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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0398 • Carl Linnaeus to François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages, 20 September 1740 n.s.
Dated . Sent from () to (). Written in Latin.

SUMMO MEDICO,
D[omino] D[octori] DE SAUVAGES,
Professori Monspeliensi,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Litteras tuas tam 15 Martii quam 12 Augusti scriptas accepi; ad priores respondi, ad sequentes non antequam nunc hisce.

Ad D[ominum] Bernardum de Jussieu scripsi quinquies ab eo tempore, quo in patriam redii; ab eo vero nullas habui; rationem certe non novi, doleo.

Oro, precor, edas Classes tuas Morborum Latina veste indutas; has enim publice docere, has mihi tyronibus imo doctis commendare animus est; non novi alium librum dignum. Promisisti, quaeso, et promissis tene; per Sacra medicinae obsecro.

Ubi Synonima tradas, si labor non excresseret in nimium, addas et citationes authorum, scilicet paginas vel capita, uti Botanici faciunt. Characteres utinam, majusculis litteris, genericos traderes!

Pro methodo sanandi gonorrheam gratias ago summas. Institui aliquot itinera in gratiam insectorum per aestatem; nunc redux tentabo methodum hanc.

Ab aqua argillacea apud nos febres intermittentes maxima ex parte proveniunt. Hinc, in provinciis, ubi nulla argilla, nulla febris intermittens, et ubi aegri convalescere nequeunt, aquam mutare debent; alias vix convalescent, nisi admodum sero.

Mortuo Rudbeckio nuper, Botanices professore Upsaliensi, professionem ambii, qua praxim abdicare possem, solisque rebus naturalibus addictus publico inservire; noluit autem Procancellarius Academiae, Archiepiscopus Steuchius; hinc locum Rudbeckii doct[or] Nic[olaus] Rosen occupavit, qui non urticam novit; sic apud nos.

Avidissime exspecto Pathologiam tuam, cum eo, qui hanc secum fert; mittam quae tibi promisi sancte.

Hales Staticam Vegetabilium obtupescens legi, Haemastaticem vero nunquam; de ea tamen multa audivi. Tuum de Bombycis educatione Commentarium avidissime exspecto.

Lacrymae oculos obfuscabant meos ad relationem de fato beati Josephi de Jussieu, a quo tam multa egregia exspectavi.

Linnaea crescit copiose per Sueciam in provinciis septentrionalibus, non juxta Holmiam; semina non habeo, folia inclusi. In altera editione Generum Plantarum, quae nunc typis sudat Lugduni et longe auctior est, reperies sequentem characterem:

522 Sauvagea

Cal. Perianthium pentaphyllum: foliolis lanceolatis, acutis, persistentibus.
Cor. Petala 5, obtusa, calyce minora.
Nectarium e petalis 5 minoribus, alternis.
Stam. Filamenta multa, capillaria, petalis minora, inter calycem et corollam (extra petala) inserta, antherae subrotundae.
Pist. Germen ovatum. Stylus simplex. Stygma obtusum per capsula ovato-acuminata, unilocularis, trivalvis. Sem. numerosa, recta.
Crescit in insulis Americanis vestris. In Herbario Suriani, quod Parisiis in Horto Regio servatur.

Reperies plantam exsiccatam, Hyperico vel Cisto similem quodam modo. Folia alterna, ovato-lanceolata, obtuse serrata sunt, et stypula ad foliorum exortum magna, acuminata, ciliata.

Elephantiasis apud Finnones satis frequens est a carne Phocae, qua vivunt saepe piscatores provenuta, demum contagiosa; hinc a consortio hominum inclusi tenentur.

Scorbutus per 50 annos nunquam apud nos tantas edidit strages quantas hoc vere post gelidissimam hyemen, praesertim inter milites et nautas; qui enim spiritui vini addicti fuere, eumque lubenter saepiusque ingurgitarunt, periere omnes, nulla arte salvandi.

In dyssenteria absque febre vix novimus certius euporiston quam ovi vitellum in cochleari spiritus vini conquassatum, bis terve de die exhibitum. Imo largior usus spiritus vini a contagio certo praeservat, uti vidimus vere in tribus familiis; omnes ibi, qui eo usi sunt quotidie, liberi permansere; reliqui aegrotarunt, licet eodem lecto detenti sani cum aegris.

Virgo nobilis 10 annorum laborabat febre intermittente.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus has received François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages’s letter of 15 MarchLetter L0378 and 12 AugustLetter L0396 and has previously replied to the former [this letter has not come down to us].

