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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0397 • Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch to Carl Linnaeus, 29 August 1740 n.s.
Dated IV Kalend. Septembr. MDCCXL.. Sent from Trebnitz (Germany) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro
Celeberrimo
Summoque Botanico,
Carolo Linnaeo,
Salutem Pl[urimam] D[icit]
Johannes Gottlieb Gleditsch
Lipsiens[is].

Literas meas praecedenti hyeme datas Te accepisse persuasus sum, unde non est cur et hic repetam. Miraberis forte meam in scribendo moram nec abs re profecto Considerationem Epicriseos Siegesbeckianae,[1] quam paulo ante promisi, pro ente rationis habere poteris. Sed si bibliopola solertiam meam sequi amasset et operis impressioni ac[r]ius instare ad finem illud perducere prius voluissem, quam nunc factum vides.

Promissis autem cum standum sit, accipias tria ejusdem libelli exemplaria; unum ex illis, et quidem majori forma, conspicuum Tuum erit Catalogo Horti Trebnizensis adjecto,[2] alterum vero cum altero Viris optimis CelsioCelsius, Olof (1670-1756).
Swedish. Orientalist and theologian,
professor at Uppsala. Botanist and plant
collector, benefactor of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
atque BrowallioBrowallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
destinavi. Horum scripta, quamvis nondum viderim, doctissima; illos tamen Tuo testimonio commotus vehementer diligo.

Si judicio Tuo me beare non dubitabis, gratissimum mihi facies et exspectabis a me omnia, quae a familiarissimis Tuis, quorum pro Tua praestanti doctrina et industria numerum novi esse quam maximum. Significes propterea, obsecro, an genuinum methodi Tuae botanicae et aphorismorum[3] sensum probe perceperim vel et in explicatione ad WolfiumWolff, Christian (1679-1754).
German. Philosopher, professor of
mathematics in Halle in 1707, deposed
from his office in 1723 because of his
philosophical opinions, reinstated in
1740 as professor of mathematics,
natural law and the law of nations.
veritati fecerim satis, ut habeat SiegesbeckiusSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, unde fastuosam suam scribendi libidinem coercere possit ac debeat.

BreynioBreyne, Johann Philip
(1680-1764). German/Polish. Zoologist
and physician in Danzig. Son of Jacob
Breyne. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
optimo equidem scriptum meum cum jam consecrassem, statim memoriae recurrit rusticana illa et rauca vox, qua non longe abhinc LudwigioLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
meo Lipsiae molestias creavit haud leves Siegesbeckius; quapropter sententiam mutavi et Virum illum ingenuum ab omnibus his cavere malui, quam ad animi illius tranquillitatem turbandam in culpa haberi. Ad Wolfium vero me dedisse opellum mirifice laetor.[4] Is enim Jure Naturae mox ad finem perducto[5] Physicam publicae utilitati committere in animo habet. Quam ob causam omnibus modis a me rogatus est, ut ovuli, sexus, connubii, impraegnationis, partusque vegetabilis negotii[a][a] : MS1 [added above the line] rationem praesertim habeat et explicet omnia diligenter, quae ad vela oculorum in caecutientibus detrahendum conferant. Hoc enim si factum fuerit, altas quoque radices aget[b][b] : MS1 [added in the margin] in superiori Germania sexus doctrina. Quid optabilius magis?

Indignabundum Siegesbeckium quamvis praeviderim cum suo HeisteroHeister, Lorenz (1683-1758).
German. Anatomist and surgeon,
considered the father of German surgery.
Professor of anatomy and surgery in
1720, of theoretical medicine and botany
at Helmstädt in 1730. He rejected
Linnaeus’s sexual system. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
aliisque vetustatis sectatoribus, tamen nec jam horret animus de asseclarum numero nec ejusdem me terret durum scribendi genus. Veritas potius cum sit, quam in omni disciplina sectamur. Eam quoque defendere convenit contra omnis generis adulatores ac inscios malevolos.

Si nova quaedam ad rem herbariam pertinentia vel ex opibus Tuis vel aliorum industria in Suecia et confiniis vestris proficiscuntur, communices, quaeso, mittasque, obsecro. Qui enim ad paria promptus paratusque erit, is ego ipse.

CelsiiCelsius, Olof (1670-1756).
Swedish. Orientalist and theologian,
professor at Uppsala. Botanist and plant
collector, benefactor of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Catalogum plantarum Upsaliensium[6] cum Browalliano nuperrimo scripto contra Siegesbeckium[7] anxie desidero. Browallium Tuum minerarum st[udio][c][c] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] captum esse vehementer gaudeo, cum et i[llis][c][c] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] admodum delecter. Indices, velim, amico Tuo[8] me s[ine][c][c] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] dubio instanti vere plantas lecturum in tractu metalligero Misniae, Bohemiae et Hercyniae.[9] Si quaedam e mineris Cobalti, bismuthi, Arsenici, etc. museo illius desunt (cujus divitiae me fugiunt), defectui mederi conabor.

Labores meos hoc anno praxi medica jussu regio[10] suscepta interruptas esse valdopere doleo. Floram enim meam dulcissimam ex rei dignitate colere non licuit. Ast spes superest nova! Brevi fortassis redibunt Saturnia regna et summum mihi erit otium![11]

Vale, mi optime Linnaee! Omnes meis verbis diligenter saluta Tui amantissimos, qui operam navant Florae nostrae ingenuam. Charta me deserit, ut vides, et tempus. Vale iterum summaque tranquillitate et Tibi et Musis vive!

Dabam Trebnizii in Marchia Electorali Viadrina.[12] IV Kalend[as] Septembr[is] MDCCXL.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Charles Linnaeus / Medecin et Botaniste très / excellent et membre de l’Academie / Royale des Sciences de la / Suede / a / Stockholme.

upSUMMARY

The publishing of Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch’s Consideratio epiciseos Siegesbeckianae has been delayed. When published Linnaeus will have three copies, one of a large size for himself together with Catalogus plantarum, quae tum in horto Domini de Zieten Trebnizii coluntur, and the other two for Olof Celsius the Elder and Johan Browallius respectively. Gleditsch would like to know if he has understood Linnaeus’s sexual method properly and the Fundamenta botanica and if he has explained it all correctly to Christian Wolff. Johann Georg Siegesbeck has also attacked Christian Gottlieb Ludwig. Gleditsch has asked Wolff to devote himself to the ovule, sex, intermarriage, fertilization and progeny of plants.

Gleditsch fears neither the criticism of Siegesbeck nor Lorenz Heister for having defended Linnaeus. He is eager to receive Olof Celsius the Elders’s Plantarum circa Upsaliam sponte nascentium catalogus and Johan Browallius’s work against Siegesbeck.

In the spring Gleditsch will collect plants in Meissen, Bohemia and the Hercynian forest, which are full of minerals. He will be able to send cobalt, bismuth and arsenic, etc., if Browallius wishes.

He regrets that medicine will take a lot of his time away from botany this year.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, IV, 504-508). [1] [2] [3]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [added above the line]
b.
MS1 [added in the margin]
c.
MS1 [manuscript damaged]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When Christian Wolff was restored as professor at Halle in 1740, he became professor of mathematics, natural law and law of nations.
6.
7.
8.
Sc. Johan Browallius.
9.
Hercynia (sc. silva) had since ancient times denoted the wooded mountain-system of Middle Germany, or portions thereof.
During Saturn’s reign the golden age prevailed on earth.
Trebnitz, Prussian Silesia.