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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0380 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 22 April 1740 n.s.
Dated 22 April. 1740.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro Doctissimo Carolo Linnaeo S[alutem] P[lurimam] Joan[nes] Fr[edericus] Gronovius

Haec Te certiorem facit, Doctissime Linnaee, quod Dominis van de VeldeVelde, Frans van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
Velde, Daniel van de Dutch.
Merchant, Amsterdam.
tradiderim fasciculum, qui continet Specimina Plantarum noviter ex Virginia missarum; inter quae curiosissima quaedam reperies. Quamprimum mihi innotuit nomen navis & Capitanei, per tabellarium tibi indicabo. Spero quod me dignaberis observationibus tuis super ea. Ultimae literae meae inscriptae fuere 12 Februarij. Offero quoque Semina Virginica. Appulit Londini iterum navis ex Virginia ut hodie ex novellis cognosco.

Utinam nunc fidem solveres et promissos lapides a[nno] 1738 5° Februarij mittere, item Catalogum animalium Sueciae tunc temporis promissum.[1] Hortum quoque Angermannicum [sic] promisisti Aprili praecedentis anni, itemque BrowallijBrowallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Examen.[2]

Offero quoque duo exemplaria Florae Virginicae, quae cum Amicis communicare poteris. D[octo]r DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in animo habet Historiam Muscorum publici juris facere, modo subscriptionis.[3] Congelatae aquae prohibent quod nondum conditiones acceperim, quas tamen ilico ad Te mittam. CollinsonusCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
te salutat ac scire desiderat num Literas Ejus acceperis. Iam tres menses aufugerunt quibus nihil agere potui ob immensum frigus. De Lawsono nihil novi. Liberkuhn adhuc in Anglia haeret.[4] DouglasDouglas, James (1675-1742).
British. Physician, anatomist and
naturalist, London.
occupatur descriptione Rhinocerotis qui vivus est Londini, cujus iconem ad me misit.[5] Maximopere me devinceres [sic], si mihi sequentium Animalium loca ubi describuntur, vel eorum Icones indicare non dedigneris.

Inter Quadrupedes sunt Wickhead, Ross s[eu] Morsus, Squillachi, Mus brachiurus, Axis, Ovis Africana.
Inter Aves Cyanopus, Piscator, Ficedula.
Inter Amphibia Testudo tessulata, Rana arborea, Rana Carolina, Allegator, Seps, Vipera, Caecilia, Aspis, Anguis Aesculapii, Hydrus.
Inter Pisces Catulus, Galeus, Huso, Capriscus, Passer, Alburnus.
Inter Insecta Mordella, Scarabaeus Elasticus, Canthurus foetidus, Oestrum veterum, Oestrum Lapponum. Pediculus avium, piscium, pulsatorius, Ricinus, Scorpio-Araneus, Pediculus Scarabaei, Pediculus Scab..., [?] Araneus coccineus, Scolopendria terrestris.
Inter Vermes Stella Marina, Stella Oligantis, Urtica vermiformis, Urtica crinita, Lyra Cassida, Strombus, Fistula, Terebellum, Orthoceros [sic], Lituus, Porcellana, Entalis, Perna, Ostrea, Mitella.

Praecedentia vix conscripseram, quin rebus domesticis id efflagitantibus Amstelodamum petere fuerim coactus, ubi et Horti Angermannici [sic] duo exemplaria accepi, quorum alterum D[omin]o Van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
tradidi, qui mecum Tibi plurimas refert grates. Domum redux sat largam ex Virginia offendo cistulam speciminibus & seminibus novis (heu quam elegantibus) refertam, quorum omnium dimidiam partem ad Te mittam, ea conditione ut observationes tuas mecum communices. Miraberis omnia quae hac ipsa hebdomade Amstelodamum mittam.

Iam in horto ex seminibus ante quinque annos satis, tam Virginicis quam Pensilvanicis, plurimae oriuntur plantae. Licet hyems fuerit saevissima, nullam tamen amisi plantam praeter Eryngium foliis gladiolatis.

Qualis est ista terra quae glires ad fugam compellere dicitur, Happel.Happel, Eberhard Werner
(1647-1690). German. Historian,
Hamburg.
relat[ionibus] curios[is], part. 4, p. 84 apud BrukmannumBrückmann, Franciscus Ernst
(1697-1753). German. Naturalist and
collector. Physician at Helmstädt,
later at Brunswick and
Wolffenbüttel. Father-in-law of
Friedrich Boerner. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
Epist. 6.[6]

Salutant Te Dom[inus] van SwietenSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
et van Royen. EntiusEns, Abram (?-1770). Dutch.
Doctor of medicine at Leiden and
Utrecht, later in Russia.
adhuc hic haeret.[7] In horto publico miserrima plantarum strages. CliffortClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
non emit Corallia BoerhavijBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
sed RoelliusRoëll, Wilhelm
(1700-1775). Dutch. Professor of
anatomy at Amsterdam. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
.[8] Nunc spero me brevi literas tuas visurum et manuscripta.

