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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0389 • Bernard de Jussieu to Carl Linnaeus, 20 July 1740 n.s.
Dated 20 Julii 1740. Sent from Paris (France) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Vir Clarissime,
Amice plurimis nominibus colendissime,

Binas Epistolas accepi a te post reditum in patriam faustissimum; per has cognovi et jucundissimas nuptias, et tuam post exantlatos labores summos felicem, in vestra aula, sortem, in medicina famam studiis omnibus bene partam, in botanice promeritum munus. De collatis istis beneficiis gaudeo laetorque vehementer, nec usquam dubitavi de prospero tuo successu. Sed tamen gratissimum mihi fuit nuntium. Varia quae edisti in lucem mittenda scribebas. Nescio, quo fato ad meas manus nequidquam appulerit. Expectavi diu; moram injecit forsan longa itinerum distantia. Si ea ad me deferenda opera, cogites adhuc, simul et libros, de quibus loqueris pro Dantio nostro, per legatum apud vos Regis christianissimi nostri mittere poteris, et cito venient optatissima munera summae tuae erga nos benevolentiae. Hac occasione utar deinceps, aut D[omino] D[omino] Comiti illustrissimo de Tessin tradam quaecunque a te expostulata cognovero. Accipe interim recenter evulsas Orchidum radices, leve quidem grati pectoris memoriae signum. Non rediit frater meus, Peruvianas qui lustrat plagas; illum servet redeuntem Deus ter optimus maximus. Plumierii opera, quae volebam publica facere, haec nondum prodiere nec prodibunt, antequam, novo ordine digesta, methodo naturali accommodata fuerint, vel ad methodum naturalem magis composita accedant. Examini novo subjiciuntur characteres harum Americanarum plantarum. Amicus in insulis ditionis Gallicae degens labori huic se totum devovit et te ducem sequitur, e Tournefortiano Lineista factus, primo methodi tuae aspectu. Jam quaedam Genera more tuo conscripta accepi, sed longe plura promittit et expecto.

Kina staminibus quinque gaudet, flos fructui vel embryoni insidet, affinitate jungitur in eodem ordine, quo Coffea, Randia, Vomica, forsan Cephalanthus (hujus capsula bilocularis est, et semen unicum adest in quolibet loculamento). Periclymeni species pleraeque in catalogo Plumerii recensitae, Morinda sive Roioc, Plum. &c.

Pilulariae flores, totamque fructificationem detexi praeterita aestate; hujus historiam dedi in actis regiae scientiarum academiae. Lemma Theophrasti hoc anno addam, cujus character naturalis accedit ad Pilulariam; differt tamen, unde genera servo; statim ac figurae incisae erunt, mittam has una cum explanatione variarum partium delineatarum.

De dracone arboris Clusii, certior factus sum, nec cordyline nec palmae species est, ut credunt et suspicati sunt plerique botanici; genus novum, quod draconthema voco, constituendum puto, et proximis nostris in comitiis legam, quid sentiam hac de re, et qua ratione institutum genus fuerit; in ordine naturali militat cum asparago, convallaria, Tamo, smilace, &c.

Hortum Cliffortianum suo tempore reddendum curavit Maecenas tuus optimus.

D[omino] D[octori] Cliffort gratias egi summas benefactori illustrissimo. Sed multas rependere debueram pridem ob collatum, quod tibi debeo munus; vellem, ut mea tibi utilia magis essent officia; pudet me silentio tantum temporis intervallum praeteriisse; parcas, quaeso, amico, qui te studio omni prosequitur, et qui diligere te et amare semper non desinet.

Vale!

Parisiis dabat obsequentissimus et ex toto pectore devotissimus

Bernardus de Jussieu.

Die 20a julii 1740.

Salutant te plurimum frater meus et Pater, amicus Laserre, Aubriet, vidua Vaillant, et D[omin]a Basseporte.

