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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0384 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 13 May 1740 n.s.
Dated 13 Maji 1740.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Charissime Linnaee

Epistola sine capite, medio vel fine. tamen <non> sine summo in Te amore et officiorum oblatione scripta.

Tithymali species missa sub num. 555 PluknetioPlukenet, Leonard (1642-1706).
British. Botanist and physician.
Botanist to Mary II (wife of William
III). Superintendent of Hampton Court.
dicitur Tithymalus botryoidis madraspatensis hypcaci [?] foliis non crenatis, floribus ex alis uno versu provenientibus. Plukn. Alm. 373, tab. 43, f. 7.
Cyperi species n. 562 est gramen junceum elatius caule articulato cyperi paniculis inter folia prope summitatem prodeuntibus. Plukn. Alm. 179.
Polygala num. 563 est Polygala marina quadrifolia minor, spica parva albicante. Plukn. tab. 438, f. 1.
Astragalus n. 565. Est Varietas b Astragali 3 Hort. Cliff.
Ulmus fructu cupulino n. 566: ramis diffusioribus videtur variare ab Carpino squamis strobilorum inflatis Hort. Cliff. folia quoque in specimine Virginico sunt oblato-oblonga, quae in secunda specie Cliffortij sunt perfecte ovata. Si margines observas, in utraque specie offendes folia duplicato-serrata. Fructus quoque in utroque in conum referens ramulos terminat. Est autem haec species vera Ulmus Virginiana fructu cupulino D[omini] BanisterBanister, John (1650-1692).
British. Botanist and entomologist. The
first university-trained naturalist to
work in Virginia, where he arrived in
1678, and where he spent the rest of his
life collecting and recording plants and
insects and sending plants to England.
.
Atriplex num. 571 est Atriplex caule fruticoso, foliis deltoidibus integris h. Cliff.
Amaranthus n. 569 est Amaranthus racemis cylindraceis erectis alis spinosis H. Cliff.
Celosia maritima coma alba lucida num. 576 est Amaranthus panicula flavicante gracili holoserica Sloan.Sloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
et Amaranthus nodosus pallescentibus bliti foliis parvis Americanus multiplici speciosa spica laxa, seu panicula sparsa candicante. Plukn.

Curiosa quaedam mihi promisit Medicus ille, qui sumptibus regiis Parisiam et alias Academias visitavit, ut Lithotomiae & calculi penetralia cognosceret. Quaeso alloquaris eum ut fidem solvat. Dederam ipsi Flores Sassafras et ceram Virginicam.[1]

Ecce haec scribenti ad manus veniunt subscriptiones DillenijDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
pro Historia Muscorum, quarum exemplar una cum curiosissimis novis seminibus ad Te mitto per Dom[inum] van de Velde Amstelodamensem, cui jussi ut hunc fasciculum et priorem in cistula includat lignea, ut prima ad Te mittantur navi.

Nomina plantarum quae supra recenseo, pertinent ad plantas suis respondentes numeris. Caeterum nihil novi nisi quod singula die hic illic oriantur novae plantae Americanae quarum semina[a][a] : <imp> [quarum semina
ex quae corr. et supra lineam
add. Gronovius
]
ante aliquot annos terrae commisi, inter quas sunt et quaedam umbelliferae.

Nunc aveo videre literas tuas et chartas. Quaeso excuses quod hanc tam ruditer scripserim.

Vale cum uxore et familia, ac fave Tuo

Joh[anni] Fred[erico] Gronovio.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 13 Maji 1740.

Ex adjuncta hac Dom[ini] Joh[annis] Gesneri Amici summi et doctissimi qui ScheuchzeroScheuchzer, Johann Jacob
(1672-1733). Swiss. Naturalist,
physician, historian, mathematician,
founder of palaeontology. Brother of
Johann Scheuchzer.
in professoratu Matheseos et Medicinae successit, videbis, quid de Te sentiant Helveti, proin quaeso ut illum responsione vestra mature digneris. Bibliopola Verbeeck rediit ex nundinis Lipsiensibus, narravitque quod ibi imprimant Systema tuum naturae in Octavo, additis nominibus Germanicis[b][b] : <imp> [Ex adjuncta hac -
nominibus Germanicis additur in
margine f. 452a
]
.[2]

In CliffortijClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
horto Res bene se habent. Apud HaganaeumHaganaeus, (?-?). Dutch.
Horticulturalist.
omnia perierunt. In Horto publico maxima Europaearum plantarum pars frigore consumpta.

