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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0805 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 25 May 1747 n.s.
Dated 25 Maj. 1747. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

LINNAEO celeberrimo
A[lbertus] Haller.

Non absque dolore legi Tuas ultimas datas 10 april[is].[1] Dum testaris Te me amare, laudare, ais iratum fuisse, cum lego Te in diss[ertatione] Tua[2] me carpere, quod Passifloram addiderim cucurbitaceis, et asperis vocibus plenam scribis epistolam. Si is Tibi amoris modus est, quomodo succenses? An injuriam Tibi facio, quod Tua, ut jacent, lego? [a][a] : MS1 <Crede mihi> Persuadere
quaeso [added above the line]
Persuadere, quaeso,[a][a] : MS1 <Crede mihi> Persuadere
quaeso [added above the line]
Linnaee celeberrime, noli me aemulum Tui aut invidum credere. Noli ea ratione mecum agere quasi laudibus Tuis vellem detractum. Ecce contrarium, quod mitto specimen sculptum Tuum cum KoehleriKöhler, Johann Tobias
(1720-1768). German. Professor of
philosophy at Göttingen.
nostri explicatione nummum, quem ipse Cl[arissimo] viro cum libris Tuis suppeditavi. Ego omnes naturae amantes homines amo et neglectus a Te interrupto commercio, interrupta librorum communicatione, detrectata missione plantarum aliquarum borealium aut muscorum, carptus tot[b][b] : MS1 <innumeris> tot
[added above the line]
locis florae Suecicae[3] mutatis omnibus nominibus plantarum, quas ego primus determinavi, relicto unico.[c][c] : MS1 unico <nomine> Vides, quomodo me ulciscar. Adgnosce hominem ab invidia, imo a simplici doloris sui publica mentione alienissimum, Tuae famae studiosissimum. Obiit DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, sed epistolae mihi sunt in manubus, ex quibus manifestum sit, quam sollicite ego Te apud eum summum botanicum purgaverim.[4] Talis cum sim, vide an Tuum amorem merear? An asperas voces, an eversionem eorum, quae in re herbaria feci (nempe determinationis ultra 400 stirpium Alpinarum)? Annon melius sit et jucundius labores nostros nunquam omni naturae suffu[l]turos conjungere quam liticulis, aemulatione tempus terere, in controversias delabi, valetudini suae et felicitati nocere? Dissensum facillime fero. Sed eum, quoties ab amico eum patimur, mollit ipse modus, quo dissentitur, et cura in exprimendo nostro aliis locis, ubi nihil[d][d] : MS1 <cont-> nihil ab amico peccatur, judicio.

In re herbaria nihil valde promovi. Nunc ad eam redeo. Hac aestate iter suscipiam Eislebiense et ad vicinas calidas partes Saxoniae, ut promoveam meum Florae Germanicae prodromum[5] et determinem Hippomarathrum Riv[ini]Rivinus, August Quirinus
(1652-1723). German. Professor of
medicine and botany at Leipzig.
Constructed a plant classification
system based on petals.
aliasque nonnullas plantas. Alpinae aliquae laete mihi germinant. Aliquas etiam sculptas dabo. LinderusLindern, Franz Balthasar von
(?-?). German. Botanist
edidit Floram Alsaticam cum novis aliquot iconibus et specierum determinationibus.[6] LudwigiiLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
definitiones quotidie exspecto.[7] Multum mutatas fore praevideo. Nunc vidi; multa a Te recepit. Classes maluit, ne a Rivino nimus dissentiret, a petalis sumere totus eclecticus.[8] Nihil ult[ra][e][e] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] novi vidi ad rem herbariam. In Germania a discipulo meo Napellus coeruleus et [Polemonium][f][f] : MS1 [manuscript damaged; Smith
reads
Polemonium]
et aliae spontanea repertae.

Vale et me non aliter meritum ama!

D[abam] 25 Maj[i] 1747.

[address] Celeberrimo Linnaeo / Upsaliam

upSUMMARY

In his last letter of 10 April 1747 o.s., 21 April 1747 n.s., Linnaeus says that Albrecht von Haller is angry with him, because Haller is censured in Linnaeus’s dissertation for adding Passiflora to the Cucurbitaceae. Moreover, the letter was full of hard expressions. If this is Linnaeus’s way of showing his friendship how does he show his anger? He sends an engraving of Linnaeus’s medal. Owing to the tension between Linnaeus and Haller the correspondence and interchange of books, northern plants and mosses have been interrupted. Linnaeus severely criticises Haller in Flora Svecica and he changes the names of all but one of the plants named by Haller. Haller defended Linnaeus to Johann Jakob Dillenius. Linnaeus has overthrown Haller’s determination of more than 400 Alpine plants.Time should not be wasted on quarrels.

Haller will go to Eisleben and the warm parts of Saxony to promote the “Prodromus” of his German Flora. He hopes to determine Hippomarathrum (Rivinus). Franz Balthasar Lindern has published Hortus Alsaticus. He expects Christian Gottlieb Ludwig’s Definitiones plantarum. The latter has taken much from Linnaeus but not his classes. These are based on the petals according to August Quirinus Rivinus. A disciple of Haller’s has found Napellus coeruleus in Germany.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 190). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. "[12 Letters from Albrecht von Haller]" (1792), p. 112-113 .
2. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 413-415   p.413  p.414  p.415.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <Crede mihi> Persuadere quaeso [added above the line]
b.
MS1 <innumeris> tot [added above the line]
c.
MS1 unico <nomine>
d.
MS1 <cont-> nihil
e.
MS1 [manuscript damaged]
f.
MS1 [manuscript damaged; Smith reads Polemonium]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
See Linnaeus to Albrecht von Haller, 10 April 1747 o.s., 21 April 1747 n.s..
2.
3.
4.
5.
Haller’s German Flora was a project never realised.
6.
7.
8.
See Christian Gottlieb Ludwig to Linnaeus, 30 April 1737 n.s., where he says that his Definitiones plantarum in usum auditorumLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
Definitiones plantarum in usum
auditorum
(Leipzig 1737).
was based mainly on other works.