A Monsieur
Monsieur Linnaeus Professeur
en botanique, Medecin de la marine
associe a l’academie de Stokolm
&c. &c. &c.
a Stokolm

upSUMMARY

Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
thanks for two letters [Linnaeus to Jussieu, 16 February 1740Letter L0374 and 10 May 1740Letter L0379] and is very glad at Linnaeus’s both professional and private success and congratulates Linnaeus to his recent marriage. He had never doubted that that would come. However, no books had arrived. The long distance might be an explanation. Anyway, whenever Linnaeus sends Jussieu any books, he should also think of their mutual friend Antoine Tristan Danty d’IsnardIsnard, Antoine Tristan Danty d’
(?-1743). French. Professor at the
Jardin des plantes in Paris.
. Jussieu suggests that Linnaeus should send material through the French embassy in Stockholm. Jussieu will, on his part, send his material through Carl Gustaf TessinTessin, Carl Gustaf
(1695-1770). Swedish. Count, important
politician and patron of science and
art. He supported Swedish artists and
scientists and collected art, books and
natural history objects. He assisted
Linnaeus’s career in many ways. Married
to Lovisa Ulrica Tessin. Uncle to
Fredrik Sparre. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
now in Paris. Jussieu sends some bulbs of orchids, recently prepared, as a small token of a grateful heart.

Jussieu’s brother [Joseph de JussieuJussieu, Joseph de (1704-1779).
French. Botanist, mathematician,
explorer. Member of the French
expedition in South America 1735.
Brother of Antoine and Bernard de
Jussieu. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu.
] who has gone to Peru had not returned. Jussieu had not published Charles Plumier’sPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
material, nor will he do so until the plants have been rearranged after a new system closer to nature. So, the characters of the plants are being examined anew, and a Frenchman living in the French West Indies [presumably Jean-Baptiste René Poupée-DesportesPoupée-Desportes,
Jean-Baptiste René

(1704-1748). French. Botanist and
physician-in-ordinary to the French
King.
] is working at that after Linnaeus’s system. A few genders have been finished, but more is expected. [the illustrations by Plumier were later published by Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
].

Jussieu answers the questions on the China bush and adds that he has published texts on Pilularia [“Histoire d’une plante connue par les botanistes sous le nom de Pilularia”Jussieu, Bernard de
"Histoire d´une plante connue
par les botanistes sous le nom de
Pilularia", Mémoires de
l’Académie royale des
sciences
(1739).
] and will do so on Lemma [“Historie du Lemma”Jussieu, Bernard de
"Historie du Lemma",
Mémoires de l’Académie
royale des sciences
(1740).
].

Jussieu thinks that Charles de Lecluse’sLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
Draco must be a new genus, which he plans to call Draconthema. It is neither Cordyline nor Palma. In the order of nature, it is close to Asparagus, Convallaria and similar species.

Jussieu had received Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
from George CliffordClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and had thanked for it. He is sorry that he has not written more often to Linnaeus and asks Linnaeus to forgive him for that.

P.S. Jussieu brings greetings from Antoine de JussieuJussieu, Antoine de
(1686-1758). French. Botanist,
professor of botany, Paris. Brother of
Bernard and Joseph de Jussieu. Joseph
Pitton de Tournefort’s successor. Uncle
of Antoine Laurent de Jussieu.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, LaserreLa Serre, French. Physician
and naturalist, Paris.
, Claude AubrietAubriet, Claude (1651-1743).
French. Accompanied Joseph Pitton de
Tournefort on his travels to the Orient.
, Sébastien Vaillant’sVaillant, Sébastien
(1669-1722). French. Botanist and
surgeon. Professor at the Jardin des
plantes. His theory on plant sexuality
influenced Linnaeus who regarded
Vaillant as one of the most important
botanists.
widow and Madeleine Françoise BasseporteBasseporte, Madeleine
Françoise
(1701-1780).
French. Painter, Paris. Pupil of Claude
Aubriet, painter at the French court,
where she taught the princesses.
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, VII, 384-385). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 209-212   p.209  p.210  p.211  p.212.
2. Epistolæ Caroli a Linné ad Bernardum de Jussieu ineditæ (1854), p. 191-193   p.191  p.192  p.193.