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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0399 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 19 September 1740 n.s.
Dated 19 Sept. 1740. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Celeberrimo Botanico,
D[omino] D[octori] Linnaeo,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
Alb[ertus] Haller.

Gratiores fuerunt Tuae, quas post longum silentium accepi, et gratissimae fuissent, nisi inoptabilem nuncium adferrent Te desiderata et dudum[a][a] : MS1 [added above the line] merita dignitate excidisse, quam quidem jacturam alio honore reparatam iri omnino confido, etsi rarissimi sint Botanicorum honores.[1] Cum D[omino] RosénRosén von Rosenstein, Nils
(1706-1773). Swedish. Physician
and professor of medicine. Colleague of
Linnaeus at Uppsala. The founder of
modern pediatrics. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
olim commercium literarium mihi fuit. Eo etiam adjutore in Societatem, quae tunc florebat, admissus sum, sed de[b][b] : MS1 [added above the line] Botanicis nunquam ullus mihi sermo fuit.

Maluissem prius legisses opuscula mea, deinde sententiam Tuam docuisses. Praelectiones Boerhaavianae nimis festinatae sunt, et vix ultra quatuor menses hybernos uni volumini licet inpendere, quos perpetua turbat Anatome.[2] Hac quae nuper incepit hyeme XI cadavera secui. Iter et ipsum immaturius est, sed Graecia perit exspectando. Cryptogamia tota Leidae est. Redeunte vere sequentur apetalae classes atque, si DEUS adjuverit, totum opus perficietur ante novam hyemem. Praelectionum vero volumen 3 ad dimidiam partem perduxi.

Veronicae nullae supersunt. Sed Pediculares, si quae erit via, curabo, ut habeas. Ecce Cherleriae ramulum. Est autem adfinis Alsinae fugaci, habitu, tubis fabrica, sed differt numero quinario, etc. atque petalis siccis, quibus stamina adhaerescunt.

Salviniam mittam cum libellis. Blasiam et Valisneriam nondum vidi. De PlumeriiPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
posthumis nunc siletur.[3]

Humanissima est mei memoria in fundamentis Tuis, quae obtinui.[4] Melampyra sata, ut nosti, aegre perveniunt, sed tentabo. Nascitur certe conjunctim utraque species adeoque nulla a Solo varietas est. Sed plures sunt plantae flore magno absque proportionis in foliis mutatione et de iis omnibus statuendum erit, Serpylla, Calaminthae, etc.

Staminibus erectis quidem pyrola non est; semper sunt inordinata. Tuba v[ero] rectissima, nihil hic vulgatius.

HuberiHuber, Johannes Jacobus
(1707-1778). German. Anatomist,
botanist. Professor at Kassel. Albrecht
von Haller’s assistant.
Iter nunquam prodibit.[5] Botanica, unde nihil lucri speratur, deseruit.

RudbekiumRudbeck, Olof (1630-1702).
Swedish. Physician, historian,
naturalist. Founder of the Uppsala
University Botanical Garden. Professor
of medicine at Uppsala.
nunquam vidi, esset donorum exoptatissimum.[6] GleditschiusGleditsch, Johann Gottlieb
(1714-1786). German. Botanist and
sylviculturist in Berlin, disciple of
Anton Wilhelm Platz and Johann Ernst
Hebenstreit, supervisor of Caspar Bose’s
garden 1731-1735, professor at the
Collegium Medico-Chirurgicum in 1746.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
etiam scripsit in miserum SiegesbeckiumSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, sed non abundat observationibus.[7] BrowalliusBrowallius, Johan (1707-1755).
Swedish. Professor of physics, later of
theology. Bishop of Åbo.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
gratus esset.[8]

Equisetum elasticum est vulgare illud scapis florigeris aphyllis, arvense. Capsulas equiseti pro masculis organis habeo, inter quae feminae miscentur, uti in filicibus.

Nova Botanica vix habeo. Vidisti specimina[c][c] : MS1 <tentamina> specimina
[added above the line]
muscorum DILLENIIDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.[9] Germani nihil edunt praeter miseram descriptionem Phellandrii & alteram piperis Heisterianam, quam nondum legi. SeguieriiSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
bibl[liothecam] Botanicam non vidi.[10] Phytanthozaiconographiae tomum accepi XIII paulo meliorem prioribus, sed semper malum et indignum splendore suo.[11]

Ego icones fungorum auxi mirifice. Genera nova condidi. Emboli, Sphaerocephali et Agaricorum classes distinxi. Tabulae adhuc 4 sculpendae supersunt, in quibus fere 30 novi musci, longe melius picti quam priores, aucti etiam lente vitrea. Plantae vix 4 sculpendae reliquae[d][d] : MS1 <super> reliquae sunt. Hic in horto characteres conscripsi, sed tempus conferendi omnino defuit. Hoc anno spero plantas mihi nascituras mille atque perpetua incrementa sumturum hortum meum. Multa promittit humanissimus RoyeniusRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. In sylvam Hercyniam, si vires supererunt, iter suscipiam ob muscos maxime et semina. Hic sterilis est botanice praeterquam in fungis, quibus abundamus. In Peziza vulgari sordide alba sessilis motum elasticum pulcherrimum vidi. Constringitur sponte tota[e][e] : MS1 [added above the line] planta et pulverem cum sibilo quodam in altum spargit, qui procul dubio seminalis est. Clathroide etiam elastica sunt et sponte pollen movetur, sed lentius. Flores a[utem][f][f] : MS1 [added above the line] Fungorum nullos vidi.

