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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0494 • Carl Linnaeus to François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages, 25 June 1743 n.s.
Dated 1743. jun. 14.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Montpellier (France). Written in Latin.

Upsal[iae] Jun[ii] 14, 1743.

Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] SAUVAGESIO, Profess[ori] Botan[ices] Monspel[iensi],
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Carolus Linnaeus.

Desideratissima navis la Considération sub finem mensis aprilis Helsingoram, Daniae portum, intrabat. Ab eo tempore quotidie munera Tua pretiosissima exspectabam, sed integer mensis spem nostram aluit. Tandem, inquieto animo, navem vel naufragio periisse vel hostium manibus captam judicabam, uti alia infelix navis muneribus Dillenianis, Collinsonianis, Millerianis onusta infeliciter hoc vere periit. At ante octiduum navem Tuam portum Stockholmiensem nuntiabant. Ego mox hominem (expresse) instruxi, qui recta Holmias petiit, et altera die pretiosissimis Tuis muneribus onustus Upsaliam rediit. Si me tum vidisses, vix characterem hominis, summo gaudio flagrantis, aptius ab ullo desumeres. Omnia semina 200 eodem terrae commisi, et hac ipsa hora, qua has exaro, licet vix ultra quatriduum terrae commissa fuerunt, tamen video enata, uti Genistam, Galegam, Apocynum Salicis folio, Trifol[ium] bituminos, Fabaginem, Sidam, Leucojum perenne, Sanguisorbam, Asphodelum, Glycyrrhizam. Hinc semina fere omnia germinatura auguror. Quam inde felix et a Te ditatus ero! Plurimas accipio plantas perennes, quae hybernacula nostra pulcherrime ornabunt.

Summopere doleo, quod mea munuscula, quamvis vilissima sint, non redierint in Tuas manus.

Cum quaesiveram Holmiae apud D[omi]num Grill de meo fasciculo, qui cum ejus nave peteret Cette, responsorias tuli, quod nulla ejus navis directe petierit portum Cette hoc vere, sed quod prima cum nave fasciculus abibit et in Tuas manus perveniet. Hoc responso, utcumque aegre fero, debeo esse contentus. Immortales Deos testor, quod omnia quae potui praestiterim, et spero Te hoc autumno fasciculum habiturum.

Sub meo Praesidio hisce diebus prodiit Dissertatio Academica de Betula nana, quam mittam, licet novi nil contineat.

In promotionem doctoralem programma conscripsi de nuper inventis stupendis in historia naturali, e. gr. de Vipera caudisona, praedam ad se trahente,

De Polypo reviviscente,

De Coriaria epilepsiam curante; quae ambo tua sunt.

Ne mireris, quod inter Tuos habeas inimicos. Cum pares habere nequeas, necesse est, ut inimicos habeas. Tu incede viam, vaginaque eripe ensem! Quaeso, percurras omnes medicos sui temporis summos, et ostendas mihi unicum, qui adversarium non habuerit. Ego certe novi nullum. Si esses Tuis inferior, nullus te lividis adspiceret oculis. Utinam velles aliquam observationem cum nostra Societate communicare! Videres inde, quod Tui hanc longe magis facerent: non propheta in patria!

Semina Coriariae hac aestate utinam pro me colligere velles! Plura non audeo petere, antequam mea acceperis.

In Horto academico horas transigo meas. Instruxi hortum, ut possim ibi alere alio loco muscos, alio plantas palustres, alio fluviatiles et aquaticas.

Plantae, in sylvis densis vel in umbra nascentes, mihi maximum negotium facessere, antequam inveni ollas inversas utrinque patulas et rimas a lateribus hiantes [illustration]; sub his possum plurimas et fere omnes nunc conservare quae in umbra crescunt, uti Linneas, Squamarias, Chondrillas sonchi folio, Chrysosplenia, Allia ursina, &c. conservare.

Faciem Tuam carere nequeo. Cura, quaeso, ut habeam Tuam umbram, qui Virum amicissimum et summum videre nequeo.

Accepi nuper varietatem Linariae vulgaris, quae constanti naturae lusu semper promit corollas fere ut Narcissi lutei, floribus scilicet infundibiliformes, regulares, limbo regulari 5-fido et petalis 5 a lateribus tubi regularibus. Hanc varietatem per 25 milliaria accersiri curavi per hominem, qui locum natalem recta ejus causa meis impensis peteret.

Adjicio catalogum pl[antarum] Monspeliensium ex Botanico Monsp[eliensi] plantas continentem nobis in Suecia omnino invisas.


