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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0770 • Carl Linnaeus to François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages, [30 June 1746] n.s.
Dated . Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Montpellier (France). Written in Latin.

AMICE AETERNUM COLENDE,

En fidem libero, pauca verba adponam; plura non admittit pondus. Fac, sciam, dum proxime scribis, num accessit navis.

Annon Acta Societatis Monspeliensis prodeant conjunctim cum Parisinis? Ego tuam Methodum non vidi, sed forte est in ultimo tomo, qui nondum ad nos accessit.

Quamprimum videro, de methodo candide scribam.

Est singularis vis in Arbuto caulibus procumbentibus; quae mihi scribis, folia in hoc frutice opposita, apud nos non sunt, sed pessimo et infelicissimo errore in Fl[ora] Lapp[onica], oppositis foliis, adeoque una eademque planta cum vestra.

Insectum, quod misisti, erat mortuum et omnino
siccum; video tamen esse Muscae speciem, quod valde miror; puppa enim erat cylindrica, utrinque obtusa.

Cometam diutissime et forte priusquam alias in Europa hic observavimus; hodie optime luxuriat.

Seguierum non curo; ego eum in mea Bibliotheca excipiam honorifice, nec verbum contra eum dicere decrevi; alias debeo per vitam apologias scribere, ad quas minime aptus sum.

Tu, quaeso, suadeas eum, ne sexum plantarum in dubium vocet. Doleo, quod adhuc sint Botanici, qui negant sexum et Astronomi, qui credunt terram stare et solem moveri.

Saluta illustrissima Membra vestrae Societatis, praesertim D[ominos] Bon et de Ratte.

Liquor thermometri Reaumurii 4 gradus ultra 0 descendisse cogita, et inde frigus Sueciae determinas. Hoc multoties apud nos et plerumque omni nocte hyemali fit, et tum mitis hyems est. Sed haec hyems fuit mitissima.

Diu vive et me ama!

C[arolus] Linnaeus.

upSUMMARY

As Linnaeus has written the letter inside an envelope, containing something for François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, he initially writes that he will just add a few words, as the weight does not admit any more. He begs of Sauvages to tell him in his next letter if the ship has arrived.

Linnaeus enquires whether the Acta of the Montpellier Society [Linnaeus refers to the Histoire de la Société Royale des Sciences établie à MontpellierAcadémie des sciences et
lettres de Montpellier ,

Histoire de la Société
Royale des Sciences établie
à Montpellier avec les
Mémoires de Mathématiques
et de Physique tirés des
registres de cette
Société
, 2 vols.
(1766-1768).
, published by the Académie des Sciences et Lettres de Montpellier, or the Société Royale des Sciences de MontpellierAcadémie des sciences et
lettres de Montpellier ,
French.
Académie des sciences et lettres
de Montpellier was founded in 1706 as
the Société royale des
sciences de Montpellier and dissolved in
1793 during the Revolution. This society
formed by its constitution one and the
same organization with the academy of
Paris. It was reconstituted in 1795 as
the Société libre des
sciences et belles-lettres de
Montpellier, but disapeared in 1816. In
1846 it was revived as Académie
des sciences et lettres de Montpellier.
Its first journal was Histoire de la
Société royale des
sciences établie à
Montpellier avec les mémoires de
mathématiques et de physique
tirés des registres de cette
société
, vols. 1-2
(1706-1745), which were published
1766-1768.
] and the Acta of the Society in Paris [Linnaeus refers to the Histoire de l’Académie Royale des Sciences année [...] : avec les Mémoires de Mathématique & de Physique, pour la même année [...]Académie royale des sciences,
Paris,
Histoire de
l'Académie Royale des Sciences
année [...] : avec les
Mémoires de Mathématique
& de Physique, pour la même
année [...] : tirés des
registres de cette Académie

(1699-1789).
, published by the Académie royale des Sciences, in ParisAcadémie royale des sciences,
Paris,
French. The French
Académie des sciences was founded
in 1666 and became a royal academy in
1699. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] are a joint publication?

Linnaeus has not yet seen Sauvages’s Methodus [Linnaeus refers to the forthcoming, Methodus foliorum, seu plantae florae MonspeliensisSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
Methodus foliorum,
seu plantae florae Monspeliensis, juxta
foliorum ordinem ad juvandam specierum
cognitionem, digestae [...]
Méthode pour connoître les
plantes par les feüilles
(The
Hague 1751).
], but perhaps it has been published in the latest issue of Acta, which has not yet reached Sweden.

After reading it Linnaeus will give frank comments on it.

He discusses Arbutus and regrets an embarrassing error in Flora LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Lapponica exhibens plantas per Lapponiam
crescentes, secundum systema sexuale
collectas in itinere [...] Additis
synonymis, & locis natalibus omnium,
descriptionibus & figuris rariorum,
viribus medicatis & oeconomicis
plurimarum
(Amsterdam, 1737).
Soulsby no. 279.
.

The insect Sauvages sent was dead and dry. It is a species of Musca, quite remarkable, as the pupa was cylindrical with obtuse ends.

In Sweden a big comet of great brilliance has been observed for a long time and before any one in Europe [has observed it].

Linnaeus will not say one word against Jean François SéguierSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, he will even honour him in his Bibliotheca botanica [Linnaeus refers to his forthcoming Bibliotheca botanica. Editio novaLinnaeus, Carl Bibliotheca
botanica. Editio nova multo
correctior
(Halle, 1747). Soulsby
no. 251.
]. Otherwise, he will have to spend the rest of his life apologizing.

Linnaeus asks Sauvages to advise Séguier to accept the sexes of plants. It is to be deplored that there are still botanists who deny the sexes of plants and astronomers who believe that Earth has a fixed position and the sun moves.

Linnaeus sends his regards to the members of la Société Royale des Sciences de Montpellier especially François-Xavier de BonBon, François-Xavier de
(1678-1761). French. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and Etienne-Hyacinthe de RatteRatte, Etienne-Hyacinthe de
(1722-1805). French. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
.

If Sauvages wants to know how cold it is in Sweden, the temperature often drops to -4 degrees according to the Réaumur temperature scale[named after René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur Réaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
(1683-1757). French.
Physicist and naturalist. His works
cover geometry, technology, mineralogy,
ornithology. His collections of natural
history objects, mineralogy etc. were
given to the Académie des
sciences after his death. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
] and that is mild here. This winter has been very mild.