Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0648 • Carl Linnaeus to Johann Georg Gmelin, 25 September 1745 n.s.
Dated 14 septembr. 1745. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro Illustri,
D[omino] D[octori] J[OHANNI] G[EORGIO]
GMELINO,
Professori Petropolitano,
s[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Redux Fahluna, ubi per longum tempus haesi, ut hereditatem uxoris meae reportarem,[1] video ante me Upsaliae splendidissima dona Tua mihi auro omni gratiora.

Nyctanthes, Phyllis,[a][a] : MS1 [read] Phyllidem Commelina,[b][b] : MS1 [read] Commelinam bulbos hyacinthi, sem[en] Ranunculi cassubici et ingentem pl[antarum] exsciccatarum numerum; has, ut rite evolvam, mihi tempus [non] est, sed nolo diutius retardare responsum reservans reliqua in dies sequentes.[2]

Limnia StelleriSteller, Georg Wilhelm
(1709-1746). German. Voyager, who
sailed with Vitus Bering and returned
with important collections from
Kamchatka.
quaenam et qualis sit, ego avide scire exspecto. Foliis radicalibus egregie crescit absque floris aut caulis vestigio.

64 Ammodenia Tua est Arenaria foliis ovatis acutis carnosis Fl[orae] Lapp[onicae] 146.[3] Fuere et alii ante Te, qui ex hac novum genus conficere voluere. Sed rationes vix video sufficientes, si alias genera non nimis sint multiplicanda. Novi, quod parum a reliquis Arenariis differat, sed, an haec nota tanti.

2. Carex spicis maribus gracillimis, capsulis erectis, Hall[eri]Haller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
241. Recte! Mihi Carex spicis masculis pluribus, femineis pedunculatis, capsulis inflatis acuminatis. Fl[ora] Suecica 768.[4] Vide Moris[onium],Morison, Robert (1620-1683).
British. Botanist and physician.
Physician-in-ordinary to Charles II.
Professor in botany at Oxford.
3, f. 8, t. 12, f. 6.

52. Asplenium frondibus duplic[atis], &c. Non est, sed est Polypodium fronde duplicato-pinnata, pinnis remotis, foliolis subrotundis incisis. Fl[ora] Lapp[onica], 384; Fl[ora] Suec[ica], 849, ubi synonyma.

51. Pteris fronde duplic[ato], pinnulis, caule hirsuto, &c. Est Polypodium fronde duplicato-pinnata, pinnulis coadunatis obtusis subtus hispidis. Fl[ora] Suec[ica], 850; obtusis remotis subtus villosum. Fl[ora] Lapp[onica], 383.

61. Equisetum setis ramosis est Equisetum sylvaticum Tabern[aemontani]Tabernaemontanus, Jacob Theodor
(c.1520-1590). German. Pharmacist,
physician-in-ordinary to the Kurfurst of
Pfalz at Heidelberg.
253.[5] Recte s[ive] Equisetum caule spicato, ramis compositis, Fl[orae] Suec[icae] 834. Juxta hanc plantam collocasti asparagum Equiseti spicatum foliis nudum, qui pertinet ad sequentem, quae:

60. Equisetum setis simplicibus. Est Equisetum arvense, longioribus setis. C[asparus] B[auhinus]Bauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhin’s Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
, 16;[6] Fl[ora] Lapp[onica], 390. Ad hanc pertinet asparagus juxta praecedentem collocatus.

48. Polypodium pinnat[um] pinnis ab ima decrescentibus. Pluk[enetii]Plukenet, Leonard (1642-1706).
British. Botanist and physician.
Botanist to Mary II (wife of William
III). Superintendent of Hampton Court.
phyt. 248, f. 2;[7] Fl[orae] Lapp[onicae] 367; Hort[i] Cliff[ortiani] 475;[8] Fl[orae] Suec[icae] 851. Omnino!

46. Agrostis petalo exteriore aristam rectam strictam longissimam exserente Roy[eni]Royen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Lugdb. 59.[9] Omnino!

44. Juncus foliis mollibus carinatis. Juncus foliis linearibus canaliculato-concavis, capsulis obtusis. Fl[ora] Suec[ica], 284.

Juncus parvus repens, capsulis triangularibus Vaill[antii]Vaillant, Sébastien
(1669-1722). French. Botanist and
surgeon. Professor at the Jardin des
plantes. His theory on plant sexuality
influenced Linnaeus who regarded
Vaillant as one of the most important
botanists.
Paris. 110.[10] Vide Juncus maximus bulbifer[c][c] : MS1 [read] Juncum maximum
bulbiferum
foliis teretibus non articulosis. Mich[elius]Micheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
cryptogames.
, gen[era], 39.[11]
Juncus foliis angulatis, culmo subnudo terminatrice prolifera. Roy[enus], 43.

37. Phellandrium. Recte!

32. Selinum palustre levissime lactescens[d][d] : MS1 <lactescens levissime>
levissime lactescens
Fl[orae] Lapp[onicae]. Omnino!

31. Cicuta Hort[i] Cliff[ortiani] 100. Omnino!

Lophantus SiegesbeckiiSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeus’s sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, quam Tu ad Nepetam retulisti, florentem in horto habui. Miror, quod Siegesbeckius non viderit in hoc flore verissimam Nepetam. Aut haec erit nepeta aut nulla in Botanicis certitudo!

