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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0394 • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 31 August 1740 n.s.
Dated 1740 ult. Augusti.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Amicissime Linnaee.

Praecedenti hebdomade tradidit mihi WishoviusWishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch.
Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff
published Classes plantarum and
Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as
well as Pehr Artedi’s
Ichtyologia. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
fasciculum immensae ac stupendae doctrinae libris refertum, pro quibus quanta debeam vix verbis exprimere valeo.

BrowallijBrowallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, viri clarissimi, Examen legi et perlegi; est sane summo judicio conscriptum, in eo sane rem acu tangit; laudandus vero summopere est vir Doctissimus quod tam modeste cum SiegesbeckioSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
agat.[1]

Novam editionem tuae Systematis summa cum voluptate evolvi, nec minus haesi cum HaakioHaak, Theodoor (?-1768).
Dutch. Bookseller, Leiden.
de nova ejus editione sermones habere, qui in praesenti omni modo meditatur de distribuendis exemplaribus quae Ei restant. Quod spero brevi fore, quum lubentissime novam Ejus editionem sit suscepturus.[2] Verum liceat mihi quaedam consulere, ad quae in proximis respondeas, humillime precor.

pag. 5 ad num. 16 scribis Vitriolum figura rhomboidea Dodecaedra metallo praegnans. In emendandis pro rhomboidea vis rhombea sed et in Exemplari deles dodecaedra. Vellem scire an debeat deleri.[3]

pag. 6 an num. 17, 18, 19, 20 duo puncta post substantivum fumi quod correxisti pro fumo, debeant deleri.[4]

pag.16. In monandria monog[ynia] est
Floribus nudis

<table rules="none" border="0" frame="void"> <colgroup><col width="216"><col width="216"></colgroup> <tr valign="TOP"><td width="216" colspan="1" rowspan="1" valign="TOP"> X Hippuris Limnopeuce.V.
X Salicornia.T.

pag. 35 n. 5 in Urso. Legitur Mammae II inguinales sed in emend[andis] legis mammae IV pectorales 2, ventrales 2. verum in Exemplari scribis Mammae IV Pectorales 2, ventrales II[a][a] : <imp> [Pectorales 2,
ventrales II additur supra
lineam
]
, inguinales 2.[5]

pag. 49 n. 73 in Sturno. An incurvatum debet deleri & pro eo legi nares nudae.[6]

pag. 59 n. 148. An in Cantharide debet legi Abdominis incisurae lateribus mammilares.[7]

Hinc et inde adscripsisti nomina Suecica Germanico charactere conscripta. Quaeso scribas ea charactere Latino, non ut ita imprimantur, sed ut, quum imprimitur, certus esse possum quod typographus recte legerit. Sic pag. 7 ad ferrum petra vitrescente divite corrigis nomen Suecicum, et addis nomen quoddam ad speciem ultimam & ad ferrum striis convergentibus inquinantibus. Item ad Zinci tertam speciem. et ad 4 Stanni speciem. Item ad cuprum cinereum. Item p. 9 ad argillam apyram mutas Suecicum nomen, quod legere nequeo. Sic et ad Ochrae tertiam speciem. Item ad phytolithum Herbae. Item pag. 57, n. 130 ad nomen Barbatulae.

Sane in hoc opere plurima egregia praestitisti, praecipue in quadrupedibus et insectis. Utinam ad Vermes et aves talia nomina haberemus, in avibus tamen magnam partem conquirendam observavi. Hoc tamen doleo quod nescierim te ordinem in Regno Lapideo mutasse, quum nunc catalogum meum Lapideum impresserim exacte secundum ordinem prioris editionis.[8] Misi quinquaginta exemplaria Amstelodamum, ut prima nave ad Te mitterentur. Hoc vero gaudeo quod nulli his in oris exemplar obtulerim. Sed valeant hae Lacrymae et ad jucundiora transeamus, scilicet ad Fundamenta tua Botanica quae cum plus simplici vice perlegissem, contuli cum Amstelodamensi editione, qua occasione summa cum voluptate percepi ea quae >quae< tam docte hic & illic inseruisti ac mutasti. Utinam & haec reprimi hic loci possent, verum difficiles ad hoc invenio omnes Bibliopolas, jus suum, ut vocant, violare nolentes. Sic Genus istud hominum doctos exercet et fatigat.[9]

CollinsoniusCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
te salutat, significavitque mihi in Literis se ad Te dedisse Literas, in quibus respondit ad quaesita tua de Cedro Libani in Horto Chelsejano, quas literas in manus V[iri] D[octi] [?] Ministri Suecici tradidit, una cum fasciculo & seminibus.

