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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0716 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 27 September 1746 n.s.
Dated 27 Jun. 1746. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.

Celeberrimo Linnaeo S[alutem]
A[lbertus] Haller.

Te cum valetudine in gratiam rediisse gaudeo,[2] qui noverim Te in ornanda naturae historia indefessum laborare, quique eam ob rem Te semper amaverim, commendaverim, inimicis Tuis excusaverim publice, etiam, ubi post scenam lateo, laudaverim. Cum mihi is esset animus, eo acerbius mihi visum est Te in libro,[3] in quo neminem refutas, me unicum ex omnibus, plurimis, neque iis, ut ipse vides, urgentibus occasionibus carpere. Non videris meminisse, Linnaee Clarissime, quantam Tuae censurae famae meae noxam possint inferre, quam gratae aemulis et invidis meis [a][a] : MS1 [added above the line] sint futurae,[a][a] : MS1 [added above the line] quam etiam ii,[b][b] : MS1 <tu> ii qui me non norunt, inoptatum inde de me judicium sint capturi. Pauci lites examinant aut funditus causas perspiciunt. Fere omnes, qui me a laudato Viro vident carpi, una carpent. Et tamen non iratus ego, sed amicitiae conservandae studiosus Te privatim, non publice, monui, ne eo erumperent res, unde nulla ad amicitiam redeundi via superesset. Id spero me eo eventu fuisse, ut porro, cum censurarum Tuarum effectus nunc Tibi noti sint, in iis parcior, et in vocibus inprimis humanior sis. Nam hae formulae Ipse viderit et quae sunt hujusmodi contemtum exprimunt, cum quo amicitia et longe minus existimatio stare vix potest. Privatas mihi citas Tuas demonstrationes bonae opinionis Tuae. Sed quid eae ad publicas? An ille Upsaliensis obtrectator convictus[c][c] : MS1 [added above the line] id mihi restituit, quod auferent mille Tuae florae lectores? Caeterum noli succensere RosénioRosenblad, Eberhard
(1714-1796). Swedish. Born
Rosén, ennobled Rosenblad in
1770, brother of Nils Rosén von
Rosenstein. Professor of medicine at
Lund in 1744.
, cujus omnino nullae hac tota in re partes sunt.

Non singulatim causas dissensus persequor. Sed quod a me solo toties dissentias, id mihi doluit. Nam, si amicitiam cum dissensu testari non liceret, ipse ego in Te aliosque peccassem. Quare nihil respondeo ad Tua nisi haec pauca.

Rhodiola aeque frequenter 5 petala, 5 siliquas, 10 stamina habet ac 4 et hinc solo sexu differt ab Anacampserote. Haec v[ero] nihil, quantum video, a sedis minoribus Auct[orum]. Alsine media hic enim intra calicem pentastemon est. Gallia dantur [d][d] : MS1 [added above the line] hirsuto semine ut[d][d] : MS1 [added above the line] Russicum flavum,[e][e] : MS1 [added above the line] quadrifolium illud leve, et Aparine vulgaris, forte varietas, semine levissimo apud me floret.

Deinde, quaeso, ne iras aut inimicitiam mihi imputes, a qua alienissimus sum, et longe aliter de Te perpetuo sensi scripsique. Tuum est ita luculenter Tuam de me existimationem testari, uti ego meam de Te perpetuo demonstravi. Et hic quiescant ista!

Juncariam ClusiiLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
habeo, sed totam adfixam libris glutine, ut soleo, siccamque. Si tamen hujusmodi flosculus Tibi potest utilis esse, mittam monitus.

In horto cardui aliquot Helvetici florent, quos pingi curo pro catalogo horti, quem sensim molior. Allium etiam, quod in RuppioRuppe, Heinrich Bernhard
(1688-1719). German. Student of
medicine, botanist, author of the
Flora Jenensis (1718).
pinxi,[4] Tu in Oelandia invenisti, nunc in horto floret valde mutatum et speciosa valde statura. Phalangium parvo flore, non ramosum, hic spontaneum legi. Differt autem a ramoso foliis, flore. Sic Polygonatum pedunculis unifloris, &c. a vulgari differt caule anguloso, firmiori, foliis multo paucioribus, hinc caule dimidio, breviori, flore denique latiori alia proportione. Hic illud abunde provenit. Hesperis mea in Ruppio picta calyce hirsuto, flore rubello, caule paucifloro, in rupibus nata, in horto mutat speciem externam et hesperidi hortensi fit simillima.

