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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0501 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 25 August 1743 n.s.
Dated 25 Aug. 1743. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.

Praestantissimo Linnaeo S[alutem]
A[lbertus] Haller, D[octo]r.

Vivo adhuc et te amo et facio plurimi neque unquam sustinebo, ut ob exiguum aliquem dissensum Te immensis laboribus de re naturali bene meritum inimici carpant. Adeo non ipse Te deprimere conabor unquam. Morbus ceterum pene feralis me hac hyeme tenuit, febris miliaris alba. Nunc recte valeo.

Meum librum Tibi non displicuisse gratum est.[1] A DillenioDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
nondum audivi, cui specimen miseram. Labores meos aliquos fuisse adgnosco maxime in libris evolvendis et in Alpinis itineribus. Qui[a][a] : MS1 <ad> qui [added above
the line
]
Tuos certe novit,[b][b] : MS1 [added above the line] non mirabitur meos. Excusant vitia mea temporis penuria, cujus plus quam dimidiam partem anatome sibi poscit. Bernae[c][c] : MS1 <et> Bernae vero[d][d] : MS1 [added above the line] praxis medica adhuc magis molesta fuit. Hinc multa imperfecta extrudere coactus sum, ne totus labor periret, uti certe facile hac hyeme per mortem meam fieri potuisset. Hic malo loco[e][e] : MS1[added above the line] ad plantas legendas vivo. Plantae enim vix nisi vulgares hic proveniunt; conor tamen. Bis hac aestate plantarum causa abfui. In comitatu Stolbergensi reperi Leucojum ver[n]um angustifolium ThaliiThal, Johann (1542/43-1583).
German. Botanist and physician in
Nordhausen.
floribus magnis a Turritide Leucojifolio diversum, Galii raram aut novam speciem, digitalem luteam, raram in Germania. Lubecae tripolium maritimum & flavum et alias juxta fontes salsos nascentes. Grubenhagae Helleborum n[igrum] flore viridi et Cytisum alp[inum] racemosum pendulum. Aliquas observationes in[f][f] : MS1 [added above the line] hortuli catalogo addidi, quem mitto.

Salices, ut ad obs[ervationes] Tuas respondeo [sic], hic omnino saepius tristemones sunt et reperio me hoc observasse in alba frequenter, in salice vulg[ari] rubente semper, in aliis partim duo, [g][g] : MS1 [added above the line] partim etiam non numeravi.[g][g] : MS1 [added above the line] Rosam et Rubum proxima esse fateor. Alchimilla mallem me retulisse ad 5 folia; obstabat petalorum defectus et vicinia perchepier. Alsines nonae character scriptus est a[nno] 1732 nec repetitus; potest error subesse. Fumaria [h][h] : MS1 [added above the line] solida &[h][h] : MS1 [added above the line] bulbosa utique etiam in flore differt, uti videbis in libro meo squamulis nempe in calcar porrectis. Pilulariae obs[ervatio] aliena est. Icon a[utem] missa repraesentat folia graminea in eadem planta cum quaternis, et vix potest tanta similitudo esse in fructu, si plantae diversae forent. Forte Parisinum solum evolutioni foliorum quaternorum minus favet. Ego nondum reperi. Breyniana Saxifragia [sic] flores pro nostra nimis parvos habet et forte pro altera alpina nimis magnos. Nostra in Helvetia rarissima est. Betula nana certissime in Helvetia nascitur. Nam specimina diligenter cum Tua icone contuli. Persicaria acida JungermanniJungermann, Ludwig (1572-1653).
German. German doctor of medicine in
1609, professor of medicine and botany
at Giessen in 1614, professor of anatomy
at Altdorf in 1625.
sunt specimina non natantia, perennis, in quibus caulis erigitur. Folia subhirsuta sunt neque floret[i][i] : MS1 <florent> floret unquam. Occasionem desideratissimorum libellorum nullam novi, nisi forte ad[j][j] : MS1 [added above the line] D[ominum] KönigKönig, Johan Fredrik (Johann
Friedrich)
(1690-1759). Swedish.
Post-commissary in Hamburg.
, qui res Vestri Regni Hamburgi procurat, mitti possunt. Non despero eum negotium curaturum. Nam etiam Tuum [k][k] : MS1 [added above the line] mei operis[k][k] : MS1 [added above the line] specimen ea via ad Te venit. Mitte, quaeso, omnia botanica BromelioBromell, Magnus von
(1679-1731). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, geologist. Head of the
Laboratorium Chymicum in Stockholm from
1724. Natural history collector.
excepto et inprimis stirpes. Notavi etiam aliquas diss[ertatione]s desideratas. Ego vicissim commodis Tuis inserviam. Stirpes vero ad delirium usque amo forte nimis.

