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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0374 • Carl Linnaeus to Bernard de Jussieu, 16 February 1740 n.s.
Dated 1740. febr: 5.. Sent from Stockholm (Sweden) to Paris (France). Written in Latin.

Botanico incomparabili,
D[OMINO] D[OCTORI] BERNH[ARDO] de JUSSIEU,
Profess[ori] Botanico
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Carolus Linnaeus.

Praeterito autumno ad Te, Vir Celeberrime, litteras dedi per capitaineum quendam navis nostrae Roanum qui petiit; responsorias nondum habui. Si ad me scribere placeat, epistolam mittas Stockholmiam et me inveniet.

Si adhuc vigeat Dom[inus] Profess[or] d’Isnard, ipsi significes me quosdam libros botanicos accepisse, quos nondum in sua collectione obtinuit; ad Te eosdem mittam; si ipsos nolis habere ipse, habebit Dominus d’Isnard.

Quaeso, mihi dicas, utrum acceperis a D[omino] Clifortio ejus Hortum necne; si non, curabo tum, ut habeas.

Dedi in Actis literariis et scientiarum, quae Upsaliae prodeunt, Catalogum Animalium Sueciae, ubi Quadrupedia, Aves, Amphibia, Pisces, Insecta, Vermes Sueciae enumeravi, scilicet species sub suis generibus cum synonymis specierum; quem tractatum mittam una cum Horto Agerumensi et Actis Academiae scientiarum Sueciae & oratione mea de curiositatibus in insectis. Quamprimum societas Liter[arum] et scienti[arum] crisin subiit, quod proxime fiet, Te Membrum vocabit.

Quaeso, per conterraneum meum D[ominum] Sohlberg, proximo vere mittas aliquot semina & plantas rariores, praesertim Orchidum bulbos, quorum species adhuc semel coram videre flagro. Mittam ego vicissim quae potero.

In nosocomiis classis navalis, quorum Medicus primarius sum, innumeris casibus expertus sum vires plantae, quam Linnaeae nomine indigitavit Gronovius; eamque ego certo Rheumatismum tollere, si per octiduum propinetur foliorum infusum, ac umquam China in febribus.

Ut valet frater Tuus, qui Peru vidit? Redierit adhuc necne? Quid novi secum tulit? Quot stamina in vera China? Qualis flos? Quid novi in Botanicis?

Quaeso, millies ad me scribas, ut per te omnia sciam; Tuum in me favorem, dum Parisios vestros vidi, numquam praedicare satis possum; semper tamen Tua summa merita publice & privatim praedicavi, ut nullius hic Botanices cultor non Te artis principem inter nostros agnoscat.

Nunc vivo et optime vivo. Legatus noster apud vestrum Regem, illustrissimus Comes Tessin, antequam abibat, me ad officium publicum docendi Botanicem et Mineralogiam admovit et infinita bona praestitit.

Professor Brovallius, qui in Academia Aboensi physicen profitetur, Apologiam edidit contra Siegesbeckium Petropolitanum, in qua respondit ad objectiones factas adversus systema meum. Librum transmittam.

Quando prodibunt insecta D[omini] Obriet? Edidistine adhuc Plumieri Historiam plantarum? Si non, fac per Deos quam primum stes promissis; eo enim opere et Plumierum et Te immortalem reddas.

Plurimam salutem dicas generosissimis fratribus Tuis et viduae Vaillantii et D[omino] Obriet et D[omino] Reaumur et D[omino] Isnardio et Amicis omnibus. Vivas diu felix artis nostrae ornamentum!

Dabam Stockholmiae 1740, febr[uarii] 5.

Viro Inclyto
D[omino] D[octori] Bernhardo de Jussieu
Professori Botanico, Ac[ademiae] Reg[iae]
scientiarum & Reg[iae] Berolinensis
Membro
Paris  

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus mentions that he had sent Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
a letter [this letter has not come down to us] on an occasion during the preceding autumn. However, he had not received an answer, so he adds that a letter to him just needs to reach Stockholm – no more detailed address is needed.

Linnaeus asks Jussieu to tell Antoine Tristan Danty d’IsnardIsnard, Antoine Tristan Danty d’
(?-1743). French. Professor at the
Jardin des plantes in Paris.
that he had at last received some botanical works that d’Isnard had wanted Linnaeus to obtain for him. The books will be sent to Jussieu, and if he is not keen on keeping them, d’Isnard may have them. – Linnaeus also asks if Jussieu has got a copy of Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
from George CliffordClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
himself; if not, Linnaeus will ensure that Jussieu receives it.

