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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0489 • Carl Linnaeus to François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages, 5 April 1743 n.s.
Dated 1743 april 5 styl. gregor.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Montpellier (France). Written in Latin.

Illustrissimo Viro D[omino] D[octori] de Sauvages.

Hac ipsa hora amicissimas Tuas literas accepi, ex quibus intelligo Te ultimas meas nondum accepisse. Laetor ex animo, quod vivas et bene vivas. Accepi ambas Tuas epistolas mense et julio et octobri scriptas, plenas curiosissimis observationibus de Coriaria, de Polypo, de Uva Ursi; quam me recrearunt vix effari queo, qui hic derelictus jaceam in extremo mundi angulo. Vellem lubenter scire, quid Tu et Dom[inus] Reaumur per Polypum intelligatis. An veram polypi speciem? Quid Te per vermem a Genuensibus examinatum? An Gordium s[ive] setam marinam? Fac, ut hoc sciam.

Si vivat iste Theologus Cette, ad quem misi libros, si accessit salva navis, procul omni dubio hodie habebis libros a me missos, vel periere cum nave. Navis erat Mercatoris Stockholmensis, D[omi]ni Grill, cum qua mittebantur. Quaesivi a D[omi]no Grill, num domum rediit; respondebat se nondum navem exspectare.

Oro rogoque, ut quamprimum fasciculum accipias, ad me scribas, ne anxius haeream; si non acceperis, et secunda vice mittam hoc autumno; si tum pereat, vix potero.

Si non exspectassem a Nostra Societate Regia Scientiarum hoc anno restaurata egregie, quod Te unanima voce vocarent, uti millies dixerunt, et intra mensem certo fiet, dum et Tu et Gronovius et duo Mathematici (nomina non memini) vocabuntur, dudum respondissem ad honorificum, quem mihi offers favorem, quod tamen ne verbo in ultimis, quas periisse refers, tetigi.

Acta nostra prodeunt et nitidiori charactere et papyro puriori et forma majore; excludimus omnes scientias minoris momenti; nec dubitamus, quin, cum prodeant, vobis accepta erint. In his hoc anno videbis Orchides et affines omnes mihi notas, differentiis, varietatibus, synonymis omnibus mihi cognitis et locis natalibus designatas.

Illustrissimis Membris Societatis vestrae, meis verbis, humillime salutes et gratias age, pro summo honore, quo me amplecti non dedignati sunt; honorem ab eis mihi generosissime oblatum summa veneratione agnoscam, et semper sollicitus ero, ut ullo modo eorum desideriis satisfaciam; si velint me inter suos numerare, erit, quod pia mente semper excipiam; observationes, quales demum potero, mittam.

Quaeris, quid hodie ego; respondeo:

1o Bibliotheca mea Botanica jam jam parata erit.

2o Pan Suecanus, ubi quadrupedes, Aves, amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes omnes Sueciae mihi notae distribuentur, secundum genera (ubi Genera insectorum accuratius definiam) cum nominibus specificis, ut in plantis, veris cum synonymis mihi notis omnibus (in insectis Herculeus labor!) cum loco natali et planta, in quibus vivunt insecta, et descriptionibus brevioribus, ut variorum Horti Cliffortiani.

3o Ad prelum fere parata habeo Iter Lapponicum Beati Rudbeckii, Blattis certans, a me repertum, cujus prima pars vix nominanda prodiit anno 1702, ubi plures aves descriptae.

4o Iter meum Lapponicum, Iter Dalekarlium, Iter Oelandium, Iter Hollandium; in singulis observationes bene multae in historia naturali, oeconomia, diaeteticis.

5o Flora Suecana, quam ad mediam partem scripsi, hoc anno, si vita et vires, absoluta erit.

6o Species plantarum, cum omnibus mihi notis speciebus et synonymis et locis natalibus et varietatibus; in hoc opere tantum 200 genera absolvi; reliqua restant.

Publice Diaeteticen doceo; nullus professor Upsaliensis a 60 annis plures authores habuit quam hodie ego. Demonstro diaeteticen solis observationibus. Si hoc aliquando juris publici facere liceret, non dubito, quin multis prodesset et arrideret.

Die martis s[ive] aprilis 12 stylo veteri, promotionem in medicina more veterum celebrabo promotor.

