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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0291 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 12 July 1739 n.s.
Dated 12 Julij 1739.. Sent from Middelburg (Netherlands) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Doctissime Linnaee.

Accepi heri Literas Vestras ex Stockholmia 30 Aprilis a Te inscriptas, simulque hodie a mercatore meo[1] inclusa haec mittitur schedula, quae significat, cistulam[a][a] : <imp> [cistulam supra
lineam add. Gronovius
]
4° Maji traditam esse capitaneo, ut sperare mihi liceat eam brevi in manus tuas venturam. Ante octo dies ad eundem mercatorem misi reliquas scedulas quae primam partem Florae Virginicae claudunt. Precor itaque ut diligenter plantas istas conscribas et observationibus quibusdam illustres. Verum etiam precor ne tales literas unquam committas navibus, sed semper tabellariis. Verum lapides et alia naturalia per naves mittantur, et scedulam capitanei ad me per tabellarios veniat.

Gratulor Tibi tam uberrimam praxin. Horti Ageramensis [sic] catalogus[2] erit mihi gratissimus, itemque catalogum animalium Sueciae.[3] Verum scribas quot nummos pro iis solveris. WishoviusWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
avide expectat Philosophiam tuam Botanicam, ut eam imprimere queat. Halleri Synopsin[b][b] : <imp> [Synopsin supra
Philosophiam cancellatum scripsit
Gronovius
]
plantarum Helveticarum[4] imprimet Wishovius, vidi tabulas ejus egregie confectas. Quid jam de Itinerario tuo?[5] Nunc in hortulo meo omnia ista semina Virginica ante quatuor annos terra mandata proveniunt; de omnibus Tibi comparabo specimina, quae sane miraberis. Vix credo dari in Europa agellum quae [sic] tam raras colit plantas. LawsonusLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ad Te scripsit per Amicum. Van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
imprimit prodromum catalogi plantarum.[6] Hortus Cliffortianus nunc 28 florenis comparari potest. In auctione BoerhavijBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
constitit 38 floren[is].[7] Brevi videbimus conditiones subscriptionis pro opere RumpfianoRumpf, Georg Eberhard
(1628-1702). Dutch. Naturalist and
merchant in the service of the Dutch
East India Company. Governor of the
Dutch colony Ambon. He published two
works on the flora of the isle of Ambon.
quod tam multos annos Amstelodami delituit.[8] Nunc hac aestate specimina Virginica tibi colligam et semina. Filipendula foliis ternatis H. Cl. floret in Hortulo meo et multae aliae curiosae.

Cur non imprimis itinerarium tuum. DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
dolet quod nihil a Te cognoscat vel audiat. CrameriKramer, Johann Andreas
(1710-1777). German. Chemist and
physician, member of the scientific club
in Leiden of which Linnaeus was
president.
Docimasia [sic] tandem prodijt,[9] ut et Gaubij libellus de formulis.[10] Singulo die expecto literas a ClaytonoClayton, John (1685-1773).
British/American. Physician and
botanist. Born i England, moved to
Virginia in North America in 1715. His
herbarium collected in Virginia was
published by Johan Frederik Gronovius
and Linnaeus in Flora Virginica
(1739, 1743). Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, quae quid in itinere 150 milliarium observaverit, docebunt; si quid dignum in iis occurrat, libenter tecum communicabo. Prodiit quoque Prima pars Institutionum Boerhavij[c][c] : <imp> [Boerhavij supra
lineam add. Gronovius
]
Halleri cura edita cum commentariis.[11] Van SwietenSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
idem meditatur de praxi Boerhavij.[12]

Haereo nunc in Selandiae insula Walachria, cujus insulae plantas PelleteriusPelletier, Caspar (?-1639).
Dutch. Town physician at Middelburg from
1607 to his death. Author of
Plantarum tum patriarum, tum
exoticarum, in Walachria, Zeelandiae
insula nascentium synonymia
(1610).
conscripsit.[13] Heri Salicorniam ingenti copia ad ripas fluvij Scaldis, ubi[d][d] : <imp> [ubi post qui
cancellatum scripsit Gronovius]
leni unda eas alluit. Plantula haec multum hic aestimatur, recens leviter cocta, oleo acetoque ac pipere superfusa optimum praebet acetarium, quod mihi optime placet. Ditiores aceto et semine Nasturtij condunt, ut ipsis ad epulas et splendidas Heliogabali & Apicij mensas inserviat instar Aciae et[e][e] : <imp> [et supra lineam
add. Gronovius
]
Kerry Indorum. Non ante mensem hinc discedo.

Vale, et fave Tuo

Gronovio.

Cleverskerkae prope Middelburgum in Walachria Zelandiae, 12 Julij 1739.[f][f] : <imp> [Haereo haec -- 12
Julij 1739 alio stilo scripsit
Gronovius
]

[address] Mons[ieu]r / Mons[ieu]r Charles Linnaeus Doct[ori] Med[icinae] / a l’Apotheque Svanen / à / Stockholm / Franco Hamburg.