Amethystina per semina a Te missa hoc anno egregie viguit. Calix et corolla manifeste et absque ulla controversia docuere eam nil habere cum verbenis. Utrum eam ad Lycopum referre velis an non, per Te stabit. Corolla enim parum recedit a Lycopo, non vero calyx. Stamina etiam parum recedunt.

Anandria, paradoxa ista planta Siegesbeckii, etiam floruit et me fere seduxit. Dum enim ejus flores exspectabam, fructum produxit. Tandem et reperi flores intra calycem non apertum. Si dicerem ad quod genus pertineret, mihi fidem non adhiberes. Omnium primo statuo Petasitidem et Tussilagines esse ejusdem generis. Qui omnes notas species viderit, jurabit ita esse. Qui vero duas tantum viderit, negabit hoc idem omnino. Datur enim petasites flosculosus s[ive] absque radio. Datur alia radiata s[ive] cum radio petaloideo. Datur alia petasites cum radio nudo s[ive] flosculis femineis bractea destitutis. Hoc qui viderit, non negabit Petasitidem et Tussilagines esse ejusdem generis et hoc qui noverit mihi numquam negabit Anandriam esse Tussilaginis speciem.[12]

Endivia; de hac nihil habeo, quod regeram, antequam floreat in sequente aestate. Optarem maxime in hac reperire differentiam specificam!

Quaeso, edas primam partem Florae Sibiricae,[13] si non Petropoli, tum in Germania. Modo prodeat opus et plantae desideratissimae, ne alius Tua inventa propalent.[e][e] : MS1 [read] propalet

Sisyrinchium Chinense potest novum genus constituere. Non est Sisyrinchium; situs staminum et stigma alia sunt.
Non gladiolus, quia flos, corolla, stamina regularia.
Non iris, quia corolla aliena est, licet stigma simile.
Quae de Delphiniis sibiricis habes, egregia sunt.

Florae Suecicae ultima philyra imprimitur. Si naves abeant, postquam accipiam, eam mox mittam una cum dissertationibus meis.

Quid agit Siegesbeckius? Halleri Floram Jenensem accepi,[14] ubi aliquae species allii et saponariae nostrae et senecionis nostratis species pulchre delineatae sunt.

Plura proxime!

Iterum a Te nonnulla petam. Quaeso, adeas Museum vestrum, ubi vol. I, p. 339 & 340, Cimiae[f][f] : MS1 [read] Simiae et Cercopitheci nominantur, n. 28 - ad 59.[15] Quaeso, has singulas inspicias et mihi dicas in singulis sequentia momenta:

α. Quales ungues pedum sint?
An latae, humanis similes vel acutae instar felium vel an diversae structurae in quibusdam digitis?
β. An clunes nudae vel pilis tectae?
γ. Quaenam barbatae, quaenam non?
δ. Qualis color in toto corpore vel in parte?
ε. An caudae apex flexuosus s[ive] fasciculatus. Longitudo caudae an corpore dimidio brevior vel longior?
ζ. An vibrissae ad os ut in fele.
η. Quot mammae

Quidquid in hac re mihi significes, publica gratiarum actione rependam.

Dabam Upsaliae d[ie] 14 septembr[is] 1745.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus has returned from Falun, where he collected his wife’s paternal inheritance. At Uppsala wonderful gifts from Johann Georg Gmelin awaited him, e.g., Nyctanthes, Phyllis, Commelina, bulbs from a Hyacinth, a seed from Ranunculus cassubicus and a great number of dried plants.

Gmelin has sent Linnaeus a list of plants with questions to be answered. Linnaeus answers as many as possible.

Johann Georg Siegesbeck’s Anandria has flowered. While Linnaeus waited for flowers, it gave fruit. Finally, he found flowers in an unopen calyx. Anandria belongs to the same genus as Tussilago, which also includes Petasites.

Linnaeus entreats Gmelin to publish the first volume of his Flora Sibirica.

The last sheet of Flora Svecica is being printed.

Linnaeus wonders what Siegesbeck is doing. He has received Albrecht von Haller’s Flora Jenensis.

Linnaeus wants Gmelin to consult Museum imperiale Petropolitanum as to a few questions about the ape (Simia) and the long-tail ape (Cercopithecus): What do the toes of the feet look like? Are the posteriors naked or covered with hair? Which apes have beards and which do not? What are the colours of the body and its parts? Is the end of the tail winding, etc.? Do they have wiskers next to their mouths, as do cats? How many nipples?

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (UUB, G152a). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [read] Phyllidem
b.
MS1 [read] Commelinam
c.
MS1 [read] Juncum maximum bulbiferum
d.
MS1 <lactescens levissime> levissime lactescens
e.
MS1 [read] propalet
f.
MS1 [read] Simiae

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Johan MoraeusMoraeus, Johan (1672-1742).
Swedish. Town physician at Falun,
Linnaeus’s father-in-law.
, Linnaeus’s father-in-law, died at Falun in 1742.
2.
See Johann Georg Gmelin to Linnaeus, 6 July 1745 o.s., 17 July 1745 n.s. (LS450717-00).
3.
4.
5.
Tabernaemontanus, Neuw vollkommentlich Kreuterbuch .
6.
7.
8.
9.
Vaillant’s dissertations in: Memoires de l’Academie des Sciences, inscriptions, belles lettres, [b]eaux arts, &c. nouvellement établie à Troyes en Champagne (:De florum compositorum characteribus).
For Johann Georg Siegesbeck’s Anandria, see Linnaeus to Johann Georg Gmelin, 4 April 1744 o.s., 15 April 1744 n.s.Letter L0551, note.