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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0719 • Johann Georg Gmelin to Carl Linnaeus, 5 August 1746 n.s.
Dated XXV Jul. MDCCXLVI. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

]Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] Carolo LINNAEO,
Professori Upsalensi,
S[alutem] P[lurimam] D[icit]
J[oannes] G[eorgius] Gmelin.

Diu exagitavit animum longum Tuum silentium et excruciasset, si caussam ejus cognovissem. Redditum Te Patriae, orbi erudito, amicis, mihi impense laetor, atque ex toto corde opto, ut in seros usque annos vitam transigas sospes atque nullo nec morali malo stipatam.[1] Pro epistola Tua 23 April[is] scripta gratias ago maximas in antecessum gaudens de insecutura, quam promittis.[2] Limniam StellerusSteller, Georg Wilhelm
(1709-1746). German. Voyager, who
sailed with Vitus Bering and returned
with important collections from
Kamchatka.
plantam vocavit, quae cum Claytonia flore convenit. Hoc nomen postea mutavit cum limnanthemo. Duae hujus generis species sunt utraque in America circa 59? latitudinis borealis detecta. Alteram speciem nonnisi siccam vidi, & scribit Autor semina tunc temporis, cum observaret, matura non contigisse. Faunam Tuam Suecicam nondum vidi[3] nec ullam Tuarum dissertationum. At avide omnia haec expecto. Si Flora Zeylanica prelo exibit[4] & dissertationes de sexu plantarum[5] & de Museo seu collectione animalium Indicorum,[6] &c., luce donabuntur, [memi]neris,[a][a] : MS1 [my reading; manuscript
damaged
]
quaeso, etiam mei, nec ullus dubites, quin de Te bene mereri per omnem meam vitam religioni mihi duxero. Semina plantarum Astrachanensium misi per D[ominum] LagerflychtLagerflycht, Johan (1701-1774).
Swedish. Baron, president of the
circuit appeal-court at Åbo,
Finland, in 1768.
. Fuit inter illa etiam forte fortuna non studio missum semen ceratocarpi, quod terrae commisi & cujus tandem partes fructificationis detegere licuit, nisi me omnia fallunt. Pertinet ad monoeciam monandriam, digyniam. Corolla masculorum est monopetala tubulosa ad plus quam partem quartam ex uno latere hians. Filamentum unicum corolla multo longius, in tertia fere altitudinis parte corollae interne adnatum. Anthera ovalis, incumbens. In foemineis flosculis nec calyx nec corolla. Insident foliorum alis semper solitarii sub specie germinis compressi infra acuminati, superne utrinque foliolo instructi, quae foliola germini secundum totam longitudinem [b][b] : MS1 [added above the line] & sibi mutuoNo entry found for note [ b] in L0719. accrescunt & semine maturante in thecam excrescunt bivalvem, in cujus ima parte semen est. Styli duo albi, capsula ab initio longiores, maturo semine aequales, cum stigmatibus simplicissimis, uno plerumque recto, altero patente aut horizontali. BuxbaumiusBuxbaum, Johann Christian
(1693-1730). German. Professor of
botany, St Petersburg.
characterem falsum exhibuit, id autem, quod pro semine delineat, est flos masculus, nondum apertus.

Lilium reflexum montanum humile angustifolium, &c., Amm[ani]Amman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
Ruth. n. 138[7] an Tu credis haberi posse pro varietate Lilii floribus reflexis angustifolii B[auhini] pin[acis]?[8] Ego pro miniato Byzantino monantho & polyantho Clus[iiLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
h[istoriae] p. 131 & 132 habeo,[9] quod saepe in hortis nostris Germaniae olim vidi & mihi exacte convenire videtur. De Hallero diu est, quod nihil plane epistolarum accepi nec ullus alius hic Petropoli commorans, cum tamen tres hic sint commercium litterarum cum illo habentes. Vale!

Dabam Petropoli d[ie] XXV Jul[ii] MDCCXLVI.

[address] A Monsieur / Monsieur le Docteur / Linnaeus, Professeur en / histoire naturelle / à / Upsal.

upSUMMARY

Johann Georg Gmelin thanks Linnaeus for his letter of 23 April 1746 o.s., 4 May 1746 n.s.

Georg Wilhelm Steller gave the name Limnia to a plant, whose flower is similar to that of Claytonia. He later changed Limnia to Limnanthemum. There are two species of this genus, both in America.

Gmelin has neither seen Linnaeus’s Fauna Svecica nor any of his dissertations, the arrival of which he eagerly awaits. When Linnaeus has published Flora Zeylanica and his theses Sponsalia plantarum and Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis Suecorum, Gmelin hopes that there will be time to write to him again.

Gmelin has sent Linnaeus seeds of plants from Astrakhania through Johan Lagerflycht. There might also have been a seed of Ceratocarpus of which Gmelin gives a detailed description. Johann Christian Buxbaum’s character of Ceratocarpus is wrong; a masculine flower, not yet open, is mistakenly drawn as being the seed.

Gmelin thinks that Johann Amman’s Lilium reflexum montanum humile angustifolium (Stirpium rariorum in imperio Rutheno sponte provenientium icones et descriptiones collectae, no. 138), which Linnaeus believes to be a variety of Caspar Bauhin’s Lilium floribus reflexis angustifolium, is Charles Lecluse’s Lilium miniatum byzantinum monanthum polyanthum (Rariorum plantarum [...] historia, pp. 131, 132), which he has often seen in German gardens.

For a long time Gmelin has received no letter from Albrecht von Haller.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 39).

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [my reading; manuscript damaged]
b.
MS1 [added above the line]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
In 1746 Linnaeus travelled through Westrogothia.
2.
See Linnaeus to Gmelin, 23 April 1746 o.s., 4 May 1746 n.s.Letter L0698.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Lecluse, Rariorum aliquot stirpium per Pannoniam, Austriam & viciniis quasdam provincias observatarum historiaLecluse, Charles de Rariorum
aliquot stirpium per Pannoniam, Austriam
& viciniis quasdam provincias
observatarum historia, quatuor libris
expressa
(Antwerpen 1583).
.