Vides satis clare ex incomptis hisce litteris quod Tui memoria ad ingressum Musei semper renovetur. Hinc aliam methodum excogitavi; quamprimum enim literas ad Te miserim, aliam philyram in pultro meo repono, in qua si quid forte in mentem venit, ilico annoto ea quae Te digna scitu censeo. Gratulor enim mihi quod in Te amicum habeam qui tam caute et solide ac tam tempestive ad literas meas respondere soles, quod quaeso et in posterum observes, certiorem Te reddens me idem praestiturum. Summoque iterum cum gaudio Literas Tuas 27 Aprilis inscriptas accepi. Ad has ut respondeam, in antecessum Te monitum volo, quod cognatus meus habitans in ripa quae ducit ad portum Harlemensem, sit affinis Dominorum van de Velde et cum iis praecedenti Mercurij die Amstelodamum petierit, cumque ex iis intellexerim, quod navis Stockholmiam petitura adhuc per mensem Amstelodami morari debeat, monui eos, ut varias cistulas fasciculosque quos a mense septembri ad eos pro Te miserim, in unum colligerent; quod sancte promiserunt, et proin se eundem cum eadem navi Juffrow Eleonora[c][c] : <imp> [Juffrow Eleonora
supra lineam add. Gronovius]
et Capitaneo Jacobo Walmond [d][d] : <imp> [Jacobo Walmond
post missuros add.
Gronovius
]
missuros. Gratias ago pro iis quae prima navi ad me mittes. Maxime autem desidero videre BrowallijBrowallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
examen.[3] De Dillenij Historia Muscorum opus est ut cures.[4] Exemplar Tibi comparabo. Inscribitur ejus Liber Historia Muscorum XX generibus[e][e] : <imp> [generibus ex verbo
illegibili corr. Gronovius
]
absoluta in qua species ad genera, varietates ad suas referantur species, et genera methodo naturali a simplicioribus ad perfectiora progrediendo, disponuntur, ipsae etiam species methodo quadam disposita sunt. Accedunt multae noviter detectae species, et ad finem plantae quaedam aquaticae rariores sc[ilicet] Pilularia, Calamaria & Subularia. In quarto majore cum 80 Tabulis eadem forma. Totum opus comprehendet 464 paginas. Totum opus constabit Guinea Anglica. Figuras MicheliMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
cryptogames.
magis artificiosas et speciosas quam naturales pronunciat, quodque characteres muscorum ad atomos usque investigare conatus fuerit. Caetera videbis in conditionibus. Quam primum Rhinocerotis descripta sit, Historia ad Te mittetur.[5] Rhinoceroti in Anglia nunc demum cornu excrescit[f][f] : <imp> [Rhinoceroti -
excrescit in margine add.
Gronovius
]
. Immense me Tibi devicisti [sic] quod Loca animalium indigitaveris.[6]

Generum exemplar videre aveo, curaturus ut accurate prodeat, chartaque meliori et literis ut imprimatur, curabo; neque ut genera frangantur[g][g] : <imp> [frangantur ex
frangatur corr. Gronovius]
, permittam.[7]

De Catalogo meo Lapidum nihil hactenus prodiit: immensum frigus accessum ad Musaeum meum negavit. Non tamen dubito quin intra 3 menses opus foret perfectum.

Congratulor Tibi comparatum museum Lapideum. Investigabo ubique an Tertium Volumen RajiRay, John (1627-1705).
British. Naturalist and clergyman. One
of the most influential botanists before
Linnaeus.
comparari possit.[8] Doleo mortem PincieriiPincier, (?-?). ?. , an fuit uxoratus vel reliquit familiam.[9] Inquiram quoque in Bibliopolam qui Systema naturae reprimere vellet.[10] Hoc tamen novi quod abhorreat formam istam majorem, si in Octavo (forma qua omnes Libri a Te Editi) posset edi, forte melius arrideret.

Restat unicum quod a Te desidero, et quod hoc observabis sum certo certius persuasus. Experiri quippe abundanter poteris, postquam cistulam acceperis, me Tibi offerre res curiosissimas, easque sat plures, proin ut impossibile sit ad eas omnes unica epistola respondere. Hinc velim hoc per partes agas, quod Tibi facilius & mihi jucundius erit.

Quomodo valet Uxor Tua, an uterum gerit, an vero Te Patrem reddidit? (8) Saluta eam mei, uxoris & filiae nomine. Bibliotheca SeguerijSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
nondum est impressum.[11]

Vale

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 1740, 21 Maji.

