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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0499 • Johann Albrecht Gesner to Carl Linnaeus, 4 July 1743 n.s.
Dated Julio 4 styl. nov. 1743.. Sent from Berlin (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro Illustri,
D[omino] D[octori] CAROLO LINNEO,
in Academia Upsaliensi M[edicinae] et B[otanices] Professori
Regio celeberrimo,
S[alutem] D[icit] P[lurimam]
D[ominus] Joh[annes] Albert[us] Gesnerus.

Ad litteras TUAS suavissimas, quae spatio viginti dierum ad me pervenerunt, quod justo tardius respondeo, noli in malam partem accipere.[1]

Litteras expectavi responsorias a Celeber[rimo] D[omino] D[octore] a Bergen, professore ordinario Francofurtensi, viro mihi amicissimo, ut ad TUAS humanissimas eo accuratius quo ad GleditschiumGleditsch, Johann Gottlieb
(1714-1786). German. Botanist and
sylviculturist in Berlin, disciple of
Anton Wilhelm Platz and Johann Ernst
Hebenstreit, supervisor of Caspar Boseís
garden 1731-1735, professor at the
Collegium Medico-Chirurgicum in 1746.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
respondere possem.

Scire cupis, Vir celeberrime, an sim Germanus vel Borussus vel Helvetus natione.

Respondeo me tam natione quam fide Germanis olim propria esse Germanum, et quidem ex gente Gesneriana per Helvetiam et Misniam propter duos celebres viros hoc nomine claros Salomonem et ConradumGesner, Konrad (1516-1565).
Swiss. Physician, botanist, zoologist,
bibliographer, Lausanne.
, priorem theologum, posteriorem medicum, Helvetorum decus. Nec non Frater Germanus Professor Göttingensis Joh[annes] Mathias GesnerusGesner, Johann Matthias
(1691-1761). German. Philosopher and
philologist. Professor in
Göttingen.
ob bona officia rei publicae litterariae in edendis variis scriptis philologicis praestita ignotus TIBI esse potest.

Nihil igitur abs me timeas, rogo. Fidem abhorreo Punicam TIBIque spondeo constantem et amicitiam perpetuam.

FrischiusFrisch, Johann Leonhard
(1666-1743). German. High school rector
in Berlin.
, Rector olim Gymnasii Beroloniensis, qui tam pulcre de insectis[a][a] : MS1 in- [added above the
line
]
scripsit, paucos ante menses diem obiit supremum. Praeter 13 partes non edidit historiae insectorum.[2] Ornithologiam incepit et omnes aves in 12 distinguit classes, sed exceptis 4 prioribus classibus plures lucem non viderunt, et forsan nunquam videbunt, quamvis filius autoris calcographus promiserit.[3] Opus propter figuras vivis coloribus pictis [sic] pretiosum est, et magis ad recreationem quam illustrandam Zoologiam utile esse censeo.

Gleditschius, strenuus ille Linnaeani systematis defensor, Francofurti ad Viadrum deget et munere physici provincialis fungitur. Tempore vero vacuo a praxi botanicam docet atque cum auditoribus, quos multos habet, nonnunquam excursiones facit botanicas. Quae SiegesbeckiusSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeusís sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, vir ille contentiosus, contra illum edidit, nondum vidi, nec possum dicere qualia. Literas Tuas ad illum curandas libenter in me recipio.

LieberkühnLieberkühn, Johann Natanael
(1711-1756). German. Physician,
Berlin.
, medicus, opticus, mechanicus et anatomicus celebris, praxin hic Berolini exercet medicam et a Rege curam equitum vel militum equestrium, quos Gallos Gens díarmer vocant, cum stipendio aliquali accepit. Tempus a praxi clinica vacuum, quod tamen perpaucum est, ad opticas machinas et injectiones anatomicas, quas facit elegantissimas, impendit.

Misit ad me cum epistola inclusa 14 species seminum plantarum Dominus D[octor] a Bergen, quas cum aliis a me jam collectis et colligendis suo tempore transmittam. Scripsi in hunc finem ad amicum Durlacensem, ut ex horto illo celebri Marchionis Badensis Carols Ruhe[4] mihi procuret semina plantarum indigenarum, sic etiam ex sylva nigra et Hyrcinia expecto, quae, quam primum id fieri poterit, habebis. Eodem tempore, quo literas ad TE dare ausus fui, etiam ad Dom[inum] Swedenborgium, qui mihi ex operibus suis philosophicis innotuit, scripsi. Responsionem vero non accepi. Forsan inter vivos esse cessit vel non eadem humanitate ornatus est qua celeberrimus Linnaeus.

Totus in eo sum, ut historiam cobalti sive cadmiae metallicae, ex quo color ille caeruleus, smaltum dictus, paratur, scribam. Desunt mihi specimina hujus mineralis ex Suecia et Norvegia, nec certus sum, an in illis regionibus inveniatur. Precor igitur, si tempus permittit, quam proxime id fieri potest, certiorem me facias hujus, et si fasciculum mineralium Suecicorum ad me, uti gratiose et benevole promisisti, mittes. Hujus mineralis specimina etiam addas, obnixe rogo.

De reliquo me Tuo favori et amicitiae quam optime comendo atque mea quaecunque spondeo officia. Vale atque etiam vale!

Dabam Berolini

Julio 4 styl[i] nov[i] 1743.

P.S. Fasciculum seminum, si forsan nimis magnum, quod tabellario ordinario publico non committi queat, qua via et occasione mittere possim, scire cupio, an melius per Amstelodamenses vel Hamburgenses naves.

upSUMMARY

Johann Albrecht Gesner has not been able to answer Linnaeus earlier because he has been waiting for a letter from Carl August von Bergen. He wanted to answer Linnaeus in a more accurate way than he answered Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch.

In answer to Linnaeusís question whether he is German Prussian or Swiss, Gesner assures him that he is German. He names two relatives in an earlier generation, the theologian Salomon Gesner and the famous Conrad Gesner. His brother Johann Matthias Gesner, professor at Göttingen, should be known to Linnaeus.

Johann Leonhard Frisch, high school rector in Berlin, has died. He only edited thirteen parts of a Historia insectorum. He started to write an ornithology and divided the birds in twelve classes. But only four classes have been published.

Gleditsch is a strenuous defender of Linnaeusís sexual system. He is working as a provincial physician in Frankfort a. d. Oder. He teaches botany to many students and makes excursions.

Gesner has not seen what Johann Georg Siegesbeck has published in his dispute with Gleditsch.

Johann Nathanael Lieberkühn, optician, engineer and anatomist, works as a physician in Berlin. He is also responsible for the medical care of the armed forces.

Bergen had sent him seeds of fourteen species of plants, which Gesner will send on to Linnaeus. There will also be seeds from the Garden of the Margrave of Karlsruhe, Schwarzwald and the forest of Hercynia.

Gesner has written to Emanuel Swedenborg, but received no answer.

Gesner is devoting himself to writing an account of cobalt or cadmium, from which the deep blue colour called ďsmaltĒ in German is prepared. Gesner would like Linnaeus to send him this metal, if it can be found in Sweden or Norway. He would also like other Swedish minerals and metals.

P.S. Gesner wants to know how things best can be sent to Linnaeus, i.e. on ships from Amsterdam or Hamburg.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, IV, 439-440). [1] [2] [3]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 in- [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Linnaeusís letters to Johann Albrecht Gesner have not come down to us.
2.
3.
Frisch, Vorstellung der Vögel in Teutschland .
4.
The Garden of Karlsruhe in Baden-Durlach.