Acacia trifolia magna. Monsp. 1.
Alcea villosa
Anthyllis maritima 22
Antirrhinum alb. serrato folio 23
Aristolochia longa et rotunda 27
† Camphorata 47 et congener
Caryophyllus saxatilis 53
† Caryophyllus aphyllantes
† Chamelaea tricoccos
† Chondrilla caule foliis obducto 63
† Ericae omnes, excepta prima.
Gratiola
† Heliotropium majus
Jaceae omnes, excepta prima
Linum stellatum
Lithospermum liniariae folio
Lotus maritima 165
Lychnis sesamoides salamant.
Lychnis spica reflexa 171
Nummularia minor purpurea
Panax costinum
Polium Monspessulanum
Ephedra
Polygonum s. Herniaria fruticosa
Rapunculus spicatus
† Resedae affinis phyteuma
† Rubia sylv. Monspessulana
Seseli
Siler
Smilax
Alkekengi
Stoechas arabic.
Terebinthus
Alysson perenne
Thymelaea monspeliensis
Alypum
Trifol. subterraneum
Trifol. fragif. tomentos.
Trifol. glomerulis personatae

A Monsieur
Monsieur de Sauvages
Professeur célèbre à Montpellier

upSUMMARY

In late April Linnaeus was informed that the Considération, carrying seeds from François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, called at Helsingör. Since then Linnaeus has impatiently waited for it to reach Stockholm. When it had not done so after a month, Linnaeus feared that it had sunk or had been taken by the enemy, which happened earlier this year to another vessel loaded with botanical gifts from Johann Jacob DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Philip MillerMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
. However, a week ago Linnaeus received the good news of its safe arrival in Stockholm. Forthwith Linnaeus sent a man there, who returned loaded with Sauvages’s precious gifts: seeds of 200 species. Linnaeus is besides himself with joy and has sown them all. Already, after only four days, he can rejoice at the first sprouts of Genista, Galega, Apocynum, Trifolium bituminosum, Fabago, Sida, Leucojum perenne, Sanguisorba, Asphodelus, Glycyrrhiza .The result is very promising: they all seem to germinate.

Linnaeus is sorry to hear that the parcel he sent has not reached Sauvages. Claes GrillGrill, Claes (1705-1767).
Swedish. Merchant, owner of the iron
works of Söderfors, Österby
and Iggesund. Director of the Swedish
East India Company. Also known as an art
collector and patron of arts and
sciences. Brother of Anthoni Grill and
Johan Abraham Grill. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has now informed him that none of his ships has called at Cette this spring but the consignment will be delivered by the first available ship.

Recently Linnaeus was president when the dissertation De betula nanaLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
Botanica de betula nana
, diss.,
resp. L. Klase (Stockholm 1743). Soulsby
no. 1370.
was presented. It will be delivered to Sauvages.

In the programme for the conferment of doctor’s degrees [Patronis, 1743Linnaeus, Carl Patronis,
hospitibus, patribus civibusque
academicis et urbicis s.p.d. Carolus
Linnaeus [...] in solenni hac
inauguratione medica constitutus
promotor
(Uppsala, 1743). Soulsby
no. 1369.
] Linnaeus has written about marvels in nature, such as rattlesnakes, reviviscent polyps, Coriaria curing epilepsy.

Sauvages should not be surprised to find enemies among his colleagues. It is all due to envy and the fact that they feel inferior. This happens to all great men.

Linnaeus would like to receive seeds of Coriaria from Sauvages. In the Uppsala University Botanical Garden Linnaeus has organised his plants according to their natural habitats: mosses, marsh plants, fluvial and aquatic plants. Linnaeus has invented a device to make shade plants, such as Linneae, Squamariae, Chondrillae sonchi folia, etc, thrive: wide pots turned upside-down with light openings in them [se Linnaeus’s illustration, ed. p. 55]

Linnaeus beseeches Sauvages to send a portrait of himself.

He describes in detail a variety of Linaria vulgaris.

From Pierre Magnol’sMagnol, Pierre (1683-1715).
French. Physician and botanist, director
of the botanical garden of Montpellier.
Botanicum MonspelienseMagnol, Pierre Botanicum
Monspeliense. Sive plantarum circa
Monspelium nascentium index : In quo
plantarum nomina meliora seliguntur:
loca, in quibus plantae sponte
adolescunt, tum a prioribus botanicis,
tum ab authore observata indicantur:
& praecipuae facultates traduntur.
Adduntur variarum plantarum
descriptiones, & icones. Cum
appendice quae plantas de novo repertas
continet, & errata emendat

(Montpellier, 1686)
Linnaeus presents a list of 39 plants unknown in Sweden [see ed. p. 56].

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Private collection). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Lettres inédites de Linné à Boissier de la Croix de Sauvages (1860), p. 52-57   p.52  p.53  p.54  p.55  p.56  p.57.