Nunc avide expecto literas in quibus de reliquis plantis sententiam tuam desidero. Florent jam in Horto quinque vel sex plantae Americanae nunquam antea visae, quarum ut et aliarum specimina Tibi exsiccabo. Haec heri scripsi. Hodie me conveniunt D[ominus] van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
et Wishovius. Evolvimus characteres transmissos, quos omnes paratos ad Typos invenimus.[10] Characteres et alia quae monuisti in duabus proximis, suo loco inseram, et reliqua monita sancte observabo. Ultimae vestrae Literae erant absque die inscriptionis, sed continebant 12 paginas in octavo; utinam me beares proximis. Wishovius est humanissimus; concedit optimos typos et egregiam chartam, nec dubito quin in proximis percipies Characteres tuos sub praelo sudare, curaturus omnia ac si essem praesens.

Vale mi Linnaee, et cura Te Ipsum, horamque singula die impende Philosophiae botanicae, quam avide expectamus.[11] Haec scripsit ad rogum Tuus

Gronovius.

Lugd[uni] Bat[avorum], 1740 ult[ima] Augusti.

Fratris Aelianus de Animalibus Londini imprimetur.[12]

[address] To / the Learned Doctor / Carolus Linnaeus / at Stockholm

upSUMMARY

Conrad Wishoff has delivered the books which Linnaeus was so kind as to give to Johan Frederik Gronovius. Gronovius approves of Johannes Browallius’s Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Linnaei in which the author shows himself to be judicious and moderate at the same time.

Gronovius has gone through the new edition of Systema naturae with great pleasure. Meanwhile, he has contacted Theodoor Haak who has expressed his willingness to undertake the printing of the new edition as soon as the remaining copies of the first edition have been distributed. However, Gronovius has some questions regarding Linnaeus’s manuscript. He asks him to answer them by return. As a general rule, Gronovius suggests his friend to write all the Swedish names added to the Latin ones in Roman script rather than in Gothic, even though they will be printed in Gothic. By doing so, he will avoid that the printer will make errors.

According to Gronovius, Linnaeus has made an impressive achievement in the reworked version of Systema naturae, especially in the sections on quadrupeds and insects. By contrast, he regrets the lack of proper (Swedish) names for worms and birds. Furthermore, he notices that Linnaeus has changed the order in the mineral kingdom. If he had known this earlier, he would have adopted the new order in his own catalogue of minerals. He has sent 50 copies of the work to Linnaeus. Gronovius has carefully compared the new edition of Fundamenta botanica with the first one, and is pleased with the additions and changes Linnaeus has made. He would like to have the work reprinted in Leiden, but is unable to find any bookseller who is willing to do so.

Gronovius informs Linnaeus that Peter Collinson sends him his regards. Collinson has sent Linnaeus a letter in which he answers his questions regarding the Lebanese cedar that is growing in the Chelsean garden.

Gronovius is eagerly looking forward to receiving Linnaeus’s observations on the other plants he has sent him. He wants Linnaeus to know that five or six American plants are blooming in his garden which have never been seen before.

The preceding lines were written the day before. Today, Gronovius has met Adriaan van Royen and Wishoff. They have gone through the description of genera sent by Linnaeus and deem this part of the work ready for publication. Gronovius adds that Wishoff showed himself very kind and conceded to use excellent paper and typeface. To conclude with, Gronovius urges Linnaeus to spend one hour a day on his Philosohia botanica which he is eagerly looking forward to.