Hortus Academicus mihi multas gratas horas parit. Utinam Tuis donis pretiosissimis laetaretur quamprimum! Navem exspecto anxius.

A Te et ego et Totus orbis Floram Monspeliensem;expeto; ne hoc opus assumere recuses, millies oro, precor.

Si habes conterraneum Lugduni, jube eundem adire D[ominum] D[octorem] Gronovium Medicum, et ab eo petere exemplar editionis 2dae Generum meorum, quod dudum eum jussi, ut ad Te mitteret.

N.B. Ego non sum Secretarius Societatis Regiae Sueciae, nec unquam fui, sed sum solum socius.

In generibus reperies et Sauvageam, et Nissoliam, et Fevilleam, et Magnoliam; habebis et, si vixero, Marsileam.

Tu ne cures odia, dum recte facis.

Tu incede viam, vaginaque eripe ensem!

D[omini] Dargenville opus accepi, a Te approbatum; certe formae Concharum et Cochlearum pulcherrimae sunt quam unquam prodiere.

Expecto avide Dom[ini] Halleri de plantis Helveticis, quod ad me misit, licet nondum accepi.

Cum videas mea foliorum genera in Horto Cliffortiano, quaeso, Tua dubia mihi impertiaris, ut possim ea in Philsophia Botanica observare.

Si acceperis Hortum, quaeso, proxima aestate aliquot semina Coriariae mittas, item Linum minimum stellatum, Cruciata vulgaris.

Tempus non plura admittit, Tu vive Ter felix.

Dabam Upsaliae 1743 April[is] 5 styl[o] Greg[oriano].

Carl Linnaeus

Monsieur
Monsieur De Sauvages
Professeur en Medicin
Montpellier

[a][a] : MS1 [added in the left margin
of fol. 1 v.; there is no indication
where it should be inserted
]
Fasciculum, quem misi praeterito autumno sic inscipsi: A Monsieur Causse, prieur, a Cette. Apud eum Tua quaeras.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus has just received a letter [this letter has not come down to us] from François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, for which he thanks and acknowledges receipt of two other letters written in July [the first from July 1742 has not come down to us] and in October [presumably 18 October 1742Letter L0472]. In these, Linnaeus especially appreciated what Sauvages wrote about Coriaria, Polypus and Uva ursi. He asks Sauvages to explain in greater detail what he and René-Antoine Ferchault de RéaumurRéaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
(1683-1757). French.
Physicist and naturalist. His works
cover geometry, technology, mineralogy,
ornithology. His collections of natural
history objects, mineralogy etc. were
given to the Académie des
sciences after his death. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
mean by Polypus and the vermis mentioned.

If the priest [CausseCausse, French. Priest,
Cette.
] in Cette, to whom Linnaeus has sent books is alive, there is no doubt that Sauvages will have them, if the ship has not been shipwrecked. Linnaeus has sent the books to Sauvages on a ship from Stockholm belonging to the merchant Claes GrillGrill, Claes (1705-1767).
Swedish. Merchant, owner of the iron
works of Söderfors, Österby
and Iggesund. Director of the Swedish
East India Company. Also known as an art
collector and patron of arts and
sciences. Brother of Anthoni Grill and
Johan Abraham Grill. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
. By now Sauvages should have received them. Linnaeus entreats his friend to let him know when they arrive.

This year the Acta of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
], now published in a larger format and on high-quality paper, will treat Orchides with Linnaeus’s comments on differences, varieties, synonyms and habitats [Linnaeus refers to his “Species Orchidum”Linnaeus, Carl "Species
Orchidum et affinium plantarum",
Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum
Upsaliensis
([1740] 1744), 1-37.
Soulsby no. 396.
].