Vale, Saluta dulcissimam uxorem nomine uxoris meae & filiolae.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 22 April[is] 1740.

[address] To D[octo]r Carolus Linnaeus / at / Stokholm

upSUMMARY

The last letter Johan Frederik Gronovius has sent to Linnaeus dates from 12 February. In the present letter, he informs his friend that he has sent him a box containing new specimens of plants from Virginia as well as some seeds. He kindly asks Linnaeus to provide him with his botanical observations.

Furthermore, he urges Linnaeus to keep his promise and send the minerals he announced to send in his letter of 5 February 1738, as well as the catalogue of Swedish animals, Eberhard Ferber’s Hortus Agerumensis, and Johan Browallius’s Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Linnaei.

Gronovius offers Linnaeus two copies of his Flora Virginica. Johann Jacob Dillenius intends to offer his Historia muscorum for sale, be it by means of subscription. Peter Collinson sends Linnaeus his greetings and wants to know whether the latter has received his letter. The sharp frost has prevented Gronovius to do any serious work for three months already. He has no news about Isaac Lawson. Johann Natanael Lieberkühn is still staying in London. James Douglas is busy describing the rhinoceros that is living in London; he sent Gronovius a picture of the animal.

Next, Gronovius inserts a list of animal names and asks Linnaeus to tell him where they have been described or depicted.

Shortly after having written the preceding lines, Gronovius was forced to pay a visit to Amsterdam for private reasons. There he bought two copies of the Hortus Agerumensis. When having returned home, he found a box filled with new specimens of plants and seeds from Virginia. He will send Linnaeus half of them on the explicit condition that he will send him his botanical observations.

Many of the Virginian and Pensylvanian plants which Gronovius sew five years ago are germinating. Despite the severe winter, he has lost not a single plant, with the exception of an eryngium foliis gladiolatis.

Gronovius wants to know what kind of soil it is that routs rodents (glires).

Gerhard van Swieten and Adriaan van Royen send Linnaeus their regards. Abram Ens is still staying in the Netherlands. Many plants of the public garden of Leiden have been killed by the frost. The corals from Herman Boerhaave’s natural collections have been bought by Wilhelm Röell and not by George Clifford.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 450-451). [1] [2] [3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
A reference to Linnaeus’s A reference to Linnaeus’s Animalia per Sveciam observataLinnaeus, Carl “Animalia per
Sveciam observata”, ALSS 4
(1736), 97-138 [1742]. Soulsby no. 1104,
Soulsby no. 1143
first published in the Acta literaria Sueciae, vol. 4 (Uppsala 1736 [imo 1742]), 97-138, Linnaeus promised to send Gronovius a copy of this work earlier in 1737. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0278. In his letters of 12 July 1739 n.s.Letter L0291 and 10 February 1740 n.s.Letter L0373, Gronovius already reminded his friend of his promise.
2.
A reference to Ferber Hortus Agerumensis and Browallius, Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Cl. LinnaeiBrowallius, Johan Examen
epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale
Cl. Linnaei, Anno 1737 Petropoli
evulgatae, auctore Jo. Georgio
Siegesbeckio [...] jussu amicorum
institutum
(Åbo 1739).
. See Gronovius’s letters of 12 July 1739 n.s.Letter L0291 and 10 February 1740 n.s.Letter L0373.
3.
4.
Johann Natanael Lieberkühn would settle in Berlin later in 1740. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 14 October 1740 n.s.Letter L0407. See also Davis, “Lieberkühn” , 327.
5.
On James Douglas and his preoccupations with the Indian Rhinoceros that was kept alive at London, see Gronovius’s letter of 7 December 1739 n.s.Letter L0313.
6.
A reference to Happel, Grösste Denkwürdigkeiten , a voluminous work which appeared in five volumes at Hamburg between 1681 and 1691. It was quoted by Brückmann in his EpistolaeBrückmann, Franciscus Ernst
Epistolae itinerariae
(Wolfenbüttel & Brunsweig
1735-1756).
.
7.
Abram Ens would not leave for Russia until [?]. In October 1740 he was still in Leiden. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 14 October 1740 n.s.Letter L0407.
8.
See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 10 February 1740 n.s.Letter L0373.