDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
intercedere, sed vix audeo. Semper enim persuasus ero quod Specimina mea Virginiana, cum nullus in Hollandia talia ante me habuerit, plus digna sint. Inter haeredes BartsijBartsch, Johann (1708-1738).
German. Naturalist, travelled to
Surinam. Assisted Linnaeus with the
publication of Flora Lapponica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
lis est neque D[omino] LiberkuhnLieberkühn, Johann Natanael
(1711-1756). German. Physician,
Berlin.
nummos solvunt. Sequenti mense[e][e] : <imp> [mense post
hebdomade cancellato supra lineam
scripsit Gronovius
]
expecto res ejus ex Surinama. A Catesbaeo et MartynoMartyn, John (1699-1768).
British. Physician, professor of botany
at Cambridge.
nihil novi. Sloane et MortimerMortimer, Cromwell (?-1752).
British. Doctor of medicine. Physician,
secretary of the Royal Society.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
nolunt concedere MilleroMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
ut Houstoniana genera inserat Actis Philosophicis.[25] Mortimer se parat ad editionem Itinerum Orientalium KaempferiKämpfer, Engelbert
(1651-1716). German. Physician,
botanist and explorer. Travelled in
Asia. Known for his works on Japan and
Japanese natural history.
.[26] Ad Lawsonum si des literas dirigantur ad To D[octo]r Isaac Lawson at M[iste]r Hankins Apothekary the sign of the Lyon and Bell in Cheapside London.

Porro haec Tibi indicat me ad Dominos van de VeldeVelde, Frans van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
Velde, Daniel van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
Mercatores Amstelodamenses misisse capsulam ligneam, quae cum prima navi Stockholmiam petente ad Te veniet, certioremque me facient cum qua nave et quo capitaneo ac quo tempore sit missa (quod In sequenti Epistola Te monebo), eodemque modo mecum agere debes cum Lapidibus, qui non debent venire in manus Cliffortij. Si capsulam vis aperire, latus illud cui dignissimum nomen tuum sit inscriptum, sit superius. Occurrent tum tibi philyrae curiosissimis plantis repletae quae in Horto meo praecedenti aestate floruere. Plurimae sunt numeris 1.2.3 &c. notatae. Harum nomina specifica a Te desidero, quae non sunt notatae numeris, parum vulgares sunt.

Hisque perquisitis occurret Tibi fasciculus (curiosissime tractandus, ne confundantur) fune ligatus et ab utraque parte inscriptus Virginica jam jam accepta. Has [sic] Tibi dono mitto, ut me quandoque Tibi in[f][f] : [in supra lineam add.
Gronovius
]
memoriam revocent. Sane sunt rarissima, quorum nomina specifica a Te desidero, ut et observata Tua. Caveas autem ne numeros mutes. Respondeasque per Tabellarium, si non unica, saltem per plures vices. Claytonus jam actum egit cum plantis, nunc ad regnum animale procedit.

Vale

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 17 Martij 1739.

upSUMMARY

Gronovius informs Linnaeus that the bookseller Theodoor Haak has bought the remaining two hundred copies of the Systema naturae at a fair price. Furthermore, he reminds him of the proposal to have a second, enlarged and improved edition of the work published in such a manner that it would not cause damage to the first edition. As Gronovius still possesses around one thousand copies of the second table of the vegetable kingdom as well as of all the tables pertaining to the animal kingdom, he proposes the following procedure. As far as the pages that have not yet been printed are concerned, Linnaeus can make whatever changes he deems necessary. The pages that have already been printed, however, should remain unchanged. If Linnaeus wants to make some additions, he should draw up a list of addenda that are to printed on a separate page.

Gronovius wants to know whether Linnaeus is working on his itinerary and his Philosophia botanica. He would like the author to send a sheet at least once a week. He assures that the printers will bear the costs for posting, while he himself will be all too happy to see to it that the works are properly printed and that Linnaeus receives as many copies as he wishes. Lawson has informed Gronovius that he attended the meeting of the Royal Society at London when a copy of the Hortus Cliffortianus was presented. Although the book was highly valued by all members of the Society, Gronovius regrets nonetheless that some errors have slipped into the volume which ought to be corrected. Consequently, he adds a list of corrigenda.