Linnaeus is grateful to the Academy of Sciences and Letters of Montpellier [La Société royale des sciences de MontpellierAcadémie des sciences et
lettres de Montpellier ,
French.
Académie des sciences et lettres
de Montpellier was founded in 1706 as
the Société royale des
sciences de Montpellier and dissolved in
1793 during the Revolution. This society
formed by its constitution one and the
same organization with the academy of
Paris. It was reconstituted in 1795 as
the Société libre des
sciences et belles-lettres de
Montpellier, but disapeared in 1816. In
1846 it was revived as Académie
des sciences et lettres de Montpellier.
Its first journal was Histoire de la
Société royale des
sciences établie à
Montpellier avec les mémoires de
mathématiques et de physique
tirés des registres de cette
société
, vols. 1-2
(1706-1745), which were published
1766-1768.
] for having nominated him as a member. His present scientific work includes:

1.Bibliotheca botanica soon to be finished [Linnaeus means the reprint of the first edition with additions and corretions, Bibliotheca botanica. Editio novaLinnaeus, Carl Bibliotheca
botanica. Editio nova multo
correctior
(Halle, 1747). Soulsby
no. 251.
].

2. In Pan Suecanus are all the quadrupeds, birds, amphibia, fish, insects and worms that are known to Linnaeus decribed with specific names, just as was done regarding the plants, and with their true symtoms, the place where the animal lives and the plants on which the insects live and short descriptions. [A work with that title was never published, the Pan SuecicusLinnaeus, Carl Pan
Suecicus
, diss., resp. N.L.
Hesselgren (Uppsala, 1749). Soulsby no.
1565.
, published in 1746, dealt with different plants selected as food by different animals;the plan Linnaeus describes in this letter was lined out in the forthcoming Fauna SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
insectorum
(Stockholm, 1746).
Soulsby no. 1151.
].

3. The late Rudbeck’s [Olof RudbeckRudbeck, Olof (1660-1740).
Swedish. Professor of medicine,
botanist, ornithologist, travelled in
Lapland. Linnaeus’s teacher.
] Iter Lapponicum [the sketch-book, observations made in water-colours from Rudbeck’s journey to Lapland] is almost ready for the print [the Iter LapponicumRudbeck, Olof Iter
Lapponicum. Skissboken från resan
till Lappland 1695
, I-II (Stockholm
1987).
was published in facsimile 1987]. The first part was published in 1702, where there are many birds described [the book on birds was initiated in 1693, but published in 1985-86 in facsimile, see FogelbokenRudbeck, Olof Fogelboken.
Historisk, konstvetenskaplig och
ornitologisk kommentar
(Stockholm
1985).
and Fogelboken. PortföljenRudbeck, Olof Fogelboken.
Portföljen kommentar
(Stockholm
1986).
; maybe Linneaus means Nora-samolad, sive Laponia illustrataRudbeck, Olof Nora-samolad,
sive Laponia illustrata et iter per
Uplandium, Gestriciam, Helsingiam [...]
Opus cui ad calcem glossarium Laponicum
accedit, cum inscriptione Lapo
Hebraizans in Septentrione
(Uppsala
1701).
, the remaining eleven parts were destroyed by fire in 1702].

4. Accounts on Linnaeus’s expeditions to Lapland, Dalecarlia and Öland and his stay in Holland [will be published]. [Of these travelaccounts , the Öländska och gothländska resaLinnaeus, Carl
Öländska och
Gothländska Resa på Riksens
högloflige ständers befallning
förrättad åhr 1741. Med
anmärkningar uti oeconomien,
natural-historien, antiquiteter &c
med åtskillige figurer