P[ost] S[criptum]. Haec scripsi tempore matutino dato in praecedenti linea die. Hora duodecima WishoviumWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
ad me vocavi, ut cum ipso colloquerer de meliore charta et charactere Literarum. Verum is chartam qua prior editio prodiit multis ambagibus, ut nebulones illi bibliopolae solent, praeferebat vehementer, uti et Literarum characteres, quod Te monere volui. Itaque si forte nunc m[anuscripta] tua tradita sint navi, non cum iis quicquam agam, nisi prius sententiam tuam perceperim, libenterque vellem ut eligeres aliquem librum juxta cujus characteres Literarum et qualitatem chartae Librum Tuum velles imprimi.

Vale tertio.

Quaeso des mihi nomen specificum Aurelianae Ladiadensis/Canadensis [?] Sinensibus Gin-seng, cujus Iconem dat BreyniusBreyne, Jacob (1637-1697).
German. Merchant and naturalist at
Danzig. Father of Johann Philip Breyne.
in ultima editione prodromi 1 et 2, pag. 52.[12] Ex Pensilvania accepi specimen quod in omnibus convenit, excepto quod 4 habeat pedunculos ex eodem loco, quo petioli foliorum emergunt, natos. Folia quoque in meo specimine parum differunt[h][h] : <imp> [variant ante
differunt del. Gronovius]
. Petiolus enim angustiori folii parti inseritur ut hinc superius sint longe latiora; acumine optime convenit, sed serraturae ab utroque acuminis latere incipientes ad mediam[i][i] : <imp> [mediam ex
medii corr. Gronovius]
folii partem evanescunt[j][j] : <imp> [obvanescunt
ante evanescunt del.
Gronovius
]
, ut folia sint obversa ovata, acuminata, vix ultra medium serrata.

Si scripserim quod Martin Americam sit petiturus erravi in homine, non in nomine, quippe est Scotus hoc nomine qui praxis exercendae gratia Americam petit.[13]

Egregias praescripsisti leges juxta quas physiologus subjectum describere queat.[14] Restat adhuc ut simili modo conscribatur Tabula, docens quomodo rudis et omnis historiae naturalis ignarus queat colligere et praeservare res curiosas. LawsonusLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
noster meditatus fuit tales regulas, quas Anglice imprimi curavit.[15] Harum tenor sequens est.

“In qua parte Orbis sis desidero a Te

1. Unum, alterum vel tertium Specimen diversae Terrae, brunae sc[ilicet] flavae, nigrae, obscurae, viridis, flavae: ut et glareae, argillae, Boli, Ochrae, Calcis, rubricae, Torae tripolitanae, micae, talci, asbesti, Pumicis, Incrustationis, Quartzi, Spati, Marmoris, alabastri, schisti, Lapidum, arenae, silicis, agati, crystalli, jaspidis, onyxidis, Lazuli[k][k] : <imp> [lazuli ex
lazyli corr. Gronovius]
, Topazij, hyacinthi, granati, Chrysolithi, Turchesiae, Amethisti, Sapphiri, Chalcedarij, Berylli, cum Crusto Matricis in qua inveniuntur.

Item Carbonis fossilis, gagatis, naphthae [sic], bituminis, asphalthi, - [?], anapigmis [?], arsenici, Sulphuris, Salis ammoniaci, gemmae, aluminis, vitrioli, natri, boracis, cum - [?].

Varia mineralia Molybdaenae, magnetis, Lap[idis] calaminaris, mineras - [?], cupri, plumbi, stanni, ferri, Mercurij, Bismuthi, antimonij, zinci; notanda regio et locus in ea; an in superficie reperiantur, in qua profunditate, in quibus stratis, et in qua directione vergant respectu pyxidiculae (compas)[l][l] : <imp> [(compas) add.
supra lineam
]
; nova quoque desiderantur nomina, usus[m][m] : <imp> [apud - ?? post
usum del. Gronovius]
quem indigenae inde capiunt, pretium, modus laborandi, et alias circumstantias, quae condiscunt ad perfectam mineralium cognitionem.

In quibusdam horum reperiuntur figurae quadrupedum, avium, piscium, insectorum et vegetabilium.

2. Corallia varia, alba, rubra, nigra, grisea, etc[etera], plantae marinae, muli [?], fungi, spungi, et quicquid adhaeret funiculo anchoram nectente navi.

Specimina plantarum, arborum, fruticum, cum floribus, exsiccata inter chartas.

Separatas Vegetabilium partes, sc[ilicet] radices, cortices, Ligni, semen, fructus, baccae, nuces, coni, vascula seminalia, gummata [?], resinae, succi, olea, balsama; addantur eorum nomina, locus, aer, figura, magnitudo, proportio, color, consistentia, odor, sapor, duratio. usus in physicis, dieta, mechanica.

