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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0597 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, after 29 May 1744 n.s.
Dated . Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] Carolo Linnaeo, Prof[essori] Regio,
S[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
A[lbertus] Haller.

Ad literas Tuas superiores dudum respondi.[1] Semina, quae praesto erant, misi, sed vereor, ne serius ea accipias. Neodoctor enim, cui tradideram, non recta via, sed per ambages varias Lubecam petiit. Si efficere posses, ut KoenigiusKönig, Johan Fredrik (Johann
Friedrich)
(1690-1759). Swedish.
Post-commissary in Hamburg.
, qui Hamburgi Regis Vestri res agit, Tua curaret, mitterem eo et omnia, quae penes me sunt, Tecum communicarem.

Moehringianas etiam literas bene curavi.

Quod mea opera non Tibi penitus displiceat, gratum est, magno harum rerum judici. Veritatem amo, ordinem in studiis meis observo, sed, fateor, non eam habui abundantiam plantarum, quae ad opus meum requirebatur. Nolui tamen diutius premere, ne intermorerer, quod, quin accideret, proxime adfuit.[a][a] : MS1 <abfuit> adfuit Errores meos & defectus facile adgnosco. Aliquos etiam in flora Ruppiania, quae nunc sub prelo est, correxi.[2]

Hortulus aliquanto catalogo ditior est.[3] Nulla deest nisi quas in appendice deesse indicavi. Quas periisse addidi, aliquas recuperavi. Basis in spontaneis est, quos undique ex montanis coacervavi. Exoticas fere a RoyenioRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, LudwigioLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ac GmelinoGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
habeo; reliquae vix prodierunt.

De obs[ervationibu]s rescripsi. An velitis cum figuris? Si mavultis absque figuris continuo aut novarum plantarum aliquas descriptiones mittam aut alia, quae mereri videbuntur.

Boerhaavianum opus perfeci.[4] De diaeta, &c. nihil addidi, ne et[b][b] : MS1 <vel> et [added above
the line
]
nimium opus fieret et[c][c] : MS1 <vel> et [added above
the line
]
ego in eas res incederem, in quibus minus valeo. Tua ad Lachesin Laponicam pulcherrima exspectamus.[5] Ficum nondum examinavi. Paucas arbores habeo, sed conabor. Diss[ertatione]s Tuae gratissimae essent. Possunt etiam dari Lubecam apud D[ominum] Engenhagen,[6] Med[icin]ae D[octorem], tum Acta Suecica ab a[nno] 1738;[7] eo enim usque ea possideo. Ego vicissim mittam eadem via RuppiumRuppe, Heinrich Bernhard
(1688-1719). German. Student of
medicine, botanist, author of the
Flora Jenensis (1718).
et si aliqua semina desiderata maturescent. Tua etiam erunt gratissimas [sic] & super omnia flora Suecana.[8]

Nuper redii ex itinere Hercynico. In M[onte] Altstolberg reperi Symphytum petraeum ThaliiThal, Johann (1542/43-1583).
German. Botanist and physician in
Nordhausen.
in loco originali inventoris.[9] Saponaria est proxima, L[ychn]i[s] alp[ina] linif[olia], multifl[ora] perampla rad[ice] T[ournefortii]Tournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
diversa. Si meae priores obs[ervatione]s obtinent, petalis ovatis minime cordatis, foliis non ita heteromallis, corolla tota minore. Tum Rubeolam flore trifido abunde, Allium mont[anum], narcissi f[olio], minus, Porri speciem, non dictam recentioribus, graminifoliam, staminibus alterne trifidis, bulbiferam, Tragoselini sp[eciem] an varietatem foliis praelongis et alia adfinia elegantia legi. Haec omnia eruta in hortum soleo conferre, sed multa pereunt.

In Flora Jenensi icones dabo aliquas plantarum minus cognitarum.[10] Hesperis illa Pannonica certo origo est violarum, ut vulgo vocant, matronalium. In hortos etiam translata pariter flores umbellatos, caulem erectum habet. Dabo depictam.

Aliorum bot[anice]s labores nullos novi. HeisterusHeister, Lorenz (1683-1758).
German. Anatomist and surgeon,
considered the father of German surgery.
Professor of anatomy and surgery in
1720, of theoretical medicine and botany
at Helmstädt in 1730. He rejected
Linnaeus’s sexual system. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
de cydoni[i]s scribit diss[ertationem] tibi obpositam.[11] Obsecravi, ne esset Tibi molestus; nihil obtinui. MoehringiusMoehring, Paul Heinrich Gerhard
(1710-1792). German. East Frisian
ornithologist, practising physician at
Jever (Oldenburg). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
nescio quae contra Filices meas dedit neque mentem est adsecutus. Ego enim Filicen s[ive] Thelypterian R[uppii] non definio ab orbiculis[d][d] : MS1 orbiculis <cacub> orae parallelis, sed a semine in[e][e] : MS1 [added above the line] margine effloresc[ente].[f][f] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] Dillenius silet. Posthuma[g][g] : MS1 <Mon> Posthuma ZanoniZanoni, Giacomo (1615-1682).
Italian. Botanist, superintendent of the
botanical garden at the university of
Bologna.
habeo commoda ob loc[os][h][h] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] natales, plantas Europaeas minus notas.[12]