Flores helleborines, Ophridis, Nidi avis iterum examinavi neque credo haec genera separari posse, quae conveniant stamine robusto, petiolato, sub squama superna apicem habentia bipartitum. In solis v[ero] minutiis differunt. Limodoron certe est hujus generis, non Orchis, quae duo stamina distincta habet cucullis inclusa membranaceis. Corallorhizae fabricam non novi. Sed Orchis mea rotunda Dal[echampi]Daléchamps, Jacques
(1513-1588). French. Medical humanist,
physician and botanist at Lyon.
diversissima est a Dilleniana fl[ore] purp[ureo] conglom[erato], capite globoso, petalis aristatis. Orchis muscam referens[e][e] : MS1 [added above the line] hic nascitur.[f][f] : MS1 [added above the line] Mihi[g][g] : MS1 <quae> Mihi omnino vera Orchis est e fabrica staminum neque removeo eas, quae calcare destituuntur, non magis quam Antirrhina a Linariis, cum gradus dentur intermediis.

Sed haec et hujusmodi alibi fusus. Tu vero vale, et, si placet amicitiam nostram colere, opuscula Tua tamen minora, nempe diss[ertatione]s Acad[emica]s, quas emere nequeo, quotannis per bibliopolam mitte, tum stirpes etiam muscosque septentrioni proprios. Ego vicissim promitto rariora ea, quae meae perpetuae in solitudines varias excursiones michi suppeditant.

Vale!

D[abam] 27 Jun[ii] 1746.[1]

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller complains that Linnaeus has attacked him alone in Flora Svecica. His reputation has been severely damaged. Expressions like “let him see for himself” indicate contempt. What grieves him most is that Linnaeus has only indicated the instances where he and Linnaeus differ.

Radiola has just as often five petals, five siliquae, ten stamens (as four) and differs from Anacampseros merely regarding the sex. The latter does not differ from the smaller kinds of Sedum. Alsine media in Germany also has five stamens. He has species of Galium, of which one has a hairy seed and one the yellow Russian four-leaved kind. He also has the common Aparine, perhaps a variety, with smooth seed, flowering in his garden.

Linnaeus should openly testify his esteem for Haller.

He has Juncaria (Lecluse). Some Swiss thistles are flowering, of which drawings are made for his catalogue of the Garden. Allium is flowering. He has gathered wild Phalangium parvo flore, non ramosum. Polygonatum pedunculis unifloris differs from the common one in having an angular, firmer stem, fewer leaves and a broader flower. His Hesperis in the edition of Heinrich Bernhard Ruppe has changed in the garden and is very similiar to the cultivated Hesperis. He does not think that Helleborine, Ophrys or Nidus Avis can make separate genera. Limodorum belongs to this genus and not to Orchis. He is not acquainted with the structure of Corallorhiza. His Orchis rotunda (Daléchamps) is much different from that of Dillenius. Orchis muscam referens grows in Germany and is an indubitable Orchis.

Haller wants Linnaeus to send him some academical dissertations together with dried plants and mosses.

P.S. Professor Casimir Christopher Schmidel of Erlangen is said to have met with the same deformity of the flower in Elatine (Rivinus) as Linnaeus has described in Peloria.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 186). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. "[12 Letters from Albrecht von Haller]" (1792), p. 111-112 .
2. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 393-397   p.393  p.394  p.395  p.396  p.397.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [added above the line]
b.
MS1 <tu> ii
c.
MS1 [added above the line]
d.
MS1 [added above the line]
e.
MS1 [added above the line]
f.
MS1 [added above the line]
g.
MS1 <quae> Mihi
h.
MS1 [added in the left margin]