In a postscript, Gronovius informs Linnaeus that Claudius Aelianus’s zoological work edited by his brother Abraham will be printed in London.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 455). [1] [2]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
<imp> [Pectorales 2, ventrales II additur supra lineam]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
A reference to Browallius, Examen epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale Cl. LinnaeiBrowallius, Johan Examen
epicriseos in systema plantarum sexuale
Cl. Linnaei, Anno 1737 Petropoli
evulgatae, auctore Jo. Georgio
Siegesbeckio [...] jussu amicorum
institutum
(Åbo 1739).
, a work which was directed against Johannes Georgius Siegesbeck’s Epicrisis in Clar. Linnaei nuperrime evulgatum systema plantarum sexuale [...] which appeared in Saint Petersburg in 1737 bound together with his Botanosophiae verioris brevis sciagraphiaSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
Botanosophiae verioris brevis
sciagraphia in usum discentium adornata.
Accedit ob argumenti analogiam,
Epicrisis in clar. Linnaei nuperrime
evulgatum systema plantarum sexuale, et
huic superstructam methodum
botanicam
(St Petersburg 1737).
.
2.
A reference to the second edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
. As early as 13 May 1740Letter L0384, Gronovius tried to persuade the Leiden bookseller Theodoor Haak into publishing a new edition of Systema naturae. However, he failed to realize his plans. However, it would not be published by the Leiden bookseller Theodoor Haak but rather by the Stockholm bookseller Gottfried KiesewetterKiesewetter, Gottfried (?-?).
?. Academy bookseller 1735-1757,
publisher of Linnaeus’s Philosophia
botanica
(1751).
. It appeared in the course of 1740. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 46. As is mentioned by Gronovius in his letter, the new edition contained Swedish names in the mineralogical and zoological portions of the work.
3.
See Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
, 2nd ed. (Stockholm 1740), p. 5, no. 16. In the fourth edition of Systema naturae (Paris 1744), the description runs as follows: “Vitriolum figura rhombea dodecaëdra, metallo praegnans” (p. 9, no. 16).
4.
In the fourth edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
(Paris 1744), the double point after fumo is preserved: “Electrum fumo: odore suavi, colore fusco” (p. 6, no. 17).
5.
The fourth edition of Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
reads as follows: “Ursus. Mammae IV. ventrales 2, Pectorales 2” (p. 65, no. 13).
6.
See Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
, 2nd ed. (Stockholm 1740), p. 49, no. 73: “Sturnus. Lingua emarginata, acuta, membranacea. Rostrum subteres, subulatum, incurvatum”. The text was completely preserved in the fourth edition (p. 77, no. 70).
7.
See Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, sive regna tria naturae
systematice proposita per classes,
ordines, genera & species

(Leiden 1735). Soulsby no. 39.
, 2nd ed. (Stockholm 1740), p. 59, no. 148: “Cantharis. Clypeus planus, marginatus. Elytra flexilia. Abdominis latera plicata”. The fourth edition of 1744 reads as follows: “Cantharis. Antennae setaceae. Elytra flexilia. Thorax planiusculus, marginatus, suborbiculatus. Abdominis latera plicato-papillosa” (p. 92, no. 147).
8.
A reference to Gronovius’s catalogue of minerals which was published at Leiden in 1740 under the title IndexGronovius, Johan Frederik
Index supellectilis lapideae
(Leiden, 1740).
. From Gronovius’s letter to Linnaeus of 14 October 1740Letter L0407 it can be inferred that the work was off the press by mid-October.
9.
Fundamenta botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Fundamenta
botanica, quae majorum operum prodromi
instar theoriam scientiae botanices per
breves aphorismos tradunt
(Amsterdam
1736). Soulsby no. 253.
was first published by Salomon Schouten at Amsterdam in 1736. A third, completely revised and augmented edition would be published by the same bookseller in 1741. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 261.
10.
The new augmented and revised edition of Genera plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum eorumque characteres naturales
secundum numerum, figuram, situm &
proportionem omnium fructificationis
partium
(Leiden 1737). Soulsby no.
284.
would be published by Conrad and Georg Jacob Wishoff at Leiden in 1742. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 297.
11.
The Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
etc.
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
437.
would not appear until 1751. It was to be published by the Stockholm bookseller Gottfried Kiesewetter. See Soulsby, Catalogue of the works of Linnaeus in the British MuseumSoulsby, Basil A catalogue of
the works of Linnaeus in the British
Museum
(London 1933).
, no. 437.
12.
Abraham Gronovius’sGronovius, Abraham (1695-1775).
Dutch. Head librarian of the university
library, Leiden. Brother of Johan
Frederik Gronovius.
edition of Aelianus, De natura would be published at London in 1744. It was re-issued at Leiden in 1759 and 1760.