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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0388 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 26 July 1740 n.s.
Dated 26 Julij 1740.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Quomodo resolvetur haec quaestio de Chionantho, cujus stamina cum D[omino] van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
observasti esse tria. ClaytonusClayton, John (1685-1773).
British/American. Physician and
botanist. Born i England, moved to
Virginia in North America in 1715. His
herbarium collected in Virginia was
published by Johan Frederik Gronovius
and Linnaeus in Flora Virginica
(1739, 1743). Correspondent of Linnaeus.
vero scribens se accurate inquivisse [sic] in Characterem in arbuscula virente, reperit staminum filamenta quatuor brevissima latiuscula intra Tubum Corollae reclusa (quorum plerunque duo in unum coalita sunt). Antherae erectae compressae filamentis longiores. Additque in eadem arbore, eodemque racemo flores dari staminibus solummodo duobus instructos, dubitatque numne sit Oleastri species.

Nescio an Tecum communicaverim Pontederiae characterem a Claytono conscriptum. CAL. Flores nudi spadicem undique cingentes marcescentes. COR. ut in charactere. STAM. Filamenta sex (quinque corollae inserta) quorum unicum minimum breve longitudine styli tria fere aequalia, duo longiora. Antherae incumbentes nigro luteae deciduae. PIST. Germen intra tubum corollae oblongum. Stylus tenuis brevis, reclinatus tubo dimidio brevior. Stigma nullum. PERIC. et SEM. ut in charactere. RECEPTAC. Tubus corollae, laciniis marcescentibus.

De Liquidambari scias velim, quod accuratissimus in Pensilvania plantarum observator retulerit.[1] “It hath male and female distinct upon the same sprig; the male consist of a spike of mossy buttons, being constituted of a cluster of Apices upon slender stamina; the Femal is the lowermost upon a long footstalk, which is the Embryo of the Vegetable seed”. An itaque de platano participet, inquirendum.

De Reseda foliis lanceolatis caule simplicissimo scribit Claytonus sequenti modo: “Hujus semina Martio proximo missa erant et tunc insignita Semina plantae ignotae etc. Hac aestate plantam examinavi, et tunc deprehendi esse Veratri speciem, nam polygamia monoecia est, et flores masculinos in eadem spica infra hermaphroditos fert, radixque masticata nauseam stomacho movet”.

Anonam flor. Virg., p. 61 recensitam scribit esse Polyandriam digyniam, et saepe monogyniam ac trigyniam, staminaque esse numerosa brevia.

Quaeso des mihi nomina specifica Elichrysi spicati, obtusi folii basi latiore et angustiore. Dill.Dillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Hort. Elth., tab. 109.

1. Ad sequentes haesitationes quoque responsum desidero. Sic in Urtica num. 508 erant maculae quaedam ut nesciam an tribuas ei in nomine specifico[a][a] : <imp> [in nomine specifico
add. supra lineam]
folia oblonga, vel an folia ovato lanceolata. In observatione ei tribuis folia ovato-lanceolata serrata nervosa, petiolata.

2. Plantam Claytoni num. 537. Frutex humilis &c. quem nominas Vaccinium foliis ovatis integris deciduis, racemis foliolosis, et in observatione notas Decandriam esse. Stamina quoque sex ei attribuit Claytonus. An non itaque Andromeda dici debet loco Vaccinij.

3. Eandem quaestionem subit planta missa sub num. 538. Vaccinium humile &c. Haec dicitur Vaccinium foliis ovatis integris racemis supra folia. Hanc decandram esse notavit Clayton. Verum memini te annotasse et in generibus & in flora Lapp. § 143 numerum saepe variare.

4. Exacte curabo ut Zizaniae & Iteae characteres[b][b] : <imp> [characteres add.
supra lineam
]
locis suis opportunis inserantur, numerosque ut se invicem sequantur facile mutabo sed in observatione Zizaniae, quae imprimetur in Flora Virginica, sunt quaedam quae non recte scripta sunt per festinationem scilicet “superiores vero feminei, qui maturo fructu discedunt horizontaliter, juxta basin; hinc apices pedunculorum apice crassiores”.

5. Errorem commisit Claytonus in duobus[sic] plantis, nam confundit Smilacem annuum inermem caule fusco n. 541 et Smilacem annuam feminam num. 561. Quaeso des de novo singulae plantae descriptionem et nomen.

Immensas Tibi debeo grates pro observationibus quas misisti. Literas D[omin]o van Royen inscriptas retinebo usque dum redeat in urbe [sic], qui paucos ante dies Sylva[sic] Ducis petens has inclusas ad Te mittendas tradidit. Cras Neomagum peto rediturus post octiduum. Iam imprimitur Secundum folium musei mei lapidei.[2]

Vale, brevi longiores literas mittam. Tradidi WishovioWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
literas tuas. Avide expectamus ea quae cum navi ad nos mittis.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 26 Julij 1740.

[address] To / the Learned Doctor / Carolus Linnaeus. / à / Stockholm

upSUMMARY

Critical discussion of plants, mostly on the basis of the descriptions sent to Johan Frederik Gronovius by John Clayton. Discussion of
1.Chionanthus. Clayton’s description of the plant.
2. Pontederia. Clayton’s description of a specimen.
3. Liquidambar. Description in English made by a botanist from Pensylvania.
4. Reseda foliis lanceolatis caule simplicissimo. Description by Clayton.
5. Anona. Description by Clayton.

Next, Gronovius asks Linnaeus to give the specific name of the elichrysus that has been described by Johann Jacob Dillenius in his Hortus Elthamensis.

Gronovius makes five more remarks which all pertain to Linnaeus’s identification and description of plants sent to him by Gronovius.
Discussion of
1. Urtica. Stains in Linnaeus’s letter made it very difficult for Gronovius to decipher his observations regarding this plant.
2. Vaccinium. Gronovius asks whether the plant which Linnaeus identified as a vaccinium should not be called an Andromeda.
3. Vaccinium humile. Same question.
4. Zizania and itea. Gronovius will see to it that these plants are correctly inserted in his Flora Virginica, but has to warn Linnaeus that some errors have slipped into his observation regarding zizania which cannot be altered anymore.
5. Gronovius points out that Clayton confused two different types of smilax.

To conclude with, Gronovius sincerely thanks Linnaeus for the observations he has sent. Gronovius will keep the letter which Linnaeus destined for Adriaan van Royen until the latter will be back in town. Gronovius himself will leave for Nijmegen the following day and will be gone for a week. The second folio of his mineral museum is in the press now. He will send Linnaeus a longer letter soon. He has delivered Linnaeus’s letter to Conrad Wishoff and is eagerly looking forward to receiving the material which Linnaeus has sent by ship.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 454). [1] [2]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> [in nomine specifico add. supra lineam]
b.
<imp> [characteres add. supra lineam]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Accuratissimus in Pensilvania plantarum observator.
2.
Gronovius’s catalogue of minerals was published at Leiden in 1740 under the title IndexGronovius, Johan Frederik
Index supellectilis lapideae
(Leiden, 1740).
. See his letter to Linnaeus of 10 February 1740 n.s.Letter L0373.