Societati Upsaliensi[2] destino obs[ervatione]s aliquas anatomicas. Nunc nondum vacat, sed fidem liberabo hac hyeme. Literas ad MöhringiumMoehring, Paul Heinrich Gerhard
(1710-1792). German. East Frisian
ornithologist, practising physician at
Jever (Oldenburg). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
misi. Vivit Jeverae Frisorum. Nova nulla habeo. Chirurgus ille GagnebinGagnebin, Abraham (1707-1800).
Swiss. Physician and botanist, one of
Albrecht von Haller’s correspondents.
nomenclatorem stirpium Neocomensium[3] scribit et passim raras stirpes invenit. Est enim patria in loco aptissimo, montano, paludoso.

Saluto Exc[ellentissimum] D[ominum] Rosen[ium]Rosén von Rosenstein, Nils
(1706-1773). Swedish. Physician
and professor of medicine. Colleague of
Linnaeus at Uppsala. The founder of
modern pediatrics. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
et Te valere et laetum vivere jubeo.

D[abam] 25 Aug[usti] 1743.

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller asserts that he will let nobody slander Linnaeus. Last winter he himself laboured under the white miliary fever. Anatomy and the practise of medicine at Berne consume much of his time.

Göttingen is a bad place for collecting plants. In the county of Stolberg Haller has found a rare or new species of Galium, Digitalis lutea and Johann Thal’s Leucojum vernum angustifolium, which differs in its large flowers from Turritis Leucoji folio; at Lübeck are found Tripolium maritimum and flavum and at Grubenhagen Helleborus niger flore viridi and Cytisus alpinus racemosus pendulus.

Haller assures Linnaeus that the Salices in Germany mostly have three stamens. He noted this frequently in the Salix alba and constantly in the Salix vulgaris rubens; Rosa and Rubus are closely allied. An absence of petals and the proximity to Percepier prevents him from grouping Alchemilla with those having five leaves.

The Fumaria solida and bulbosa differ even in the flowers. The observation on Pilularia was not his own. The Saxifraga of Breyne has much smaller flowers than the German ones. Betula nana grows in Switzerland. Ludwig Jungermann’s Persicariae acidae are specimens which have erect stems, hairy leaves, never flower and do not grow in water. Haller wants Linnaeus to send him new botanical books through Johan Fredrik König, the Swedish representative in Hamburg.

Haller has sent his anatomical observations to the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala. He has written to Paul Heinrich Möhring at Jever. Abraham Gagnebin is writing a nomenclature of the plants of Neuchâtel. Haller sends his regards to Nils Rosén von Rosenstein.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 178-179). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 364-368   p.364  p.365  p.366  p.367  p.368.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <ad> qui [added above the line]
b.
MS1 [added above the line]
c.
MS1 <et> Bernae
d.
MS1 [added above the line]
e.
MS1[added above the line]
f.
MS1 [added above the line]
g.
MS1 [added above the line]
h.
MS1 [added above the line]
i.
MS1 <florent> floret
j.
MS1 [added above the line]
k.
MS1 [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
The Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala.
3.
Abraham Gagnebin discussed many nomenclatorial problems with Haller, but the former never published a nomenclature of the plants of Neuchâtel.