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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0303 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 4 September 1739 n.s.
Dated 4 Sept. 1739.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Doctissime Linnaee.

Mense Aprili Dominis van de VeldeVelde, Frans van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
Velde, Daniel van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
Mercatoribus Amstelodamensibus tradi [sic] cistulam rebus peregrinis suffultam, hanc tradiderunt Jacobo WalmontWalmont, Jacob Dutch?. Captain
of the ship Juffrouw Eleonora.
, qui gerit manus Capitanei in nave, cujus inscriptio est Juffrou [?] Eleonora, minime dubitans, quin iamiam in manus venerit tuas. Per binos menses in Selandia haesi, nunc domum reduci enatae cernuntur in hortulo meo novae plurimae plantae Virginicae & Pensilvanicae, inter quas curiosissima Origani species more Leonuri verticillos plurimos exserens, item et non descripta Monardae species. Hae binae species tam exacte respondent tuis characteribus ac si ex hisce eos confecisses. Verbena calycibus ramulo appressis egregie floret. Certus esse poteris quod egregium fasciculum plantarum exsiccatarum quae in horto meo crescunt, sis habiturus una cum seminibus, et forte plurima alia quae omni momento expecto ex Virginia. LawsonusLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
haeret Londini, ubi D[ominus] LiberkuhnLieberkühn, Johann Natanael
(1711-1756). German. Physician,
Berlin.
advenit, qui hic publice promotus Oppositiones a CrameroKramer, Johann Andreas
(1710-1777). German. Chemist and
physician, member of the scientific club
in Leiden of which Linnaeus was
president.
(quod promiserat) expectabat, sed incassum, quum Cramerus die eadem nullo salutato Angliam petierit, comite viro quodam Sueco, cum quo Cornwalliae fodinas examinabit.[1] RoyeniiRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
prodromus brevi prodibit.[2] SeguieriiSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
Bibliotheca botanica Hagae imprimenda lente procedit.[3] CatesbejusCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
nonam partem absolvit,[4] quae omni momento expecto, una cum rebus Virginicis, quae secundae parti florae Virginicae materiam praebebunt. Interim meditor edere catalogum Regni lapidei, secuturus methodum tuam quam egregie praecepisti; quocirca Te rogo, si quid ibi mutandum vel addendum, mecum quamprimum communicare velis.[5] BurmannusBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
jam aggreditur edere opus Rumfianum.[6] Opus SebaeSeba, Albert (1665-1736).
Dutch. Pharmacist and collector of
natural history specimens, Amsterdam.
non procedit.[7] GaubiusGaub, Hieronymus David
(1705-1780). German. Physician,
professor of chemistry and medicine at
Leiden.
nunc conficit catalogum rerum quae pertinebant ad BoerhaviumBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, et in ambulacro horti conspiciendarum, animalium sc[ilicet] insectorum &c. ac plantarum marinarum.[8] De GorterGorter, Johannes de
(1689-1762). Dutch. Physician.
Professor of medicine at Harderwijk in
1725. Succeeded Abraham Kaauw Boerhaave
as physician-in-ordinary to the Empress
Elizabeth of Russia at the court in St
Petersburg 1754 to 1758. Returned to
Holland in 1758. Husband of Susanna de
Gorter. Father of David de Gorter and
Herman Boerhaave de Gorter.
edidit commentarium primum in Aphorismos Hippocratis.[9] Haec sunt omnia nova quae ad aures venere meas. Interim efflagito a Te literas.

Vale salvus cum Uxori [sic] quam & mea salutat.
Fave Amico Tuo ad omnia paratissimo

Joh[anni] Fr[ederico] Gronovio.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 4 Sept[embris] 1739.

[address] A Mons[ieu]r / Mons[ieu]r Charles Linnaeus / Docteur en Medecine / à Stockholm / Franco fr. br. [?]

upSUMMARY

Johan Frederik Gronovius explains Linnaeus the procedure he has followed when sending him a box containing some foreign material. Having arrived home after his journey of two months in Zeeland, Gronovius has discovered that many new plants from Virginia and Pensylvania have germinated in his garden. Gronovius promises Linnaeus to send him a nice parcel of dried plants together with seeds and other material which he expects to receive shortly from Virginia.

Gronovius informs his friend that Isaac Lawson is staying in London, where Johann Natanael Lieberkühn has arrived. Lieberkühn recently took his medical degree at Leiden university and expected to receive the oppositions which Johann Andreas Kramer had promised him. However, Kramer did not keep his promise. He left for England where he will examine the mines of Cornwall together with a Swedish companion.

Adriaan van Royen’s Florae Leydensis Prodromus is due to appear soon. The Bibliotheca botanica composed by Jean François Séguier is in the press at the Hague and is progressing slowly. Mark Catesby has finished the ninth part of his Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands. Gronovius expects to receive it any moment together with material from Virginia which will be used for the second part of his Flora Virginica. In the meantime, Gronovius is considering the publication of a catalogue of the mineral kingdom following the method prescribed by Linnaeus. Therefore, he kindly asks his friend to communicate to him whatever changes or additions have to be made. Johannes Burman finally sets out to edit Georg Eberhard Rumpf’s Herbarium Amboinense. The publication of Albert Seba’s work is not proceeding well. Hieronymus David Gaub is busy drawing up a catalogue of Herman Boerhaave’s collections that will be sold by auction. Johannes de Gorter has published a first commentary on Hippocrates’s aphorisms.

[i/1] Notes written by Linnaeus on the back of the letter

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 445). [1] [2]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Johann Natanael Lieberkühn studied medicine, especially anatomy and chemistry at the university of Leiden under Herman Boerhaave, Hieronymus David Gaub and Gerhard van Swieten. He received his medical degree in 1739. In the course of 1740 he settled in Berlin as a physician. See Davis, “Lieberkühn” , 327-328.
2.
Royen, Florae Leydensis ProdromusRoyen, Adriaan van Florae
Leydensis Prodromus, exhibens plantas
quae in horto academico Lugduno-Batavo
aluntur
(Leiden 1740).
. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 12 July 1739 n.s.Letter L0291.
3.
A reference to Séguier, Bibliotheca botanica , which was issued at The Hague in 1740. The publication was already announced in Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0278. From Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 14 October 1740 n.s.Letter L0407 it can be inferred that it came off the press around mid-October.
4.
5.
Gronovius published a catalogue of his mineral collection at Leiden in 1740 under the title IndexGronovius, Johan Frederik
Index supellectilis lapideae
(Leiden, 1740).
. It was reprinted in 1750. Initially, Gronovius aimed to have the catalogue for strictly private purposes. See his letter to Linnaeus of 7 December 1739 n.s.Letter L0313.
6.
7.
8.
The public auction of Boerhaave’s natural collections was already announced by Gronovius in his letter to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0278.
9.
A reference to Gorter, Medicina .