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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0804 • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 27 May 1747 n.s.
Dated d. 27 Maji 1747.. Sent from Harderwijk (Netherlands) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

On 4 May 1747 David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
received Linnaeusís letter dated 27 Mars 1747[this letter has not come down to us].

Having become a doctor in Harderwijk in 1735, Linnaeus made Gorter interested in plants through his botanical excursions. He praises Linnaeusís elegant and easy sexual method.

Gorter is the curator of the Harderwijk University Botanic Garden to easen the burdens of his father [Johannes de GorterGorter, Johannes de
(1689-1762). Dutch. Physician.
Professor of medicine at Harderwijk in
1725. Succeeded Abraham Kaauw Boerhaave
as physician-in-ordinary to the Empress
Elizabeth of Russia at the court in St
Petersburg 1754 to 1758. Returned to
Holland in 1758. Husband of Susanna de
Gorter. Father of David de Gorter and
Herman Boerhaave de Gorter.
]. He has augmented the garden with many exotic plants from Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, George CliffordClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeusís benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeusís benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Petrus SerrariusSerrarius, Petrus (1600-1669).
Dutch. Merchant and theologian.
and others. In 1743, when Gorter had only been the curator for one year, he was made extraordinary professor of botany. He has now been the ordinary professor of botany and medicine for two years.

Gorter considered it useful for the students to publish a Flora Gelro-ZutphanicaGorter, David de Flora
Gelro-Zutphanica, exhibens plantas per
ducatum Gelriae et comitatum Zutphaniae
crescentes
(Harderwijk 1745).
just as Linnaeus published his Flora SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora Svecica,
exhibens plantas per regnum Sveciae
crescentes, systematice cum differentiis
specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus,
incolarum, solo locorum, usu
pharmacopaeorum
(Leiden 1745).
Soulsby no. 408.
. He will send a copy to Gronovius, who has promised to send it on to Linnaeus together with other things in the autumn. Linnaeus will see that the plants are ordered according to his method. Linnaeus will find many plants that Jan CommelinCommelin, Jan (1629-1692).
Dutch. Druggist, merchant and botanist.
Uncle of Caspar Commelin.
has overlooked.

Gorter follows Linnaeus in his lessons teaching Fundamenta botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Fundamenta
botanica, quae majorum operum prodromi
instar theoriam scientiae botanices per
breves aphorismos tradunt
(Amsterdam
1736). Soulsby no. 253.
, §§ 78-209. However, he would also need Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
etc.
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
437.
.

Botanical matters are discussed: Gorter wonders what Linnaeus means with caulis prolifer. Scapus is discussed. Johannes GessnerGessner, Johannes (1709-1790).
Swiss. Naturalist, Zürich.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Christian Gottlieb LudwigLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeusís early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
have stated the definitions of the parts of the fructification, but Gorter does not believe that they are sufficient, etc.

Aruncus is thriving in the University Botanic Garden. In the summer Gorter will try to collect seeds. He asks Linnaeus for seeds of Linnaea.

Caspar BauhinísBauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhinís Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
Scrophularia aquatica major is growing in most Dutch gardens. Therefore, he wonders why Linnaeus has not assigned it anywhere.

Gorterís father is well.

Gorterís younger brother, Herman Boerhaave de GorterGorter, Herman Boerhaave de
(1732-1792). Dutch. Physician,
Amsterdam. Son of Johannes and Susanna
de Gorter, brother of David de Gorter.
, who was three years old when Linnaeus met him, is sending Gorter plants.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 89-90, 91). [1] [2] [3]