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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0698 • Carl Linnaeus to Johann Georg Gmelin, 4 May 1746 n.s.
Dated 1746 d. 23 april.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to St Petersburg (Russia). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] J[OHANNI]
G[EORGIO] GMELINO,
Professori Petropolitano,
s[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Carolus Linnaeus.

Redux ex orcho[1] has ad Te, Vir colendissime, exaro lineas. Me per 7 hebdomades detinuit dira Angina, qua me periturum et ipse et amici omnes sibi persuadebant. Evasi tamen divina gratia et nunc sospes vivo. Si Tu valeas, mihi gratissimum erit.

Limnia heri florere incepit. Fateor, quod multa habeat cum Claytonia similia in fructificatione. Facies externa[e] docent diversissimas esse plantas, cum Claytonia Bulbosa et caulis et statura Ornithogali lutei. Limnia convenit flore, differt autem manifeste fructu triloculari trispermo et pistilli stigmatibus tribus, cum Claytonia capsulam unilocularem, semina multa, stigma simplex gerat. Interim Limnia est planta diversissima ab omnibus adhuc cognitis. Quaeso, unde nomen et cujus Auctoris?[2]

Ad finem perduxi Floram Zeylanicam HermanniHermann, Paul (1646-1695).
German. Botanist, physician at Batavia,
professor of botany at Leiden.
, quae hac aestate prelum subibit.[3] Fauna Suecica de anatibus Sueciae dudum prodiit,[4] quam dudum accepisse nullus dubito per D[omin]um Baelterum.[5] Olim misi per eundem meas dissertationes et Floram Suecicam.[6]

Nunc paro duas dissertationes, alteram de Sexu plantarum,[7] alteram vero de Museo ceu collectione animalium indicorum,[8] quae mihi et Academiae dedit Regia Celsitudo Princeps noster optimus Adolphus FridericusAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.[9]

Adhuc non ausus fui Museum seu Bibliothecam intrare meam, ne loca frigida me laederent. Haec ratio, quod non hoc die respondeam ad Tuas quaestiones; proxime faciam. Nolui retardare istud Clusianum, quod petiisti.[10]

Tu diu valeas et, cum Astracanenses acceperis, me participem facias.

Dabam Upsaliae 1746 d[ie] 23 april[is].

a Monsieur / Mons. J. G. Gmelin / Professeur en academie / des imperial / St Petersburg.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus suffered from a throat disease for seven weeks. Everyone including himself thought that he would die.

Limnia started to flower. Its fructification closely resembles that of Claytonia, though Limnia and Claytonia are two separate plants. Claytonia is bulbous and has the stem and stature of Ornithogalum luteum. The flower of Limnia is similar to that of Claytonia, though it has three locular fruit, is three seeded, etc.; Claytonia has a one locular capsula, many seeds, etc. Linnaeus wonders how Limnia has got its name and by whom.

Linnaeus has finished Paul Hermannís Flora Zeylanica, which will be published in the summer. Linnaeusís Fauna Svecica was published long ago. By now Johann Georg Gmelin has probably received it through Sven Baelter, with whom Linnaeus also sent his dissertations and Flora Svecica.

Linnaeus is preparing two dissertations on the sex of plants and the collection of animals in the royal museum, respectively. The latter deals with a collection donated to Linnaeus and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences by Prince Adolf Fredrik.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (UUB, G152a). [1] [2] [3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Orchus is the underworld.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Sven Baelter was made chaplain of the court in 1744, when Adolf Fredrik, then hereditary prince, visited Uppsala. Baelter was appointed to follow a Swedish delegation to St Petersburg, where his preaching abilities created sensation.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Adolf Fredrik was elected successor to the Swedish throne in 1743.
See Gmelin to Linnaeus, 28 February 1746 o.s., 11 March 1746 n.s.Letter L0684.