Next, Gronovius communicates the latest news in the world of natural history. Thomas Shaw’s itinerary has recently appeared, while his phytography can be separately purchased in London. Herman Boerhaave’s books will be sold by auction in the course of May or June, together with the collections of minerals and insects which Linnaeus has been able to admire in the gallery of his garden. The curators of Leiden university have asked Adriaan van Royen to give courses on Boerhaave’s medical practice and Hieronymus David Gaubius to lecture on his medical theory. Many curious plants have been blooming in Gronovius’s garden this summer. He is about to receive some more plants from Virginia. The Flora Virginica is proceeding well; before long, Gronovius will send Linnaeus some printed sheets. He humbly asks his friend to provide him with the specific names of various plants. Gronovius informs Linnaeus that Chinese Ninzi has been discovered in Pensylvania which corresponds in all respects to the specimens which Sir Hans Sloane received from China. The proposal to establish a botanical garden in Selingiskoy (Astracan) has failed. Don Bruno Tozzi has announced the publication of a history of fungi. The Florentine naturalist Giovanni Targioni is preparing the posthumous edition of the second volume of Pier Antonio Micheli’s writings. Jean François Séguier has compiled a botany of Verona; his Bibliotheca botanica is in the press at the Hague. Gronovius has read Johannes Siebesbeck’s assessment of Linnaeus’s writings and deems it worthless. Herman van Swieten is preparing the edition of Boerhaave’s lectures on medical practice, whereas Albrecht von Haller is considering the edition of his lectures on medical theory.

Postscript. Gronovius decided not to send Linnaeus the letter he had composed immediately for two reasons. First of all, he received a letter from Peter Collinson including two treatises written by James Logan. Gronovius is asked to have them published and to send a copy of them to Linnaeus. The second reason is that Gronovius finally received the Virginian plants which he had been expecting for such a long time and wanted to send Linnaeus specimens of them as he thought they might please him. He asks his friend to provide him with their specific names and give a description of their features. In keeping with his promise, Gronovius sends Linnaeus the printed sheets of his Flora Virginica.

The previous pages were written a week ago. In the meantime, however, Van Royen delivered Gronovius a new letter from Linnaeus which is dated on 5 February. Accordingly, Gronovius proceeds with answering this letter.

First of all, he informs Linnaeus that Johannes Andreas Cramer is giving two courses daily and that the first part of his Elementa artis docimasticae has not yet been printed. Gronovius is eagerly looking forward to receiving the minerals which Linnaeus has collected for him. Gronovius, for his part, is happy to offer him the catalogue of Boerhaave’s books and specimens of Virginian plants. He is glad to hear that Linnaeus’s medical practice is increasingly successful and that he is able to give lectures on mineralogy and botany. He proposes to publish Linnaeus’s Philosophia botanica and his reply to Siegesbeck as soon as the author has finished them. He would be very pleased with the catalogue of Swedish animals. No news about Haller’s Synopsis plantarum. He has not yet seen Christian Gottlieb Ludwig’s Aphorismi botanici. However, he will try to purchase a copy for Linnaeus in Amsterdam. Gronovius does not dare to intervene in favour of Dillenius [?]. A legal dispute has arisen between Bartsch’s heirs. As a result, they do not pay Johann Natanael Lieberkühn what is due to him. Gronovius expects to receive Bartsch’s Surinam belongings next month. No news from Catesby and John Martyn. Sloane and Cromwell Mortimer do not allow Philip Miller to publish his Genera Houstoniana in the Philosophical Transactions. Mortimer sets out to edit the Itinera Orientalia of Engelbert Kämpfer. Gronovius gives Linnaeus instructions as to Lawson’s corresponding address in London.

