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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0466 • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Gessner, 19 August 1742 n.s.
Dated 1742 d: 8 aug.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Basel (Switzerland). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] JOH[ANNI] GESNERO,
Professori Basiliensi,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Carolus Linnaeus

Non unica sed multiplici epistola Tuam, Vir Celeberrime, singularem in me benevolentiam Doctissimus Gronovius me participem fecit. Desideravi diu Tuum commercium, quum et meus sis sincerus patronus et Florae verus cultor et in terra degas inter Europaeas provincias feracissima.

A fato Beati Johannis Scheuchzeri cum nullo mihi apud vestros commercium obtigit, nunc itaque quod Tuum expetam ne aegre feras.

Relicto Belgio peragrata parte Galliae in patriam redii; mox classis navalis medicus ordinarius constitutus fui aegrotantium Turba immensa praxi quotidie obrutus.

Tandem beata otia obtinui Upsaliae professioni Medicae & Botanices admotus. Totus hac aestate fui in restauratione annihilati horti academici; Hypocausta (seu orangeries) et Domus Professoris egregie hoc anno exstructa sunt, in quibus reliquum vitae, Deo dante, transigam.

Plantas omnes sylvestres et petrosas in Hortum jam jam adduxi, quascunque, paucas licet, exoticas in Hortis magnatum Sueciae reperire potui, acquisivi. Liberali manu Jussieuii, Gronovii, Royeni, Barrerii, Sauvagei, Ammanni ditatus fui, qui semina misere non pauca singuli.

O utinam Tuas licuisset adire gazas, beatissimas tuas Alpes! Nullam profecto obtineo in toto Horto plantam alpinam excepta Betula foliis orbiculatis sola. O utinam liceret quovis pretio alpinarum plantarum semina a Te emere! Si quaereres quaenam, respondeo ex quacumque mittere posses alpina planta.

Si faveas, uti quondam, mittas ter oro aliquot semina in Epistola, sub couvert (inclusa) ad Societatem Regiam literariam et Scientiarum Upsaliae; germinantes toties mihi revocabunt Tuam memoriam, quoties easdem adspiciam.

Fac, ut per Te sciam dein natalem et dein obitus Beati Johannis Scheuchzeri et Joh[annis] Ammanni! Item num aliquid a Te in Botaniciis prodierit in publicam lucem vel quae nova litteraria Botanica.

Totus sum in describendis Speciebus plantarum, ubi referam omnes species quas novi sub suis generibus vel ad sua genera cum differentia specierum varietatibus et loco natali.

Ad umbilicum fere perduxi Catalogum animalium quadrupedum, avium, piscium, insectorum, vermium Regni Sueciae cum synonymis, quae novi, omnibus.

Ter vale et me ama!

Dabam Upsaliae 1742 d[ie] 8 aug[usti].

Viro Celeberrimo
D[omino] D[octori] Joh[anni] Gesnero
Professori Basiliensi
per Hamburg
Basel

upSUMMARY

In many letters from Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Linnaeus has learnt about Johannes Gessner’sGessner, Johannes (1709-1790).
Swiss. Naturalist, Zürich.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
benevolence towards himself. Linnaeus has long wished to correspond with Gessner, since Gessner is his sincere benefactor, a true cultivator of Flora, and he lives in the most fertile of the European countries.

Since the death of Johann ScheuchzerScheuchzer, Johann (1684-1738).
Swiss. Botanist, professor of physics
at Zürich. Brother of Johann Jacob
Scheuchzer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Linnaeus has had no scientific exchange with anybody in Switzerland.

Having left Holland Linnaeus went home to Sweden through France. He became the ordinary physician of the Admiralty. An immense number of people sought his help every day. However, he then became Professor of Medicine and Botany at Uppsala UniversityUppsala University, Swedish.
Uppsala University was founded in 1477.
. In the summer he devoted himself totally to the restoration of the neglected Uppsala University Botanical GardenLinnéträdgården,
Swedish. The Uppsala University
Botanical Garden was founded by Olof
Rudbeck the Elder in 1655.
. This year the Orangerie and the House of the Professor, where he will live for the rest of his life, were built.

Linnaeus has already introduced all the plants from the woods and countryside into the Garden. There are also some exotic ones that he has received from the gardens of the nobility. Bernard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Gronovius, Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Pierre BarrèreBarrère, Pierre
(1690-1755). French. Professor of
medicine, Perpignan. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, François Boissier de La Croix SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Johann AmmanAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
have generously sent him many seeds.

Linnaeus wishes he could visit the beautiful Swiss Alps. In the Garden there is not a single plant from the Alps except Betula foliis orbiculatis. Linnaeus would like to buy seeds of Alpine plants, no matter how expensive they are, from Gessner.

If it is possible for him to receive seeds, Linnaeus would like them to be enclosed in a letter addressed to the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
].

Linnaeus wants to know when Scheuchzer and Amman were born and when they died.

Linnaeus would also like to know whether Gessner has published anything.

Linnaeus is totally devoting himself to Species plantarum [Linnaeus refers to his forthcoming Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
]. He will place all the species that are known to him under their proper genera. He will state the specific differences, varieties and habitats.

Linnaeus has almost finished the catalogue of the quadrupeds, birds, fishes, insects, worms in Sweden with all the synonyms that he knows [Linnaeus refers to his “Animalia per Sveciam observata” Linnaeus, Carl “Animalia per
Sveciam observata”, ALSS 4
(1736), 97-138 [1742]. Soulsby no. 1104,
Soulsby no. 1143
].

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (UUB, G152a). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]