upSUMMARY

Johan Frederik Gronovius has received Linnaeus’s letter dated on 30 April the day before. Today, he has been notified by the Amsterdam merchant van de Velde that the box destined for Linnaeus has been delivered to the captain on 4 May. It is due to arrive in Stockholm soon. A week ago, Gronovius has sent the merchant the remaining sheets of the first part of his Flora Virginica. He urges Linnaeus to describe the plants contained in them with utmost care. Gronovius congratulates Linnaeus on his successful practice as a physician. Gronovius will receive with gratitude [?] the Hortus Agerumensis, as well as the catalogue of Swedish animals. However, he wants to know how much money Linnaeus has paid for these works. Conradus Wishoff is eagerly looking forward to receiving Linnaeus’s Philosophia botanica which he wants to print. Wishoff will also print Albrecht von Haller’s Synopsis plantarum Helveticarum. Gronovius wants to know how Linnaeus is doing with his itinerary. All the seeds from Virginia which Gronovius has sown four years ago have finally germinated. He will send Linnaeus specimens of all the plants that are growing in his garden. Gronovius informs Linnaeus that Isaac Lawson wrote him a letter which he handed down to a friend (meegeven met). Adriaan van Royen’s Florae Leydensis Prodromus is in the press. The Hortus Cliffortianus can be bought at 28 florins nowadays, while it went as high as 38 florins at the auction of Herman Boerhaave’s books. At last, Georg Eberhard Rumpf’s work is in the press; the conditions for subscribing to it will soon be known. Once again, Gronovius asks Linnaeus why he does not print his itinerary. Dillenius regrets that he does not receive any news from Linnaeus. Johann Andreas Kramer’s Elementa artis docimasticae has finally appeared, as well as Hieronymus David Gaub’s booklet De methodo concinnandi formulas medicamentorum. Gronovius is expecting every day a letter from John Clayton about the journey of 150 miles the latter has made. The first part of Boerhaave’s Institutiones edited with a commentary by Haller has appeared. Gerhard van Swieten is thinking about editing Boerhaave’s practical medicine. Gronovius is staying on the island Walcheren for a month. The plants of the island have been described by Caspar Pelletier. Yesterday, Gronovius discovered Salicornia (Glasswort) that is growing abundantly on the borders of the Schelde. Gronovius explains how the plant is used by the inhabitants of Walcheren in order to prepare an excellent salad.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 444). [1] [2]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> [cistulam supra lineam add. Gronovius]
b.
<imp> [Synopsin supra Philosophiam cancellatum scripsit Gronovius]
c.
<imp> [Boerhavij supra lineam add. Gronovius]
d.
<imp> [ubi post qui cancellatum scripsit Gronovius]
e.
<imp> [et supra lineam add. Gronovius]
f.
<imp> [Haereo haec -- 12 Julij 1739 alio stilo scripsit Gronovius]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
FransVelde, Frans van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
or Daniel van de VeldeVelde, Daniel van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 11 November 1738 n.s.Letter L0263.
2.
This is probably a reference to Ferber Hortus Agerumensis . According to Linnaeus, it was entirely his work. See Fries, Linné: Lefnadsteckning , 1, 273-274; Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 340. The spelling mistake may be due to a confusion with Petrus Artedi’sArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
Linnaeus.
place of origin. Artedi was Angermannia-suecus.
3.
A reference to Linnaeus’s Animalia per Sveciam observataLinnaeus, Carl “Animalia per
Sveciam observata”, ALSS 4
(1736), 97-138 [1742]. Soulsby no. 1104,
Soulsby no. 1143
first published in the Acta literaria Sueciae, vol. 4 (Uppsala 1736 [imo 1742]), 97-138. It was re-issued in 1743 as Elenchus animalium per Sueciam observatorumLinnaeus, Carl Elenchus
animalium per Sueciam observatorum

(Leiden 1743).
together with Linnaeus’s Oratio qua peregrinationum intra patriam asseritur necessitasLinnaeus, Carl Oratio qua
peregrinationum intra patriam asseritur
necessitas, habita Upsaliae [...] 1741
Octobr. 17, quum medicinae professionem
regiam et ordinariam susciperet

(Uppsala 1741). Soulsby no. 1354.
. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, nos. 1104 and 1143-1144.
4.
This is a reference to Haller’s Enumeratio methodica stirpium Helvetiae indigenarumHaller, Albrecht von
Enumeratio methodica stirpium
Helvetiae indigenarum. Qua omnium brevis
descriptio et synonymia compendium
virium medicarum dubiarum declaratio
novarum et rariorum uberior historia et
icones continentur
, I-II
(Göttingen 1742).
which was to be published in Göttingen in 1742. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0263. From the present letter, it can be inferred that Conrad Wishoff intended to publish the work at Leiden.
5.
This is probably a reference to Linnaeus’s Lapplandsresa år 1732 . See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 14 October 1740 n.s.Letter L0407.
6.
7.
Initially, the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
was not destined to be sold in public. It was in fact Gronovius who persuaded Clifford to do so. See his letter to Linnaeus of 11 November 1738 n.s.Letter L0263.
8.
9.
A reference to Gaub, De methodo . The book was printed by Conrad and Georg Jacob Wishoff.
Between 1739 and 1744, Albrecht von Haller published Boerhaave’s Praelectiones academicaeBoerhaave, Herman
Praelectiones academicae in proprias
institutiones rei medicae edidit, et
notas addidit Albertus Haller

(Göttingen 1739-1744).
together with his own annotations. The work was issued both at Göttingen and Amsterdam. See Lindeboom, BibliographiaBoerhaave, Herman , no. 104-106. The publication was already announced in Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0278.
Swieten published his Commentaria at Leiden in 1741-1742. It played a crucial role in the dissemination of Boerhaave’s medical ideas. See Lindeboom, Bibliographia , no. 208. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0278.
This is a reference to Pelletier, Plantarum tum patriarum, tum exoticarum, in Walachria, Zeelandiae insula nascentium synonymiaPelletier, Caspar Plantarum
tum patriarum, tum exoticarum, in
Walachria, Zeelandiae insula nascentium
synonymia
(Middelburg 1610).
.