Gronovius informs Linnaeus that he has sent him a wooden box containing sheets filled with curious plants which have bloomed in his garden the previous summer. He kindly asks him to give the specific names of the plants sent. Apart from these sheets, Linnaeus will find a fascicle with rare Virginian plants. Again, Linnaeus is kindly asked to give their specific names and provide Gronovius with his botanical observations. Finally, Gronovius tells his friend that Clayton has finished his examination of Virginian plants and is now shifting his attention to the animal kingdom of Virginia.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 442). [1] [2]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> [T-, post R scripsit Gronovius] Gronovius first intended to write ‘Tabula Mineralis’.
b.
<imp> [lapideum ante vegetabile del. Gronovius]
c.
<imp> [agitur ex verbo illegibili corr. Gronovius]
d.
<imp> [quorum - desidero post quae eisdem numeris insignitum et nominibus Claytonianis cancellatum supra lineam scripsit Gronovius]
e.
<imp> [mense post hebdomade cancellato supra lineam scripsit Gronovius]
f.
[in supra lineam add. Gronovius]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
The second edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
was published in 1740 at Stockholm by Gottfried KiesewetterKiesewetter, Gottfried (?-?).
?. Academy bookseller 1735-1757,
publisher of Linnaeus’s Philosophia
botanica
(1751).
. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 46. The second edition was an entirely reworked version which was printed in octavo rather than in folio. Consequently, Gronovius’s plans to have his copies of the tables of the first edition used for the second one must have failed.
2.
This is a reference to Linnaeus’s “Iter Dalekarlicum”Linnaeus, Carl “Iter
Dalekarlicum [...] per Dalekarliam
Sveciae provinciam quoad orientalem,
alpinam et occidentalem partem
observationibus constans geographicis,
physicis, mineralogicis, botanicis,
zoologicis, domesticis et oeconomicis
quotidie collectis a mense Julii die 3
ad Augusti d. 17 anni 1734” (manuscript;
L.S.)
or, perhaps more likely, to his Lapplandsresa år 1732Linnaeus, Carl . Gronovius wanted his friend to publish both travel accounts. See e.g. his letter to Linnaeus of 5 June 1737 n.s.Letter L0188 and 14 October 1740 n.s.Letter L0407. However, Linnaeus’s itineraries were not published during his lifetime.
3.
The corrections asked by Gronovius were not meant to be integrated in a second edition of the work. It is not until 1756 that Linnaeus mentions a projected second edition of the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
by Johannes Burman, but this project does not seem to have been realised. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 329.
4.
5.
This is a reference to TravelsShaw, Thomas Travels, or
observations relating to several parts
of Barbary and the Levant
(Oxford
1738).
. The description of plants it contained could be purchased separately.
6.
Boerhaave’s books were sold by auction from 8 until 16 June 1739, whereas his other collections were sold on 16 November 1739. See Lindeboom, Boerhaave , 232-233.
7.
For Boerhaave’s succession and the division of his teaching duties, see further Lindeboom, Boerhaave , 224-227.
8.
Don Bruno Tozzi, Historia fungorum [?]. See Saccerdo & Cavera, Funghi , 272-310.
9.
Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti was a friend of Pietro Antonio Micheli whom he succeeded as director of the Botanical Garden and in the chair of botany at Florence in 1737. The edition of the second part of Micheli’s botanical work which he prepared would not be published until 1826 by his son Ottaviano Targioni-Tozzetti. It was entitled Catalogus . See Pritzel, Thesaurus , nos. 6915 and 10054.
As late as 1745, Jean François Séguier published two separate works on the botany of Verona, a Catalogus plantarum (1745) and two volumes of Plantae Veronenses (1745). Gronovius informs us that Séguier adopted the system followed by John Ray in his Synopsis methodica stirpium Britannicarum (1690) but modified it according to Tournefort’s method.
This is a reference to Séguier’s Bibliotheca botanica , which was issued at The Hague in 1740.
This is a reference to Siegesbeck’s Epicrisis in Clar. Linnaei nuperrime evulgatum systema plantarum sexuale [...] which appeared in Saint Petersburg in 1737 bound together with his Botanosophiae verioris brevis sciagraphiaSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
Botanosophiae verioris brevis
sciagraphia in usum discentium adornata.
Accedit ob argumenti analogiam,
Epicrisis in clar. Linnaei nuperrime
evulgatum systema plantarum sexuale, et
huic superstructam methodum
botanicam
(St Petersburg 1737).
.
Swieten published his SwietenCommentaria . at Leiden in 1741-1742. It played a crucial role in the dissemination of Boerhaave’s medical ideas. See Lindeboom, Bibliographia , no. 208.
Between 1739 and 1744, Haller published Boerhaave’s Praelectiones academicaeBoerhaave, Herman
Praelectiones academicae in proprias
institutiones rei medicae edidit, et
notas addidit Albertus Haller

