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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Carl August von Bergen, 10 October 1746 n.s.
Dated 1746 d. 29 septembris. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Frankfurt an der Oder (Germany). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus thanks Carl August von BergenBergen, Carl August von
(1704-1759). German. Doctor of
medicine. Professor of botany and
anatomy, later of pathology and therapy,
Frankfurt/Oder. Correspondent of
for the letter of 9 AugustLetter L0723 with the enclosed works.

Bergen seems to remember Linnaeus, although Bergen has not received anything Linnaeus sent to him at the beginning of the spring [this letter has not come down to us].

Linnaeus reports that he has made a journey of 250 Swedish miles through the province of Västergötland and to the West Coast of Sweden. He has collected many things there, which he will publish in Swedish just as he has already published his reports on earlier journeys [Linnaeus’s report was published in 1747, Wäst-göta-resaLinnaeus, Carl
Wäst-göta-resa på
riksens högloflige ständers
befallning förrättad år
1746. Med anmärkningar uti
oeconomien, naturkunnogheten,
antiquiteter, inwånarnes seder och
(Stockholm 1747).

Flora ZeylanicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Zeylanica; sistens plantas Indicas
Zeylonae insulae, quae olim 1670-1677,
lectae fuere a Paulo Hermanno [...]
demum post 70 annos ab Augusto
Günthero [...] orbi redditae

(Stockholm,1747). Soulsby no. 420.
is about to be printed. It will deal with plants collected by the late Paul HermannHermann, Paul (1646-1695).
German. Botanist, physician at Batavia,
professor of botany at Leiden.
in Ceylon, and the specimens are in Linnaeus’s possession.

Linnaeus is thankful for what Bergen tells on the rhinoceros. Linnaeus has never seen one, and he does not believe in the earlier descriptions. There is a new description, recently published by James DouglasDouglas, James (1675-1742).
British. Physician, anatomist and
naturalist, London.
, but Linnaeus has not seen it. English books are scarce and late in reaching Uppsala. [The description was probably never publised, but a drawing made by Douglas at a visit to Leiden in the 1720’s, see Rookmaker, 1978].

Linnaeus asks Bergen to make a good study of the animal and report his observations to Linnaeus.

Linnaeus has sent a number of books, mainly dissertations, “de Horto academico” [Hortus upsaliensisLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
, resp. S. Nauclér
(Upsala, 1745). Soulsby no. 1424.
], “Museo principis” [Museum Adolpho-FridericianumLinnaeus, Carl Museum
, diss., resp.
L. Balk (Uppsala, 1746). Soulsby no.
], “Plantis Burseri” [Dissertatio botanica, qua Plantae Martino-Burserianae explicanturLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
Botanica, qua Plantae
Martino-Burserianae explicantur
diss., resp. R. Martin (Uppsala, 1745).
Soulsby no. 1417.
] , “Acrostico” [Dissertatio botanico, in qua Acrosticum [...] curiosorum oculis modeste subjicitLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
Botanica de Anandria
, diss., resp.
E. Z. Tursén (Uppsala 1745).
Soulsby no. 1434.
], “Ananadria” [Dissertatio botanica de AnandriaLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
Botanica de Anandria
, diss., resp.
E. Z. Tursén (Uppsala 1745).
Soulsby no. 1434.
] and “Musam cliff.” [Musa CliffortianaLinnaeus, Carl Musa
Cliffortiana florens Hartecampi 1736
prope Harlemum
(Leiden 1736).
] by ship from Uppsala to Stockholm, and they are meant for Bergen. In addition, Bergen should know that Uppsala is far from the centres of scholarship and a place where news and literature come late, and Linnaeus has many distractions. Bergen will notice for himself that Linnaeus writes a dissertation in one day and has it printed the day after.


a. original holograph (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin).


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 273-274   p.273  p.274.