(Stockholm & Uppsala 1745). Soulsby
no. 202.
was the only one which was published in Linnaeus’s lifetime, the travelaccounts concerning Dalecarlia and the stay abroad were first published in 1889, see “Iter ad fodinas”Linnaeus, Carl “Iter ad fodinas
& officinas metallicas Westmanniae
& Dalecarliae susceptum anno 1733”,
in Carl von Linnés
ungdomsskrifter
, ed. E.
Ährling, 2 vol. (Stockholm,
1888-1889), II, 203-232. Soulsby no. 27.
Soulsby no. 183 a.
, “Iter Dalecarlium”Linnaeus, Carl "Iter
Dalecarlium jussu et impensis [...]
Nicolai Reuterholmi [...] institutum per
Dalecarliam Sveciae provinciam quoad
orientalem Alpinam et occidentalem
partem observationibus constans
geographicis, physicis, mineralogicis,
botanicis, zoologicis, domesticis et
oeconomicis, quotide collectis a mense
julii die 3. ad augusti d. 17. anni
1734", Carl von Linnés
ungdomsskrifter
, ed. E.
Ährling, 2 vol. (Stockholm,
1888-1889), II, 233-368. Soulsby no. 27,
Soulsby no. 187.
, “Iter ad exteros”Linnaeus, Carl "Iter ad
exteros susceptum 1734, aggressum
1735", Carl von Linnés
ungdomsskrifter
, ed. E.
Ährling, 2 vol. (Stockholm,
1888-1889), II, 369-390. Soulsby no. 27.
Soulsby no. 188.
; the first edition of the account on the journey to Lapland was published in 1811, translated into English, Lachesis LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl Lachesis
Lapponica, or a tour in Lapland. Now
first published from the original
manuscript journal of the celebrated
Linnaeus,
, ed. J. E. Smith, 2 vol.
(London, 1811). Soulsby no. 192.
, and based on the manuscript for the first time in 1889, “Iter Lapponicum”Linnaeus, Carl "Iter
Lapponicum dei gratia institutum 1732
sumptibus regiae societatis literariae
et scientiarum ad historiam naturalem
Laponiae dilucidandum instructum, quoad
lapides, terras, aquas, herbas, arbores,
gramina, muscos, quadrupedia, aves,
pisces et insecta, imo hominum morbos,
salutem, diaetam, mores, vivendique
rationem", Carl von
Linnés ungdomsskrifter
, ed.
E. Ährling, 2 vol. (Stockholm,
1888-1889), II, 1--202. Soulsby no. 27.
Soulsby no. 196.
].

5. Flora Suecana [Linnaeus means the Flora SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora Svecica,
exhibens plantas per regnum Sveciae
crescentes, systematice cum differentiis
specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus,
incolarum, solo locorum, usu
pharmacopaeorum
(Leiden 1745).
Soulsby no. 408.
] will be finished this year.

6. Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
, the major part remains unfinished.

Linnaeus’s lectures attract large crowds of students.

On 12 April he will confer doctors’ degrees in medicine at a university ceremony. The Uppsala University Botanical Garden gives Linnaeus many happy hours. May it be enriched by new precious gifts from Sauvages!

Linnaeus expects Sauvages to publish a Flora Monspeliensis [Sauvages published his Methodus foliorum, seu plantae florae MonspeliensisSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
Methodus foliorum,
seu plantae florae Monspeliensis, juxta
foliorum ordinem ad juvandam specierum
cognitionem, digestae [...]
Méthode pour connoître les
plantes par les feüilles
(The
Hague 1751).
].

A copy of the Genera plantarum [...] Editio secundaLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum [...] Editio secunda aucta
& emendata
(Leiden 1742).
is reserved for Sauvages in Leiden by Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

In this he will find Sauvagea together with Nissolia, Fevillea and Magnolia.

Linnaeus has received Antoine-Joseph Dezallier d’Argenville’sDezallier d’Argenville,
Antoine-Joseph
(1680-1765).
French. Naturalist and garden designer.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
beautiful work on conchylia [L’Histoire naturelle éclaircie dans deux de ses parties principales, la lithologie et la conchyliologieDezallier d’Argenville,
Antoine-Joseph
L'Histoire
naturelle éclaircie dans deux de
ses parties principales, la lithologie
et la conchyliologie [...] dont l'une
traite des pierres et l'autre des
coquillages. Ouvrage dans lequel on
trouve une nouvelle méthode &
une notice critique des principaux
auteurs qui ont écrit sur ces
matiéres. Enrichi de figures
dessinées d'après
nature
(Paris, 1742).
].

Linnaeus is impatiently waiting for Swiss plants from Albrecht von HallerHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, which he has sent him, but has not yet received.

He asks Sauvages to mention whatever doubts he may have about Linnaeus’s presentation of leaves in Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
. Sauvages’s observations will be valuable for Linnaeus’s work with Bibliotheca botanica.

Linnaeus would be grateful if, next summer, Sauvages could send seeds of Coriaria, Linum minimum and Cruciata vulgaris.

P.S. Linnaeus has written “A Monsieur Causse, prieur, à Cette” on the parcel he has sent to Sauvages.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Private collection). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Lettres inédites de Linné à Boissier de la Croix de Sauvages (1860), p. 44-51   p.44  p.45  p.46  p.47  p.48  p.49  p.50  p.51.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [added in the left margin of fol. 1 v.; there is no indication where it should be inserted]