(Göttingen 1739-1744).
(the so-called Theoria) together with his own annotations. The work was issued both at Göttingen and Amsterdam. See Lindeboom, BibliographiaBoerhaave, Herman , no. 104-106.
Reference to Kramer, Elementa .
In fact, two separate catalogues were drawn up, one for the books (the Bibliotheca Boerhaaviana) and another for the various natural collections (the Museum Boerhavianum). They were both published by Samuel LuchtmansLuchtmans, Samuel (1725-1780).
Dutch. Bookseller and publisher.
Together with his brother Johannes he
took over his father’s bookshop and
publishing house at Leiden in 1755.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
who organised the auction of Boerhaave’s belongings. See Lindeboom, Boerhaave , 232-233 and 393-405 (facsimile edition of the Museum Boerhavianum).
Initially, Linnaeus faced serious problems in attracting a sufficient number of patients in order to make a living as a physician in Stockholm. Gradually, however, his luck changed. See Fries, Linné: Lefnadsteckning , 251-254 and Blunt, The compleat naturalist , 130-131.
Thanks to Mårten TriewaldTriewald, Mårten
(1691-1747). Swedish. Merchant and
technician, one of the founders of the
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
, Linnaeus was appointed as lecturer on assaying, mineralogy and botany at the College of Mines (Bergscollegium) on 24 January 1739. See Fries, Linné: Lefnadsteckning , 257-261 and Blunt, The compleat naturalist , 134.
Linnaeus decided not to write a reply to Siegesbeck. Instead, his friend Johan Browallius composed an Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Cl. LinnaeiBrowallius, Johan Examen
epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale
Cl. Linnaei, Anno 1737 Petropoli
evulgatae, auctore Jo. Georgio
Siegesbeckio [...] jussu amicorum
institutum
(Åbo 1739).
, which was first issued at Åbo in 1739 and re-issued at Leiden in 1743.
A reference to Linnaeus’s Animalia per Sveciam observataLinnaeus, Carl “Animalia per
Sveciam observata”, ALSS 4
(1736), 97-138 [1742]. Soulsby no. 1104,
Soulsby no. 1143
first published in the Acta literaria Sueciae, vol. 4 (Uppsala 1736 [imo 1742]), 97-138. It was re-issued in 1743 as Elenchus animalium per Sueciam observatorumLinnaeus, Carl Elenchus
animalium per Sueciam observatorum

(Leiden 1743).
together with Linnaeus’s Oratio qua peregrinationum intra patriam asseritur necessitasLinnaeus, Carl Oratio qua
peregrinationum intra patriam asseritur
necessitas, habita Upsaliae [...] 1741
Octobr. 17, quum medicinae professionem
regiam et ordinariam susciperet

(Uppsala 1741). Soulsby no. 1354.
. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, nos. 1104 and 1143-1144.
This is probably a reference to Haller’s Enumeratio methodica stirpium Helvetiae indigenarumHaller, Albrecht von
Enumeratio methodica stirpium
Helvetiae indigenarum. Qua omnium brevis
descriptio et synonymia compendium
virium medicarum dubiarum declaratio
novarum et rariorum uberior historia et
icones continentur
, I-II
(Göttingen 1742).
which was to be published in Göttingen in 1742. As early as mid-June 1736, Gronovius informed Linnaeus that Haller was preparing this work. See his letter to Linnaeus of 15 June 1736 n.s.Letter L0089. From Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 12 July 1739 it can be inferred that the bookseller Conrad Wishoff intended to have the work printed at LeidenLetter L0291.
This is a reference to Ludwig, Aphorismi botanici in usum auditorum conscriptiLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
Aphorismi botanici in usum auditorum
conscripti
(Leipzig 1738).
.
Philip Miller’s edition of the genera collected and described by William HoustounHouston, William (1695-1733).
British. Surgeon. Studied at Leiden
under Boerhaave. Went with the South Sea
Company to Central America and the West
Indies.
would not be published until 1781 under the title Houstoun, Reliquiae Houstounianae .
As early as 1735, Gronovius was looking forward to the edition of Engelbert Kämpfer’s travel accounts. See his letter to Linnaeus of 19 October 1735 n.s.Letter L0047. Cromwell Mortimer must have failed to realise his plan to have them published. Kämpfer’s travel accounts were first published by Karl Meier-Lemgo in 1968. See Meier-Lemgo, Die Reisetagebücher .