Linnaeus reports that he has published a catalogue of Swedish animals [“Animalia per Sveciam observata”Linnaeus, Carl “Animalia per
Sveciam observata”, ALSS 4
(1736), 97-138 [1742]. Soulsby no. 1104,
Soulsby no. 1143
] and it will be sent to Jussieu together with two other works [Eberhardi Ferber [...] Hortus AgerumensisLinnaeus, Carl Joannis
Eberhardi Ferber [...] Hortus
Agerumensis, exhibens plantas saltem
rariores, exoticas et officinales, quas
horto proprio intulit, secundum methodum
Linnaei sexualem digestus
(Stockholm
1739).
and Tal, om märkwärdigheter uti insecterneLinnaeus, Carl Tal, om
märkwärdigheter uti
insecterne, hållit för
wettenscaps academien uti auditorio
illustri, då första
praesidentskapet aflades 1739. d. 3.
october
(Stockholm, 1739). Soulsby
no. 1341.
, later translated into Latin and published in Oratio de memorabilibus in insectisLinnaeus, Carl Oratio de
memorabilibus in insectis [...] Ao.
MDCCXXXIX d. 3 Oct. monente clariss.
Bernh. Jussieu ex Svetica in Latinam
vertit linguam Parisiis 1743 Abrah.
Bäck, M.D.
(in Linnaeus,
Amoenitates academicae, II, app.
1, 388-407 [1751]). Soulsby no. 1345.
]. And Jussieu will be invited to join the new scientific society now being established in Sweden [Linnaeus refers to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences,Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
]

Linnaeus asks Jussieu to send him, through Claes SohlbergSohlberg, Claes (1711-1773).
Swedish. Physician, studied natural
history and medicine at Uppsala
1723-1734. Accompanied Linnaeus on his
tour in Dalecarlia in 1734 and on his
Dutch journey. Doctor of medicine at
Leiden in 1735.
, seeds and rare plants, especially bulbs of orchids, which Linnaeus longed to see. Linnaeus would send what he could manage, in return.

In the hospital of the Admiralty, Linnaeus had often experienced the plant which Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had called Linnaea. A decoction of that was very potent against rheumatics, if taken during a week, just as quinine against fever.

Linnaeus asks for news about Jussieu’s younger brother [Joseph de JussieuJussieu, Joseph de (1704-1779).
French. Botanist, mathematician,
explorer. Member of the French
expedition in South America 1735.
Brother of Antoine and Bernard de
Jussieu. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu.
], active in Peru, and for all kinds of information, such as the number of stamens and the form of the flower in the China bush. He has been very active in praising and describing Jussieu, so that no botanist in Sweden can be unaware of his importance. - Linnaeus himself is having a pleasant life. Before leaving for his position as ambassador in Paris, Carl Gustaf TessinTessin, Carl Gustaf
(1695-1770). Swedish. Count, important
politician and patron of science and
art. He supported Swedish artists and
scientists and collected art, books and
natural history objects. He assisted
Linnaeus’s career in many ways. Married
to Lovisa Ulrica Tessin. Uncle to
Fredrik Sparre. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
arranged for him to lecture in botany and mineralogy [at the House of the Nobility and at the Swedish Board of Mines, BergskollegiumBergskollegium, Swedish. The
history of the Swedish Board of Mines
dates back to 1630. It was named
Bergskollegium in 1644.
].

Johan BrowalliusBrowallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, professor in Åbo, had published a treatise [Linnaeus refers to the Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Cl. LinnaeiBrowallius, Johan Examen
epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale
Cl. Linnaei, Anno 1737 Petropoli
evulgatae, auctore Jo. Georgio
Siegesbeckio [...] jussu amicorum
institutum
(Åbo 1739).
] answering Johann Georg SiegesbeckSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
’s criticism of Linnaeus’s system [brought forward in the Botanosophiae verioris brevis sciagraphiaSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
Botanosophiae verioris brevis
sciagraphia in usum discentium adornata.
Accedit ob argumenti analogiam,
Epicrisis in clar. Linnaei nuperrime
evulgatum systema plantarum sexuale, et
huic superstructam methodum
botanicam
(St Petersburg 1737).
]. Linnaeus will send Jussieu a copy of that.

Linnaeus asks if Claude AubrietAubriet, Claude (1651-1743).
French. Accompanied Joseph Pitton de
Tournefort on his travels to the Orient.
’s work on insects has been published [this work was presumably never published] and if Jussieu has published Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
’s Historia plantarum [Jussieu presumably refers to the Descriptions des plantes de l’AmériquePlumier, Charles Descriptions
des plantes de l’Amérique, avec
leurs figures
(Paris 1693).
]. If that is not the case, Jussieu should hurry up, for that work would bring immortality to both him and Plumier. - The letter ends with greetings to Jussieu’s brothers [Antoine de JussieuJussieu, Antoine de
(1686-1758). French. Botanist,
professor of botany, Paris. Brother of
Bernard and Joseph de Jussieu. Joseph
Pitton de Tournefort’s successor. Uncle
of Antoine Laurent de Jussieu.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Joseph de Jussieu] and to mutual friends in Paris.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (ASP, Dossier biographique Linné). [1] [2] [3] [4]