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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0404 • Johann Amman to Carl Linnaeus, 18 September 1740 n.s.
Dated 7. Septembr. 1740. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro clarissimo atque celeberrimo
CAROLO LINNAEO
S[alutem] pl[urimam]
Joannes Amman

Ante plures jam menses literas ad Te, Vir celeberrime, exaravi Holmiam directas, quas an acceperis silentium Tuum dubium movere videtur. Quare obnixe Te rogo, ut me certiorem facias, num illae in Tuas manus pervenerint, nec ne? Misissem lubentissime tractatum de Stirp[ium] rarior[um] [in imperio] Ruthen[o][...][1] anno jam praeterito, nisi occasio tuta, certa & commoda defuisset. Idem accidit hoc vere & fere elapsa jam aestate. Cujus rei causae Tibi aeque notae esse debent, quam mihi. Mittam autem certissime hoc autumno vel proxima hyeme cum primitiis Petropolitanae florae[2] , exemplari unico, quod possideo. Spero Te accepisse Botanosophiae verioris Sciagraphiam[3] per Tabellarios publicos ad Te missam, dum adhuc in Belgio moratus es. Floruit hac aestate in horto AcademicoImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
Lapathum orientale frutex etc. Elegans haec planta proprie ad Atraphaxin non pertinet; stamina enim obtinet octo, stigmata tria. Iconem & descriptionem hujus plantae Academiae exhibui Commentariis ejus inserendas [a][a] : MS1 <inserendam> inserendas [4] . Floruerunt itidem duae Persicariae species ex seminibus Sibiricis enatae. Ambae staminibus gaudent octo; earum vero pistilla in stigmata tria terminantur. Ambarum flores odorati sunt. Altera flores habet in racemos congestos, altera è foliorum alis ut plurimum egredientes. Succrevit etiam planta verticellata rarissima, quae floribus praedita est labiatis; labium superius bifidum est, inferius trifidum; segmentis fere aequalibus; stamina sunt duo tantum; semina quatuor nuda; calyx in quinque segmenta aequalia & valde acuta patulaque profunde dissectus est. Flores minime spicatì sunt, sed pediculis ramosis innascuntur ex foliorum sinubus egredientibus[b][b] : Amethystina Amm: Lycopi species
[added by Linnaeus under the
line
]
. Folia praeterea obtinet trifida fere adinstar Moldavicae Americanae trifoliae odore gravì Inst[itutiones] r[ei] h[erbariae][5] . Nonne haec planta novum genus constituit? Ego saltem nescio ad quodnam cognitum genus referri debeat. Tres diversas corispermi Iuss[ieu]Jussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
species hac aestate examinavi; petala autem nulla observare potui armatis etiam oculis. Alia mihi est planta singularis admodum & ad hanc in diem, ut puto, plane incognita. Duplicibus haec floribus praedita est, masculinis scilicet & faemininis. Masculini in ramorum summitatibus nascuntur, ex meris staminibus sterilibus in glomos [densis] simos[c][c] : MS1 [manuscript damaged by the
seal; inserted readings have been taken
from ED2
]
compactis constantes & in spicas longas, reflexas positi; faeminini in alis foliorum delitescunt, quos ob parvitatem nondum exacte observare potui; semina continentur in capitulis squamosis & foliosis, solitaria, compressa, oblonga, quae nondum ad maturitatem pervenerunt. Si respondes, quaeso literas Academiae inscribas & paullo infra notes ad me exaratam esse epistolam.

Vale & me ama.

Scribebam Petropoli d[ie] 7. Septembr[is] 1740.

[address] à Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus, Docteur / en Medecine trés celebre &. / Professeur en Botanique / a / Stockholm

upSUMMARY

Johann Amman wrote to Linnaeus in Stockholm, but he has got no answer and he doubts if Linnaeus has received the letter. He begs Linnaeus to let him know. He would have sent his, Stirpium rariorum in imperio Rutheno sponte provenientium icones et descriptiones collectae last year or this spring or summer if there had been an opportunity. He will, however, undoubtedly send it this autumn or winter with the only copy he possesses of the beginning of the Primitiae florae Petropolitanae. He hopes Linnaeus has received the Botanosophiae verioris brevis sciagraphia, sent by post to Holland.

This summer the Lapathum orientale frutex etc flowered in the garden of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. The elegant plant does not belong to Atraphaxis, having eight stamens and three stigmas. Amman has presented a picture and a description of it to the Academy of Sciences to be published in the Novi commentarii.

Two species of Persicariae from Siberian seeds have also flowered. A very curious whorled plant with labiated flowers has grown. The leaves are divided into three, almost like Moldavica Americana trifoli in Joseph Pitton de Tournefort’s, Institutiones rei herbariae. Does it form a new genus?

Amman has examined three different species of Bernard Jussieu’s Corispermum this summer. He could not see any petals in them, even with magnifying glasses.

Amman has also another very extraordinary plant, unknown until now. It has two kinds of flowers, male and female. The male flowers grow at the summits of the branches, the female ones are concealed in the bosoms of the leaves. Amman has not yet been able to examine them fully as they are very small. The seeds, solitary, flattened and oblong, are contained in little scaly and leafy heads. They are not yet fully developed.

Amman asks Linnaeus to send his answer to the Imperial Academy of Sciences with Amman’s name on it.

Based on ED1.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, I, 136-137). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 198-199   p.198  p.199.
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 58-59   p.58  p.59.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <inserendam> inserendas
b.
Amethystina Amm: Lycopi species [added by Linnaeus under the line]
c.
MS1 [manuscript damaged by the seal; inserted readings have been taken from ED2]