Pulposae vegetabilium partes, ut baccae, cerasi, cucumeres [?] &c. & folia succulenta optime praeservantur in liquore spirituoso, vel muria, qui liquor bis vel ter removetur; radices bulbosae vel tuberosae in arena sicca.

3. Animalia quadrupedia, aves, serpentes, viperae, lacerti, ranae, bufo, pisces, insectae, reptilia. Item crustacea, ut cancer, pagurus, Astacus. item musculi, ostrea, cochleae; Turbines et variae cochlearum & concharum species, quarum color, magnitudo & structura notentur.

Partes animalium. Dentes, cornua, ossa, pili, cutis, pedes, ungulae, pinguedo, rostra, pennae, ova, nidi, calculus bilis, vesicae, palati, capitis et stomachi. Horum notentur locus, nomen, pabulum, magnitudo, proportio, vires, sagacitas, color, tempus coitus, modus venandi, piscandi et capiendi: usus in diaeta, medicina.

In quadrupedibus observentur dentes, cornua, partes genitales, pedis forma, maxillarum situs. In avibus notentur rostra, pedes, crista, plumae, ova. in piscibus squamae, branchiae, dentes, pinnae, genitalia.

Carnosa animalia, praecipue reptilia optime servantur in spiritu Vini, frumenti vel sacchari, item in muria; vascula modo probe claudantur. Horum quaedam in aere exsiccari queunt, vel oleo terebinthinae obdurantur. Majora vero debent excuterari et cannabe [?] pice oblinita repleri, dein in cista condi pulvere tabaci repleta, ne vermes noxam inferant.

Is[aac] Lawson”.

[address] Mons[ieu]r / Mons[ieu]r Charles Linnaeus Docteur / en Medecine etc[etera] / a Stockholm

upSUMMARY

This is a letter without a proper opening, corpus or end.

Johan Frederik Gronovius gives some information regarding the identification of plants he has sent to Linnaeus.

Gronovius was promised some curious material by the physician who visited Paris and some other academies in order to study lithotomy and (kidney [?]) stones. [?]

Gronovius has finally received the subscription for Johann Jacob Dillenius’s Historia muscorum and will send Linnaeus a copy of it through the Amsterdam merchant van de Velde together with some curious seeds.

No further news. Every day some new American plants which Gronovius has sown several years ago are germinating.

Gronovius includes a letter sent by Johannes Gesner who has succeeded Johann Scheuchzer as professor of mathematics and medicine from which Linnaeus will be able to deduce how much he is esteemed among the Swiss. The bookseller Verbeeck has returned from the Leipzig bookfare and informed Gronovius that Linnaeus’s Systema naturae is in the press there. It will be published in octavo and will also contain a list of names of minerals, plants and animals in German.

The plants are doing well in George Clifford’s garden. In Haganaeus’s garden everything has been destroyed. In the public garden of Leiden, the larger part of the European plants has been consumed by the frost.

Gronovius explains the new method he follows when composing his letters to Linnaeus. As soon as he has sent him a letter, he takes a new sheet and starts making notes on it whenever something occurs to his mind that may be of interest to Linnaeus. He thanks Linnaeus for being so careful and punctual in answering his letters.

Gronovius has received Linnaeus’s letter of 27 April and has read it with great pleasure. After having explained how he will send his own load which will consist of several boxes and fascicles, he proceeds with answering the different points raised by Linnaeus in his letter.

Gronovius thanks Linnaeus for the things he promised to send on the next ship, but insists that he would like to receive above all Johan Browallius’s Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Linnaei. Gronovius will try to purchase a copy of Johann Jacob Dillenius’s Historia muscorum for Linnaeus. He gives a detailed description of the book as well as of its title page. Gronovius will send him in due time a copy of the description of the London rhinoceros made by Douglas. Gronovius is grateful to Linnaeus for having indicated where a description or picture of the animals listed in his previous letter are to be found.

Gronovius is eagerly looking forward to receiving Linnaeus’s Genera plantarum. He will see to it that the book will be printed accurately and that the printers will use better paper and typeface than were used for the first edition. Furthermore, he will not allow them to divide the description of one and the same genus into two parts and print it on different pages instead of one.

No single part of Gronovius’s catalogue of minerals has been printed thus far. The sharp frost has prevented him from doing any work in his museum. However, he hopes the work will be finished in three months’ time.

Gronovius congratulates Linnaeus on the mineral museum he has bought. He will try to find out whether the third volume of John Ray’s Historia plantarum can be purchased. Gronovius regrets the death of his relative Pincier. He will contact the bookseller who was interested in having Linnaeus’s Systema naturae reissued. Gronovius knows for sure, however, that he dislikes the huge format of the first edition and would perhaps be more inclined to print it, if it were to be published in octavo.