Back in Sweden, he has written five times to Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
without getting an answer [at least four letters from Linnaeus to Jussieu, which were not replied to, are known. These are Linnaeus to Jussieu, 28 March 1738Letter L0244, 8 June 1739 o.s., 19 June n.s.Letter L0288, 5 February 1740 o.s., 16 February n.s.Letter L0374, 29 April o.s., 10 May n.s.Letter L0379. In the letter L0374 another letter from Linnaeus to Jussieu is mentioned ].

Linnaeus repeats his appeal that Sauvages should publish a Latin version of Classes morborum [Linnaeus means the Nouvelles classes de maladiesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
Nouvelles classes de
maladies, qui dans un ordre semblable
à celui des botanistes,
comprennent les genres & les
espèces de toutes les maladies,
avec leurs signes & leurs
indications
(Avignon [1731]).
]; Linnaeus intends to introduce it to his students of medicine.

Linnaeus thanks Sauvages for his prescriptions and expert advice in the treatment of gonorrhoea. This summer he has devoted to collecting insects and will now systematize them.

In Sweden intermittent fevers are often caused by clayey water: where there is no clay, there are no such fevers. Persons suffering chronically from intermittent fevers should try to get their drinking water from a safe well.

After Olof Rudbeck’sRudbeck, Olof (1660-1740).
Swedish. Professor of medicine,
botanist, ornithologist, travelled in
Lapland. Linnaeus’s teacher.
death Linnaeus made an application to become his successor. The Prochancellor, Archbishop Henchen [miswriting for Johannes SteuchiusSteuchius, Johannes (Jöns)
(1676-1742). Swedish. Archbishop and
politician.Prochancellor at the
University of Uppsala.
], vetoed this, and the post was given to Nils Nils Rosén von RosénsteinRosén von Rosenstein, Nils
(1706-1773). Swedish. Physician
and professor of medicine. Colleague of
Linnaeus at Uppsala. The founder of
modern pediatrics. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, who does not even recognize a nettle.

Linnaeus is eagerly looking forward to receiving Sauvages’ Pathologiam [Linnaeus means, Pathologia methodicaSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
Pathologia
methodica, seu de cognoscendis
morbis
(Amsterdam, 1752).
, published in 1752].

He has read Stephen Hales’Hales, Stephen (1677-1761).
British. Clergyman, physician and
naturalist. Pioneer in experimental
plant physiology.
, Statica vegetabilium [Linnaeus means the Vegetable staticksHales, Stephen Vegetable
staticks: or, an account of some
statical experiments on the sap in
vegetables: being an essay towards a
natural history of vegetation. Also, a
specimen of an attempt to analyse the
ai,r by a great variety of
chymio-statical experiments; which were
read at several meetings before the
Royal Society
(London, 1727).
, the first volume of Hales’ Statical essays] but not Haemastatica [Statical essays, containing haemastaticksHales, Stephen Statical
essays, containing haemastaticks; or, An
account of some hydraulick and
hydrostatical experiments made on the
blood and blood-vessels of animals :
also An account of some experiments on
stones in the kidneys and bladder : with
an enquiry into the nature of those
anomalous concretions : to which is
added, an appendix, containing
observations and experiments relating to
several subjects in the first volume.
The greatest part of which were read at
several meetings before the Royal
Society
(London, 1733).
]. Linnaeus is looking forward to Sauvages’ commentary on the breeding of silkworms.

Sad news, indeed, that Joseph de JussieuJussieu, Joseph de (1704-1779).
French. Botanist, mathematician,
explorer. Member of the French
expedition in South America 1735.
Brother of Antoine and Bernard de
Jussieu. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu.
has passed away. [Linnaeus was misinformed, Joseph de Jussieu has had not died]. He was such a promising man.

Linnaea is very common in northern Sweden but not in the Stockholm area; Linnaeus has no seeds of it but encloses some leaves.

A second, enlarged, edition of Genera plantarum is now being printed in Leiden [the next ediiton was Genera plantarum [...] Editio secundaLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum [...] Editio secunda aucta
& emendata
(Leiden 1742).
]. In this Sauvages will find a new species: Sauvagea! Linnaeus gives a detailed description of it.

In Finland elephantiasis is fairly common among the fishing population. It is caused by seal meat. The disease is contagious so the patients must be isolated.

Not for 50 years has scurvy been more prevalent than this year, after an extremely cold winter. Many people have died, especially soldiers and seamen. Alcoholics have been the most vulnerable: in them no treatment has been effective and they have all died.

A mixture of spirits and the white of an egg is the best antidote in the treatment of dysentery. Linnaeus has noticed that those who drink generous amounts of spirits escape infection.

He has successfully treated intermittent fever in a 10-year-old girl with cinchona bark.

upEDITIONS

1. Lettres inédites de Linné à Boissier de la Croix de Sauvages (1860), p. 28-34   p.28  p.29  p.30  p.31  p.32  p.33  p.34.