Ex Gmelinianis plurimae apud me florent. Delphinia duo longis calcaribus, Valeriana lutea, Cyani duo luteo flore, Jacobeae 4 aut 5 aliae. Nihil his mihi gratius. Oh, si praeteritos ...,[i][i] : MS1 [the punctures are Haller’s
own
]
adirem certe Galliam Narbonensem ibique indigenas quaererem. Sed patrias tamen a[nno] 1745 repetam Alpes, quas nondum vidi, & beatam Valesiam, in qua Xeranthemum aeque frequens est quam bellis hic esse potest.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur Linnaeus / Professeur Royal de l’Academie / d’Upsal / a Upsal / en Suede

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller would like to send things to Linnaeus through Johan Fredrik König at Hamburg. He has forwarded Linnaeus’s letter to Paul Heinrich Gerhard Moehring.

Haller is happy that his works do not altogether displease Linnaeus. He has corrected some errors in Heinrich Bernhard Ruppe’s Flora Jenensis. Haller’s little garden is somewhat richer than his catalogue. The main stock of his plants that grow wild come from the surrounding mountains. Most of Haller’s exotic plants were supplied by Adriaan van Royen, Christian Gottlieb Ludwig and Johann Georg Gmelin.

Haller has finished his work on Herman Boerhaave’s Praelectiones and looks forward to receiving Linnaeus’s Lachesis Lapponica. He would also like Linnaeus’s dissertations and Acta literaria et scientiarum Sueciae (since 1738), which can be be given to Engenhagen in Lübeck. In return Haller will send his edition of Ruppe and seeds. He would particularly like Linnaeus’s Flora Svecica.

On Mount Altstolberg Haller has found Johann Thal’s Symphytum petraeum on the spot where it was first discovered by Thal. It is very close to Saponaria but different from Joseph Pitton de Tournefort’s Lychnis alpina linifolia multiflora perampla radice. Haller has seen a lot of Rubeola flore trifido and Allium montanum, Narcissi folio, minus, and a species of Porrum with grassy leaves as well as a species (or perhaps a variety only) of Tragoselinum with long leaves.

Lorenz Heister is writing a dissertation, De Cydoniis, against Linnaeus. Moehring has criticised Haller’s ferns.

Haller will illustrate a few of the more uncommon plants in his Flora Jenensis. The Violae, commonly called matronales, originates from the Hungarian Hesperis. When brought into a garden its flowers become umbellate and the stem erect. He classifies Thelypteris (Ruppe) by the “seeds” opening at the margin. He has the posthumous works of Giacomo Zanoni. Many of Gmelin’s plants have flowered at Haller’s: two kinds of Delphinium with long spurs, the yellow Valeriana, two Cyani with yellow flowers and four or five Jacobaeae. He will go to his native Alps in 1745 and to Valais, where the Xeranthemum is as common as the daisies in Switzerland.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 180-181). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 372-375   p.372  p.373  p.374  p.375.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <abfuit> adfuit
b.
MS1 <vel> et [added above the line]
c.
MS1 <vel> et [added above the line]
d.
MS1 orbiculis <cacub>
e.
MS1 [added above the line]
f.
MS1 [manuscript damaged]
g.
MS1 <Mon> Posthuma
h.
MS1 [manuscript damaged]
i.
MS1 [the punctures are Haller’s own]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Albrecht von Haller wrote the present letter in answer to Linnaeus’s letters of 12 January 1744 o.s., 23 January 1744 n.s. and 29 May 1744 o.s., 9 June 1744 n.s.. Haller’s letter was written during 1744 because his work on Boerhaave, Praelectiones academicaeBoerhaave, Herman
Praelectiones academicae in proprias
institutiones rei medicae edidit, et
notas addidit Albertus Haller

(Göttingen 1739-1744).
(1739-1744), is mentioned as finished and he says that he will go to the Alps in 1745.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Acta literaria et scientiarum Sueciae Acta literaria et
scientiarum Sueciae
, 1-4 (Uppsala
1720-1739).
(1730-1742).
8.
9.
On the antagonism between Linnaeus and Lorenz Heister, see my commentaries to the Heister correspondence. On 23 June 1744 Lorenz Heister’s dissertation, De Cydoniis earumque eximio usu medicoHeister, Lorenz De Cydoniis
earumque eximio usu medico. Resp.
Johannes Adamus Bauer

(Helmstädt 1744).
, was debated with Johannes Adam BauerBauer, Johannes Adam
(17??-17??). German.
as respondens. Heister criticises Linnaeus for grouping Cydonia with Pyrus. He says the fruits vary considerably. See Krook, “Lorenz Heister och Linné. Från sexualsystemets genombrottstid”Krook, H. “Lorenz Heister och
Linné. Från sexualsystemets
genombrottstid”, SLÅ 31
(1948), 57-72.
, 57-72, and Jönsson, “Carl Linnaeus and his German critics. Polemics in the Linnaean correspondence”Jönsson, A.-M. “Linnaeus
and his German critics” (forthcoming).
.