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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0470 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 16 September 1742 n.s.
Dated 16 Sept. 1742. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Amico integerrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] CAR[OLO] LINNAEO,[a][a] : MS1 <Hallero> Linnaeo
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
A[lbertus] Haller.

Post diuturnum Tuum silentium hae Tuae mihi gratissimae fuerunt.[1] Ante annum ad Te literas et dissertatiunculas dederam. Utinam Hamburgi haberes aliquem, qui Tua curaret v[erbi] g[ratia] KönigiumKönig, Johan Fredrik (Johann
Friedrich)
(1690-1759). Swedish.
Post-commissary in Hamburg.
, qui Regis Tui negocia curat, mitterem quaecunque potero! Semina difficilia habentur. Mittam tamen. Ecce aliqua ex nuperrimis excursionibus!

Gratae sunt observationes Tuae. Mitte, precor, Tua duo Seda! Nobis luteum non acre etiam nascitur ab acri foliis laxioribus diversum. Gratissimum etiam erit Symphytum petraeum. Ego habeo ex C[asparo] B[auhino]Bauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhin’s Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
, sed a Lychnide Alp[ina] linifol[ia],[b][b] : MS1 [added above the line] multif[olia] & multifl[ora] valde diversum flore albo, calyce turgidiore, &c.

Nuper Jenae multas conquisivi plantas ad edendum RuppiumRuppe, Heinrich Bernhard
(1688-1719). German. Student of
medicine, botanist, author of the
Flora Jenensis (1718).
.[2] Semina exspecto. Habui 500 ex Helvetia, sed vix 10 prodierunt, inter quae fuit Eruca coerulea in arenosis crescens. In horto vidi quatuor habere glandulas. Nuper Hyssopifoliam legi simillimam Salicariae, sed habet six stamina. Legi etiam Viciam, cujus semen, iconem[c][c] : MS1 [added above the line] mitto, Hesperin, etc.

Stirpium, quas qaeris, aliqua semina[d][d] : MS1 [added above the line] facilia sunt lectu,[e][e] : MS1 [added above the line] alia difficillima, etsi in Helvetia vulgaria sint. Nemo enim adest, qui opportuna anni aetate legat. Faciam quoad potero, dummodo viam aperias. Ipse etiam solas fere amo Europaeas similes nostrorum. Septentrionales Tu mitte, quae nobis desunt! Quaenam sint ex opere botanico[3] cognosces, quod nuper pro signo intemeratae amicitiae per eum D[ominium] Königium misi. Multa vicia[f][f] : MS1 [sc.] vitia typographica supersunt neque ubique mihi placeo. Sed aetas & repetita itinera multa corrigent.

An Tibi notum est filicastrum septentrionale AmmaniAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
?[4] Habeo, sed scapos florigeros non satis[g][g] : MS1 [added above the line] explicuerat in Thuringia, ubi legi. CelsiiCelsius, Olof (1670-1756).
Swedish. Orientalist and theologian,
professor at Uppsala. Botanist and plant
collector, benefactor of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Uplandica[5] non habeo neque enim actorum[6] possideo nisi unum volumen. Libros etiam Suecicos valde amarem. Compensarem nostratibus aut[h][h] : MS1 <v. g.> aut nummis v[erbi] g[ratia] RudbekiiRudbeck, Olof (1660-1740).
Swedish. Professor of medicine,
botanist, ornithologist, travelled in
Lapland. Linnaeus’s teacher.
omnia, excepta Laponia illustrata,[7] TillandiTillandz, Elias (1640-1693).
Swedish. Botanist, professor of
medicine, Åbo.
, FrankenFranck, Johan (1590-1661).
Swedish. Professor of medicine in
Uppsala.Olof Rudbeck the Elder’s
teacher.
& reliquos, BromelioBromell, Magnus von
(1679-1731). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, geologist. Head of the
Laboratorium Chymicum in Stockholm from
1724. Natural history collector.
demto. Gratae etiam stirpes siccae erunt & musci. Illos facilius suppeditabo quam semina & quas quaeris omnes excepta tantum[i][i] : MS1 [added above the line] Valeriana celtica, Dipsaco laciniato, Passerina et[j][j] : MS1 [added above the line] Centunculos, quorum omnia specimina chartae adglutinata sunt. Multas etiam alias raras Germanicas abunde possideo ut Coronillam montanam, Anemonem III Matth[eoli]Mattioli, Pietro Andrea Gregorio
(1500-1577). Italian. Physician and
botanist. Born in Siena, graduated at
Padua. Active in Rome, Prague and
Trento. First physician of Maximilian
II.
, Lampsanam aphyllocaulon, Gr[amen] pan[iculatum] molle, &c. Novorum librorum nihil habeo Botanicum nisi RandiiRand, Isaac (?-1743). British.
Botanist.
catalogum.[8] Tua genera nondum habeo novae editionis.[9] DilleniiDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
muscorum opus est doctissimum.[10] MappusMappus, Marcus (1632-1701).
German. Professor of botany and
pathology, Padua, father of Marcus
Mappus the Younger.
varietates habet, sed aliqua tamen bona et nova.[11] Tu quid agis? Da, quaeso, nobis floram septentrionalem; ego Germanicam molior.[12] Anno proximo adibo agrum Halensem et lacus salsos. Anno v[ero] 1744, si vixero, Alpes Rhaeticas non cursorie, sed cum mora. Haec mihi solamina paro futurae valetudinis, quae mihi ex asthmate adversa imminet.