Haec fere erant, quae nunc fuerunt dicenda. Tu vero cum Tua vale et age feliciter!

Dabam Gottingae die 19 Sept[embris] 1740.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus Professeur / en Botanique et Medecin / de la Flotte / A Stokholm

upSUMMARY

In his previous letter Linnaeus was disappointed at not having obtained the position to which he aspired, but Albrecht von Haller is sure that Linnaeus’s time will soon come. Haller used to correspond with Nils Rosén von Rosenstein.

Haller wants Linnaeus to read his publications. The Praelectiones Boerhaavianae have been composed too hastily. His account of his journey is unfinished. His (manuscript of) Cryptogamia is at Leiden. In the spring he will work on the apetalous classes. He has also finished half of the third volume of the Praelectiones Boerhaavianae.

No Veronicae remain, but Linnaeus shall have the Pediculares. Note the little branch of Cherleria. It is akin to the Alsine fugax in habit and structure of the tube, but differs in its quinary number and in the dry petals.

Haller will send the Salvinia with the booklets. He has still not seen Blasia or Valisneria. Nothing is now said about publishing the posthumous writings of Charles Plumier.

Haller is pleased to have been honoured by Linnaeus in Fundamenta botanica. The seeds of Melampyrum do not grow well, but he will try. Both species of Melampyrum grow together so the soil is irrelevant. But several plants have proportionately larger flowers than usual.

Pyrola has no erect stamens and is irregular in posture. The style is in this case perfectly straight.

Johannes Jacobus Huber’s account of his tour will never be published. Haller desires Olof Rudbeck the Elder’s book as well as Johan Browallius’s. Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch has also written against Johann Georg Siegesbeck.

The Equisetum elasticum is the common arvense, whose flowering scape has no leaves. Haller is of the opinion that the capsules of the Equiseta are male organs.

Haller has no botanical news. Linnaeus has seen a copy of Johann Jakob Dillenius’s Historia muscorum. The Germans have published nothing except a miserable description of Phellandrium and another of Piper by Lorenz Heister. He has not seen Jean François Séguier’s Bibliotheca botanica. Haller has received the thirteenth volume of the little valued Phytanthoza-iconographia.

Haller has increased the number of Fungi illustrations and established some new genera and distinguished the classes of Embolus, Spaerocephalus and Agaricus.

Adriaan van Royen has promised Haller many plants.

Haller hopes to be able to visit the forests of Hercynia to gather mosses and seeds.

The study of the Fungi is thriving at Göttingen. He has detected a very curious elastic motion in Peziza vulgaris sordide alba. The Clathroides are very elastic and their dust is expelled spontaneously. He has discovered no flowers of the Fungi.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 175-176). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 350-353   p.350  p.351  p.352  p.353.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [added above the line]
b.
MS1 [added above the line]
c.
MS1 <tentamina> specimina [added above the line]
d.
MS1 <super> reliquae
e.
MS1 [added above the line]
f.
MS1 [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Albrecht von Haller writes about Johannes Jacobus Huber in his Bibliotheca botanicaHaller, Albrecht von
Bibliotheca botanica. Qua scripta ad
rem herbariam facientia a rerum initiis
recensentur
, I-II (Z&uuml;rich
1771-1772).
, II, 270. Huber did not edit the dissertation on the Rhaetian journey, but left the manuscript to Haller, who used it for his Enumeratio methodica stirpium Helvetiae indigenarumHaller, Albrecht von
Enumeratio methodica stirpium
Helvetiae indigenarum. Qua omnium brevis
descriptio et synonymia compendium
virium medicarum dubiarum declaratio
novarum et rariorum uberior historia et
icones continentur
, I-II
(Göttingen 1742).
(1743).
6.
Haller refers to Olof Rudbeck the Elder’s Campi Elysii (Sw. Glysis wald) lavishly illustrated work, now at the Leufsta library in Uppland. It originally consisted of twelve folios, of which the first one is now lost. It covered around 6,000 plants. When Joachim Burser’sBurser, Joachim (1583-1639).
Danish. Professor of medicine and
botany, Sorö, 1625-1639.
herbarium (25 volumes) was taken as war-booty in 1658 on Själland and was given to Uppsala University in 1666, Rudbeck decided to edit this collection as a basis for the Campi Elysii. His aim was to depict all known plants. In 1701 the second folio of the Campi Elysii was edited and in 1702 the first folio and about 7,000 blocks, but almost the whole of the latter edition was destroyed in the big fire at Uppsala in 1702. Linnaeus came into possession of 130 blocks of engraved figures, of which 90 remained when he died. J. E. Smith bought these blocks and the rest of Linnaeus’s collections from the widow of Linnaeus. In 1789 Smith published Rudbeck the Elder’s Reliquiae Rudbeckianae, sive Camporum Elysiorum libri primiRudbeck, Olof Reliquiae
Rudbeckianae, sive Camporum Elysiorum
libri primi, olim ab Olao Rudbeckio,
patre et filio, Uppsaliae anno 1702
editi, quae supersunt, adjectis
nominibus Linnaeanis. Accedunt aliae
quaedam icones hactenus ineditae. Cura
J. E. Smith
(London 1789).
.
7.
8.
9.
Weinmann, Multilinguis phytanthoza-iconographiae Weinmannianae indexWeinmann, Johann Wilhelm
Multilinguis
phytanthoza-iconographiae Weinmannianae
index
, I (Regensburg 1735).
. Haller wrote a German preface to this work.