Gronovius wants Linnaeus to know that the box he has sent contains so many curious things that Linnaeus will not be able to analyse all the material at once. Therefore, he asks him to send him his botanical observations in several parts.

To conclude with, Gronovius asks how Linnaeus’s wife is doing, whether she is pregnant or has already delivered a baby. Jean François Séguier’s Bibliotheca botanica has not yet been printed.

[Postscript] A sort while ago, Gronovius had a word with the printer Conrad Wishoff. The latter insists on using the same paper and typeface that have been used for the first edition of the Genera plantarum. Therefore, Gronovius will not proceed until Linnaeus has expressed his opinion about the matter and sent him a book that contains the kind of paper and typeface he would like to be used for the second edition.

Gronovius asks Linnaeus to provide him with the specific name of the aureliana Canadensis [?] depicted in Jacob Breyne’s Prodromus, a specimen of which Gronovius received from Pensylvania.

Gronovius corrects the information he gave Linnaeus regarding the mister Martin who left for America to start a practice as a physician.

Gronovius suggests Linnaeus to draw up a short table explaining laymen in the field of natural history how to collect and preserve natural curiosities. Isaac Lawson has made up such a list of rules which he has printed in English. Gronovius presents the list in Latin.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 452-453). [1] [2] [3]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> [quarum semina ex quae corr. et supra lineam add. Gronovius]
b.
<imp> [Ex adjuncta hac - nominibus Germanicis additur in margine f. 452a]
c.
<imp> [Juffrow Eleonora supra lineam add. Gronovius]
d.
<imp> [Jacobo Walmond post missuros add. Gronovius]
e.
<imp> [generibus ex verbo illegibili corr. Gronovius]
f.
<imp> [Rhinoceroti - excrescit in margine add. Gronovius]
g.
<imp> [frangantur ex frangatur corr. Gronovius]
h.
<imp> [variant ante differunt del. Gronovius]
i.
<imp> [mediam ex medii corr. Gronovius]
j.
<imp> [obvanescunt ante evanescunt del. Gronovius]
k.
<imp> [lazuli ex lazyli corr. Gronovius]
l.
<imp> [(compas) add. supra lineam]
m.
<imp> [apud - ?? post usum del. Gronovius]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Medicus ille qui Parisiam visitavit [?]
2.
This is probably a reference to the third edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
which was published at Halle in 1740. It was basically a reprint of the first edition of 1735, accompanied by a German translation in parallel columns. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 47.
3.
A reference to Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Cl. LinnaeiBrowallius, Johan Examen
epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale
Cl. Linnaei, Anno 1737 Petropoli
evulgatae, auctore Jo. Georgio
Siegesbeckio [...] jussu amicorum
institutum
(Åbo 1739).
, which Linnaeus had promised to send. See Gronovius’s letters of 12 July 1739 n.s.Letter L0291, 10 February 1740 n.s.Letter L0373 and 22 April 1740 n.s.Letter L0380.
4.
5.
On James Douglas and the description of the Indian rhinoceros that was kept alive at London, see also Gronovius’s letters of 7 December 1739 n.s.Letter L0313 and 22 April 1740 n.s.Letter L0380. It can be inferred from these letters that Linnaeus probably derived all his information about the London rhinoceros and Douglas’s description thereof from Gronovius. This fact is overlooked by Rookmaker, “The sources”.
6.
See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 22 April 1740 n.s.Letter L0380.
7.
The new augmented and revised edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
would be published by Conrad and Georg Jacob Wishoff at Leiden in 1742. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 297.
8.
9.
Theodoor HaakHaak, Theodoor (?-1768).
Dutch. Bookseller, Leiden.
who purchased all the remaining copies of the first edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
in March 1739. See Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 17 March 1739 n.s.Letter L0278. On Gronovius’s efforts to persuade the bookseller into publishing a new edition of Systema naturae, see also his letter to Linnaeus of 31 August 1740 n.sLetter L0394.
Sara Lisa Moraea delivered her first child, Carolus junior, on 20 January 1741. See Fries, Linné. Lefnadsteckning , 1, 262; Blunt, The compleat naturalist , 135.
A reference to Séguier, Bibliotheca botanica , which was issued at The Hague later in 1740.
The Scottish physician Martin who travelled to America is not mentioned by Stearns, Science .
We have been unable to trace a copy of Lawson’s rules which according to Gronovius were printed in English. The work is not mentioned in Robinson, Eighteenth-Century or in Pritzel, Thesaurus . Nor is it mentioned in the biographical article by Boulger, “Lawson, Isaac” .