Vale & me porro ama, qui Te certe plurimi facio!

Dabam d[ie] 16 Sept[embris] 1742.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus Professeur / Royal / a Upsal / en Suede

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller wishes that Linnaeus had had a contact in Hamburg, who could have taken care of things for him as, for example Johan Fredrik König, the Swedish representative in Hamburg. He would like to have Linnaeus’s two Seda. He has himself a yellow one, which is not acrid and differs from Sedum acre in having more lax foliage. The Symphytum petraeum will be most welcome. He has got one from Caspar Bauhin, but it is very different from Lychnis alpina linifolia, multifolia et multiflora through its white flower and more turgid calyx.

Haller has collected plants for his edition of Heinrich Bernhard Ruppe. He had 500 seeds from Switzerland, but hardly ten sprouted. Among them was Caspar Bauhin’s Eruca coerulea in arenosis crescens with four glands. He has gathered a Vicia, a Hesperis, a Hyssopifolia similar to Salicaria, though it has only six stamens.

Haller likes European plants similar to his own. He has a Filicastrum septentrionale of Johann Amman, which is problematic. He would like to have Olof Celsius the Elder’s work on the plants of Uppland and Acta literaria et scientiarum Sueciae. Furthermore, he wants everything by Olof Rudbeck the Younger, (except Lapponia illustrata), Elias Tillandz, Johan Franck, etc. Valeriana celtica, Dipsacus laciniatus, Passerina and the Centunculi cannot be sent. Dried plants and mosses are desirable. In return Haller can send the German Coronilla montana, Anemone tertia Matteoli, Lampsana aphyllocaulon, Gramen paniculatum molle. Haller has Isaac Rand’s catalogue, but not Linnaeus’s new edition of Genera plantarum. He thinks highly of Johann Jakob Dillenius’s work on mosses. There are several varieties in the work of Marcus Mappus the Elder. He wants Linnaeus to write a Northern Flora. He is himself planning a German one.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. draft holograph (LS, VI, 177). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 357-359   p.357  p.358  p.359.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <Hallero> Linnaeo
b.
MS1 [added above the line]
c.
MS1 [added above the line]
d.
MS1 [added above the line]
e.
MS1 [added above the line]
f.
MS1 [sc.] vitia
g.
MS1 [added above the line]
h.
MS1 <v. g.> aut
i.
MS1 [added above the line]
j.
MS1 [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
See Linnaeus to Albrecht von Haller, 26 July o.s. 1742, 6 August 1742 n.s..
2.
3.
4.
5.
For Olof Celsius the Elder, “Flora Uplandica” (LUB)Celsius, Olof “Flora Uplandica”
(manuscript; LUB)
, “Flora Uplandica” (NR)Celsius, Olof “Flora Uplandica”
(manuscript; NR)
and “Flora Uplandica” (UUB)Celsius, Olof “Flora Uplandica”
(manuscript; UUB, Ms D 58).
, see Siegesbeck to Linnaeus, 14 November o.s. 1735, 25 November 1735 n.s..
6.
Acta literaria et scientiarum Sueciae Acta literaria et
scientiarum Sueciae
, 1-4 (Uppsala
1720-1739).
(1730-1742).
7.
8.
9.
This project of a German Flora was never realised.